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1884, December 18th (W. E. Gladstone). MISS EMMA LUBBOCK BROWN.

"In consideration of the services rendered to history by her late brother, Mr. Rawdon Brown. 70%."

Rawdon Lubbock Brown, 1803–83 ('D.N.B., vol. vii. p. 24).

1885, August 24th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. ROSINA JANE EASTWICK.

"In recognition of the valuable services rendered by her husband, the late Mr. E. B. Eastwick, C.B., M.P., F.R.S., in connexion with Oriental literature. 100%."

Edward Backhouse Eastwick, 1814-83 ('D.N.B.,' vol. xvi. pp. 334-5).

1887, January 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. CHARLES KENT.

"In recognition of the value of his contributions to biographical and other literature.

100%."

Born November 3rd, 1823. Edited the Sun, 1845-70; Weekly Register, 1874-81; presented to the British Museum the last letter of Charles Dickens and the first of Edward, Lord Lytton ('Who's Who,' 1901).

1887, September 27th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. JESSIE JEFFERIES.

"In consideration of the literary attainments of her late husband, Mr. Richard Jefferies, and of her destitute condition. 100%."

Richard Jefferies, 1848-87, author of "The Gamekeeper at Home,' 'The Life of the Fields,' and 'The Dewy Morn' ('D.N.B.,' vol. xxix. pp. 265–6).

1888, January 4th (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS CONSTANCE FREDERICA GORDON CUMMING. "In consideration of her merits as an author, and of her destitute condition. 50%." English Catalogue,' Sampson Low,

Marston & Co.

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tune 'God bless the Prince of Wales' ('D.N.B.,' vol. xxviii. pp. 182–3).

1888, January 4th (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS LAURA LIEBE BARNES.

father, the Rev. W. Barnes, as an author and linguist, and on account of her destitute condition. 50%."

"In consideration of the merits of her late

Rev. W. Barnes, 1820-86; author of 'Poems of Rural Life in the Dorset Dialect.'

1888, January 4th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. ANNABELLA BAYNES.

"In consideration of the eminence of her late husband, Prof. T. S. Baynes, as an author and scholar, and of her destitute condition. 75%."

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Thomas Spencer Baynes; born March 24th, 1823; editor of the ninth edition of the

Encyclopædia Britannica'; was assistant editor of the Daily News, 1857-64; died vol. i. p. 809). May 30th, 1887 ('Chambers's Encyclopædia,'

1890, January 15th (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS ELLIN ISABELLE TUPPER.

"In recognition of the services of her late father, Mr. Martin F. Tupper, to literature, and in consideration of her inadequate means of support. 751."

1810-89. "Proverbial Philosophy' was first published in 1838 ('D.N.B., vol. lvii. pp. 318-20).

1891, May 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. GEORGE BARNETT SMITH.

"In consideration of his services to literature, and of his inadequate means of support. 80%."

Born May 17th, 1841; author of 'Life of Gladstone,' 'Life of John Bright,' and other works (Who's Who,' 1901).

1892, March 8th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. MARY GRAY GARDEN.

"In consideration of the literary merits of her father, the late James Hogg (known as the Ettrick Shepherd), and of her inadequate means of support. 401."

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Author of Memorials of James Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, with preface by Prof. Veitch" (Alexander Gardner, 1885).

1892, June 20th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. ELEANOR FREEMAN.

"In consideration of the eminence of her late husband, Prof. Edward Augustus Freeman, as an historian. 1007."

Athenæum obituary notice, March 19th,

1892.

1892, August 15th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. CASHEL HOEY.

"In consideration of her literary merits, and of her inadequate means of support. 50%." Born 1830 (Johnston). For works see 'English Catalogue,' Sampson Low, Marston & Co. 1893, June 19th (W. E. Gladstone). MR. JOHN GWENOGFRYN EVANS.

"To enable him to continue his researches in Welsh literature. 2007."

1893, June 19th (W. E. Gladstone). MRS. FRANCES E. TROLLOPE.

