had been Demies in 1534, the Thomas MAGDALEN COLLEGE SCHOOL AND THE Bentham in question (afterwards Bishop of D.N.B.'

Coventry and Lichfield) and John Mullins (See ante, pp. 21, 101, 182.)

(in the next reign Archdeacon of London A LETTER to Cranmer, after mentioning an and Canon of St. Paul's). otherwise unrecorded riotous attack in 1549 A Demy of 1555 and sometime chorister, upon the College—which lay outside the city Owen Ragsdale by name, endowed in 1582 walls-protests against certain ordinances the Free School of Rothwell, Northants, and brought to the society from the Council in founded in the same parish a hospital for February, 1549/50. I'hese forbade, among

twelve old men and a warden. In 1558 (too other things, the application of any College late to take effect) Queen Mary recommended, endowments to tho teaching of grammar; among others, Thomas Marshall, Archdeacon and ordered that all endowments intended of Lincoln and sometime Demy and Fellow, for chaplains, clerks, and choristers should to be elected President. He had been be diverted to "the most necessary uses of unsuccessfully recommended twenty-three good letters." These injunctions the College years earlier for the same office by Cromwell. unanimously resolved to oppose as destruc-On 3 September, 1566, Queen Elizabeth went tive of the foundation. The Grammar School, on foot to St. Mary's Church, during her they maintain, was an essential part of Wayn- visit to Oxford, to hear disputations in fleto's design, which had been of the greatest natural and moral philosophy: Before her benefit not only to the College, but to the coming there were divers copies of verses in University and city of Oxford. The School, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew set upon the indeed, iš to Magdalen College as Eton doors and walls, one copy being written by School' is to King's College at Cambridge, Robert Temple, then Demy, and afterwards and the school at Winchester is to New Prebendary of Bristol. College at Oxford, and they call it “their Thomas Harriot, the mathematician and nursery. The members of the choir are astronomer who, according to Marlowe, not occupied in music alone, but also in could juggle better than Moses," was born academical study. If they have to dismiss at Oxford in 1560, probably

in the parish of all the members of the College who are St. Mary. He graduated B.A. of St. Mary endowed as members of the choir, and all Hall twenty years later: George Chapman, who are studying grammar, the society will in sending his translation of the 'Iliad' to lose about sixty of its number. The delegates him "for censure," addresses Harriot as to the Council were supported in their plea “master of all essential and true knowledge." by a petition from the Mayor and citizens Born in 1565, John Guillim, the celebrated of Oxford, who represent that the system by Herald, went from Hereford Cathedral which their sons, entering various colleges as School to a grammar School at Oxford before scholars or “quiristers," obtain their grammar matriculating at Brasenose. Can these two training at M.C.S. without charge to their have been at M.C.S. ? families, has been of great advantage to the About the year 1580 we begin to find cases city in the past, and specially plead for “the of Demies entering College at a more ad. continuance of this only school of all the vanced age than formerly had been the shire." Happily this appeal was in the end custom. As they gradually approximate to -Successful (Wilson, pp. 91-3).

the ordinary undergraduate elsewhere, their Gardiner, who had been restored to the connexion with the School would, no doubt, see of Winchester soon after Mary's acces- become proportionately weaker. sion, cited the College to attend a visitation Humfrey being President, some light is on 26 October, 1553. The commissaries thrown upon the condition of junior mem(according to Laurence Humfrey), upon their bers of the College by statements drawn up arrival in College, finding no priest to say by four of the Fellows and by injunctions Mass, no Fellow who would hear it, no boy delivered by Bishop Cooper in his subsequent to respond, and no vestments, were obliged visitation. The grammar teaching, on which to say Mass themselves without the presence the founder had so much insisted, is ineffiof any spectators. The juniors who refused cient; the Master performs his work so far to attend popish prayers" were whipped ; as it is performed by deputies, being himself "

but Bentham, the Dean of Arts, who himself non-resident. One complainant remarks conrefused to say Mass, refused also to punish cerning the choir: "Jam presbiterorum nulli, others for absence from "popish prayers.” clericorum 4, chorustarum perpauci, cum About fourteen members of the College were cantu et nota celebrare possunt divina.” ejected, among whom were two Fellows who Poor scholars are admitted in large numbers,

