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Reed can hardly be right, because Dryden's They'd make men think the devil were fast and figure is that of a man grasping snow, which


With speaking fustian Latin. melts away in his hand. Montaigne and Sir

· The White Devil,' 11. 1007-8, p. 17, col. 2. Philip Sidney both use Webster's figure, and Webster was perfectly acquainted with both Montaigne explains what "fast and loose" authors. It is also in Marston :

means, and he is responsible for the reference

to the jugglers' Latin in Webster. In his This made the poison swell in her cankered admirable edition of The White Devil' and breast, perceiving that, as in water, the more sb of The Duchess of Malfi,' recently published, grasped the less she held, &c.—"The Arcadia,' Prof. Martin Sampson quotes Mr. W. J. book iii.

Fast and It would be even as if one should go about to Craig's note in Reginald Scot. graspe the water: for, how much the more he shal loose " is a trick game with a handkerchief close and presse that which by its owne nature is or belt, the point being that a knot or loop ever gliding, so much the more he shall loose what which seems tied fast is really loose." This he would hold and fasten.– Essays,' book ii. c. xii. is exactly the meaning of the phrase in p. 309, col. 1.

Montaigne. Crispinella. Once married, got up his head above, I will turn to Marston onco more. Dula stiff, crooked, nobby, inflexible tyrannous creature cimel wishes to impart a secret to Philocalia, he grows, then they turn like water, more you but the latter is chary of being its guardian: would embrace the less you hold. - The Dutch Courtezan,' III. i. 81-4.

Philo. You may trust my

silence; I can command Webster says that

that ; but if I chance to be questioned I must speak

truth : I can conceal, but not deny my knowledge. women are more willingly and more gloriously chaste, That must command me. when they are least restrained of their liberty.- Dul. Fie on_these philosophical discoursing • The White Devil,? II. 192-4, p. 8, col. 1.

women !- The Fawn,' III. i. 183-7. But Montaigne, who is arguing that a man In other words, fie on Montaigne ! should marry a rich woman rather than a

It is a paine for me to dissemble, so that I refuse poor one, declares that such a wife will be

to take charge of other men's secrets, as wanting more willingly and gloriously chaste, by how much hart to disavow my knowledge. I can conceale it;

but deny it I cannot, without much ado and some fairer they are.-Book ii. c. viii. p. 198, col. 2.

trouble. To be perfectly secrete, one must be so by Women are like curst dogs: civility keeps them nature, not by obligation.-Book iii. c. v. p. 430, tied all day-time, but they are let loose at nid- col. 1. night; then they do most good, or most mischief.

Hercules. Dear sleep and lust, I thank you; but "The White Devil,' ll. 320-3, p. 9, col. 2. Note the word “civility”; it is the reading of Mortal till now I scarce had known myself. the 1612 quarto; the quartos of 1631, 1665,

• The Fawn,''I. ii. 331-2. and 1672 read "cruelty.” This latter reading of course, this has reference to the wellis borne out by Montaigne :

known saying of Alexander the Great :Beleeve it, they (women) will have fire: Luxuria Alexander said that he knew himselfe mortal ipsis vinculis, sicut fera bestia, irritata deinde chiefly by this action and by sleeping.-Book iii. emissa : “Luxurie is like a wild beast, first made c. v. p. 447, col. 1. fiercer with tying, and then let loose. They must The saying forms No. 123 of Bacon's have the reynes "given them a little."-Book iii. "Apophthegms,' and it is quoted in The

. C. V. p. 450, col. l. It is cruelty, not civility, that keeps the the corresponding part of the De Aug.

Advancement of Learning, book i., and in beast tied up; and the objoct of this incivility mentis. It is very surprising to find what is to make it more vicious when let loose. a number of Bacon's • Apophthegms' are Montaigne argues for more freedom, not paralleled in Montaigne. The moral is that restraint.

there was no need for Shakespeare or others Montaigne has a tilt at a certain class of to go to Bacon for certain matter, which scholars who delight in disputations and has been paraded with a great blowing of hair-splitting; and he selects for particular

trumpets. censure a Master of Arts. Deprive him, he In his 'Essay of Truth'Bacon says :says, of his gown, his Latin, and his Aristotle,

There is no Vice, that doth so cover a Man with and he will appear but a very ordinary man, Shame, as to be found false, and perfidious. And His “implication and entangling of speech," therefore Mountaigny saith prettily, when he which beguiles men, "may fitly be compared enquired the reason, why the word of the Lie, unto juglers' play of fast and loose " (book iii. should be such a Disgrace, and such an Odious c. viii. p. 473, col. 1). Compare the whole of Charge? Saith be, If it be well weighed, lo say that the Conjurer's speech with Montaigne, espe- towards God, and a Coward towards men. For &

a man lieth, is as much to say, as that he is brave cially the following:

Lie faces God, and shrinkes from Man.

for you,

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Florio translates as under :

subjects he has handled in his 'Religio Medici' To lie is a horrible filthy vice; and which an and other works. But the manner is altogether ancient writer setteth forth very shamefully, when different. Sir Thomas, though he knew six he saith that whosoever lieth witnesseth that he languages, does not stud his writings with contemneth God and therewithall men. It is impossible more richly to represent the horrour, speak, fuses them into his own,

quotations from other tongues, but, so to the vilenesse and the disorder of it: for what can

The author be imagined so vile and base as to be a coward of this book would seem to have followed towards and a boaster towards God ?- the method of Robert Burton, to whose Book ii. c. xviii. p. 341, col. 2.

• Melancholy' he refers four or five times. Thus in Marston :

There are few of his pages without Greek or Gonzago. Yet to forswear and vow against one's Latin extracts from pagan and Christian heart,

writers. He was no mean linguist, for he Is full of base, ignoble cowardice,

shows that he was also acquainted with Since 'tis most plain, such speeches do contema Hebrew, Spanish, and French. His reading Heaven and fear men (that's sententious now). • The Fawn,' 111. i. 420.3.

was of a wide range, if we may judge by the

number and variety of his marginal references. See also Ben Jonson :

Among English writers he quotes Chaucer Macilente. I like such tempers well, as stand twice (in black letter), Father Parsons (“notbefore their mistresses with fear and trembling; withstanding he wanted nothing but a glasse and before their Maker, like impudent mountains ! – Every Man out of his Humour,' III. iii.

at any Time to view the Effigies of a Railer'), CHARLES CRAWFORD.

Speed, Camden, Joseph Hall, George Her

bert, and, to mention one more name, (To be continued.)

Brown in Epist. Ded. ante Hydriot." (p. 18 in

margin), which means “Dr. Browne in his A NAMELESS BOOK.

Epistle Dedicatory, prefixed to his ‘HydrioSOME months ago I bought a small volume, taphia, or Urn-Burial,'” published in 1658. which is exactly six inches in length by four His second chapter is entitled 'A Censure in breadth. It is bound in brown leather, of the generall Scandall of some Professions, and contains three distinct works. The first especially that of Physick,' in the seventh is “The Gentile Sinner ; or, England's Brave section of which (p. 28) the author says :Gentleman : Characterized In à Letter to a “This Profession is so farre from prompting Friend, Both As he is, and as he should be. Atheism, that it is signally advantagious to an holy By Clem. Ellis, M.A. Fellow of Qu. Coll. life. The study of Physitians is Life and Death: Oxon." It is the second edition, and was

they of all men least need artificiall memento's, or printed at Oxford in the year 1661. The Coffing by their Bed-sides, to mind them of their

." next is entitled “A Discourse of Artificial Beauty, in point of Conscience, Between Two Sir Thomas Browne's words are these in Ladies. With some Satyrical Censures on

his address to his friend Thomas Le Gros :the Vulgar Errors of these Times. London,

“Beside, to preserve the living, and make the Printed for R. Royston at the Angel in Ivy: dead to live, to keep men out of their urns, and Lane. MDCLXII” This volume, first pub- discourse of human fragments in them, is not imlished in 1656 under a slightly different title, pertinent to our profession, whose study is life and is ascribed by Anthony Wood to Dr. John and of all men least need artiticial mementoes, ,08

death, who daily behold examples of mortality, Gauden, but Lowndes thinks it was written coffins by our bedside, to mind us of our graves.' by Obadiah Walker, in which opinion I cannot Dent's ed., p. 125.

I now come to the third and by far the Again, on p. 25 I find what follows :most interesting of the booklets, which is

"Religio Medici' is not the product of the Penne divided into seven chapters and 'covers 112 alone, but also of the practice of Physitians.pages; but as

it has unfortunately been It will be observed that the pronoun has bound up with the others without the title- been changed from the first person to the page, I can give neither author nor place of third in the extract from Urn - Burial.? publication. But as the type is exactly the From this I conclude that the author did same as that used in the second volume, and not belong to the medical profession, though quite different in size from what is used in the he more than once discourses very learnedly first, I infer that the last was probably on matters that are within its province.

printed for R. Royston" in London about Though I am convinced that Sir Thomas the year 1660.