"In consideration of the literary merits of her husband, the late Mr. Thomas Adolphus Trollope, and of her narrow means."

Thomas Adolphus Trollope, eldest son of Frances Milton Trollope, author of "The Widow Barnaby' (1838). Her works reached 115 volumes, although she published nothing until she was fifty-two. Her son Thomas Adolphus was born 1810; between 1840 and 1890 he published some sixty volumes; he popularized gossip about Italy; died 1892 D.N.B.,' vol. lvii.).

1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery). MR. T. H. S. ESCOTT.

66 In consideration of his merits as an author and journalist. 1007."

Succeeded John Morley as editor of the Fortnightly Review; leader-writer for the Standard since 1866. For list of publications see 'Who's Who,' 1901.

1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery). MISS MATILDA BETHAM EDWARDS. "In consideration of her literary merits. 50%."

Poet, novelist, and writer on French rural life ('Who's Who,' 1901).

1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery). MRS. KATHARINE S. MACQUOID.

"In consideration of her contributions to literature. 50%."

For list of works see 'Who's Who,' 1901. 1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery). MISS ROSALIND HAWKER and MISS JULIOT HAWKER.

"In consideration of the literary merits of their late father, the Rev. Stephen Hawker. 50%."

Rev. Robert Stephen Hawker; born December 3rd, 1803; died August 15th, 1875 (Chambers's Biographical Dictionary').

1895, January 8th (Earl of Rosebery). MISS HESTER PATER and MISS CLARA PATER. "In consideration of the literary merits of their late brother, Mr. Walter Pater. 100l."

Walter Pater; born August 4th, 1839;

educated at King's School, Canterbury; first wrote for the Westminster Review, January, 1857; obituary notice in the Athenæum, August 4th, 1894.

1895, January 26th (Earl of Rosebery). MRS. MARIE EUGÉNIE HAMERTON.

"In consideration of the literary merits of her late husband, Mr. P. G. Hamerton. 100%." Philip Gilbert Hamerton; born September 10th, 1834; died November 6th, 1894. See 'Chambers's Biographical Dictionary.'

1895, February 26th (Earl of Rosebery). MR. WILLIAM WATSON.

"In consideration of the merit of his poetical works. 100l."

Born August 2nd, 1858; first verses appeared in the Liverpool Argus, 1875; collected poems published 1898 (Who's Who,' 1901). 1895, May 16th (Earl of Rosebery). MRS. EDITH L. PEARSON.

"In consideration of the literary merits of her late husband, Mr. Charles Henry Pearson. 1007."

Charles Henry Pearson (1830-94), Colonial Minister and historian. He prophesied the Yellow Peril ('D.N.B.,' vol. xliv.).

1897, June 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. ELIZABETH DICKENS.

"In consideration of the literary eminence of the late Mr. Charles Dickens, and of the straitened circumstances in which she has been left by the death of her husband, Mr. Charles Dickens, Jun. 100%." 'D.N.B.,' vol. xv.

1897, June 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. ROSE TROLLOPE.

"In consideration of the distinguished literary merits of her husband, the late Mr. Anthony Trollope, and of her straitened circumstances. 100/."

Anthony Trollope, 1815-82 ('D.N.B.,' vol. lvii.; Autobiography,' 2 vols., published 1883; and 'What I Remember,' by T. A. Trollope, 1887).

1897, December 15th (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS JANET MARY OLIPHANT.

"In consideration of the literary eminence of the late Mrs. Oliphant. 757."

Margaret Oliphant (née Wilson); born 1828; died at Wimbledon, June 25th, 1897. Athenæum, July 3rd, 1897, and 'Chambers's Biographical Dictionary.'

1898, April 29th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. WILLIAM ERNEST HENLEY.

"In recognition of his literary merits, and of his inadequate means of support. 2251." Born August 23rd, 1849; editor of the

National Observer, 1888-93, the New Review, 1893-98 ('Chambers's Dictionary' and 'Who's Who,' 1901).

