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reader will please consult. And in all cases, we hope the texts referred to, but not quoted at length, will be turned to and read, as they confirm or illustrate the sentiments advanced.

The author is deeply sensible, that the sentiments he has advanced are very unpopular, and will be condemned by many without a hearing. He is sorry for such persons on their own account; for this cannot stop the advance of light and knowledge in the present day, any more than sleeping all day can stop the sun in his course. If what I have advanced be true, it must prevail against all opposition, for great is the truth, and it must prevail. If my sentiments are false, the sooner they are refuted, neglected and forgotten, the better. If this can be done, it no doubt will be done, and to the doing of it we shall add our hearty amen.

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INTO THE SCRIPTURAL DOCTRINE CONCERNING THE

DEVIL AND SATAN.

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COMMON OPINIONS ENTERTAINED OF THE DEVIL AND SA

TAN BRIEFLY STATED.

are many

THE opinions entertained of the Devil and Satan

We shall give a brief summary of them under the following particulars.

1st. The Unity of the Devil. It is the common opinion, that there is but one being properly called the devil. The unity of God is not more certainly believed, than that ihe Devil or Satan is one. Though God is said by many to be three persons in one being, yet the devil has never been supposed to be more than one person in one being. Dr. Campbell, Dissert. 6. says, “nor can any thing be clearer from Scripture than that, though the demons are innumerable, there is but one devil in the universe."

2d. The origin of the Devil. The commou opinions about ibis are that he was originally, one of the angels of God in heaven. God did not create him a

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not be denied, that they have been held by Cal- begrano of no consequence to point out defects in his thich I

As to the last, though he has used all the 25 A reply merel; bearing on these points he will be pred he will listen with profound attention to what- ( stress! punishment of the wicked is of endless duration, etention heard, that any public disavowal of them has. ever been made.

For example; has it ever been long, h openly disavowed, that infants may be eter- he privil nally damned? And is it universally disbelieved, bever that the happiness of those in heaven, shall be seus sweetened to all eternity in beholding others in terma eternal misery? If such opinions are not held, so to i why not publicly denounce them ? For it will vinists in ages that are past. At any rate, we awer, would say, it has been far from our heart to mis- I make represent the opinions of our brethren.

Should any one reply to the following pages, the author begs leave to say, that it will be lise re manner of discussing the subject, or to show that the fron in some instances he has misunderstood the many prople the texts which have come under his consideration. adie As to the first, had his time and avocations permitted, he might have rendered the work freer of le from defects. means in bis power to interpret the Scriptures as peopo correctly, yet it would be surprising, if in no in- in to me stance he had misunderstood the sacred writers. pass over in silence. But if any one will show, that the devil is a fallen angel, and, that the ever may be advanced. He will attend to argument and evidence drawn from Scripture, come from what quarter they may, whether stated in a

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good or bad temper of mind. If convinced he is wrong, he will be silent, but if not, he will claim the privilege of stating his reasons for his dissent. Whoever undertakes to reply, we beg of them to give us proofs, and not mere assertions, for what they may advance, and to pay particular attention also to what we have advanced in Part i. Sect. 4. To point out defects, without fairly meeting the grand points at issue, will be considered no answer.

I make no apology for availing myself of quotations from various authors in the course of my remarks, for they are chiefly taken from authors whose religious creeds embraced the opinions which I have controverted. None of thein are taken from professed Universalists, for by most people their testimony would be deemed exceptionable, however well supported by evidence. The testimonies quoted in favor of my opinions, are from men competent to judge, and in high repute as critics and commentators among orthodox people. They are quoted, not to give sanction to my views by the weight and number of their names, but on account of the evidence which they produce.

In the present work, the strongest texts in favor of endless punishment are considered, and | attention given them in proportion to the degree of stress laid on them in favor of this doctrine. In some instances, we have referred to our former Inquiry into the words Sheol, Hades, Tartarus, and Gehenna, for an illustration, which the

DTU THE SCRIP

reader will please consult. And in all cases, we hope the texts referred to, but not quoted at length, will be turned to and read, as they confirm or illustrate the sentiments advanced.

The author is deeply sensible, that the sentiments he has advanced are very unpopular, and will be condemned by many without a hearing. He is sorry for such persons on their own account; for this cannot stop the advance of light and knowledge in the present day, any more than sleeping all day can stop the sun in his course. If what I have advanced be true, it must prevail against all opposition, for great is the truth, and it must prevail. If my sentiments are false, the sooner they are refuted, neglected and forgotten, the better. If this can be done, it no doubt will be done, and to the doing of it we shall add our hearty amen.

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