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The first of the name to own the manor of Drayton was Thomas Pound, who was M.P. for Hampshire in 1450 (John de Pound was M.P. for Portsmouth 1357-8). Drayton was held from very early times by the service of providing one soldier, and keeping guard over the eastern gate of the Castle of Portchester for five days during war time. It was held by Roger de Merley in 1250, afterwards by the De Saunfords until about 1327, and by the De Pageham family until about 1443. The Pounds held it by the same


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Thomas Pound married Mercia Uvedale, perhaps a daughter of John Uvedale, of Wickham, Hants, for Thomas was trustee under John Uvedale's will in 1439, and also one of the executors of the will of his son Sir Thomas Uvedale, who died in 1474. Thomas Pound was lord of the manor of Drayton and of Lymborne, both in Hants, and he also held lands at Bere and Southwick in the same county; he died on the day of St. Clement the Pope, 16 Edward IV." (23 November, 1476), leaving a son John, then thirty years old and more. This John Pound was knighted at the marriage of Prince Arthur in 1501, and his arms are given by Metcalfe as Argent, on a fess gules, between two boars' heads couped sable in chief, and a cross patee fitchee of the third in base, three mullets pierced of the field. Crest, a gourd or, leaved vert.

Sir John Pound married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir (with her sister Christina, wife of Sir Edward Berkeley, of Beverstone, Knt.) of Sir Richard Holt (died 1458), of Colrith, Hants, by his wife Joane, daughter of Robert Collingbourne, of Collingbourne Kingston, Wilts. He was M.P. for Portsmouth in 1472-3, and Sheriff of Hants in 1489, 1496, and 1504. He died on 14 August, 1511, leaving two sons, William and John. John Pound, the younger son, was a Pursuivant in the College of Arms during the reign of Henry VII.; was appointed Somerset Herald, "with 20 marks a year," in 1511, and was one of the Heralds in Henry VIII.'s retinue on the "Field of the Cloth of Gold." He was assassinated near Dunbar in 1542, while on a journey to the King of Scotland with a message from Henry VIII.

William Pound, son and heir of Sir John, was born about 1474; he appears on the Sheriff roll for Hants in 1511 and 1512; in 1514 he was living at Southwick, and was exempted from serving on juries, &c. (Pat.

6 Hen. VIII., p. i. m. 22). He was surveyor to Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester; in 'Dom. St. Papers,' vol. ii. p. 1390, is a letter written in October, 1518, to Wolsey, in which the bishop refers to his "surveyor William Pownde being a man of an hundred pound land." In 1522, on the declaration of war with France, he was commissioned, with Sir Arthur Plantagenet (of Drayton), Sir John Lisle (of Wootton, I.W.), and William Uvedale (of Wickham), to muster and array all dwellers on the sea coast near the haven of Portchester; and in the following year he was one of the Commissioners for Hants to collect subsidy. He was twice married: first to Mary, daughter and coheir of Thomas Heynowe (died 1506), of Stenbury, in the Isle of Wight, by whom he had a Anthony and a daughter Katherine; and secondly to Edburga, widow of William Benger, of Wilts, and daughter and coheir of Thomas Troyes (died 1508), of Marwell, Hants (her sister Dorothy Troyes was the wife, first of Sir William Uvedale, of Wickham, and secondly of Lord Edmund Howard, father of Catherine Howard, the consort of King Henry VIII.). William Pound had issue by his second wife a son William, hereafter mentioned, and a daughter Clare, who married, before 1542, Ralph Henslowe, of Boarhunt, Hants, M.P. for Portsmouth in 1555. William Pound died on 5 July, 1525, and by his will (P.C.C. 36 Bodfelde), of which he made "my Lord of Wynchester" overseer, he left to his younger son William the manor of Hale, in the Isle of Wight, and (after the death, or remarriage, of his wife Edburga) the manors of Wilting and Holyngton, co. Sussex, and the manor of Bemond, co. Southampton. To his daughter Katherine he left "the wardship, custody, rule, and marriage of Richard Benger" (his wife Edburga's son by her first husband), "with the advantages of his lands during his nonage, and if the said Richard Benger and she can be contented to marry together, I will that the said Katherine hath towards her marriage three score and eight pounds that my brother John oweth to me, and my cheyne of golde weighing xxxii. lbs." Katherine married Richard Benger, and on his dying shortly after without issue, she took for her second husband John White, of Southwick, Hants, Esquire of the Body to Henry VIII. There is a very fine marble altar-tomb to the memory of this couple in Southwick Church, with their effigies, and those of their six sons and four daughters, engraved in brass on the flat upper slab, with shields of arms and the following inscription:


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"Here restyth in peace ye bodyes of John White Esquyer fyrst, owner of ye Priory & Manor of Suthwike aft' ye surrender & dep'tyng of ye Chanons from ye same & Kat'yne his wiff ye only daught' of William Pounde of Drayton Esq'er & Mary hys wyff one of the daughters & heyres of Thomas Haynos of th' yle of Wight Esquyer the whiche Kat'yne decessyd ye last day of October Ao Dni 1548 & ye sayd John decessyd the XIX day of Juli Ao Dni MCCCCCLXVII whose soules Crist take to hys mercy. Amen."

