Warriors into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece
University of California Press, 12 dec. 1997 - 311 pagina's
The eighth century dawned on a Greek world that had remained substantially unchanged during the centuries of stagnation known as the Dark Age. This book is a study of the economic and cultural upheaval that shook mainland Greece and the Aegean area in the eighth century, and the role that poetry played in this upheaval. Using tools from political and economic anthropology, David Tandy argues that between about 800 and 700 B.C., a great transformation of dominant economic institutions took place involving wrenching adjustments in the way status and wealth were distributed within the Greek communities.
Tandy explores the economic organization of preindustrial societies, both ancient and contemporary, to shed light on the Greek experience. He argues that the sudden shift in Greek economic formations led to new social behaviors and to new social structures such as the polis, itself a by-product of economic change. Unraveling the dialectic between the material record and epic poetry, Tandy shows that the epic tradition mirrored these new social behaviors and that it portrayed the stresses that economic change brought to the ancient Aegean world.
Tandy brings in comparative evidence from other small-scale communities beset by changes, spotlighting the specific plight of one community, Ascra in Boeotia, on whose behalf Hesiod sang his Works and Days. The result is a lively, moving account of a human dilemma that, many centuries later, is all too familiar.
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THE ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
Snodgrasss Burial Counts
Adjustments to Snodgrasss Counts
Dedication Patterns on Mt Hymettus
Historical Patterns of Growth and the Greek Numbers
Early Movements of Goods and of Greeks
Tools of Exclusion
Epic and Other Memories
Response from the Periphery
Structure and Change in Dark Age Greece from the Fall of Mycenae through the Homeric Epics
A Great Transformation
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
Warriors Into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece
David W. Tandy
Gedeeltelijke weergave - 2000
acquire activity appears argues Athens audience basilees become beginning Boardman burials called chapter clear clearly comparative conclusion context course cults Dark Age Days depend discussed early economic eighth century epics especially Euboean evidence example exchange existence explanation fact followed gift give grain Greece Greek growth hand hero Hesiod hold Homer Iliad important increase indicates individual interest iron Italy land late later leaders least less limited means Messenia move movement observation Odysseus offer oikos oral organization percent perhaps period Perses persons Pithekoussai poems Polanyi polis political population position practice present probably production reason recently reciprocity redistributive reference reflect response result rules seems settlement share ships similar singer Snodgrass social society specific status suggests term things tion trade traditional wealth
Pagina vii - Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, Even to make the poor of the land to fail, Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? And the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, Making the ephah small, and the shekel great, And falsifying the balances by deceit? That we may buy the poor for silver, And the needy for a pair of shoes ; Yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat?
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