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(Edinburgh, Robert Lekprevik, 1566) is given will probably be able to give me the wishedby Mr. J. P. Edmond (Annals of Scottish for information. F. E. LANDOLPHE. Printing,' p. 230) on the authority of McCrie ('Life of Knox,' 1855, p. 3), but no copy has

FAME. - Is the correct representation & been traced.

woman in flowing garments floating through Information is desired as to the where the air, blowing a trumpet, and holding a abouts of copies of the first and fourth wreath? Can you kindly inform me? editions. P. J. ANDERSON.

H. J. BARKER. University Library, Aberdeen.

[In 'Samson Agonistes' Dalila says

Fame, if not double-faced, is double-mouthed,

And with contrary blast proclaims most deeds ;
Last eve I paused beside a blacksmith's door,

On both his wings, one black, the other white,
And heard the ringing anvil's vesper chime.

Bears greatest names in his wild aery flight.] In which of Mrs. E. B. Browning's works

"THE CLOISTER AND THE HEARTH.'-Charles do these lines occur?

Reade, in the concluding sentences of this She never found fault with you, never implied Your Wrong by her Right ; and yet men at her side He says, for example, "Some of the best

novel, has some words in praise of Erasmus. Grew pobler, girls purer.

A. B.

scenes in this new book are from his mediæval Love that groweth unto faith;

pen, and illumine the pages where they Love that seeth over death;

come." Can any reader of N. & Q.'say what Love that, with his longing eyes,

particular scenes of the novel are here Looks on into Paradise.

referred to, and what are the parallels in
the works of Erasmus ?

W. B.
The tombs of McClean and McLeod,
Of McCleod and McClean,

They lie in the cloud and the rain, -Mr. Justin McCarthy in his 'Reign of
In the mist of the dim sea-shroud.


Queen Anne' writes (chap. iii.) that, at the 264, Worple Road, Wimbledon.

time that sovereign came to the throne,

" Italy was divided among various lords and OMAR KHAYYAM.-What books can be read masters, and indeed her very name was only, analyzing and critically animadverting on as Metternich long after declared it to be, a

, the 'Rubáiyat' of Omar Khayyam?

geographical definition.” But was not the

phrase "geographical expression" and when ('The Rubáiyat of Omar Khayyam,' translated and where did Metternich first use it ? by Edward FitzGerald, with a commentary by

POLITICIAN. H. M. Batson, and a biographical introduction by

DENNY FAMILY.— In Lodge's excellent E. D. Ross (Methuen, 1900), will be found useful. A bibliography of the subject and notes appear pedigree of the Denny family and elsein the French translation in verse by Fernand where it is stated that Robert, sixth son Henry (Paris, J. Maisonneuve, 1903.]

of Sir Edmond Denny, Baron of the ExCEREMONY AT RIPON.-Wilfrid, the founder and having, died (apparently unmarried)

chequer, was born on 13 December, 1501, and first Abbot of Ripon, was exiled in was buried in St. Mary's Undershaft, Lon A.D. 678, but was allowed to return ten years don. He is not mentioned in his father's afterwards. He died at Oundle, and was will, 1520, from which it would seem proburied at Ripon. This return from exile bable that he was then dead. In the Denny seems to have been commemorated by the pedigree in the Visitation of Norfolk, 1563 inhabitants, for in a little book published in and 1613,' Harl. MS. 1552, this Robert Denny 1801 we are told :

is described as having been buried in "On the Saturday following Lammas-day, the St. Andrew's Undershaft, and to have effigy of St. Wilfrid is brought into the Town, with married, and had a son_Thomas Denny, great ceremony, the inhabitants go out to meet it, with a band of music, &c."- Tourist's Guide to

“ buried by his father." Evidently be had Ripon,' p. 5.

been confused with a Sir Robert Dennie, Can any one tell me when this ceremony in St. Andrew's in 1421 (Speed's 'Survey of

Knt., who, with Thomas his son, was buried was discontinued ?