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“living idlie, bound to no exercise, no account Masters of Arts, and Bachelors of Law to taken of their proceding in learning; whereby they retain " bothe remaine here and become after unprofitable that they lodge "caution” for those whom

poor scholars” as servitors, provided burdens to the Colledg, commonwealth, and church, proving in the end ether ignorant ministers or they employ. As late as 1851, reform being roagues.'

in the air, à College committee proposed to These “poor scholars” were in some cases

revive the " poor scholar" element. Misthe attendants of the wealthier commoners :

reading an early document, they looked upon Florio, the translator of Montaigne, for these servitors as an essential part of the example, entered as Italian teacher and founder's plan. They proposed to build for attendant of Emanuel Barnes, son of the these contemplated members of the College Bishop of Durham and elder brother of a new quadrangle, to accommodate 60 men, Barnabe Barnes the poet. In other cases each having a single room, and that the they attached themselves to members of the recently erected schoolroom should be conCollege, acting as their servants, and receiv- verted into a dining-hall, where they should ing some instruction in return; while the have all their meals in common. They were free teaching of the Grammar School, and to be placed under the charge of a special the lectures of the Readers, gave them vicegerent and two tutors, and to pay the opportunities of which some at least availed College, for board, lodging, and tuition, a themselves. But their connexion with the fixed sum of 60l. a year each. A sum was College was slight, and the system, not also to be set aside for exhibitions to be recognized by the 'statutes, was liable to given to deserving members of this new great abuse. They are therefore for the class. Here again we find an instance of an future not to exceed thirteen, and these are endeavour to divert one of the school buildto be attached, not to any one who chooses ings from its proper uses. But in the sequel to retain them, but to the thirteen Senior this aspiration of the reforming party was Fellows, who are enjoined to make a careful to be realized elsewhere, and the later foundachoice. A decree of December, 1591, under tion of Keble College is a living witness to Nicholas Bond, Humfrey's successor, enacts their good intentions (Wilson, 127-9, 136, 141, that the "poor scholars” are to attend the 150, 183, 245). Grammar School. In the Long Vacation of

But to return to the end of the sixteenth 1612 Magdalen has as many as 76 “poor

century: in 1586 Thomas Godstow, a Fellow scholars. In 1628 the College had ordered and former Demy, was imprisoned by Lord that no one should be admitted to the place Norreys for deer-stealing in the royal forest poor scholar without the President's

of Shotover. His friends, who had shared approval. But in 1635 the visitor, Bishop his poaching, exploits, attacked the "Bear Curll, writes :

Inn, near All Saints Church, where Lord "I am informed that you have multitude of

Norreys was staying for the July Quarter poore schollers or servitors, which hang upon the Sessions, but were beaten back by his reColledge in an idle and unschollerly way, by reason tainers to St. Mary's. that every man takes unto himself a liberty to take “Whereupon a great outcrie being raised, the in whom he will to wayť upon him, without any Vice-Chancellor [Dr. Bernard), Proctors, and others order of admittance, which I take to be principally are called, who, rushing suddenly in among the the fault of the President (Accepted Frewon), who Scholars, appeased and sent them away with fair either out of negligence, or Indulgence and Con. words, yet some of them were hurt, and Binks, the pivance, sees and suffers this disorder, and reforms Lord's keeper, sorely wounded." it not.

By direction of the Vice-Chancellor, all A list drawn up in the following year scholars were confined to their colleges, and shows there were 66 "poor scholars," of Lord Norreys prepared to leave the town. whom 45 are entered as depending upon par: ticular persons, il as of the alms-basket," pocket these affronts, wept up privately to the top

"But the Scholars of Magdalen, being not able to certain others." For the future of their tower, and, waiting till be should pass by none are to be allowed " to serve any of the towards Ricot, sent down a shower of stones that foundation." without being, admitted, and they had picked up, upon him and his retinew, having their

names entered in a book by the wounding some and endangering others of their President. They are then to be required to storm, divers had got boards, others tables on their

lives. It is said that upon the foresight of this attend the Grammar School ; or, if their heads to keep them from it, and that if the Lord learning has passed the range of its teaching, had not been in his coach or chariot, he would to attend lectures and perform all dispu- certainly have been killed.”_Wood’s ‘Annals.' tations and exercises required of members It is not surprising that of the foundation. In 1664 Bishop Morley's the result came to pass, that some of the offenders visitation gives permission to all Doctors, were severely punished, others expelled, and the

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Lord with much ado pacified by the sages of the “KABAFUTOED."-It is worth while to put University.”

