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1566 TO 1586.
Birth of James.-He is set on the throne by a protestant
party.-Care taken of his education.-Buchanan his
tutor; character of him.-His treatment of James.-
Dedication of his book De jure regni; account of this
work.-Death of Buchanan.-Civil wars in Scotland.-
James assumes the government.-His favorites the duke
of Lenox and earl of Arran.—Ruin and death of regent
Morton.-Malversation of the favorites.-Bad principles
instilled into James.-Raid of Ruthven.-Conduct of the
French and English sovereigns.-James released from
control.-Return of Arran to power.-Mission of Wal-
singham. The church humbled.-Oppression of Arran.
-Rebellion.—King's person seized.-Arran disgraced.
Alliance with England.-James's commentary on the
1586 To 1603.
Death of queen Mary.-Administration of Maitland.-
Lenity of James towards catholic conspirators.-His
voyage to Denmark.-His own account of his motives.
-His marriage.-Character of the queen.-King's pro-
fessions respecting presbytery.-His zeal against witch-
craft.-Rebellion of Bothwell.-Murder of Murray.-
Fresh attempt of Bothwell; of the catholic lords.-
Weak conduct of James.-Queen's faction.-Fresh re-
bellions.—Doleman's conference.-James conciliates the
catholics. His contests with the Scotch church.-Letter
to the pope.-Basilicon Doron. -Measures to secure
the English succession.-Gowrie conspiracy.-Birth of
prince Charles.-The queen of Scotland and the Gow.
ries.-James's conduct towards her.-His transactions
with the earl of Essex, and sentiments respecting him.
-Sir Robert Cecil.-Earl of Northumberland,-his let-
ters to James.-Summary of James's Scotch reign and
Principal persons of the English court at the death of Eliza.
beth.-Lord Buckhurst.-Sir Robert Cecil.-Sir Tho
mas Egerton.-Raleigh.-Coke.-Sir Francis and sir
Horace Vere.-State of the church.-Hooker.-Hall.-
Andrews. Whitgift. - Cartwright.-Udal.-Political
state of the country, connected with religious parties.—
Church divided into puritans and prelatists.-James al-
lies himself with the last, and renounces presbyterianism.
-Catholics and puritans compared.-State of literature.
-Abuse of patronage.-Corruption of taste.-Poets.-
Dramatists-Shakespear, Jonson, Fletcher.-Sir Henry
Saville.-Camden.-Sir Robert Cotton.-Dr. Dee.-
Dedications.-Painting.-Music.-State of manners.—
Court affectation.-Increase of drinking.-Ordinaries.
-Gamblers.-Usurers.-Small number of the nobility.
-Gentry rich and powerful.-Lavish distribution of
honors. Changes introduced by James.-Ballad of the
old and new Courtier....
James proclaimed.-Foundation of his title.-Homage
paid him.-Journey of sir Robert Cary to Edinburgh.
-His memoirs and character.-Thomas Somerset,-sir
Charles Percy,—sir John Davies, author of "Nosce te
ipsum."-James takes leave of the Scotch,-enters Eng-
land. Sentiments of the people.-Descriptions of his
person and manners.-Proclamation forbidding resort to
him.-Reception of sir Robert Cecil,-his conduct as
minister.-James discourages catholics,-hangs a thief
without trial.-Incidents on his journey.-Mr. Oliver
Cromwell. Ceremony at Godmanchester.-Receives a
deputation from Cambridge.-University poems.-Notice
of lord-keeper Egerton,-of Bacon.-James at Theo-
balds.-Privy-councillors.-Lords Montjoy-T. and H.
Howard. - New peers.-Lord Wotton.-Sir Henry
Wotton. Sir J. Harrington.-Letter of Cecil to Har.
Embassy of Rosni to England.-His account of the court
factions. Particulars of James's reception of him.-Re-
marks on James's contempt for the memory of Elizabeth.
-Conduct of the queen.-Anger of James.-Treatment
of Tyrone.-Letter of sir J. Harrington.-Raleigh plot.
-Unfavorable situation of Raleigh.-King's prejudice
against him. Title of Arabella Stuart.-Design of the
pope in her favor.-Her inoffensive conduct.-Plot of
Brook and others.-Conduct of lord Grey of Wilton.-
Designs of lord Cobham.-He is apprehended,-accuses
Raleigh, retracts. - Raleigh committed for trial.-
Plague in London.-Pageants for the coronation.-No-
tice of Ben Jonson.-Raleigh club.-Coronation.-Pro-
clamation for commemorating the Gowrie plot.-Doubts
of its reality.-Letters of court news..
1603 AND 4.
Trial and conviction of Brook, Markham and others,-of
Raleigh.-Behaviour of the prisoners.-Conduct of the
king.-Reprieve of Cobham, Grey and Markham at the
scaffold.-Hampton-court conference.-Proclamation for
conformity.-Death of archbishop Whitgift.-Bancroft
succeeds. Parliament summoned. - Number of the
peers.-King's procession through London.-His speech
to parliament.-Offence given by it.-Election dispute.
-Parliament averse to the union.-Angry letter of the
king. His impiety and arrogance.-Commissioners for
the union.-Conduct of Bacon.-His speech against pur-
veyors. His book on the advancement of learning, and
Peace with Spain,-terms murmured at.-Proofs that the
English ministers were bribed.-King's progress to Roy-
ston.-Puritans imprisoned for petitioning.-Cruel treat-
ment of Pound a catholic.-Philip Herbert a favorite,-
character of him,-anecdotes of his marriage.-Venetian
ambassador and duke of Holst.-Festivities.-The mask.
-Ben Jonson's mask of Blackness,-lady performers.-
Countess of Bedford,-verses on her-ladies Derby-
S. Herbert-Suffolk-E. Howard-A. Herbert-Effing-
ham-M. Wrothe.-Prince Charles created duke of
York. New year's gifts disused
Letter of news.-Privy seals.-Earl of Nottingham's Spa-
nish embassy.-Stone the jester.-Embassy of the earl
of Herts to Brussels.-Anecdotes of the earl of Herts,-
his quarrel with lord Salisbury.-Treatment of the old
courtiers. License of the players.-King's love of wit.
-Comedy of Eastward Hoe!-Roaring boys and Roy-
sters. Sleeping preacher.-Princess born,-honors and
gifts conferred at the christening.-Enforcement of con-
formity against puritans.-Catholics menaced.-Gun-
powder plot discovered.-Catesby.-Tresham.-Percy..
-Garnet.-Guy Fawkes.-Sir W. Stanley.-Proceed-
ings of the conspirators.-Letter to lord Monteagle.-
Seizure of Fawkes.-The conspirators proceed to War-
wickshire. Their revolt and defeat.-Hagley hall.-
Lyttelton family.—Habington family.-Hendlip hall.—
Sir Everard Digby.
1606 AND 7.
King's speech on the powder-plot.-Parliament prorogued.
-King's pamphlet on the powder-plot.-Conduct of
Spain respecting it.-Trials of several conspirators.—
Speech of Coke.-Trial of Digby,-of father Garnet.-
Garnet's straws.-Use of torture against the conspirators.
-Catholic miracle.-Behaviour of the king of Spain.-
Lord Monteagle rewarded.-Star-chamber sentence