London'). But to the original MS. of the - FIRST NATIONAL ANTHEM.—I am very Visitation an addition has been made, in a

desirous of knowing whether there was a different ink, by an apparently later hand.

national anthem before 'God save the King.' This gives as wife to Robert Denny “Frances, 1 If so, what was it under Elizabeth and in the dau. Trigham [or Tresham), Esq., of co.

days of the Stuarts ? Your valuable paper Northants," and makes him bave a second

A. W.

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son William, who, by a Barney of Reedham, to go three times round the brideNorfolk, had Thomas and Syndrack Donny, groom, and he three times round her. At who left numerous issue. This whole pedi- Konz, on the Moselle, and at Trier, it was an gree, addition and all, is printed in the old custom till lately to carry a large wheel, Harleian Society's Visitation of Norfolk.' enveloped in straw, on Midsummer Eve to I should be inuch obliged for any evidence the top of the hill, set it on fire, and roll it either corroborating or disproving this inter- down into the Moselle to procure luck for polated descent. I am myself inclined to the harvest (Scribner). A Roipan mosaic think that this unconsidered you er son, floor at Morton, near Brading, Isle of Wight, Robert Denny, has been made by some shows a bearded astrologer, seated, near á enterprising genealogist a peg whereupon wheel on a column, with a globe, brazier, to hang a pedigree.

rod, and cup (Price, 'Guide to the Roman (Rev.) H. L. L. DENNY. Villa,' 1881, pp. 20, 23). Meant for Hip:6, Wilton Terrace, Dublin.

parchus? On the Antonine column at Rome are seen Germans throwing wheels from

their ramparts upon Roman soldiers ('CasBeplies.

sell's Historical Educator,' 1854, vol. i. WHEEL AS A SYMBOL IN RELIGION.

p. 370). Apuleius, speaking of the mysteries

of Isis, says the sacred formula contained (10th S. iv. 167.)

"marks of notes, intricately knotted, re In Greek temples the wheel was placed as volving in the manner of a wheel,, · Metaan emblem of the sun. It was borrowed morphosis,' lib. ii.” (Hurd, Warburton's from Egypt. The sacred cakes of the Greeks Divine Legation,' 1847, vol. ii. p. 200). were impressed with a wheel. It is on an

The wheel of Ezekiel evidently symbolized Italian vase of archaic Greek style (Birch, Providence, and from it we have our splendid * Catalogue of Greek and Etruscan Vases in wheel windows, as in Westminster Abbey the British Museum'). It is found on coins transepts. The proper number of spokes of Thrace and Beotia (Heud, 'Greek Coins '), seems to have been twelve, with the twelve and on coins of Agrigentum and Lucria signs of the zodiac between them, as at (Head, 'Historia Numismatice'). The wheel St. Augustine's, Paris, St. Denis, &c. On emblem was also used by the Romans. It the screen top in St. Agnes, Kennington, appears on coins of Alba Fucintis, Umbria, are two large wheels. In Westminster and Etruria (Head, “Hist. Num.'); also on Cathedral the wheels are sculptured on the coins of the Calpurnia Gens, C. B.C. 89, and column capitals. Many wheels are on the of Massila (Babelon, Mo. Con.'). It is found religious Buddhistic sculptures, from an on Egyptian Gnostic gems, one form being a Indian tope, on the grand staircase in the griffin rolling a wheel. The Scandinavian British Museum.

D. M. J. god Seator's emblem is a wheel. The Saxon god of the sun had a wheel of fire. It is

The wheel is essentially a purely mystical found in the car of Juggernaut. Buddha is symbol, which has been adopted in some form king of the wheel, and is called the divine in most religions. The wheels of Ezekiel are wheel, the precious wheel of religion (Scrib. typical. The Wheel of Fortune, the tenth of ner's Magazine, 1881, vol. xxii.). It is found the Tarot Trumps, is the conscious or upconon Gaulish coins before B.C. 350 (Head).

scious begetter of many symbolic wheels. Seator or Saturn held the wheel in his hand, The cross within a circle of the Rosicrucians 88 so engraved (Saturday Magazine, vol. iv.

is a wheel. The “ rose" windows in cathep. 240). "A coin of the British king Tascio- symbol of eternity, is a wheel. All have .

dral churches are wheels.

The circle, & has a it Old England,' vol. i.). At Urswick, Fur? mystic meanings-- meanings derived from ness, is a Druidical stone structure in the what may be called the bed-rock of religious form of a wheel, 250 ft. in diameter, with a and unnecessary, to the multitude.

feeling. But those meanings are unknown, central circular nave and nine irregularspokes and unnecessary, to the multitude. (Archæologia, vol. xxxi. p. 449). A sculp

E. E. STREET. ture of a Buddhist wheel with the mystic The wheel does not occur in Louisa Twinchattah over it is in India (Scribner). The ing's 'Symbols and Emblems of Christian wheel as a religious symbol arose from Art,' one of the best authorities upon that the course of the sun. Joshua went round subject.

