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if small population. This change is no doubt version, probably made by Dryden, was a boon to navigators in these waters, but it is added in 1661. impossible not to regret it from other points Eleven of the sixteen stanzas of the second of view. The Hysker was a most fascinating version appear in Hymns Ancient and spot for the yachtsman, the naturalist, and Modern,' No. 508, where they are set to the lover of nature, and it is to be hoped the two well-known C.M. tunes, Tallis or that the great grey seals and the numerous St. Flavian.
John T. PAGE. sea birds, which formerly held undisturbed West Haddon, Northamptonshire. sway there, will not have reason to regret the [The Rev. E. S. CRANE is also thanked for a reply.] intrusion of man. S. G. D. states that Lady Grange was kept
TULIPOMANIA (10th S. iv. 90).-Information at the Hyskers for nearly a year before being on the subject is given by Lindley and removed to St. Kilda. 'Is this the case? I Moore. Bulbs were bought and sold,” they had always supposed that it was the Heisker write, “without even being seen-without lying west of North Uist, one of the Monach even being in existence. In fact, they were Isles. Perhaps some contributor to ‘N. & Q: the subject of a speculation not unlike can settle this question.
T. F. D. that of railway scrip in this country at no
very distant date." Dr. Charles Mackay “VENI, CREATOR" (10th S. iv. 89).- Not in devotes a chapter to it in his ‘Memoirs of any way answering the precise query of St. Extraordinary Popular Delusions,' p. 85. SWIT N, but only as casting some light on gular marts, he says, for the sale of tulips the history of the translation of the "Veni, were established in various Dutch towns in Creator," to which he refers, it may be men- 1636, and then symptoms of gambling became tioned that Julian, in his 'Dictionary of apparent.
“ The stockjobbers, ever on the Hymnology' (p. 1209), deals at some length alert for a new speculation, dealt largely in with the various translations of this ancient tulips, making use of all the means they so hymn of the Church. He there states that, well knew how to employ to cause fluctuations in the form in which St. SWITHIN gives, its in prices.” In the second satire of 'The Uni. first appearance can be traced to the Book of versal Passion,' Young, of ‘Night Thoughts,' Common Prayer of 1662. But in an earlier alludes to the mania in a passage which form (the alternative ” of St. SWITHIN), begins thus :as to orthography, &c., it was inserted in the But Florio's fame, the product of a shower, Second Prayer Book of Edward VI. (1552), Grows in his garden an illustrious flower ! and apparently in the Ordinal of 1549. It Why teems the earth? Why melt the vernal skies ? was also inserted in Archbishop Parker's Why shines the sun ? To make Paul Diack rise. Psalter, said to have been written by him This appeared in 1726, and about forty years while in exile (1553-8). The differences later Churchill touched the suggestive theme between the two lie more in the ortho- in his .Gotham,' i. 250. The poet, reflecting graphy and construction of the sentences on the appearance and character of the tulip, than in any other point, and are chiefly accords it somewhat qualified approval, and interesting on that account. I do not see ultimately dismisses it as " the fop of flowers, the difficulty that is suggested by St. the More of a parterre." THOMAS BAYNE. SWITHIN as to the tune to which the "alternative" hymn could be sung, as it would schichte. Von H. Grafen zu Solms-Laubach.
See “Weizen und Tulpe und deren Geeasily go to any one of the ordinary common-metre tunes, though naturally it would Leipzig. Verlag, von Arthur Felix, 1899," : be better fitted to some than to others.
learned and scientific history of the tulip, J. WATKINSON.
its cultivation and commerce, concluding Herne Bay.
with an excellent list of its literature.