on record an early instance of the use of this The College records take no notice of this coined word. “Kabafutoed" will, no doubt, riot; but on 12 August Godstow received obtain a vogue if only on account of its leave of absence for a year, and at the next historical allusiveness. Part of a leader in election his Fellowship was vacant. Lord The North China Daily News for 22 July Norreys, son of Anne Boleyn's alleged lover, runs :was father of a family of famous soldiers,

“It may be taken for granted that Saghalien will two of whom — afterwards Sir Henry and be completely kabafutoed, and Vladivostock entirely Sir Thomas Norreys—had matriculated at surrounded, before the serious discussion of the Magdalen in 1571, being seventeen and terms of peace begins." fifteen years old respectively.

While on this subject I should like to proWilliam Pilsworth, sometime Demy and test against a belief I have noticed in your contemporary of Godstow, died Bishop of columns that 'Hobson-Jobson 'is a reference Kildare. Richard Ferrant or Farrant, Demy work for all Eastern parlance of the English in 1578, was probably son of the famous stamp. There could hardly be a greater composer of the same names. A Demy of mistake. When we consider that, besides India, the same year, William Sterrell, appears to there are Burmah, Penang and Singapore, have acted, in after life, under many feigned Hongkong and Shanghai, to say nothing of

a Government spy. A Demy Japan, and the protean and macaronic jargon of 1589, Anthony Greenway, called also used, but seldom understood, by the passenAnthony Tilney, and Father Anthony after gers on board the P. & O. liners, it will be becoming a Jesuit, entered the School when readily understood that the man who acts on eleven years old, and remained in the College the supposition that Yule and Burnell have (so he tells us) for nine.

cast their mantle over all the East is invitAbout the year 1614, or earlier, new rooms ing philological trouble. DUH AH Coo. were added above the School building for

Hongkew. the use of Magdalen Hall, then in a very “ TEST MATCH.”—The following statement flourishing condition. About this time the was made by Mr. P. F. Warner in his weekly redoubtable Harry Marten, the regicide, a cricket column in The Westminster Gazette of native of Oxford, was-according to Wood 19 August :-being "instructed in grammar learning in Oxon” before becoming "a gentleman

“Until the year 1894 no one had ever heard of a

Test' match, but during the memorable tour of commoner of University College. Was he A. E. Stoddart's team in Australia in the winter at Magdalen School ? From the last-men- of that year the word was first coined, and ever tioned year until 1617 Francis White, M.A., since that time we have been accustomed thus to of Magdalen Hall, formerly Demy, and later speak of an England v. Australia match.” vicar of Ashbury, was Master of the School. It is interesting, of course, to note that Mr. Heylyn, in his «Diary,' mentions that White Warner "captained" the team which went to composed one or more plays, which were Australia last year, and is thus an authority acted in the President's lodgings. We may on the subject.

CLIFTON ROBBINS. suppose his "little eyases would assist in the production of their pedagogue's pieces :

FROST AND DONCASTER RACES. Since we be turn'd cracks," says Mercury old saying hereabout that · Frost hangs to to Cupid in 'Cynthia's Revels,

th tail of the last horse which runs at Don"let's study to be like cracks; practise their caster.". With the end of the Doncaster race language and behaviours, and not with a dead week the summer is considered to be quite imitation : act freely, carelessly, and capriciously, gone, and the frosty season begins. as if our veins ran with quicksilver, and not utter

Taos. RATCLIFFE. .a phrase, but what shall come forth steep'd in the

Worksop. very brine of conceit, and sparkle like salt in fire." For sixteen years from 1632 one John Hyde GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH.-It is only by was usher of M.C.S. He was probably third long practical experience that one learns the son of Sir George Hyde, of Dench worth, value of small clues. As an illustration of and had been a contemporary at Magdalen this, many do not note if the executor was Hall of his celebrated kingman Edward Hyde, sworn or affirmed in the probate act. If the afterwards Earl of Clarendon. In 1633 latter, it denotes a Quaker; and, in the case Henry Chittie, a former Demy, bequeathed of an executor being a near relative of the his books to the College, some of which were testator, it makes it worth while to search given to the School. A. R. BAYLEY. the grand Quaker Registers at Devonshire (To be continued.)

