New Essays on Leibniz's Theodicy

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Larry M. Jorgensen, Samuel Newlands
OUP Oxford, 2014 - 257 pagina's
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In 1710 G. W. Leibniz published Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil. This book, the only one he published in his lifetime, established his reputation more than anything else he wrote. The Theodicy brings together many different strands of Leibniz's own philosophical system, and we get a rare snapshot of how he intended these disparate aspects of his philosophy to come together into a single, overarching account of divine justice in the face of the world's evils. At the same time, the Theodicy is a fascinating window into the context of philosophical theology in the seventeenth century. Leibniz had his finger on the intellectual pulse of his time, and this comes out very clearly in the Theodicy. He engages with all of the major lines of theological dispute of that time, demonstrating the encyclopaedic breadth of his understanding of the issues. Leibniz's Theodicy remains one of the most abiding systematic accounts of how evil is compatible with divine goodness. Any treatment of the problem of evil must, at some point, come to grips with Leibniz's proposed solution. This volume refreshes and deepens our understanding of this great work. Leading scholars present original essays which critically evaluate the Theodicy, providing a window on its historical context and giving close attention to the subtle and enduring philosophical arguments.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
1 Prefacing the Theodicy
13
2 Which Reason? Bayle on the Intractability of Evil
43
3 Is Leibnizs Theodicy a Variation on a Theme by Malebranche?1
55
Theodicy as Universal Religion
71
5 The Theoretical Foundations of the Leibnizian Theodicy and its Apologetic Aim1
92
6 Metaphysical Evil Revisited
112
7 Moral Evil and Divine Concurrence in the Theodicy
135
Evil as a Result of Gods Free Choice of the Best
152
9 Leibnizs Dilemma on Predestination1
172
10 Justice Happiness and Perfection in Leibnizs City of God1
197
Reading Leibniz
218
12 Leibnizs Theodicy as a Critique of Spinoza and Bayleand Blueprint for the Philosophy Wars of the 18th Century
233
Bibliography
245
Index
255
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Over de auteur (2014)


Larry M. Jorgensen is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York. His main research is in early modern philosophy, with a primary focus on Leibniz's philosophy of mind and, more generally, on the development of the uniquely modern conception of consciousness that developed during the seventeenth century.

Samuel Newlands is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. His main research interests lie in seventeenth century metaphysics and philosophy of religion. He has published mostly on Spinoza and Leibniz, and he is especially interested in the ways their systematic philosophical views intersect discussions in contemporary metaphysics and philosophy of religion.

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