Browne had nothing to do with the comOn a first perusal I was reminded of the position of these essays, it is evident that his style of Sir Thomas Browne, and of certain works were well known to the writer, who.


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employs certain illustrations and turns of that is, the officer of his college who was to present -expression peculiar to the learned doctor. him for his degree-was allowed to come to his

assistance. and the name of its author, besides the second had a certain religious character

. It took place in As a help to identify the title of the book

Originally the ceremony was a serious one, and chapter already given. I will mention two or Great St. Mary's Church, and marked the admission three of the others. The first is ‘ A Censure of the student to a position with new responsi. of the Epidemicall practice of reproaching bilities, while the season of Lent was chosen with a Red-hair'd Men'; the third, 'A Censure of view to bring this into prominence. The Puritan that common evill practice of Reproaching astical ceremonies, and in the course of the six

party objected to the observance of such ecclesi. the Feminine Sex,' wherein no reference is teenth century they introduced much licence and made to Browne's queer language in his buffoonery into the proceedings. The part played * Religio Medici' about the propagation of by the questionist became purely formal. A serious the human race, which was regarded by Sir debate still sometimes took place between the

father of the senior questionist and a regent master Kenelm Digby and James Howell as

an who represented the University; but the discussion attack on marriage,

was prefaced by a speech by the bachelor, who 6 the prime Link of human Society, the chiefest canie to be called the Tripos, just as we speak of a Happiness of Mortals, and wherein Heaven hath a judge as the bench, or of a rower as an oar. Ulti. special Hand,"

mately public opinion permitted the Tripos to say as the latter holds it to be (* Familiar Letters,' dull and was scandalous. The speeches he delivered

pretty much what he pleased, so long as it was not bk. i. sec. 6, lx.; eleventh edition. 1754, or the verses he recited were generally preserved by p. 300). But as by this time, say 1660, Sir the Registrary, and were known as the tripos verses : Thomas was the father of a dozen children originally they referred to the subjects of the dis(“olive branches "), which came to him in the putations then propounded. ,The earliest copies

now extant are those for 1575." usual way, the author of this little book pretermitted any notice of what the young physician linger

, the historian of Cambridge:

Mr. Ball goes on to quote from Mr. Mulhad published in 1643, and written some

About the year 1747-8, the moderators initiated The seventh and last chapter is ' A Censure back of the sheets containing the tripos verses, and

the practice of printing the honour lists on the of the common evill practice of Railing after the year 1755 this became the invariable against an Adversary in Opinion,' which is practice. By virtue of this purely arbitrary conan admirable plea for toleration, and tem- nexion these lists themselves became known as the perate language in religious controversy. tripos ; and eventually the examination itself, of shall be thankful for any information as to which they represented the results, also became

known by the same designation." the authorship of this most interesting little volume, which I shall henceforth keep beside

I think it well to add, from Prof. Skeat's my Burton,

masterly, 'Etymological Dictionary of the Si parva licet componere magnis.

English Language' (second edition, 1888), the

following, s.v. Tripod ':JOHN T. CURRY,

" Tripos, an honour examination at Cambridge,

so called at present because the successful candi. TRIPOS: TRIPOS VERSES.

dates are arranged in three classes ; but we must not

forget that a tripos sometimes meant an oracle (see THESE Cambridge terms are no doubt Johnson), and that there was formerly a certain obscure to many, and I think it, worth scholar who went by the name of tripos, being while to give an excellent passage concern- otherwiso called prevaricator at Cambridge ing them in 'Mathematical Recreations and terræ filius at Oxford; he was a master of arts

chosen at a commencement to make an ingenious Essays,' a learned and amusing book by Mr. satirical speech reflecting on the nisdemeanours of W. W. Rouse Ball, now in its fourth edition. members of the university, a practice which no Allowing myself long quotations from it, I doubt gave rise to the so-called tripos verses, i.e., hope I shall induce some new readers to facetious Latin verses printed on the back of the

it. There formerly three tripos-lists." occasions on which the degree of Bachelor One would expect the spelling "tripus," was conferred. "In the fifteenth century,

. which the same dictionary (p. 832, 'Errata says Mr. Ball (p. 235),

and Addenda') quotes from the English an important part in the ceremony on each of Garner,'. vii. 267 (1670). In view of these these occasions was taken by a certain quld authorities no other theory of the origin of bachilour, who sat upon a three-legged stool or the modern use of the word “tripos " need tripos before the proctors and tested the abilities be considered. of the would-be graduates by arguing some question with the eldest son,' who was selected from them

