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With many thanks to you for the pleasure I have derived from
I have the honour to be,
With the greatest respect,
Your most obedient servant,
Lincoln's-Inn, 4th November 1824.
Referred to in pages 126 and 135.
Opinions of Foreign Universities on the temporal Power.
of the Pope, referred to in page 126. IN pursuance of Mr. Pitt's suggestions, three ques
tions were sent to the universities of the Sorbonne, Louvaine, Douay, Alcala and Salamanca. They were expressed in the following terms, and received the following answers :
“ 1. Has the pope or cardinals, or any body of men, “ or any individual of the church of Rome, any civil
authority, power, jurisdiction, or pre-eminence whatsoever, within the realm of England ? “ 2. Can the pope or cardinals, or any body of men, or 'any individual of the church of Rome, absolve or dispense with his majesty's subjects, from their oath of allegiance, upon any pretext whatsoever ?
“ 3. Is there any principle in the tenets of the catholic “ faith, by which catholics are justified in not keeping “ faith with heretics, or other persons differing from " them in religious opinions, in any transaction, either “ of a public or a private nature ?
The universities answered unanimously: 1. That the pope or cardinals, or any body of men,or any
individual of the church of Rome, has not, nor “ have any civil authority, power, jurisdiction, or pre“ eminence whatsoever, within the realm of England.
“ 2. That the pope or cardinals, or any body of men, “or any individual of the church of Rome, cannot “ absolve or dispense with his majesty's subjects, from “ their oath of allegiance, upon any pretext whatsoever.
“ 3. That there is no principle in the tenets of the “ catholic faith, by which catholics are justified in not
keeping faith with heretics, or other persons differing “ from them in religious opinions, in any transactions, " either of a public or a private nature.”
The opinions of the universities of the Sorbonne, Louvaine, and Douay were first received, and were transmitted to Mr. Pitt with the following letter,
“ The committee of the English catholics have the “ honour to lay before you, the opinions of the univer“ sities of Sorbonne, Louvaine and Douay, which have “ been transmitted to us in consequence of your desire.
“ You will, we hope, see, from these opinions, that “ the sentiments of the most famous foreign bodies per“ fectly coincide with those which we had the honour “ of stating to you last year, as our firm and sincere « tenets.
?“ At the same time, we beg leave to call to your re“ membrance, that our opinions were fully stated to you “ previously to the obtaining those of the foreign uni“versities; and that they were consulted, not as the “ rule by which we form our ideas of the duties of good
subjects, but as a collateral progf to you, that our 6 sentiments are consonant to those of the most en
lightened and famous bodies of catholic divines on the “ Continent upon these subjects.
“ We have the honour to be," &c. As soon as the other opinions were received, the committee transmitted them also to Mr. Pitt.
A translation of all these answers is inserted in the Appendix to the first volume of Mr. Butler's - Histo“rical Memoirs of the English, Irish, and Scottish « Catholics.".
The Oath taken by the English Roman-catholics, under
the Provisions of the Act passed for their Relief, in the Year 1791, referred to in page 135.
“ I, A. B., do hereby declare, that I do profess the “ roman-catholic religion.
•I, A. B., do sincerely promise and swear, that I will “ be fạithful, and bear true allegiance to his majesty “ king George the third, and him will defend, to the “ utmost of my power, against all conspiracies and “ attempts whatever that shall be made against his per
son, crown or dignity; and I will do my utmost en“ deavour to disclose and make known to his majesty, “ his heirs and successors, all treasons and traitorous “ conspiracies which may be formed against him or “ them: And I do faithfully promise to maintain, sup“port and defend, to the utmost of my power, the suc“ cession of the crown; which succession, by an act, “ intituled, An Act for the further Limitation of the “ Crown, and better securing the Rights and Liberties of “ the Subject,' is and stands limited to the princess
Sophia, electress and duchess dowager of Hanover, “ and the heirs of her body, being protestants; hereby “utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or al“ legiance unto any other person claiming or pretending
a right to the crown of these realms: And I do swear, “ that I do reject and detest, as an unchristian and im
pious position, that it is lawful to murder or destroy any person or persons whatsoever, for or under
pre“ tence of their being heretics or infidels; and also, “ that unchristian and impious principle, that faith is “ not to be kept with heretics or infidels: And I further “declare, that it is not an article of my faith, and that “ I do renounce, reject, and abjure the opinion, that
princes, excommunicated by the pope and council,