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battle array,

599.; and (3) with the Henry Alway who Parliament and the press; but I do not entered Winchester College in 1534, aged think so.

POLITICIAN. thirteen, from Colerne, as recorded in Kirby's Winchester Scholars,' p. 119. Any evidence

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.—The for, or against, this proposed identification following lines were on a leaden vase for will be exceedingly welcome. I may add that garden decoration :the said Henry Alvar, or Alvarez, was instru

If by each rose we see mental in inducing Thomas Pounde to join

A thoro there grows,

Strive that no thorn shall be the Society of Jesus, and that the said

Without its rose. Thomas Pounde is reported by his biographers

W. H. W. P. (including the above-mentioned Father Tan

There is a form on which these eyes ner and Brother Foley) to have been edu

Have often gazed with fond delight; cated at the College of the Blessed Virgin By day that form their joy supplies, Mary of Winchester, which the latter inter- "And dreams restore it through the night. prets to mean Winchester College, and not

D. M. New College, Oxford. I hope later on to Philadelphia. contribute a note as to the difficulties that

Words may be as angels would confront any modern biographer of

Winged with love and light, the said Thomas Pounde, both as to his

Bearing God's evangels parentage and education.

To the realms of might.


'LOCHIEL'S WARNING,' BY THOMAS CAMPprecisely what was the Panopticon of which BELL.- The original autograph manuscript Lamb speaks in 'The Old and the New School of this poem was lot 537 in Sotheby's catamaster, Lond. Mag., May, 1821 ? The logue for sale on 30 June last. It may be Panopticon in Leicester Square was not built worth noting that the second line originally until 1852-3. Was there a telescope so called ran

When the Lowlanders meet thee in on view in London in 1821 ? R. A. POTTS.

"instead of “When the lowlands

shall meet thee in battle array. The alteraHOOPER=LONG. In 1639 my ancestor tion seems po improvement. Has any one Roger Hooper married Mary Long. I am not ever written the "lowlands" for the Lowlanders sure, but I am inclined to think the marriage of Attica ?

STAPLETON MARTIN. took place at Salisbury, as my family arms

The Firs, Norton, Worcester. are those of the Hoopers, some of whom

The lived at Salisbury in the sixteenth and

TITIAN'S "VENUS WITH MIRROR.' seventeenth centuries. The arms

original is, I believe, in the gallery of the follows :-Or, on a fesse azure three annulets Hermitage, St. Petersburg. There is a copy argent between three boars passant. Crest, a

by an unknown_artist in Hampton Court boar's head erased at the neck azure, bezantée, Palace (Queen's Private Chamber, numbered crined or.

The genealogy of this family is 757). For whom and when was the original given in 'The Visitation of Dorset' (Harleian painted? and are there any other known Soc., vol. xx., p. 55). I wish to verify the copies of it existing? Are they (the copies) marriage and to trace Roger's connexion with


of any value ? the Salisbury family. I have consulted the

“ DYING BEYOND MY MEANS."—Who was it authorities quoted in. 'The Genealogist's that said on his death-bed, “I fear I am Guide,' but without finding a clue. The arms dying beyond my means,", when he saw the are the same as those of Dr. Robert Hooper doctors around him, and knew that he had (1773-1835), the celebrated physician of Savile no estate to provide for their fees?

P. Row. What is my best course ? W. H.

[Attributed to Oscar Wilde.] THE WAR OFFICE IN FICTION.-Has the

EDWARD HARRINGTON IMPEY was admitted War Office been specifically criticized or to Westminster School 20 Sept., 1825, aged attacked in contemporary fiction ? Dickens, eleven. Particulars of his parentage and of course, dealt with the Circumlocution

career are desired.