SENGA. Commentators are apparently unable to [DR. BRUSHFIELD also refers to Dr. Mackay's book.] produce the name of the translator of the second version of the “ Veni, Creator.” LIVERPOOL PRINTED BOOKS : DR. HOOD Procter (*History of the Book of Common (10th S. iv. 67).- The author of the books Prayer, 1881) says the composition of the mentioned by my friend MR. T. CANN HUGHES original Latin has been attributed to St. would be, I think, Bartholomew Prescot, a Ambrose, but it is not claimed by his Bene- native of Buckley Mountain, in the parish dictine editors. It may be assigned to of Hawarden, Flint (Willett's History of Rhabanus Maurus, abbot and bishop of the Hawarden, 1822, p. 145), and an accountant ninth century. Two metrical versions are at Liverpool, whose name appears in Gore's given in our Ordinal: the first, or shorter Directories down to the year 1849. He is
[104 S. IV. Aug. 12
mentioned in Smithers’s ‘Liverpool, its Commerce,' &c., 1825, as the author of 'two anti
Miscellaneous. Copernican pamphlets, and in De Morgan's ‘Budget of Paradoxes.' See also references
NOTES ON BOOKS, &o. to him in the memoirs of Richard Brothers, The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal. By the the prophet, and John Finlayson, his disciple, Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval. (T. C. & in the D.N.B.,' vi. 444, xix. 33. Finlayson,
E. C. Jack.) at Brothers's request, wrote against Prescot, HAVING posed for a time as the historian of Jacodescribing his System of the Universe'as and Raineval now constitutes himself that of the
bite rights and claims, the Marquis of Ruvigny a "misapprehended, mistaken, elaborate per- Blood Royal of England, and is supplying, in a formance or book."
series of handsome and richly illustrated volumes, The title of Samuel Hood's book is 'Ana- a full list of all_those in whose veins runs the lytic Physiology,' Liverpool, 1822 ; second august strain of English royalty. Each volume is edition, London, 1829. C. W. SUTTON.
distinct and separate from its companions. The first (for which see 10th S. i. 19) supplied a roll of the
living descendants of Edward IV. and Henry VIL "THE MISSAL’(10th S. iii. 469 ; iv. 34, 75). - of England and James III. of Scotland ; that which In times when the Mass was penalized, and now appears is called the Clarence volume, and when consequently Catholics could very contains the descendants of George, Duke of Claseldom be present at it, pious people fre- rence. Nothing has to be added to what has been quently read the Ordo Missæ every day, as family history, and pedigree-lore” are no longer
said in defence of works of the class. Genealogy, an act of devotion. This was particularly on their trial,'and the importance of the present the case in Ireland, whero, Sunday by Sunday, experiment, and its success, so far as it has proa few of the faithful gathered together while gressed, are abundantly attested in the popularity one of their number read aloud the Divine of the opening volume and the rapidity with which Liturgy for the benefit of the rest. An old it has been followed by a second, no less ambitious woman told me she could well remember this workmanship. Little perceptible departure has
in scope and thoroughpaced and conscientious in being done fifty or sixty years ago, in parts been made from the plan adopted in the previous of Norfolk where the ancient religion still volume, now, for the sake of convenience and dislingered on. I think this custom would tinction, spoken of as the Tudor Roll of the “Blood probably account in some measure for the Royal of Great Britain.” In a series of some eighty word "Missal” being applied to all Catholic until the middle of the nineteenth century or some
or so tables the lines from Duke George are traced books of devotion. I remember joining in what later, the descendants of the various persons this act of piety with some half dozen last named being given in the order of priniogeniture Catholics in a village in Pennsylvania many in the body of the work. George, Duke of Clarence, miles from a church some twenty years is, of course, Shakespeare's "False, fleeting, per
in ago, when the Missal was the only prayer. Richard III., with the butt of Malmsey, mur
jured Clarence," associated in tradition, as book any of us possessed.
dered in the Tower 18 Feb., 1478. His wife Isabel FREDERICK T. HIBGAME. was the eldest daughter, and in her issue sole heir,
of Richard (Nevill), Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, The passage to which your correspondent and his wife Anne, sister and sole heir of Henry refers is that in which the midnight funeral (Beauchamp), King of the Isle of Wight and Duke of Lady Glenallan is described. The Funeral of Warwick; so, as is pointed out, all those named Office (Exsequiarum Ordo') itself is not in the volume are not only descended from Edcontained in the Breviary. But at a certain famous King-Maker, while those entitled to quarter
ward III., but are equally descended from the point in this office the rubric directs that the arms of George of Clarence are also entitled to " nisi quid impediat”) the Officium Do- quarter those of the Nevills and the Beauchamps. functorum'shall be said or sung, after which Two hundred and ten peers are descended from the 'Exsequiarum Ordo' is resumed in the Clarence, Lord Granard coming first with eleven church and finished at the grave-side. Scott 17,625 living, or very lately living, descendants of
descents, and Lord Petre second with ton. Some was probably, misled by the title Officium Clarence are given in the volume. These have Defunctorum' to suppose that this was the among them 31,936 lines of descent. being, an actual Funeral Office ; whereas it is really average of a little under two descents each. Four the Breviary office appointed to be said on death a descendant is, for the first time, reigning
hundred and twenty-seven years after Clarence's All Souls' Day and some other days. But his in Europe, “King Charles of Roumania being demistake, in default of precise information, scended from Lady Ursula Pole." It appears that, was a natural one.