1898, June 9th (Marquis of Salisbury). THE REV. CANON DANIEL SILVAN EVANS. "In recognition of his labours on the 'Welsh Dictionary,' and of his services to Welsh literature generally. 100%."

1899, June 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS ELIZA PATON HILL BURTON.

"In consideration of the services rendered to literature by her late father, Dr. John Hill Burton, especially in connexion with the history of Scotland. 657."

John Hill Burton, 1809-1881. "His beginnings were humble, and most that he wrote

cannot now be identified." For a time was editor of the Scotsman, and committed that journal to the support of free trade ('D.N.B.,' vol. viii. pp. 10–12).

1899, June 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. MARIA MARGARET KINGSFORD.

"In consideration of the literary services of her late husband, Dr. William Kingsford, the Canadian historian. 100%."

1899, June 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. MARIAN CHARLOTTE MALLESON.

"In recognition of the eminence of her late husband, Col. George Bruce Malleson, as an Indian and military historian. 100l."

Col. George Bruce Malleson; born May 8th, 1825; edited Calcutta Review, 1864-9 ('Chambers's Dictionary').

1899, June 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. JOHN PAYNE.

"In recognition of his literary work, especially in connexion with Oriental literature. 1007."

1899, August 18th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. ALFRED AUSTIN.

"As Poet Laureate.

2007."

1901, February 13th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. EMILY TRAILL.

"In consideration of the literary merits of her late husband, Mr. Henry Duff Traill. 751.” Henry Duff Traill, 1842–1900. For the two and a half years previous to his death was editor of Literature (Athenæum, February 24th, 1900).

SCIENCE.

1854, January 3rd (Earl of Aberdeen). MISS MARGARET CHRISTINA MACGILLIVRAY. "Daughter of the late Dr. Macgillivray. In consideration of her late father's contributions to the service of natural history, and the destitute condition in which she was placed at his decease. 801."

lished note was on the occurrence of a walrus William Macgillivray's (1796-1852) first pubon the shore of Lewis in December, 1817 ('D.N.B.,' vol. xxxiv.).

1858, February 15th (Lord Palmerston). MISS FANNY CRESSWELL PARIS.

"In consideration of the scientific acquirements of her father, the late Dr. Paris, the benefits he conferred by his addition to the knowledge of geology, and of her present scanty means. 1507"

1858, October 4th (Earl of Derby). MISS JANET ARCHER.

"In consideration of the valuable contribution of her late father to the science of photography. 50%."

Frederick Scott Archer, 1813-57; inventor of the collodion process; first account published in the Chemist, March, 1851 ('D.N.B.,' vol. ii.).

1860, January 16th (Lord Palmerston). MISS CLARINDA LARDNER (sister of Dr. Dionysius Lardner).

"In consideration of her late brother's labours in the cause of science, and of her 1257."

Born at Headingley, Leeds, May 30th, scanty means. 1835 ('Who's Who,' 1901).

1900, May 25th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. HERMAN CHARLES MERIVALE.

"In consideration of his literary work and of his straitened circumstances. 1257.” Born 1839; editor of Annual Register, 18701880 (Who's Who,' 1901).

1900, May 25th (Marquis of Salisbury). DR. JOHN MACKINTOSH.

"In consideration of his historical writings and researches. 50%."

'English Catalogue' (Sampson Low, Marston & Co.).

Dionysius Lardner, 1793-1859 ('D.N.B.,' vol. xxxii.).

1861, April 19th (Lord Palmerston). MRS. ELIZABETH ANNE HENFREY.

"On account of her husband the late Prof.

Henfrey's contributions to anatomical and physiological botany. 501."

Arthur Henfrey, 1819-59 ('D.N.B.,' vol. XXV.).