Pounde who was imprisoned in the Clink in 1583. The manor of Farlington, before the dissolution of the monasteries, formed part of the possessions of Southwick Priory. By letters patent bearing date 29 June, 32 Henry VIII. (1540), the king granted the manor, "with its rights and royalties, as well as the advowson of the rectory, to William Pownde, Esquire, and Eleanor his wife, and their heirs" (Hamp. Repos.,' 1800, p. 221). his wife Ellen on 30 September, 1589. In her William Pound died in February, 1559, and will (P.C.C. 75 Leicester) she refers to her Thomas, John, and Henry, and to her daughter sister, the Lady Anne Lawrence; to her sons Anne Breton. She desires her son Thomas to bring up his brother Richard Pound's two children, Henry and William; to children, Henry and William; to Anne Breton and her daughter Elizabeth she bequeaths land, &c., son Richard married Elizabeth, daughter of William Wayte, of Wymering; he was aged twenty at the death of his father, but died without issue, two sisters only surviving him, viz., Mary, who married her cousin Edward White, of Southwick (their granddaughter Honora White became the wife of Sir Daniel Norton,

Anthony Pound was born in 1502, and inherited the manors of Drayton and Lymborne, and a fourth part of the manor of Stenbury, in the Isle of Wight, on the death of his father in 1525. He married Anne, daughter of Lewis Wingfield (described in 1513 as of Southwerk, Surrey," and "Comptroller to Richard, Bishop of Winchester"), and sister of Sir Richard Wingfield, sometime Governor of Portsmouth, by whom he had

several children.

The eldest

and carried the Southwick estates into the Norton family); and Honora Pound, who married in February, 1548/9 ('Lond. Mar. Lic.,' Foster), Henry Ratcliffe, afterwards Governor of Portsmouth, fourth Earl of Sussex, and K.G.

Anthony Pound died in 1547; there is a brass in Farlington Church with the Pound arms, as above, and inscribed:


"Of your charyte pray for ye soule of Antony Pounde of Drayton in the countie of South' Esquyer whiche decessyd the XIX day of February in the yeare of our Lorde God MCCCCCXLVII on

whose soule Crist have mercy."

In his will (P.C.C. 35 Alen) he leaves marriage portions to his two unmarried daughters, and appoints his wife Anne sole executrix, and his brother-in-law Sir Richard Wingfield overseer. His widow Anne married secondly the before mentioned John White. Her memorial brass is in Southwick Church, inscribed as follows:

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"Off your charite pray for the soule of Anne Whyte, late the wyff of John Whyte of Southwyke Esquyer somtyme the wyff of Antony Pounde of Drayton Esquyer and one of the daughters of Lewes Wingfield Esquyer whych Anne departed the world the XXIII day of November Ao Dni 1557 on whose soule Crist have mercy.'

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William Pound, of Beamond, married Ellen Wriothesley, by whom he had eleven children, the eldest son Thomas being the subject of MR. WAINEWRIGHT'S article, and the second surviving son John probably the Rev. John

"in Aderton in the Isle

of Wight, which I had by gift of Mrs. Edborowe Upton, deceased, my mother-in-law."

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A pedigree of the family was entered in the Visitation of Hampshire in 1634, but only four children of William and "Ellenor" are Thomas Pound, mentioned therein, viz., Esquire of the Body to Queen Elizabeth, a Bachelor Anne, marr. to George Brit"Richard Pound, of Bondon, 3 son and "Henry Pound, marr. Honor Kensall." 66 John This last-mentioned Henry had a son Pound, of Burhunt, who is married and hath issue." In the list of English Catholic Nonjurors of 1715' is "Thomas Pound, of West Boarhunt, gent.-Farm there entailed


-221. 10. 0."

Richard Pound, the third son (who apparently predeceased his mother), married "Anne, daughter of Walter Williams by Mary Byne, daughter of Thomas Byne and Jane Threele," and had issue Henry Pound (d. s.p. 1614) and William Pound. William appears to have inherited Beamond after the death of his uncle Thomas; he was living there in 1634, and probably the following entry in the Farlington register relates to him: "Mr. William Pound, Esquire, of Beamond, was buried March 14th, 1641." He married Mary, daughter of Richard Lane, of Fishborne, co. Sussex, and had issue Thomas, William, Mabell, Philip, and Mary, all living in 1634.