But a cherub standing upon & Jericho, probably with the Jews are

The wheel may be seen in thạ fifteenth-century said to march

times painted-glass south window of the ante round their coffined dead; and the bride Chapel at New College, Oxford. Husenbeth,

sun. seven


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in 'Emblems of Saints' (third edition, 1882), of Elsdon, a village situated near Morpeth, quotes the following canonized persons Northumberland. It appears that a little who have the wheel for their symbol: over a century ago a man named William SS. Catherine, Donatus, Euphemia, Encra- Winter, a broom maker and hawker, together tida, Quintin, and Willigis.

with some women of the gang to which he In Parker's Glossary of Terms' (1869), belonged, murdered an old woman named under · Window,' we read :

Margaret Crozier at a place called the Raw, Ad elegant form, not uncommon in cathedrals near Elsdon. The circumstantial evidence and large churches in the Middle Ages, is called a upon which Winter was convicted lay chiefly rose window. It is circular, the nullions converg in the fact that Robert Hindmarsh, a sheping towards the centre, like the spokes of a wheel; herd boy, had noticed and counted the hence the name Catherine or wheel window, some number and curious arrangement of the times given to it."


nails in his shoes, and had also been struck Fair Park, Exeter.

by the shape of the knife with which he was

eating his lunch in the sheepfold on the day Since the martyrdom of St. Catherine, who preceding that of the murder.

As the was put to death by torture on a revolving description given by Hindmarsh of the wheel for her public confession of Christianity, peculiar arrangement of the nails correthe wheel has been generally regarded as an sponded with that of the footprints, disemblem of a continuous faith. I have also covered on the scene of the murder, Winter heard it described as the emblem of a stead was arrested. After lying in Newcastle Jail fast faith, throwing out a radiancy of bright- for about a year, he and his accomplices were ness by its revolutions in the midst of darkness tried and condemned. They were hung upon and doubt; hence the wheel windows in our the Town Moor, Winter confessing his guilt. churches and the catherine-wheel fireworks, The body of the murderer was then carried formerly so popular at village church festivals. to Elsdon Moor, and hung in chains on the

Dr. Brewer gives the wheel as the emblem gibbet which overlooks the scene of the of several saints in addition to St. Cathe- murder and can be seen from a long distance rine.

around. Mr. Arthur Young, in his 'Axial-Polarity As the body dropped to pieces the shepof Man's Word-Embodied-Ideas and its Teach- herds buried the fragments on the moor, and ings' (Kegan Paul & Co., 1887), draws up a when it had entirely disappeared a frightful system of philosophy which is described effigy in wood was hung up to remind the throughout by means of diagrams of of the murderer's doom. This, The axis of the diagram wheel bears the too, in the course of time fell to pieces ; and name of a central idea ; the spokes, the quali- now the figure of a Moor's head, erected by ties connected with it'; and the outer circle the late Sir Walter Trevelyan, dangles in its those evolved from the connexion, the direc- place.

W. B. GERISH. tion of the revolution being indicated by Bishop's Stortford. means of arrows — certainly an ingenious adaptation of the Christian emblem to the

On the Old North Road (Ermyne Street), evolution of Positivist ideas.

about one mile north of tbe village of G. YARROW BALDOCK. Caxton, and a few yards south of the

junction with the road from Cambridge to There is a long but interesting extract on St. Neots, in a bleak and lonely spot, Caxton *Praying by Machinery' in the Christian Gibbet is still to be seen. E. W. B. Remembrancer, cxxviii., taken from Egerton's •Tour through Spiti.'

About the middle of the eighteenth century A description of the 'Japanese Praying three men who robbed the North mail near Wheel' is given in Sunday at Home for 1858. the Chevin, over against Belper, were all

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. executed and hung in chains on one gibbet '71, Brecknock Road.

on the top of the mountain, and it is recorded

that a friendly hand set fire one night to the GIBBETS (10th S. iv. 229).—By the Hindhead gibbot, which, with all three bodies well satulocal tradition of my day (forty to fifty years rated with pitch, was burnt to ashes, leaving ago), the cross was placed on the spot where only, the irons and chains remaining. (The a sailor was m dered.