1862, June 19th (Lord Palmerston). MISS MARIE JOSEPHINE BALY (now FAUVEL). "In consideration of the late Dr. Baly's long career in the public service, and of the

merit of the scientific medical works of which
he was the author. 1007."
William Baly, M.D., 1814-61 ('D.N.B.,'
vol. iii.).

1862, June 19th (Lord Palmerston). MISS JESSIE WILSON (now SIME).

"In consideration of the eminent services of the late Prof. George Wilson, of Edinburgh, as a public teacher and a scientific man. 1007."

George Wilson, 1818-59 ('D.N.B.,'. vol. lxii.).

1868, February 14th (Earl of Derby). MISS JANE BARNARD.

"Niece of the late Prof. Faraday. In consideration of the services rendered by him to chemical science. 150l."

Michael Faraday, 1791-1867 ('D.N.B.,' vol. xviii.).

1868, March 31st (Benjamin Disraeli). LADY BREWSTER.

"In consideration of the eminent services rendered to science by her late husband, Sir -David Brewster. 2001."

Sir David Brewster, 1781-1868 ('D.N.B.,' vol. vi.).

1869, April 5th (W. E. Gladstone). MRS. MATILDA CURTIS.

"In consideration of the scientific attainments of her late husband, Mr. John Curtis, and of the merit of his works on entomology. 902."

Author of 'British Entomology,' Lovell Reeve, 1862; 'British Beetles,' Bell, 1863; Farm Insects,' Van Voorst, 1883 (Sonnenschein's 'Best Books ').

1870, April 12th (W. E. Gladstone). LADY HENRIETTA GRACE BADEN-POWELL.

"In consideration of the valuable services o science rendered by her husband during the thirty-three years he held the Savilian Professorship of Geometry and Astronomy at Oxford. 150%."

1880, June 19th (W. E. Gladstone). MRS. CHARLOTTE M. J. BROUN.

"In consideration of the services rendered to science by her husband, the late Mr. J. A. Broun, F.R.S. 757.”

1881, February 5th (W. E. Gladstone). MR. ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE.

"In recognition of his eminence as naturalist. 2001."

Sonnenschein's 'Best Books.'

1888, June 13th (Marquis of Salisbury).

MRS. KATHARINE STEWART.

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science by her late husband, Prof. Balfour Stewart, and of her destitute condition. 50%." Balfour Stewart, 1828-87 ('D.N.B.,' vol. liv.).

1888, February 11th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. SALLIE DUFFIELD PROCTOR (now SMITH). "In consideration of the service rendered to the cause of science by her late husband, Mr. R. A. Proctor, B.A., and of her inadequate means of support. 1007."

Richard Anthony Proctor, 1837-88 ('D.N.B.,' vol. xlvi.).

1888, March 3rd (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. BLANCHE GERTRUDE GUTHRIE.

"In consideration of the eminence of her late husband, Prof. F. Guthrie, F.R.S., as a physicist, and of her inadequate means of support. 507"

Frederick Guthrie, 1833-86. In 1870 he discovered the remarkable phenomenon of approach caused by vibration" ("D.N.B.,' vol. xxiii.).

1890, March 11th (Marquis of Salisbury). DR. WILLIAM HUGGINS, LL.D.

"In recognition of his services to science, and in consideration of his inadequate means of support 150%."

Born 1824, K.C.B. 1897, President Royal Society 1900-1 ('Who's Who,' 1901).

1890, May 24th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. JANE ELEANOR WOOD.

"In recognition of the services of her late husband, the Rev. J. G. Wood, to natural history, and in consideration of her inadequate means of support. 50%."

Sonnenschein's "The Best Books.'

1890, May 24th (Marquis of Salisbury).
MISS ROSE EMERICA BERKELEY, MISS MAR-
GARET ANNABEL BERKELEY, MISS CHAR-
LOTTE SELINA MARGARET BERKELEY, and
MISS RUTH ELLEN BERKELEY.

"In recognition of their late father's (the Rev. M. J. Berkeley, F.R.S.) services to botany, and in consideration of their inadequate means of support. 801."

