Courage, if sorrow come, to bear it,
A fellow-feeling that is sure

To make the outcast bless his door;
A heritage, it seems to me,

A king might wish to hold in fee.

7. O rich man's son! there is a toil

That with all others level stands; Large charity doth never soil,

But only whiten, soft white handsThis is the best crop from thy lands; A heritage, it seems to be

Worth being rich to hold in fee.

8. O poor man's son! scorn not thy state;
There is worse weariness than thine,
In merely being rich and great :
Toil only gives the soul to shine,
And makes rest fragrant and benign;
A heritage, it seems to me,
Worth being poor to hold in fee.

9. Both, heirs to some six feet of sod,
Are equal in the earth at last;
Both, children of the same dear God,
Prove title to your heirship vast
By record of a well-filled past;

A heritage, it seems to me,

Well worth a life to hold in fee.

[blocks in formation]

in-her'-its, gets as an heir from a

father or ancestor.

gar'-ment, article of clothing.
her'-it-age, that which is received
as heir from father or an-

to hold in fee, to possess, as land.
fac'-tor-y, a large workshop.
bub'-ble shares, money put into
some venture or business which
is sure to fail.

earn, work for. craves, asks for.

dain'-ty fare, fine and delicate food. sat'-ed, satisfied.

pants', hard breathing.

toil'-ing hinds, country folk that work in the fields.

sin'-ew-y, very strong.

ad-judged', settled or decided.
char'-i-ty, love; thought and care
for others.

scorn, think poorly of.
fra'-grant, full of sweetness.
be-nign', kindly.

prove ti'-tle, show that you have a
proper right to.

heir'-ship, that which is received
from a father or ancestor.
rec'-ord, memorial; account of.

EXERCISES.-1. The Latin prefix (1) circum- or circu- means round; as circumnavigate, to sail round; circumscribe, to draw a line round, to inclose within certain limits; circumjacent, lying round about; circulate, to make to go round as in a circle; circuit, a going round, the round made by the judges for holding the courts of law. means on this side; as Cisalpine, on this side (to the Romans) the Alps, that is, on the south side.

2. Analyse and parse the following:

'With sated heart, he hears the pants

Of toiling hinds with brown arms bare,
And wearies in his easy-chair.'

(2) Cis

3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words: Inherit, factory, fragrant, record.


[Sir Matthew Hale (1609-1676), the good and eminent English judge, during his brief intervals of leisure while on circuit, wrote several letters of wise counsel to his children. This is an extract from one of them.]

1. Dear children, I thank God I came well to Farrington this day, about five o'clock. And as I have some leisure time at my inn, I cannot spend it more to my own satisfaction, and your benefit, than by a letter, to give you some good counsel. The subject shall be

concerning your speech; because much of the good or evil that befalls persons arises from the well or ill managing of their conversation. When I have leisure and opportunity, I shall give you my directions on other subjects.

2. Never speak anything for a truth which you know or believe to be false. Lying is a great sin against God, who gave us a tongue to speak the truth, and not falsehood. It is a great offence against humanity itself; for, where there is no regard to truth, there can be no safe society between man and man. And it is an injury to the speaker; for, besides the disgrace which it brings upon him, it occasions so much baseness of mind, that he can scarcely tell truth, or avoid lying, even when he has no colour of necessity for it; and, in time, he comes to such a pass, that as other people cannot believe he speaks truth, so he himself scarcely knows when he tells a falsehood.

3. As you must be careful not to lie, so you must avoid coming near it. You must not equivocate, nor speak anything positively for which you have no authority but report, or conjecture, or opinion.

4. Let your words be few, especially when your superiors, or strangers, are present, lest you betray your own weakness, and rob yourselves of the opportunity, which you might otherwise have had, to gain knowledge, wisdom, and experience, by hearing those whom you silence by your impertinent talking.

Be not too earnest, loud, or violent in your conversation. Silence your opponent with reason, not with noise.

Be careful not to interrupt another when he is speaking; hear him out, and you will understand him the better, and be able to give him the better answer.


5. Consider before you speak, especially when the business is of moment; weigh the sense of what you mean to utter, and the expressions you intend to use. Thoughtless persons do not think till they speak; or they speak, and then think.

6. Some men excel in husbandry, some in gardening, some in mathematics. In conversation, learn, as near as you can, where the skill or excellence of any person lies; put him upon talking on that subject, observe what he says, keep it in your memory, or commit it to writing. By this means you will glean the worth and knowledge of everybody you converse with; and at an easy rate, acquire what may be of use to you on many occasions.

7. If any one, whom you do not know to be a person of truth, sobriety, and weight, relates strange stories, be not too ready to believe or report them; and yet (unless he is one of your familiar acquaintance) be not too forward to contradict him. If the occasion requires you to declare your opinion, do it modestly and gently, not bluntly nor coarsely; by this means you will avoid giving offence, or being abused for too much credulity.

8. Beware also of him who flatters you, and commends you to your face, or to one who he thinks will tell you of it; most probably he has either deceived and abused you, or means to do so. Remember the fable of the fox commending the singing of the crow, who had something in her mouth which the fox wanted.

9. Be careful that you do not commend yourselves. It is a sign that your reputation is small and sinking, if your own tongue must praise you; and it is fulsome and unpleasing to others to hear such commendations.

10. Speak well of the absent whenever you have a suitable opportunity. Never speak ill of them, or of anybody, unless you are sure they deserve it, and unless it is necessary for their amendment, or for the safety and benefit of others.

11. Forbear scoffing and jesting at the condition or natural defects of any person. Such offences leave a deep impression; and they often cost a man dear.


12. Be very careful that you give no reproachful, menacing, or spiteful words to any person. words make friends; bad words make enemies. It is great prudence to gain as many friends as we honestly can, especially when it may be done at so easy a rate as a good word; and it is great folly to make an enemy by ill words, which are of no advantage to the party who uses them. When faults are committed, they may, and by a superior they must, be reproved: but let it be done without reproach or bitterness; otherwise it will lose its due end and use, and, instead of reforming the offence, it will exasperate the offender, and lay the reprover justly open to reproof.

13. If a person be passionate, and give you ill language, rather pity him than be moved to anger. You will find that silence, or very gentle words, are the most exquisite revenge for reproaches; they will either cure the distemper in the angry man, and make him sorry for his passion, or they will be a severe reproof and punishment to him. But, at anyrate, they will preserve your innocence, give you the deserved reputation of wisdom and moderation, and keep up the serenity and composure of your mind. Passion and anger make a man unfit for everything that becomes. him as a man or as a Christian.

Sir M. Hale.

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