Nationalism, Positivism and Catholicism: The Politics of Charles Maurras and French Catholics 1890-1914
Cambridge University Press, 20 jun. 2002 - 348 pagina's
At the time of the Dreyfus Affair and the start of the Action Française, Charles Maurras pressed forward the idea, borrowed from Auguste Comte, of an alliance between Positivists and Catholics. The compatibility of Maurras's own Positivist political ideas with Catholic principles was later questioned by Marc Sangnier, and the ensuing polemic between the two men was itself the origin of a lengthy controversy in which the two leading figures were the philosophers Maurice Blondel and Lucien Laberthonnière, both of whom strongly contested Catholic indulgence towards Maurras and the Action Française. This study of Maurrassian ideology and Catholic reactions to it explores a wide range of themes. They include the posterity of Comte's Positivism, anti-semitism at the turn of the twentieth century, the absolutism and romanticism of Maurras's nationalism, the crucial importance of the separation of Church and State for the somewhat fortuitous identification of the Action Française with the cause of Rome, and the confrontation of Maurras's idea of the Roman Church with the Christian ideals upheld by Blondel and Laberthonnière.
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Academie Francaise Action Francaise alliance anarchy Annales de philosophie Aquinas Aquinas's Auguste Comte authority Barres Blondel and Laberthonniere Blondel dated Bremond Briere Brunetiere Catholicism catholique century Charles Maurras Christian Church Comte's Comtian conscience controversy December Descoqs Descoqs's Dilemme de Marc Dimier doctrine Dreyfus Affair encyclical essay Etudes expressed faith favour France French Gazette de France Henri human Ibid Imbart individual intellectual Jesuit L'Action L'Eglise Laberthonniere dated Laberthonniere to Blondel Law of Separation Le Sillon Letter of Blondel Letter of Laberthonniere Louis Veuillot Marc Sangnier Maurice Barres Maurice Blondel Maurras's Maurras's idea Maurras's nationalism modern moral movement Paris philosophie chretienne Pius polemic politique positive Positivism Positivisme et catholicisme Positivist Protestant Protestantism published question relation religion religious Revolution Revue Roman Rome Semaine sociale Sillon Social Catholicism sociale de Bordeaux society spiritual subjective synthesis supernatural theology thesis Thomist travers Trois idees politiques writings wrote