G. F. R. B. Office," but that might have been any Government department, and not this particular “PERRYWHIMPTERING."-Can any one tell

The association of the War Office with me the exact sense of the picturesque verb literature, in the fact that so many of its “to perry whimpter," so often used by clerks have been public writers, may, of William Greener in his new book The course, have saved it from assault, except in Exploits of Jo Salis'? For example, od

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p. 293 : “If you do get married out here,

Beplies. don't have too many green and other gaudy dragons perrywhimptering at your wedding. “ PICCANINNY”: ITS ORIGIN. This term is strange to me, and I cannot find

(10th S. iv. 27.) it in any dictionary. Is it American? or Pidgin English or what?

As this is admittedly a difficult word, and as Jas. PLATT, Jun.

little is known of its history, some new facts

in regard to it will doubtless be acceptable. NEWSPAPER LEADING ARTICLES.-Why are Prof. Skeat, in his 'Notes on English the more important leading articles in Etymology, quotes J. G. Stedman's 'Narranearly, all newspapers in the United King- tive' (1796, ii. 258) as follows: "Small, peekeen. dom divided into three paragraphs ?

Very small, peekeeneenee.” With a single F. HOWARD COLLINS. exception, this is apparently the earliest Torquay.

recorded instance of the word, and points to

the East Indies as its place of origin. The WARWICKSHIRE CHARTER.-A charter of the time of Edward III., granting lands in where we find an extract from the third part

exception is in 'The Stanford Dictionary,' Warwickshire to William de Wellesbourne, of D'Urfey's Comical

Comical History of Don rector of the parish, has an endorsement upon Quixote' (1696). In Act IV. scene ii. of that it as follows: Enrolled in the King's Exchequer at Warwick, 8 Henry VIII. play, pp. 40, 41, occurs the following :Under what circumstances is it likely the

Enter Poppet Marsilius, and Poppet Melisendra. charter was so enrolled ?

B. R.

Teresa. Oh Gemini ! here's two pure fine things HEARSEY : GAVINE. Any clue to the tho; I'warrant he's to eat the tother for being so

Mary. Oh Lord, but one of 'em's a black thing ancestors of Andrew Hearsey, of Middel- fair.... burgh, Holland, 1752, father-in-law of David Song. Perform'd by Two Poppets, one representing Gavine (vide Earl of Lauderdale), and related a Captain, and t'other a Town Miss. To the Tune to the families of Pilborough, Fullerton, of a Minuet. Erskine, Baird, Drummond, and Maitland,

Pop. Capt. and proof that he was the great-grandfather

Dear Pinkaninny, of General John Hearsey, K.C.B., will oblige.

If half a Guiny

To Love will win ye,
A. C. H.

I lay it here down. “THE FATE OF THE TRACYS.”—The proverb, A little later in the same scene (p. 42), “The fate of the Tracys is to have the wind.“ Enter Poppet Don Gayferos on Horseback," in their faces," or something like it, presum- and the following dialogue occurs :ably means that bad luck has attended the P. Melis. Who calls with Voice as sweet as family as connected through Sir William de Morning Lark? Tracy with the murder of Becket. I should P. Don G. 'Tis I, my Love, who come from be glad to learn the exact proverb-I sup. My dearest Piakaninny to set free.

France inth dark, pose known in Devonshire- and whether phenomenal ill-luck has attended the Tracy and Piakaninny in another, it is evident

As "Pinkaninny” is given in one place family. JAS. CURTIS, F.S.A.

that there has been a mistake somewhere; SIR THOMAS BROWNE ON OBLIVION.-Can and can we be sure that D'Urfey meant to any of your readers tell me in which of Sir employ the word piccaninny? If he did, he Thomas Browne's works the passage occurs apparently did not understand its meaning. which speaks of "Oblivion sitting upon a (It should be stated, however, that the sphinx and looking towards Rome and old puppets were "design'd to be acted by Thebes?

