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it; but although two correspondents have stated that such a key was in their pos
session, it has never been published. CONTENTS.No. 91.
The identity, of many of these tête-à-tête NOTES :-Tate-à-Tête Portraits in Tbe Town and Country
Magazine, 241–Jubilee of 'The Daily Telegraph: 243– personages is obvious at first sight. Jemmy
617) are betrayed by their sobriquets; and
the features of Maria, Lady W......, and GerQUERIES :-Portrait of the Younger Rich -- Rev. John manicus (vol. i. p. 13; vol. ii. p. 9) cannot be
Durant - Corisande – Puzzle Pictures -- Earthquake in mistaken. It must be confessed, however,
would be puzzled to trace the likeness of
familiar nicknames are sprinkled through the REPLIES :-Wheel as a Symbol in Religion, 250Gibhets, pages. Sir Bullface Doublefee, Mungo, Tom
251 Pottery -JChristie
are all chronicled. In some cases the people “Piccaninny" Parish Records Neglected
are very obscure. Without the recollection An Early Latin-English-Basque Dictionary, 255, -- King of an appalling trial it would be impossible John prisoned by a Toad** Hogland," - English," 256 – to discover the personalities of “The Favourite , 257.
Captain and the Modern Chaste Lucretia' 'Lamb'The Oxford Shelley – Views on the Missouri Pacific (yol. xvii
. p. 345). At other times the magaRailway.
zine gives the clue, as in the memoirs of
"The Amorous Gauger and Penelope Pigtail' Obituary :--Dr. G. W. Marshall, Booksellers' Catalogues.
(vol. xxii. pp. 531-3). In every instance it Notices tu Correspondents.
would appear that the key lies hidden in the volumes of N. & Q' itself. A case in point
is "The Premier Cit,' depicted in vol. xxii. Notes.
Only one possible clue is given :
i He meditated the destruction of Temple TETE-A-TETE PORTRAITS IN Bar." Turning to 'N. & Q.,' we find the • THE TOWN AND COUNTRY MAGAZINE.' information required on p. 492, vol. vii. of (See 2nd S. vi. 190, 337 : 3rd S. iv. 476, 528; x. 187; the Fifth Series. The enemy of the ancient 7th S. ii. 287, 419'; v. 488; vi. 10, 136, 175; vii. 55; landmark was Mr. Alderman Pickett, who gth S. iii. 77.)
was Lord Mayor, and thus "Premier Cit," HITHERTO the correspondence on this sub- in April, 1790, when this tête-à tête appeared. ject has been more perfunctory than one Unfortunately, time will not allow the appliwould expect. Almost the sole information cation of such methods to every obscure of value, given on the authority of Dr. Busby's personage. book on the 'Letters of Junius' and Sir The amazing accuracy of these brief R. Phillips's 'London Anecdotes : Popular memoirs will be evident, should one endeaAuthors,'' is to the effect that the Italian vour to fit in a name indicated by the blank Count Carraccioli was the author of the lettering, but not intended by the biographer, * Bon Ton articles, and that while he was Occasionally the history is a little vague and a contributor the circulation of the magazine ambiguous, and thus right apply to more exceeded 14,000 copies per month (2nd S. vi. than one contemporary character. In such 337; 7th S. vi. 136). The criticism which cases I have inserted a note of interrogation. these famous tête-à têtes have received has On the whole, however, the author is precise been conflicting. While Mr. S. T. WHITE- and communicative, and it should be possible FORD declares stoutly, on 18 August, 1888, to reveal every one of his subjects. It must that “the supposed portraits and memoirs be noted that often he admits the facts have are quite spurious," Mr. F. G. STEPHENS, been contributed by a correspondent. writing a fortnight later, suggests, with more In the case of 'The Eloped Clara and the discretion, that " there is much truth in these Combustible Lover' (vol. viii. p. 9), since all chroniques scandaleuses." On three occasions the details point to Peter Andrews as the a key has been requested, and the editor of hero, I presume the lady to be Anne Brown,
I the day has declared his willingness to print afterwards Mrs. Cargill, on the assumption
that the name of Clara is intended as a 12. P. 617, Baron Otranto and Mrs. Heidelburgh. sobriquet. Yet, unless the actress was nick
Horace Walpole and Mrs. Clive. named "Clara," as Mrs. Wells was termed 13. P. 673, Dr. Squintum and Parrawanka.-George
Whitefield and Parrawanka, the Becky," or unless Clara was a character in
Indian squaw. a play in which she appeared, I do not
Vol. II. (1770). believe that the editor would have taken such 14. P. 9, Germanicus and Signora G..........-Marquis a liberty with her nomenclature. A moment's
of Granby and Signora Guadagni. reflection must convince any one that the 15. P. 65, The Father of the City and Mrs. T... magazine would not have run for twenty
-Sir Robert Ladbroke and...... four years if these tête-à-têtes, which unques- 16. P. 121, Lord Pybald and Mrs. M.......sh.-Hugh, tionably are its most distinguished feature, 17. P. 177, The Old Soldier and the Youthful Hebe.