House. Wills of the members of the Society

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of Friends can also be picked out by the fact Congregationalism in Kent, and shall be glad that they did not start them with the usual of particulars concerning the Rev. Juhn invocation, “In the name of God, amon." Durant, who was minister of the Independent

GERALD FOTHERGILL. Church at Canterbury from 1645 till 1679. 11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S.W. Granger's 'Biographical History of England'

states that he was born about 1620, ordained FARM HELD FOR THREE AND A HALF CEN- probably at Cambridge, and died about 1686

The following. extract from the or 1687. I have seen three of his published Daily Mail (overseas edition), 23 June, seems works, but none of these contains a memoir worthy of a place in ‘N. & Q':

or any biographical facts. Any information “A Link with the Past.—The recent death of or reference to sources from which it may be Mr. Benjamin Slade, of Aston Upthorpe, Berks, gathered will be welcome, and if any of your father of the Mayor of Wallingford, has brought to light the fact that the farm he had occupied for readers have a portrait of him I shall be fifty-five years had been handed down in unbroken pleased to secure one. J. WATKINSON. succession from father to son ever since 1553, when The Quinta, Herne Bay. the lease was renewed by the monks of Cirencester. This lease is in possession of the family."

CORISANDE. — Can any one tell me the It would be interesting to know of other derivation of Corisande"? It is occasionally instances of the kind.


used for a Christian name, and it appears, I Cape Colony.

believe, in Lord Beaconsfield's Lothair.' If (Many, instances of long leases are supplied at it is used by other writers, please name them. gth s. 25, 134, 193, 234, 449; but the tenure of

J. D. the property by one family was not touched on.]

PUZZLE PICTURES. Where can I obtain “CHRIST'S HOSPITAL."-Two contributors

such suitable for children?

T. W. at 10th S. iii. 430-1, under the heading “The

[At any Sunday-school or educational repository “ Old Bell” Inn, Holborn Hill,' write as

or large toyshop.] above. This would appear to be wrong. In

EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA. - Now that The Autobiography of Leigh Hunt' (Smith, there has been an earthquake in Calabria Elder & Co., 1861), p. 52, occurs Christ can any one tell me the author of the followHospital (for this is its proper name, and not ing lines ?Christ's Hospital).” Naturally, Christ Hos- As Dutchmen hear of earthquakes in Calabria, pital is the form used by Leigh Hunt

And never stop to cry, throughout. DUH An Coo.

“Alack-a-day!" Hongkow.

M. FEW. DOWRIES FOR UGLY WOMEN.-I am very Quertes.

anxious to trace a passage I once read, but

cannot find now, viz., that women were put formation on family matters of only private interest result of the bids was disposed of as dowries

We must request correspondents desiring in: up by auction to the highest bidder, and the to affix their names and addresses to their queries, for the uglier and older women, in order that in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

they might get married. I hope some reader PORTRAIT OF THE YOUNGER RICH.-At the

of 'N. & Q.' will come to my assistance.

Jonn. KING. dispersal of the effects of the “Sublime

304, Essex Road, N. Society of Beef Steaks" at Christie's in 1869 an engraved portrait of Rich the founder, in

KIT's Coty HOUSE.—This curious naine of his dress as a harlequin, was sold for 21. 48. the well-known cromlech near Aylesford, I am writing a history of Covent Garden Kent, may be of early British or Celtic origin. Theatre, built by Rich, and shall be very In the 'History and Antiquities of St. David's glad if any one can tell me where a copy of (Jones & Freeman, 1856) it is said that this print can be seen. I have tried the Cyttiau'r Gwyddelod means "huts of the British Museum Print Collection without Gael.” In the Welsh language c is always

I have also tried in many other hard. In modern Welsh cut means a hovel, di rections, but all to no purpose. 'I shall shed, of, hut”; and cotty. means a es teem it a very great favour

if you can help cottage.” The word house is, of course, Anglome through the medium of your valuable Saxon (hus) and conveys the same idea. Has р ublication. H. SAXE WYNDHAM.

any other and more likely origin of the old The Guildhall School of Music, E.C.

and popular name ever been suggested or Rev. JOHN DURANT.-I am interested in,

W. R. HOLLAND, accepted?

[For the origin of the name see the discussion at and collectiug materials for, a history of 50 S. ix. 427 ; X. 49, 133, 289.]

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CATERPILLERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH." of choice seems to weigh in favour of Virgri. -The title-page of Stephen Gosson's 'School And rightly so, as I think. Vergil is hyperof Abuse' (1579) is worded as follows:- pedantic.