As to the tripos verses, I learn from the was their representative. To assist the latter in next page of Mr. Ball's book that "in 1895 what was often an unequal contest, his 'father's the proctors and moderators, without con


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sulting the Senate, sent in no verses, and of the Christian Socialists, quotes a poem by thus, in spite of widespread regret, an inter- Charles Kingsley which appeared in Politics esting custom of many centuries' standing for the People, but "for some inscrutable was destroyed.” Modern verses of the sort reason has been omitted from the collected in Latin, or occasionally Greek, were gener- poems ally humorous, and harmless, to put the usage on the lowest level, containing refer- See how the autumn leaves float by, decaying, ences to current university topics, which the

Down; bered whirls of yon rain-swollen stream ; lapse of years would render of interest. I So fleeti.. eworks of men, back to their earth again, should like to see the best of them reprinted

Ancient and holy things fade like a dream. in a little volume, though I would not claim Nay! see the spring blossoms steal forth a-waying, that honour for the indifferent set I com- So, though old forms go by, ne'er can their

spirit die

Clothing with tender hues orchard and glen; posed myself, at the request, if I remember Look ! England's bare boughs show green leafi äright, of one of the proctors.

HIPPOCLIDES. This should have a place in ‘N. & Q.'.

WILLIAM E. A. Axon. “MAN OF NOSES.”—This curious name, DANIEL AND PETER STUART, NEWSPAPER used by the eighteenth-century writers for PROPRIETORS.-In 1897 (at gth S. xii. 68) an the soft clam, or Mya arenaria, appears to be inquiry was made for information concerning absent from the 'N.E.D.' s.v. 'Man. Perhaps these two brothers. The answer, not given it can be inserted under 'Nose.' The follow- in ‘N. & Q.,' was furnished in the following ing is from John Lawson's History of year by the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.,'lv. 75-6. Carolina,' 1714, p. 162 :

To that account I am able to add a few “Man of Noses are a Shell-Fish commonly found particulars. Peter Stuart married a Miss amongst us. They are valued for increasing Vigour Fisher, a native of Yorkshire, who had many in Men, and making barren Women fruitful ; but I friends and relations in and near the city of think they have no Need of that Fish; for the York. In 1813, hearing that Mr. Spence was Women in Carolina are fruitful enough without their Help.”

willing to dispose of his share in The York In the Century Dictionary' the term is Herald newspaper, Peter, who was no longer given only in the form maninose, and said to proprietor of The Oracle, and was then living be “American Indian."

at 85, Hatton Garden, employed Mr. D. JAMES PLATT, Jun.

Walker, the proprietor of The Gloucester

Journal, to enter into negotiations for purThe Old THEATRES OF LONDON. (See ante, chase, of which, however, nothing came. p. 79.)-In your review of Mr. Gomme's

Daniel Stuart's second son, Edward, the carefully edited volume on 'London' in "The first vicar of St. Mary Magdalene's, Munster Gentleman's Magazine Library” the author- Square, 1852, was a well-known leader of the ship of the remarkable papers under the Catholic revival in the Church of England, above heading is not stated; and it may, and a man of marked character. He died in therefore, be well to mention that the 1877, and was buried in the family vault in pseudonym of "Eu. Hood," over which they Willesden Churchyard. The most complete are written, conceals the identity of Joseph account of him is in The Durham University Haslewood, F.S.A., the well-known literary Journal, xvi. 182 (14 July last).

W. C. B. antiquary.

were originally reprinted in that scarce volume “The Rox- FOOTPATHS. (See ante, p. 80.)—I was mightily burghe Revels,' pp. 85–128, of which a few pleased, as Pepys would doubtless say, with copies were issued for privato circulation at the paragraph concerning footpaths conEdinburgh in 1837, under the editorship of tained in the review at the above reference. the late Mr. James Maidment. I have no I have always had a great love and reverence wish to criticize the volumes on 'English for these field and meadow paths, and one of Topography, which have been reprinted my most cherished cuttings is an essay by under Mr. Gomme's editorial care ; but a Thomas Miller on 'Our Old English Comlittle more fullness of annotation might be mons, Bridle Roads, and Free Footpaths';. desirable, especially with regard to the vide The Illustrated London News of 15 Sepauthorship of anonymous or_pseudonymous tember, 1866. One rarely finds such rich articles.


intellectual treats as this in the newspapers.

of the present day ; they will bear many a INEDITED POEM BY CHARLES KINGSLEY.- reperusal, and are worthy of careful storage. In a letter to The Co-operative News (8 July) When I returned to my native village, after Mr. J. M. Ludlow, one of the "old guard“ | long years of exile in London, I was speedily