Antiquary, November, 1890, quoted in

Hanging in Chains,' by Albert Hartshorne, The gibbet with the grotesque head is 1891, p. 83.). evidently the one known as "Willie Winter's At the beginning of the last century stob," standing on the moorland to the south the stone platform whereon the Halifax

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gibbet was erected was still standing in quarrel Christie acted as the friend of Lockthe neighbourhood of the present Gibbet hart. The duel, the evidence at the coroner's Lane, and the

for a long inquest, and the trial of Christie at the Old time preserved in the house of the lord's Bailey, when a verdict of "Not guilty bailiff (J. S. Fletcher's Picturesque York. returned, will be found described at length shire'). Parts of the irons which were used in The History of Duelling,' by J. G. in the execution of the highwayman Spence Milligen (1841), ii. 244-52. Broughton, on Attercliffe Common in 1792,

T. N. BRUSHFIELD, M.D. are still preserved at Doddington Hall, near Salterton, Doron. Lincoln. This was again in Gibbet Lane;

This duel is noticed in Walford and Thornand there was a Gibbet Lane near Saxilby, bury's Old and New London, 1875 (i. 64), in Lincolnshire. The Halifax gibbet is now and is also chronicled in Haydn's Dictionary preserved in the museum of the Society of of Dates, 1881 (Thirm, Bibliography of Antiquaries, Edinburgh.

the Art of Fence,' 1891).

W. C. B. Mr. Hartshorne, in consequence of the rarity of representations of gibbets, thought

A full report of the trial and evidence of it desirable to mention examples in the works the witnesses would be given in the Old of Thomas Bewick, British Birds,'edit

. 1832, Bailey Session Papers,'

from 1730 to 1834, in vol. i. In a tail-piece to the account of the 116 vols., which may be consulted in the Alpino vulture, p. 53, a gibbet is shown in Corporation Library, Guildhall, E.C. the distance ; and in five other tail-pieces

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. gibbets are represented in the distance. Mr. By far the best account of the whole Hartshorne distinguishes the gallows, as the circumstances of this duel was contributed thing upon which men suffer, from the gibbet, by Mr. J. F. George to l'he Aberdeen Weekly the object on which they are set forth. Hence Journal, 9 December, 1903. I once wrote an to gibbet a person by calling attention to account of the affair to The Scots Observer. delinquencies. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.


MR. SOUTHAM will find a full report of the 228).-See Catalogue of Musée Carnavalet duel, the trial, and verdict in The Gentle(Ville de Paris), where there is a fine collec- man's Magazine for March and April, 1821. tion of this well-known earthenware. There

The extracts would be too long for the pages enormous numbers of series of this of N. & Q.,' but should MR. SOUTHAM care pottery, for no other was in use in Revo- to drop me a line, I should be very pleased lutionary France.

to copy out and forward the story,

HERBERTS B. CLAYTON. About the beginning of August last I saw 39, Renfrew Road, Lower Kennington Lane. in a curiosity-shop window at Christchurch, An account of the duel will be found in Bournemouth, close by the old Priory church, The Field of Honor: being a Complete and a small collection of similar plates with Comprehensive History of Duelling in all these revolutionary mottoes in French, and I Countries,' by Major Ben C. Truman (New remember wondering how they cane to be York, Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 1884), ch. ix. for sale in such an old-world quiet corner of p. 161; and in W. Toone's 'Chronological England. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

Historian' (1826), ii. 668-9. [MR. A. R. BAYLEY and Mr. R. PIERPOINT

ROBERT PIERPOINT. refer to the Musée Carnavalet.]

[See also Mr. Lucas's just issued 'Life of Charles J. H. CHRISTIE (10th S. iv. 189).—The duel Lamb,' ii. 35. ] between J. H. Christie and J. Scott took “THE SCREAMING SKULL(10th S. iv. 107, place on 16 February, 1821, in a field between 194).—MR. MARTIN, in referring to the *Chalk Farm" Tavern and Primrose Hill. "screaming skull" of Warbleton Priory, Scott received a wound, from the effects of Sussex, asks if this be the only instance of a which he died on the following 3 March. 'screaming skull” known in England. In The cause of the quarrel was a series of my work on "The Haunted Homes and articles which appeared in The London Maga- Family Traditions of Great Britain' he will zine, of which Scott was the avowed editor, find some kindred legends, especially of the discussing the conduct and management of well-known "screaming skull" of Bettiscombe Blackwood's Magazine, which its editor, J. G. House, near Bridport, Dorset. Miss Garpette Lockhart, regarded as offensive to his feelings accompanied by her father, Dr. Richard and injurious to his honour. In all the Garnett, visited and personally inspected attendant circumstances relating to the the Bettiscombe skull in August, 1883, and


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kindly furnished me the very interesting able ; 2 and 3, Argent, three brands account of it which appears in the above raguly, fired proper; on an escutcheon of named work. In Historic Romance' pretence, Argent, a human leg, couped at the Mr. William Andrews devotes a chapter to thigh, in allusion to the descent from Cilmy Skull Superstitions,' and therein alludes to Droed Ddu-Cilmyn with the black leg. the subject of “screaming skulls."