the Roumanian royal house has much interest for As for the “ Alleluia,” he certainly would British genealogists, since not only are the chilnot find that in either of the offices, but dren of the Crown Prince the only three persons in
whose veins is united the blood of Charles I. and it might perhaps have been the conclusion of Queen Victoria, but they are also the only descendà hymn sung by the assenıblage after the ants of the Duke of Clarence who are descended as ceremony was concluded.
C. S. JERRAM. well from Queen Victoria." By the marriage of
Lady Maria Theresa Bruce, daughter of the Earl & dyuers wrytyøges of holy men to dyspose men of Ailesbury, with the Prince of Hornes, and that to be vertuously occupyed in theyr myndes & of their two daughters with the Princes of Salm- prayers,” and is devotional or supplicatory. One Kyrburg and Stolberg-Guedern, the blood of Clarence phrase of the Pater Noster is “Our eche dayly is carried to the Fapsburgs and Hohenzollerns. brede gyue vs to daye.” The Ave and Credo Naturally the volume is chiefly occupied with per- follow. The seven virtues are opposed against the sons of British race and nationality, though many seven vices; and much other matter tending to Americans, French, Germans, Spaniards, Swedes, profit with which the pious reader is familiar is &c., find mention. Barillas, late President of Gua introduced. The facsimile, wbich has been taken temala, appears through his grandchildren, and from the original in the University Library of Jeanne Papoutsopoulos is the solitary Greek de Cambridge, has been executed by M. Dujardin, scendant of Clarence. Though Charles of Rouma of Paris, who certifies to having printed 250 copies nia is the only king descended from Duke Charles, only, and declares that the impressions have been Bertha of Rohan, the consort of Don Carlos, would, rubbed off the plates and the negatives destroyed. but for revolutionary upheaval, have occupied a Two more books are promised as this year's conthrone, as would Louisa of Stolberg had the tribution. These are the 'Anelida and Arcite' of Revolution of 1688 never taken place, in which case Geoffrey Chaucer and The Temple of Glas' of she "would have been queen of these realms in John Lydgate. It is difficult to speak too highly fact as she was in name. While there are at pre- in praise of these volumes, which are in every way sent living some 50,000 descendants of Edward III., worthy of the great university to the enterprise that number, large as it seenis, is but insignificant and spirit of which they are owiug. Each of the two out of a total estimated conjecturally at 100,000,000 that have appeared is upon hand-made paper, and of British descent, and while, says the Marquis, is bound in sage - green paper boards, quarter Edward I. may be justly termed the father of the vellum, with vellum side label. The appearance is British people, “it is quite a different thing to be thoroughly artistic, and the me must necessarily able to trace the line." Among recently deceased be soon absorbed in the libraries of the lovers desceudants of the Duke of Clarence we were of beautiful and curious books. prepared to find Charles Stewart Parnell. Car. dinal Vaughan and Miss Charlotte M. Yonge are The History of the Society of Apothecaries of London. also, it seenis, of the number. We have already
By C. R. B. Barrett, M.A. Illustrated by the drawn attention to the obscure position of some Author. (Stock.) individuals of highest descent, and have ourselves, THOUGH boasting of no remarkable antiquity, the as we believe, found a direct descendant of Saxon Society of Apothecaries is the owner of interkings in a village tailor. To a genealogist the esting and instructive records and has a story interest and importance of this work are inex: worth telling. It seems at one time to have been haustible. Other volumes are in progress, and in possession of materials for a full history, now how far the series may extend we are unable to no longer accessible, but still, it is to be hoped, say. Among the illustrations are photogravures of recoverable. In the excellent work compiled by portraits of the Duke of Clarence (serving as frontis: Mr. Barrett we hear, in 1790-1, of the presentation piece), of Isabel Nevill, Duchess of Clarence, of to the Society of a very valuable collection of Margaret, Countess of Salisbury, and Reginald, tracts relating to its history. The donor Cardinal Pole, and portraits of King Edward III., of these was former Master, a Mr. John Queen Philippa of 'Hainault, Charles I., King of Field. Whether these are yet in existence is Roumania, Louisa of Stolberg, Bertha of Rohan, unknown to Mr. Barrett. They can scarcely have and very many others.