J. WILLCOCK. Children.") But leaving this doubtful exLerwick.

ample, let me quote some certain ones. CHIMNEY - STACKS.--In two instances in

“At the time the wife is to be brought a bed, her Hertfordshire-viz., at Thundridge and Great another room for many severall divisions they

husband removes his board, (which is his bed) to Hormead-ancient manor houses have been have, in their little houses, and none above sixe destroyed, but the chimney-stacks have been foot 'square) And leaves his wife to God, and her left intact, the popular theory being that the good fortune, in the room, and upon the board house is in existence while these remain alone, and calls a neighbour to come to her, who standing. Is there any ground for this gives little help to her deliverie, but when the child curious belief! and does it prevail elsewhere? to make a little fire nere her feet and that serves

is borne, (which she calls her Pickaninnie) she helps. W. B. GERISH.

instead of Possets, Broaths, and Caudles. _In a Bishop's Stortford,

fortnight, this woman is at worke with her Picka

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ninny at her back, as merry a soule as any is there : “The Lieutenant, observing that the Indian men

.....Some women, whose Pickaninnies are three had been quiet and submissive,......ordered his men yeers old, will, as they worko at weeding, which is to dismouut and give their horses to the wonien, à stooping worke, suffer the hee Pickaninnie, to sit who niounted'a la cavalier,' two on a horse, with astride upon their backs, like St. George a horse- a picaninny in front.”—1838, G. A. McCall, 'Letters back; and there spurre his mother with his heeles, fron the Frontiers' (1868), p. 349. and sings and crowes on her backe, clapping his “The poor little piccaninny (a negro baby just hands, as if he meant to flye; which the mother is born). as they called it, was not one bit uglier 80 pleas'd with, as shee continues her painfull than white babies under similarly, novel circum. stooping posture, longer then she would doe, rather stances."-1839, Fanny Kenible, Journal of a than discompose her Joviall Pickaninnie of his Residence in Georgia' (1863), p. 188. pleasure, 80 glad_she is to see him merry."--R. Ligon, Tove & Exact History of the Island of

Ligon visited Barbadoes in 1647, and his Barbadoes,' 1657, pp. 47-8.

book, though not published until 1857, was “Alniost half of the new imported Negroes die in written as early as 1653. Here, then, we fipd the Seasoning, nor does the Polyganıy, which they the word in the West Indies a century and a use, add much to the Stocking of a Plantation, half earlier than in the East Indies. A Every Pickaninny, or Child, is valued at 5l., and remark made by Stedman, but not quoted the Conmodity in general rises or falls like any other in the Market." _*New History of Jamaica,' by Prof. Skeat, is worth repeating. He 1740, p. 312.

says: To southern climes the shipping flew,

“But as to that spoken by the black people in And anchored in Virginia,

Surinam, I consider myself a perfect master, it When Champe escaped and join'd his friends, being a compound of Dutch, French, Spanish, Among the piciniuni.

Portuguese, and English. The latter they like From a ballad written in 1780, in F. Moore's best, and consequently use the most. It has Songs and Ballads of the American Revolu- already been observed that the English were the tion' (1856), p. 327.

first Europeans who possessed this colony, hence A negro fellow, being strongly suspected to have they have still retained.”-II. 257.

probably the predilection for that language, which stolen goods in his possession, was taken before a certain Justice of the Peace of this city (Phila. Did piccaninny originate in the East Indie delphia), and charged with the offence. The fellow or in the West Indies? The new evidenc was so hardened as to acknowledge the fact, and certainly points to the West Indies. It wil to add to his crime, had the audacity to make the perhaps, be asserted that a word is mor following speech: ‘Massa Justice, nie know me get dem tings from T'om dere—and me thinke Toni teat likely to have gone from the East Indies t dem too—but what den, massa ? dey be only a picca the West Indies than in the roverse direc ninny corkscrew and a pickanindy knife-one cost tion. A genuine instance, however, of the sixpence, and tudder a shilling-and me pay Tom contrary process may be pointed out. The for dem honestly, massa.

word "* A very pretty story, truly. You know they, in Connecticut 6 April, 1654 (Connecticut

rum, meaning the liquor, was first used were stolen, and alledge in excuse you paid honestly for them-I'll teach you better law than that, Colonial Records,' i. 255); but it unquestionsirrah !-Don't you know, Cæsar, the receiver is as ably arose in Barbadoes, where it was first bad as the thief! You must be severely whipt, you manufactured, and thence spread all over black rascal you !