PHILIPPA SWINNERTON HUGHES. J. H. INGRAM. 91, Albert Bridge Road, S.W. I can record a comparatively modern McQuillin is the English, and MacUidhilip instance of these unaccountable disturbo or MacUighilin the Gaelic orthography, ances, though unfortunately unable to give Vidhilin or Uighilin being popularly supthe precise date, and our Editor wisely posed to mean Llewelyn. In O'Donovan's expects chapter and verse to be given edition of the 'Four Masters,' under the year in the book of the chronicles of N. & Q: 1310, the legendary account of tho origin of Some years since the household of Mr. Glad this family is quoted from Duald MacFirbis, wyn Jebb, the great traveller, was much viz., that its founder, who was of Dalriad disturbed by nocturnal noises. These were descent, passed over into Wales, where his supposed to arise from an idol which had posterity remained until about the year been looted from an Aztec city, and had i172, when a branch of them returned and witnessed cruel and bloody sacrifices. At settled in the same county (Antrim) from length it was got rid of, and the unearthly which their ancestor had emigrated centuries noises ceased. I mentioned this to a friend before.

JAS. PLATT, Jun. in Oxford on my seeing on the staircase of his house a Chinese idol.

De Bourgo is mentioned several times in Joan PICKFORD, M.A.

Campbell's O'Connor's Child, and there is Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

reference both to De Bourgo and to De Courcy

in the notes to that poem :-YORKSHIRE SPELLINGS (10th S. iv. 104).- “The house of O'Connor had a right to boast of Bing is used for the literary form bin in their

victories over the English. It was a chief of Kestoven, or was so half a century ago. It the O'Connor race who gave a check to the English was corn-bing, flour-bing, bread-bing.

champion, De Courcy, 80 famous for his personal ST. SWITHIN.

streugth, and for cleaving a helmet at one blow of

his sword, in the presence of the Kings of France QUILLIN OR QUILLAN: NADIE AND ARMS and England, when the French champion declined (10ch S. iv. 206).-Llyn Cwellyn is the largest quered by the English under De Bourgo, the

the combat with_him. Though ultimately con• lake on the road from Beddgellert to Car-O'Connors had also humbled the pride of that name

At the upper end stood the house on a memorable occasion, viz., when Walter de of Cae-uwch-y-Llyn, the Fort above the Lake, Bourgo, an ancestor of that De Bourgo who won which, by contraction, forms Cwellyn. This the battle of Athunree, had become so insolent as was once the residence of the Quellyos, a Connaught.

to niake excessive demands upon the territories of family supposed to be extinct. In my late

"The greatest effort ever made by the ancient husband's collection of North Wales pedi- Irish to regain their native independence was made grees I find the pedigree of Quellyn of at the time when they called over the brother of Quellyn, ending with Philip Quellyn, 1766, brother to the Earl of Ulster, and Richard de

Robert Bruce from Scotland. William de Bourgo, who had a son. His Christian name is not Bermingham, were sent against the main body of given, but he is stated to have died without the native insurgents, who were headed rather than issue. The Quellyns, originally Williamses commanded by Felim O'Connor. The important of Quellyn, changed their patronymic, and battle, which decided the subjection of Ireland, called themselves, after their estate, Quellyns took place on 10 August, 1315."

E. YARDLEY. of Quellyn. This was done by some other Welsh families for instance, Branas of THE GREYFRIARS BURIAL-GROUND (10th S. Branas, Crogan of Crogan, Anwyl of Anwyl, iv. 205). — The interesting discovery noted

. &c., in order to distinguish themselves from by MR. ALECK ABRAHAMS is of some topothe Williamses, Morgans, Lloyds, Hugheses, graphical importance. I know of no conand Joneses all round.

temporary record that mentions a graveyard The Quellyns derived from Griffith, the as attached to the Friary, and yet it is brother of H wlkyn Lloyd, ancestor of the impossible that the large number of friars family of Glynn of Glynlyffon, co. Carnarvon, and dependents who belonged to the foundasons of Tudor Goch, descended from Cilmyn tion during the three hundred years of its Droed Ddu. The arms are the same as those existence could have all been buried inside of Glynn of Glynlyffon -viz., Quarterly, the church. Mr. J. Gough Nichols, in his 1 and 4, Argent, an eagle displayed preface to the Chronicle of the Grey Friar



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