been lost without culpable negligence, if nothing
worse, on the part of the authorities. Their disA Ryght Profytable Treatyse. By Thomas Betson. appearance is the more surprising since a minute. (Cambridge, University Press.)
dated 19 October, 1804, supplies an order that the This, the second of the incunabula issued by the collection bo not shown to anybody without the. Cambridge University Press, is neither less scarce permission of the Court of Assistants. A question nor less curious than the Augustini Dacti Libellus' in our own colunins might conceivably lead to a by which it was preceded. Like this it comes from knowledge of their whereabouts. They may have. the library of John Moore, Bishop of Ely 1707-14, been misappropriated, but can scarcely have been and was presented by George I. to the University destroyed. in 1715. Like it, too, it is the work of a man not It is satisfactory to learn that the minutes of: otherwise known, and concerning whose very name the Society, from which the writer has drawn the there seems to be question. On the not often dis- greater part of his information, are in an absoputed authority of William Herbert, whose informa: lutely perfect state." Except in the case of entries tion was derived from William Cole “ of Milton," referring to the “ Physic Garden” at Chelsea, they his name is given as Thomas Betton. There is, how-offer, indeed, virgin soil to the antiquary. Mr. ever, little question that the reading, is correct Barrett has elected to give a species of description. of Mr. Francis Jenkinson, supported as it is by Mr. or informal digest of their contents, or rather a Bernard W. Henderson and Mr. Falconer Madan. transcription. Where the object is to commend The letter s in what may be accepted as a colophop a book to general perusal this is presumably wise, has been blurred. On the evidence of the printer's books full of documents being apt, as
is sug: mark and of the cut of the Crucifixion, which gested, to become wearisome. The first niention appears twice, the year of publication is given as of an apothecary in England occurs, we are told in 1500, when it was printed by Wynkyn de Worde in limine, in Rymer's 'Foedera,' where one Coursus Caxton's house. Wholly edifying are the contents, de Gangeland, “an Apothecary of London," is which are extracted from St. Jerome, St. Bernard, mentioned as receiving, in 1345 a pension of 6d. per. Gerson, and other pious writers. It is indeed, as diem for attending on King Edward III. while lying Betson says, "co'pendiously drawen out of manny sick in Scotland. The earliest charter granted to
the Apothecaries is dated 9 April, 1606, before Book-Auction Records. Edited by Frank Karslake. which time Shakespeare had, of course, mentioned Vol. II. Part III., April 1st to June 30th, 1905. his lean apothecary in “Romeo and Juliet.' By (Karslake & Co.) this charter the Apothecaries were incorporated To those who seek a handy record of the modern with the Grocers. A new charter, forming them prices of books the work of Mr. Karslake may be into a separate company.. was granted them commended. Two volumes, the first of which is 6 December, 1617. Under this charter the Society all but exhausted, and is only obtainable at an still holds. On 10 April, 1684, the charter, which enhanced price, have appeared, or are on the point had undergone many attacks, was assailed by a of so doing, and the whole will in time be a useful quo warranto.
T'he king demanded a surrender, work of reference. The arrangement is alphawhich was made, and a charter was con. betical, and, so far as possible, under names of ceded. A stormy period followed. On 6 May, authors. In the present part are 5,616 records 1685, “a precept was received from the Lord Mayor stating that the King desired the Company to have a livery, it being one of the Companies Robbins-who was born in 1817, took part in the
To The British Weekly for 27 July Mr. Richard which he had decided should have one."