second Viscount Falinouth, and...... had been spurious or inaccurate. Sir George
-Sir John Ligonier and Mrs. Watson. Trevelyan has pointed out that in the early 18. P. 233, Sir Bullface Doublefee and Mrs. G..b..m. days of Charles James Fox the fashionable
-Sir Fletcher Norton and Mrs world of London was very small, and that
Goreham (?). every one took an absorbing interest in its 19. P. 289, L. R... S.... and Miss Ken.dy.-Lord
Robert Spencer and Polly Kennedy. daily life.
The editor of The Town and 20. P. 345, Tom Tilbury and Mrs. T..rr...t.—Robert, Country Magazine would not have been able
Earl of Northington, and...... to produce so much smoke unless he had been 21. P. 401, The Cheshire Cornuto and Miss W...tts. assisted by a certain amount of fire.
-Lord Grosvenor and Nancy W. Although my list is incomplete, and pos
22. P. 457, E..l of R.......d and Miss Gr.....D.-Lord
Rochford and Polly Green, sibly in many instances inaccurate, I am 23. P. 513, Count H....... and Madame M..y..r.sending it in its present form with the hope
Count Haslang and Madame Meyer. that the readers of ‘N. & Q.' will be able to 24. P. 569, Col. Las.....lles and Miss C...tl...y. -Col fill
Lascelles and Miss Catley. up the vacant places more quickly than I can do myself. Those familiar with the lives 25. P. 625, Lord D......ne and Miss H.11..d.-Lord:
Deloraine and Miss Holland. of Richard Rigby
and Sir Fletcher Norton 26. P. 681, Sir Simony Scruple and the Subtlo will be able to decide the identity of Mrs.
Sinner.- Rev. Martin Madan and S......n and Mrs. G..h..m.* It is dangerous to
VOL. III. (1771). make phonetic guesses, notwithstanding that 27. P. 9, The Hostile Scribe and the Stable Yard many of the blanks appear sufficiently
Messalina.-William, 2nd Viscount obvious.
Barrington, and Lady Harrington. KEY TO THE TETE-À-TETES, VOLS. I.-XX.
28. P. 65, L.d W...... and Miss H..... L.... be.
Lord Weymouth and Miss Harriett Vol. I. (1769).
Lambe. 1. P. 13, Dorimont and Maria.-Duke of Glouces- 29. P. 121, L..d C......gh and Mrs. D.v.s.-Robert, ter and Lady Waldegrave.
Earl of Catherlough, and Mrs. Davis. 2. P. 57, Americanus and Eliza. - George, third 30. P. 177, The Sorry Motion Maker and MissEarl of Albemarle, and Mrs. Anne
Ev.ns. - George, Earl of Onslow, and G..n..r.
Miss Evans. 3. P. 114, Palinurus and Annabella. Duke of 31. P. 233, Lord Vainlove and Mrs. M.rsh...l.Grafton and Nancy Parsons.
William, second Viscount Vane, and 4. P. 170, Gordianus and Messalina.-Lord Wm.
Mrs. Marshall. Gordon and Lady Sarah Lennox. 32. P. 289, Mungo and Miss Pr.tt.-Jeremiah Dyson 5. P. 225, Dunkara and Marianne.-Earl of Halifax
and...... and Mrs. Donaldson.
33. P. 345, L..d S...... and Mrs. M.lls. 6. P. 281, Volpone and Mrs. S.. - Lord Holland
twelfth Earl of Suffolk, and Mrs. Mills. and Mrs. Saunders.
34. P. 401, The Duke of R....... and Mrs. Dr.ke. 7. P. 237, Honorius and Mrs. Wh..te.-Hugh, first
-John, third Duke of Rutland, and
35. P. 457, Ad....) K...... and Mrs. W..lls.-Admiral 8. P. 394, Scotius and the Countess of L......a.
Augustus Keppel and...... Earl of March and Countess La Rena. 36. P. 513, Lord T..... and Mrs. S...109.-Lord Talbot 9. P. 449, Nauticus and the Countess of D.h.ff.-
and...... Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumber- 37. P. 569, Lord T......y and Miss J....... - Lord land, and the Countess of Dunhoff.
Tyrawley and Miss Johnson. 10. P. 505, The Amorous Agent and Miss B...6.- 38. P. 625, The Middlesex_ Champion and Miss John Calcraft and Miss Bride.
J..nes.-Col. Henry Lawes Luttrell 11. P. 561, Jemmy Twitcher and Miss R...y. -Lord
and Polly Jones. Sandwich and Martha Ray.