Sonnenschein's 'The Best Books.'

1892, January 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. CAROLINE EMMA CARPENTER.

"In consideration of the services rendered by her late husband, Dr. Philip Herbert Carpenter, F.R.S., to science, and of the sad circumstances in which she has been left by his death. 100%."

Rev. Philip Herbert Carpenter, born at "In recognition of the services rendered to Bristol 1819. Died at Montreal 24th of May,

1877. Bought a vast collection of fourteen tons of shells in Liverpool for 50l., 1855. A full report on these occupies 209 pages of the British Association Report for 1856 ('Modern English Biography,' by F. Boase, 1892).

1892, January 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). DR. GEORGE Gore, F.R.S.

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In consideration of his services to chemical and physical science. 150l."

Born 1826 at Bristol; entirely self-educated after the age of twelve; elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 1865; LL.D. of Edinburgh, 1877; chief subjects electro-chemistry, electrometallurgy, and chemistry ('Men and Women of the Time').

1892, June 20th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. JEANIE GWYNNE BETTANY (now KERNAHAN).

66 "In consideration of the services rendered to the spread of scientific knowledge by the numerous writings of her husband, the late Mr. G. T. Bettany, M.A., and of her destitute condition. 50%."

Athenæum, December 5th, 1891; Sonnenschein's 'The Best Books.'

1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery).

MR. JOHN BEATTIE CROZIER.

"In consideration of his philosophical writings and researches. 50%."

1898, April 29th (Marquis of Salisbury). Second grant. 50%.

Sonnenschein's 'The Best Books.'

1894, June 19th (Earl of Rosebery).

MR. SAMUEL ALFRED VARLEY.

"In consideration of his services to electrical science. 50%.'

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1895, June 18th (Earl of Rosebery). MR. ALEXANDER BAIN.

"In consideration of his services in the promotion of mental and moral science. 100%."

Born 1818 at Aberdeen; filled Chair of Logic there 1860 to 1881 (Chambers's Biographical Dictionary').

1895, August 9th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. HENRIETTA ANNE HUXLEY.

"In consideration of the eminent services of her late husband, the Right Hon. Thomas Henry Huxley, to science, literature, and education. 2007."

Thomas Henry Huxley; born May 4th, 1825; died June 29th, 1895 (Athenæum, July 6th, .1895).

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In consideration of the services of the late Dr. John Russell Hind, F.R.S., Superintendent of the Nautical Almanac Office, to the science of astronomy. 70l."

John Russell Hind; born May 12th, 1823; studied astronomy from the age of six; President of Royal Society, 1880 (Men of the Time').

1896, June 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MISS FRANCES ELIZABETH DOBSON, MISS MARY DOBSON, and MISS JULIA DOBSON.

"In recognition of the important services rendered by their brother, the late SurgeonMajor George Edward Dobson, M.A., F.R.S., to zoological science. 757."

George Edward Dobson; born September 4th, 1844 ('Men of the Time'). MRS. MARGARET ANNE HOUGHTON.

"In consideration of the literary and scientific work of her husband, the late Rev. William Houghton. 50%."

Sonnenschein's 'The Best Books.'

1897, June 2nd (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. AUGUSTUS HENRY KEANE, F.R.G.S. "In consideration of his labours in the field of ethnology. 50l."

1898, June 9th (Marquis of Salisbury). DR. WILLIAM CHATTERTON COUPLAND. "In consideration of his labours as a writer upon philosophical subjects. 50%."

1899, June 14th (Marquis of Salisbury). MRS. LUCIE KANTHACK.

"In consideration of the eminent services

rendered to science by her late husband, Dr. Alfred A. Kanthack, Professor of Pathology in Cambridge University. 60%."

1899, August 18th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. THOMAS WHITTAKER.

"In consideration of his philosophical writings. 50%."

1900, May 25th (Marquis of Salisbury). MR. ROBERT TUCKER.

"In consideration of his services in promoting the study of mathematics. 401."

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