In spite of Court influences, however, the new charter was
Reforni agitation of 1831, and remembers the ultimately surrendered and cancelled, and the old General Election of June, 1826-sends some recolcharter was restored. Twelve days after its resto- George IV. see `N. & Q. 9th S. x. 3. Mr. Robbins
lections. For his memories of the Coronation of ration James II. had abdicated.
Troublous from the outset were the fortunes of has contributed to the Eighth and Ninth Series; the new society. Some among the Apothecaries see, for instance, geh S. vi. 415. His son, Mr. Alfred objected to be dissociated from the Grocers, and F. Robbins, will be recognized as a frequent and the complaint was made that the charter “disables valuable contributor, whose name occupies to itself an Ancient Corporation, giving foreign Apothecaries
over a column in the General Index to the Ninth the same licence as English." James I. was not to Series. His grandson, Mr. Clifton Robbins, had a 'be thwarted in his purpose, and compelled obe. query on Cricket: Pictures and Engravings' on dience to his orders. On 9 September, 1618, the ? July (ante, p. 9). We doubt whether another business of the Society began in earnest, a search instance can be found of three successive generafor defective and bad medicine being made in tions writing virtually in the same periodical within London, Westminster, and Southwark, and divers a space so short. people being, summoned for having inferior and THE “Oxford Poets” series will include a largeadulterated drugs. From the first the struggle for type Shakespeare, one edition of which will contain existence was keen, and was intensified by royal thirty-one illustrations taken from the Boydell demands, which in the time of Charles I. became Gallery; and Shelley's 'Complete Poetical Works,' onerous. Legal troubles and attacks on the Society edited by Mr. Thomas Hutchinson. Both the were constant, the most celebrated having attained Shakespeare and the Shelley will be printed on a position in literature by provoking the publica. ordinary and also Oxford India paper. tion of Garth's Dispensary.' Then followed the provision of a hall and the obtaining of a barge, with similar matters. For a time the poverty
Notices to Correspondents. of the institution compelled it to rent a hall. In time, however, it obtained that it still occupies. We must call special allention to the following Those accustomed to study minutes will scarcely be notices :surprised to hear how little attention was paid in On all communications must be written the namo them to events of the greatest importance, political and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub. or other. It is, however, surprising, in the case of lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. an institution of the class, to find a matter such as
We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. the Great Plague passing unnoticed, and even more astounding that no entry appears of the Fire of To secure insertion of communications correLondon, in which the fabric of the hall was de- spondents niust observe the following rules. Let stroyed, necessitating re-edification. In conse. each yote, query, or reply be written on a separate quence of the poverty of the company, the banquets slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and were occasionally suspended. Decorum seems not such address as he wishes to appear. When answeralways to have been observed at the feasts, since ing queries, or making notes with regard to previous we find that, in consequence of the behaviour of entries in the paper, contributors are requested to those present on Lord Mayor's Day, 1675, wonen put in parentheses, immediately after the exact were excluded. In the reception of Charles II. on heading, the series, volume, and page or pages to his Restoration the company, besides paying 721. which they refer. Correspondents who repeat as their share of a present to the king of 12,0001., queries are requested to head the second com. had to send twelve persons of the most grave, nunication "Duplicate.” tall, and comely personages......every one of them to
DE ST. (“I lay me down hoping to sleep").–For be well horsed and in the best array of furniture of the variants of these lines in different editions of velvett, plush or sattin and chains of gold......with The New England Primer' see Bartlett's 'Familiar one footeman apeece in decent habit," and provide Quotations,' ninth ed., p. 687. banners, streamers, and other ornaments of triumph. With the educational and the serious functions of the Society we have not concerned ourselves. Mr. Editorial communications should be addressed Barrett's task has been well executed. In addition to “The Editor of 'Notes and Queries'"-Adver. to the letterpress he has supplied some interesting tisements and Business Letters to
The Pubillustrations of the premises and the antiquarian lisher"-at the Office, Broam's Buildings, Chanoory possessions of the Society.
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