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EXERCISES.-1. The affixes -ate, -en, -fy, -ise (ize), -ish, denote to make; as captive, captivate; weak, weaken; pure, purify; equal, equalise; public, publish.

2. Analyse and parse the following: 'She answered, with a faint voice, that, as she had held a royal sceptre, she desired no other than a royal successor.'

3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words: Remorse, commit, captivate, publish.


[This extract is from the History of Scotland, by Patrick Fraser Tytler, the historian and biographer.]

1. On the 5th of April 1603, the king, surrounded by a large and brilliant cavalcade, composed not only of Scottish, but of English noblemen and gentlemen, who had hurried to his court to offer their homage, took his departure from Edinburgh amid the lamentations of the citizens. His progress through England, which occupied a month, was one long and brilliant pageant.

2. Triumphs, speeches, huntings, revels, gifts-all that wealth could command, and flattery and fancy devise, awaited him at the different cities and castles which he visited. On the 6th of May 1603, he


entered London, accompanied by a numerous course of his nobility and councillors, guarded and ushered by the lord mayor and five hundred citizens on horseback, and welcomed by the deafening shouts of an immense multitude of his new subjects.

3. It seemed as if the English people had in this brief period utterly forgotten the mighty princess, whose reign had been so glorious, and over whose bier they had so lately sorrowed. Not a murmur was heard, not one dissenting voice was raised, to break the harmony of his welcome; and thus, after so many centuries of war and disaster, the proud sceptre of the Tudors was transferred to the house of Stuart, with a tranquillity and contentment, which, even considering the justice of the title, was remarkable and unexpected.

4. In this memorable event, it was certainly not unnatural that the lesser kingdom, which now gave a monarch to the greater, should feel some emotions of national pride: for Scotland had defended her liberty against innumerable assaults; had been reduced, in the long struggle, to the very verge of despair; had been betrayed by more than one of her kings, and by multitudes of her nobles; but had never been overcome, because never deserted by a brave, though rude and simple people.

5. Looking back to her still remoter annals, men could say, with perfect historical truth, that this small kingdom had successfully resisted the Roman arms, and the terrible invasions of the Danish seakings; had maintained her freedom within her mountains during the ages of the Saxon Heptarchy, and stemmed the tide of Norman conquest; had shaken off the chains attempted to be fixed upon her by the

two great Plantagenets, the First and Third Edwards, and, at a later period, by the tyranny of the Tudors; and if now destined, in the regular course of royal succession, to lose her station as a separate and independent kingdom, she yielded neither to hostile force nor to fraud, but willingly consented to link her future destinies with those of her mighty neighbour: like a bride who, in the dawning prospect of a happy union, is contented to resign, but not to forget, the house and name of her fathers. Yet, however pleased at this pacific termination of their long struggles, the feelings with which his ancient people beheld the departure of their prince were of a melancholy nature; and an event occurred on the same day on which he set out, that made a deep impression upon a nation naturally thoughtful and superstitious.

6. As the monarch passed the house of Seton, near Musselburgh, he was met by the funeral of Lord Seton, a nobleman of high rank-which, with its solemn movement and sable trappings, occupied the road, and contrasted strangely and gloomily with the brilliant pageantry of the royal cavalcade. The Setons were one of the oldest and proudest families of Scotland; and that lord whose mortal remains now passed by had been a faithful adherent of the king's mother, whose banner he had never deserted, and in whose. cause he had suffered exile.

7. The meeting was thought ominous by the people. It appeared to their excited imaginations as if the moment had arrived when the aristocracy of Scotland was about to merge in that of Great Britain; as if the Scottish nobles had finished their career of national glory, and this last representative of their race had

been arrested on his road to the grave, to bid farewell to the last of Scotland's kings. As the mourners moved slowly onward, the monarch himself, sharing in these melancholy feelings, sat down by the wayside, on a stone still pointed out to the historical pilgrim; nor did he resume his progress till the gloomy procession had completely disappeared.

coun'-cil-lors tyr'-an-ny



in-num'-er-a-ble mel'-an-chol-y re-pre-sent'-a-tive







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la-men-ta'-tions, sounds of grief or mourning.

page'-ant, public show; showy march.

rev'-els, noisy feasting. de-vise', think of.

con'-course, gathering. ush'-ered, introduced.

lord may-or, the chief magistrate of


bier, a carriage or frame of wood for bearing the dead to the grave.

dis-sent'-ing, disagreeing.

dis-as-ter, misfortune.

tran-quil'-li-ty, quietness.
mem'-or-a-ble, worthy of being re-

verge, border; edge.

in-de-pend'-ent, free from the con-
trol of another.
con-sent'-ed, agreed.
re-sign', give up.

pa-cif'-ic, peaceful.

ter-min-a'-tion, close; finish.

su-per-sti'-tious, apt to believe in

what is absurd.

ad-her'-ent, follower.

ex'-ile, banishment.

om'-in-ous, foreboding evil.

ar-is-toc'-ra-cy, the nobles.

EXERCISES.-1. The affixes -ful, -ous, -some, -y, denote full of; as joy, joyful; glory, glorious; glad, gladsome; wind, windy.

As the monarch passed the

met by the funeral of Lord

2. Analyse and parse the following: house of Seton, near Musselburgh, he was Seton, a nobleman of high rank—which, with its solemn movement and sable trappings, occupied the road.'

3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words: Devise, memorable, termination, transfer.



[This splendid address to the ocean is from the fourth Canto of Byron's celebrated poem, Childe Harold. The last verse shows that his 'joy of youthful sports' was to be borne on the crest of the waves, as a swimmer. In manhood he accomplished the feat of swimming across the Hellespont.]

1. Roll on, thou deep and dark blue Ocean-roll !
Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain;
Man marks the earth with ruin-his control
Stops with the shore; upon the watery plain
The wrecks are all thy deed, nor doth remain
A shadow of man's ravage, save his own,

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