39. P. 681, The Reverend Joiner and the Female
Politician.-Dr. Thomas Wilson and * Since writing the above I have found that Mr.
Mrs. L......n. F. G. Stephens has suggested in his monumental
HORACE BLEACKLEY. work, 'A Catalogue to the Satirical Prints and Drawings in the British Museum' (vol. iv. p. 687),
Fox Oak, Walton-on-Thames. that Mrs. G..h..m is a Mrs. Goreham.
(To be continued.)
JUBILEE OF THE DAILY TELEGRAPH. Stanley's expedition to Africa was "engi
THE Jubilee of the first penny daily paper neered” by The Daily Telegraph in conjunction to be published in London deserves to be with The New York Herald. The results of placed on record in ‘N. & Q. The Holy that journey are described in .Through the War for an unstamped Press had, after many Dark Continent.' Other geographical feats a hard-fought battle, ended in victory; with which the paper is associated are theand from June, 1855, newspapers could be exploration of Kilimanjaro by. Sir Harry issued either with or without a stamp. A Johnston in 1884-5, and Mr. Lionel Decle's. glance at ‘Mitchell's Newspaper Press Direc- march from the Cape to Cairo in 1899-1900. tory' for 1856 will show to what enterprise Reference is also made in the article to the. this gave rise in the newspaper world, increased use of telegraphic communication. especially in the provinces. But London was by war correspondents. “The old idea was not to be behind, and on the 29th of June, 1855, that a carefully written account of any when England and France were looking incident abroad was better in itself, and forward to the fall of Şebastopol, the first more appreciated by the general body of number of The Daily Telegraph and Courier readers, than a more or less brief telegraphic appeared, the price being twopence.
summary." But the war of 1870 altered this On the 17th of September of the same year, state of things, and Sir John Robinson, of the paper
having passed into the hands of The Daily News, when he sent out Archibald Mr. J. M. Levy, the price was reduced to one Forbes, instructed him to send home his penny. Each issue consisted of four pages, dispatches by telegraph. The result of this and the title of Courier was allowed to fall was to increase the sale of The Daily News: into the background. Mr. Levy also pur- by leaps and bounds, and the daily Press now chased The Morning Chronicle, and thus follows the same method. The Daily Teleextinguished that venerable paper. What a graph numbers among its war correspondents. curious and interesting contribution to the the veteran Sir William Howard Russell, history of English newspapers a record of who represented the paper in the South that paper would be ! The Westminster African war of 1881. Its present principal Gazette recalls the fact that Nelson privately war correspondent is Mr. Bennet Burleigh. communicated to The Morning Chronicle Taking advantage of wireless telegrams, the death of Sir William Hanuilton. There The Daily Telegraph has for over twelve still hangs over the publishing office of The months supplemented from steamers crossDaily Telegraph the original clock of the ing the Atlantic the official meteorological older paper. This reminds me of our old service; and a few weeks ago the special clock at The Athenæum, which has indicated correspondent of the paper, on his way to: the time for publishing, without intermission, the Peace Conference at Portsmouth, madesince the days when it was placed in the use of four eastward - bound steamers to. office in Catherine Street, in the house rented transmit by Marconi's etheric waves from the notorious Molloy Westmacott. interview with M. Witte in mid-Atlantic.
The Daily Telegraph article on its Jubilee The works of public benevolence with which tells us the names of some of those who the paper has been associated include the contributed to its success in the past, the list relief of the sufferers in Lancashire by the including Thornton Hunt, Geoffrey Prowse, cotton famine in 1862; aid sent to Paris at George Hooper, the Hon. Frank Lawley, the end of the Franco-German war; the Edward Dicey, H. D. Traill, Sir Edwin Jubilee Hospital Fund, 1897, for which Arnold, and George Augustus Sala. Among 37,0001. was raised; while the Boer War those of the present day may be named Orphan Fund amounted to 253,0001. Mr. W. L. Courtney and Mr. J. M. Le Sage. With such & reoord The Daily Telegraph The article also records with just pride the rightly claims to “have shared in a general opportunities taken by it for the public good. movement which has revolutionized theAmong the first was its strong support of modern Press, and carried its power and Mr. Gladstone in the repeal of the Paper influence into many quarters which, before. Duties, Lord Burnham (then Mr. Lawson) | the spread of compulsory education, had no being an active wember of the Association knowledge of, or interest in, the events of the founded by my_father for freeing litera- busy world." And although the newspaper ture and the Press from taxation.
may have its faults and its failings, at least June, 1873, The Daily Telegraph sent it cannot be denied that it is one of the most Mr. George Smith to Nineveh, where he tremendous organs of public enlightenment discovered the missing fragments of the wbich the developments of civilization have cuneiform account of the Deluge. In 1875 | ever engendered." JOHN C. FRANCIS.