* Ver well, massa !–If de black rascal be whipt the world. If this is also what happened in for buying tolen goods, me hopee de white rascal the case of piccaninny, is not its probable be whipt for same ting, when me catch him, as well origin from the Spanish pequeño? In The as Cæsar.' To be sure, rejoined his worship. Stanford Dictionary, by the way, we are 'Well den (says Cæsar) here be_Tom's massa- told that the word is Eng. fr. Cuban Sp. hold him fast, constable-he buy Tom as I buy de piccaninny knife, and de piccaninny, corkscrew,

piquinini." He knew very well poor l'im be stolen from his old

The story related above in 1788 may have fadder and nudder; de knife and de corkscrew been manufactured by some white abolihave neider.'” — Massachusetts Centinel, 25 October, tionist ; but if it really represents genuine 1788, x. 48/1.

pegru talk at that time it is interesting, "A negro, who had been some years in the because it shows that the word was then country, happening one day to meet an elderly slave who had just been purchased from a slave applied by the negroes to various objects, trader recently arrived, he recognised him as his and not merely to babies or children. father-who, it seems, had sold him to the European.

ALBERT MATTHEWS. Without explanation or preface, he addressed to Boston, U.S.A. him a speech, in his country dialect, which he thus translated to the bystanders: 'So, yon old rogue, Castilian and Portuguese being originally dem catch you at last-no. Buckra do good-you the same decadent Latin, it is a small point no care for your pickinnic (child)—but they will make philologically, but of interest historically, to you feel work pinch too.'"-J. Stewart, •View of the determine whether the negroes got peekeen or Past and Present of Jamaica,' 1823, pp. 255-6.

peekeeneenee from the Spaniards or from the # White men.

Portuguese who civilized them. An English

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countess once asked ine if I agreed with her hotel and restaurant waiters in Russia are in thinking that the Castilian word pequeño usually Tartars-for Tartars can be trusted must be of Celtic origin, and cognate with not to drink-Russians habitually address Welsh and Breton bichan=small, little. I waiters as Kniaz.

D. replied that I thought it must be. But (Replies from MR. R. PIERPOINT, MR. J. PLATT, I hope that Prof. Rhys, or some one better and MR. A. Watts next week.] acquainted with Celtic, will answer the



S. xii. 249).—I do not think that any reply has This word is certainly derived from the yet appeared to MR. HIBGAME's query. He Portuguese, through the 80 - called creole stated that William of Wykeham, afterwards dialects. Mgr. S. R. Dalgado, in his 'Dia- Bishop of Winchester, was collated by the lecto Indo-Português de Ceylão,' records king to the rectory of Pulham on 10 July, in the vocabulary “piquin, pequeno, fi- 1361. According to Moberly's Life of Wykelhinho"; and 'pequinino, pequeno,

'this ham' (second edition, 1893), pp. 40-42, the latter word, as he notes, being common original collation was made on 30 Novemalso to the dialects of Cochin and Man. ber, 1357, and was repeated on 10 July, 1361 ; galor. On p. 33 he has : “ Diminutive but Wykeham's connexion with Pulham teradjective employed as primitive: pequi. minated the very next month, on 20 August, nino=pequeno (small). Pequin is in many when he voluntarily resigned the living in cases a substantive, and signifies child." X order that it might be given to Andrew good instance of the use of the word in the Stratford. See also Blomefield and Parkin's lingua franca of India in the seventeenth •Norfolk,'iii. 264. century occurs in the 'Relation ou Journal As narrated by Moberly, the royal claim in d'un Voyage fait aux Indes Orientales,' by 1357 to collate to this living rested upon a senFrançois de l'Estra (Paris, 1677). The writer tence of the King's Bench, whereby Thomas was being conveyed as a prisoner of war by de Lisle, Bishop of Ely, forfeited the temthe Dutch from Hugli to Batavia, and he poralities of his see, which were accordingly says (pp. 210-11):