J. B. MCGOVERN. “The Shoole of Abuse, Conteiuing a pleasaunt

St. Stephen's Rectory, C.-on-M., Manchester. inuective against Poets, Pipers, Plaiers, Iesters, and such like Caterpillers of a Commonwealth," Innishargie, co. Down (b. 1663, d. 1687),

CAREY OR CARY.-Capt. John Bailie, of &c.

married Catherine Carey or Cary (d. 1691). Shakespeare uses this phrase, “caterpillerş Did the said Catherine belong to the Falkof the Commonwealth," of Bushy, Bagot, and land, Hunsdon, or Monmouth families of Green in 'Richard II.,' II. vi. 166. The expression is again employed of Empson and Carey, or to the branch that migrated to Dudley in the Fragmenta Regalia of Sir information as to her parentage will be Robert Naunton (1628–32), in the following gratefully received. KATHLEEN WARD. passage :

Castle Ward, Downpatrick, Ireland. [Leicester)......his father was that Dudley which our histories couple with Empson, and both be much MINNISINKS. -Every one is familiar with infamed for the caterpillars of the commonwealth Longfellow's short poem 'The Burial of the during the reign of Henry VII.," &c.

Minnisink,' descriptive of Indian life. In In 1631 Weever also employs the same words what part of North America did these with reference to the same people.

Indians live? They are not mentioned Can any of your

readers inform me :- among the races or tribes enumerated in the 1. The earliest occasion when these words 'Encyclopædia Britannica.' were coupled.

W. D. SPRINGETT. 2. Whether the phrase was, in the sixteenth St. Matthew's Vicarage, 67, Brixton Hill, S.W. century, a catch word of the time ? 3. Whether Shakespeare's use of it can

MEREDAY, CHRISTIAN NAME. I have come reasonably be attributed to his familiarity

across the singular namo Mereday. Whence

R. B-B

comes it? with Gosson's work &

4. Whether the histories of the period, ALMANSA.—Who was he? He has no niche previous to the publication of 'Richard II.' in that temple of fame the 'D.N.B.,' but be (1597), were in the habit of employing the is referred to in a, to me, singularly disphrase with reference to these or any other appointing book, "Toledo and Madrid : their courtiers, ay Naunton implies they did ? Records and Romances.' The author asserts,

Shakespeare uses the word caterpiller" with reference to Charles I.'s abortive Spanish in the same sense in other places, and in match :a most striking manner in 2 Henry VI.,' “Oddly enough, the record which says most upon IV. iv. 36, when the passage is compared with the subject, and is obviously the most reliable, Gosson's title, and when it is borne in mind is least consulted of any, I mean the letters of that Gosson's work was an attack upon the Almansa, which continued to be written at intervals stage. It seems probable that Shakespeare throughout our countryman's sojourn at Madrid." was having a hit back in making a Kentish man call scholars, lawyers, courtiers, and

Unless Almansa be a pseudonym for Howel gentlemen “false caterpillers.”

here is another source for delectation on the F. W. BAXTER.

part of Don FLORENCIO DE UHAGON, who not 170, Church Street, Stoke Newington, N.

long ago (10th S. iii. 48) was interesting him

self and us in the details of Charles's romantic RAWDON.—Who was Miss Rawdon, who expedition.

St. SWITHIN. married Samuel Hautenville, of Dublin, in the eighteenth century? She was related to

JOAN Vaus, GRAMMARIAN.—A copy of the the Earl of Moira.

first edition of “Rudimenta puerorum in (Mrs.) HAUTENVILLE COPE. artem grammaticam per Joannem Vaus 13, Hyde Park Mansions, W.

Scotum," printed in Paris by Badius Ascen

sius in 1522, was in the library of the late VIRGIL OR VERGIL :—Which of these two David Laing, and was sold at Sotheby's, is the more correct spelling, of the great 12 December, 1879, but has not been traced. Mantuan's name? So far back as 1489 I fail to find the edition in any public Angelo Poliziano (commonly known as Poli-library. tian) discussed the rival claims of the two The second edition (Paris, Badius Ascensius, spellings in his wonderful • Miscellanea, and 1531) and the third edition (Paris, Robert the evidence in favour of Vergilius. Sub Masselin, 1553) are in the library of the judice adhuc lis est ; but the preponderance University of Aberdeen. The fourth edition

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