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at home again wandering along the old by the fact that in 'The Locks of Berenice,' meadow paths. Having obtained a seat translated from the Latin of Catullus by on the parish council, one of my first acts Dr. H. W. Tytler, we find the poet saying, was to get a committee appointed to inspect à propos of the departure of Euergetes, that these paths and report as to their condition, Berenice "mourn'd the brother in the hus&c. This committee still exists, and has band gone"; and furthermore the Hon. George done much good work in providing foot- Lamb, in his rendering of the poem, calls boards to the stiles, and in many othor ways Euergetes the“ brother-husband," and in his rendering these pleasant paths op n and notes says, “Ptolemy Euergetes was brother

n usable. Such rights of way cannot be too to Berenice; they were children of Ptolemy jealously guarded. They are the heritage of Philadelphus and Arsinoë, who were also the people, and it is the bounden duty of brother and sister.” Now as I understand every parish council in the land to see that this involved relationship, Ptolemy Euergetes they are preserved in violate for their legiti- was son of Ptolemy Philadelphus by his first mate use.

John T. PAGE. wife Arsinoë, daughter of Lysimachus, King West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

of Thrace, and not of his second wife (also « TOBACCO": ITS PRONUNCIATION.-A vener-children.

Arsinoë), who was his sister, but had able seaman, whose picturesque and exciting

Callimachus, who wrote the original poem yarns bristle with references to the Bay of Honduras and other resonant names of that on the locks of Berenice, of which Catullus's neighbourhood, always gives the penultimate

is a translation, was, besides being a native of syllable of " tobacco" the value of “bake." Cyrene, a contemporary of Euergetes, so, one This is probably a traditional fashion of imagines, must have known the facts. speaking. Swift, for example, makes the

Euergetes had a sister Berenice who married counsellor of the hen pecked husband in 'A Antiochus, King of Syria, but it was to avenge Quiet Life and a Good Name' suggest relief her death that he undertook the expedition from affliction in these terms :

when his wife Queen Berenice vowed to cut

off her hair if he returned victorious. EuerIf she were mine, and had such tricks,

getes's wife became Queen Regnantof Cyrene, I'd teach her how to handle sticks : 2d8! I would ship her to Jamaica,

257 B.C. Surely she must have been daughter Or truck the carrion for Tobacco.

of King Magas. Magas was son of Ptolemy THOMAS BAYNE.

Soter's second wife (another Berenice) by her

former husband, which would make the *POMPLE"=TREFOIL.-I would add to my relationship between Euergetes and his wife reply at 9th S. vi. 235 that pomple (or pumple), that of (step) first cousins, and not that of popille or popple=trefoil. “And this accounts brother and sister. for the latter being represented in the arms How are these conflicting statements to be of the family of Popplewell, viz., Gyronny of

reconciled ?

CONSTANCE RUSSELL. eight vert and or, on each a trefoil slipped

Swallowfield. counterchanged.

W. I. R. V.


About the year 1571 one Henry Alvar, or

Alvarez, an English priest of the Society of We must request correspondents desiring in. Jesus, had returned to England from Rome. formation on family matters of only private interest (See Father Matthias Tanner's 'Societas Jesu to affix their names and addresses to their queries, Apostolorum Imitatrix, Prague, 1694, at in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

p. 482, and Brother Foley's ' Records of the

English Province S.J.,' vol. iii. pp. 574, 580.) BERENICE, WIFE OF PTOLEMY III. EJERGETES. I strongly suspect that the Englishman who --Will some one who is an authority, on appears as Alvar or Alvarez in the authorities Egyptian history tell me whether I am right cited above is to be identified (1) with the in supposing that the wife of Ptolemy III. Henry Alway who is mentioned as being Euergetes was Berenice, daughter of Magas, imprisoned as a priest in P.R.O., S.P. Dom. King of Cyrene?

Eliz., cxlix. 81; (2) with the Henricus Lemprière says she was the daughter of Alwayus whose name occurs among the Ptolemy II. Philadelphus and Arsinoë, and priests deprived of their benefices at the the sister of her husband. I am aware that accession of Elizabeth, given by Dr. Nicholas such marriages were allowed by the Egyptians Sander in his 'De Visibili Monarchia,' puband did take place amongst the Ptolemy lished in 1571, which list is reprinted by Mr. kings, and Lem prière's statement is backed Gee in his 'Elizabethan Clergy'on pp 225

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