confiscated by the king. De Lisle insti. “All the recreation that we had was to hear the tuted proceedings before Pope Innocent VI., singing of the slaves whom the officers of the ship at Avignon, against Wykeham for taking the Lion Rouge had bought in Bengala. There were possession of the living without rightful pre about sixteen of them, both boys and girls, one of sentation, but the proceedings fell through whom gave birth to a child whilst dancing on the

on account of De Lisle's death on 23 June, deck with her companions, who received the infant and incontinently washed it, plunging it into a pail 1361. The king thereupon promptly repeated of sea water, like a tripe ; they then wrapped it up the collation, but Wykeham almost in their gowns, after having left it for a full hour in promptly resigned. It is not clear that be the rays of the sun on the deck of the ship the Lion ever resided at Pulham or even visited the Rouge. They presented it to Captain Dominique, church, and the circumstances attending his sayivg these words to him, 'Seignor. skipre, dis- tenure of the living were such that the story posse que vos ten pay deste picquenin biche vos pode da algun coso per coméy per el & per bevey of his building the church porch, alluded to tan ben per sou may. That is to say, “Since you are by MR. HIBGAME, must be regarded with conthe father of this little child, it is reasonable that siderable doubt, so long as it rests on mere you should give us something for it to drink or tradition, unsupported by any confirmatory eat, as also to the mother. The captain laughed, evidence. To what period of architecture and ordered the cabin-boy to take a flask of brandy, with some biscuits, to the lying in woman, who ought the porch to be ascribed ? after having washed her body at the bow of the Šoveral writers have supposed that William ship was as lively and well as when she was bought of Wykeham, the bishop, had another conin Bengala."

nexion with Norfolk. Blomefield and Parkin Here picquenin is an adjective, qualifying (v. 1425) thought that he was probably idenbiche, which, in the form bich, is recorded by tical with the William of Wykham who was Mgr. Dalgado in his “Dialecto Indo-Português presented to the church of Irstead by the de Damão' as being a familiar term, meaning king on 12 July, 1349, during an interval

son." (It is probably the Portuguese bicho, between the death of one abbot of St. Bennet worm, insect," used affectionately.) of Hulme and the appointment of his sucDONALD FERGUSON.

Walcott, in his William of Wyke

ham and his Colleges,' p. 9, accepted this “KNIAZ” (10th S. iv. 107).-Yes! Kniaz is identification certain ; and Moberly, prince. But it is chiefly used for Poles and pp. 19, 39, not only did the same, but someTartars. Now Poland is full of poor princes, how or other arrived at the mistaken conand all Tartars are called Kniaz. “As the clusion that the letters patent for the pre


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P. 56.

sentation to Irstead described William of in 1854. The replica was first exhibited in Wykham, the presentee, as the king's chap: the rooms of the Fine Art Society in 1904. lain. See also the 'D.N.B.,' Ixiii. 226, and it was purchased by the Right Hon. Charles Leach’s ‘History of Winchester College, Booth, whose intention is to exhibit it in the

British colonies free of charge to the public, A friend lately sent me a cutting from an and then to present it to the nation. The issue of The Hampshire Chronicle (the date replica is about twice the size of the original, of which I should be glad to learn), proving and contains several improvements and variathat the above identification is not correct. tions in treatment. It appears that Mr. Fred. Johnson, of 33, The original picture (No. 508 in the R.A. Queen's Road, Great Yarmouth, has found Catalogue) bore the title "The Light of the the will of "Willelmus Wykham, parson of World, the artist choosing for his motto the the church of Irstede." It is dated Thursday text, “Behold, I stand at the door and knock: next after the Feast of St. Matthias the if any man hear my voice, and open the door, Apostle, 1376, and was proved on 8 March, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, 1376/7, in the Norwich Consistory Court, and he with me” (Rev. iii. 20). the reference being “Heydon, folio 139.” By some the picture was very adversely

Having seen at the Record Office the criticized. For instance, The Athenæum of Patent Roll of 23 Edw. III., part 2, I am able 6 May, 1854, described it as most eccentric to say that the presentation does not describe and mysterious," the writer thus finishing this William of Wykham as the king's chap- his account:lain, but simply as “ Willelmus de Wykhamn, “The face of this wild fantasy, though earnest capellanus." The next entry on the Roli and religious, is not that of a Saviour. It expresses shows that on the same date and under such a strange mingling of disgust, fear, and imthe same circumstances the king presented becility, that we turn from it to relieve the sight, Rogerus de Wikham, capellanus," to the laboured, is not so massive as the mute passion dis

The manipulation, though morbidly delicate and vicarage of Northwalsham. Presumably the played in the general feeling and detail demands. two presentees, William and Roger, hailed Altogether this picture is a failure.” from the same place. Blomefield and Parkin Ruskin was evidently deeply impressed by (v. 1447) describe Roger as of “East Wyken the picture, for while it was on view he pubkam.". Will some one kindly identify this lished a very appreciative criticism in The place for me? Meanwhile, I venture to doubt Times of 5 May, 1854, which contains the folthe suggestion, which appeared in the lowing notable words : Hampshire Chronicle, that William of Wykham, rector of Irstead, was born in the bears with Him a twofold light: first, the light of

“Now when Christ enters any human heart He Hampshire village from which William of conscience, which displays past sin, and afterwards Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, is reputed the light of peace, the hope of salvation. The lanto have taken his name.

tern, carried in Christ's left hand, is the light of While I was correcting the proof of this conscience. Its fire is red and fierce; it falls only

on the closed door, on the weeds which encumber reply, my attention was drawn to M. N.'s it, and on an apple shaken from one of the trees of the article on Wykeham and Irstead in The Orchard, thus marking that the entire awakening Athenæum of the 5th inst., No. 4058, p. 178. of the conscience is not merely to committed, but to

H. C. hereditary guilt.

"The light is suspended by a chain, wrapt about TESTOUT (10th S. iv. 69).—This surname is the wrist of the figure, showing that the light which common in France in various spellings- reveals sin appears to the sinner also to chain the

hand of Christ. Testout, Testot, Testut, Testu, &c. It is, of

“The light which proceeds from the head of the course, derived from the ancient teste, modern figure, on the contrary, is that of the hope of salva. tête, and might be rendered headstrong.” tion: it springs from the crown of thorns, and, The final t is silent, but as to the s there is though itself sad, subdued, and full of softness, is some difference of opinion. Dr. Hoefer, in yet so powerful that it entirely melts into the glow the Nouvelle Biographie Générale,' s.v.

of it the forms of the leaves and boughs which it * Testu,' says, “On ne prononce pas l's dans hidden' by this light, where its sphere extends.

crosses, showing that every earthly object must be ce nom.” Others prefer to sound it, and I “I believe that there are very few persons on cannot help thinking that its retention gives whom this picture, thus justly understood, will not a pleasing flavour of archaism.

produce a deep, impression. For my own part, I JAS. PLATT, Jun.

think it one of the very noblest works of sacred art

ever produced in this or any other age.' THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD' (10th S. iv. 45). The original picture was exhibited at the - The original picture, now in Keble College, Holman Hunt Exhibition, in the rooms of Oxford, was exhibited in the Royal Academy) the Fine Art Society, New Bond Street, in

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