Thomas Pound, the eldest son of William, married as his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Mathew, of Stansted, co. Sussex (she was aged twenty-four and unmarried in 1623); and for his second wife (about 1640) Elizabeth, daughter of John Browne (died January, 1641), of Midhurst, co. Sussex (grandson of Anthony Browne, first Viscount Montague, and brother of Anthony, the second


Viscount). He was probably father of the Henry Pound (Her. and Gen., iii. 415), of Bernons (? Beamoud), Hants, who married Dorothy, daughter of Arthur Warren, Esq., of Thorpe Ernold, Leicestershire, and whose daughter Henrietta Pound was one of the English ladies of Pontoise, and died there in 1745, aged seventy-eight.

Tradition says that the last of the Pound family of Farlington sold the estates and adhered to King James when he abdicated the throne; possibly there is some truth in this, for a Mr. Brereton was the patron of the living in 1689, and the name of "Henry Pounds" appears as captain of one of the Independent Companies of Foot raised by King James in 1688 (Dalton's 'English Army Lists,' ii. 180). Capt. Henry Bruning received his commission in one of the same companies at the same time as Henry Pounds; he was probably Henry, second son of Edmund Bruning (died 1706, aged ninety-eight), of Wymering, Hants, about two miles west of Farlington. Henry's stepmother, Elizabeth Bruning, was a daughter of Henry Henslowe, of Boarhunt, and was living a widow at Petersfield in 1715 (English Catholic Nonjurors, 1715,' p. 239).


High Street, Portsmouth.

συμμαζώνουνται μαῦρα καὶ πυκνοσύνθετα νέφη, τῶν ὁποίων τὰ σπλάγχνα ξεσχίζοντας η ἀστραπαὶς καὶ τὰ ἀστροπελέκια, τυφλώνουν Tα ouμaтa kalevòs μè тηv dáμsiv.

Translated thus:

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"Dense black clouds collect, whose entrails the lightning-flashes and the thunderbolts rending asunder, blind the eyes of every one with their glare." Crete, was apparently first published in The Rhetoric' of Francisco Scouphos, of Venice in 1681. He was a "highly educated to Greek. He wrote in the Greek language man, knowing Latin and Italian in addition spoken at the time" (pp. 211-12). On p. 216 Scouphos is spoken of as having written "in the vulgar tongue," and yet having “imparted to his language no little grace and elegance."

et en Grec Moderne' (Paris, Robée et Hingray, In 'Guide de la Conversation en Français 1852), p. 18, тò ασтρоTεdéki is a translation of "le coup de tonnerre"; p. 118, Tí BooνTY! EσEV ασтρоTEλÉKI is the translation of "Quel coup de tonnerre ! la foudre est tombée." form άσTρоTeléкI mean a May not aσтроTEλEKUS and its more modern 66 star-stone"? In 'Precious Stones and Gems,' by Edwin W. Streeter, sixth edition (Bell & Sons, 1898), p. 193, in the chapter on 'Star Stones,' is the following: "A purplish Star Sapphire was known to Pliny as the Ceraunia, or 'Lightning-stone,' and it was probably the same stone that was termed Astrapia." Pliny, Hist. Nat.,' xxxvii. (9), 51, speaks of The quotation from the Alexias' is re- the ceraunia as fulgorem siderum rapiens," ferred to 1. iii. pp. 93-5. The expression- and of a very rare sort as found nowhere but аσтроTEλEкUV Sedeμevov μeтa Xpvσadiov-ap-in loco fulmine icto." The "ceraunia" pears in the note without breathings or by Prudentius and Martianus Capella called accents. According to 'A Greek-English Dic-" ceraunus." tionary,' by A. Kyriakides (Nicosia, Cyprus, It is certain that the modern Greek Herbert E. Clarke, 1892), dσrроTEλÉKI is a "vulgar" synonyme for kepavvos, a thunderbolt.


GIBBON, CH. LVI. NOTE 81: AσтроTEλEкUS (10th S. iv. 167).-In the 1828 edition of The Decline and Fall' the reference is vol. vii. chap. Ivi. p. 242, note c.

In A Concise Dictionary of the English and Modern Greek Languages,' by A. N. Jannaris, Ph.D., 'English Greek' (London, John Murray, 1895), thunderbolt is kepavvós, aσTроTENEKI, the latter word having the sign of "colloquial or spoken Greek.' Kyriakides in his preface says that he has used as the groundwork of his dictionary that of Mr. N. Contopoulos-last edition.

In 'Neohellenica, an Introduction to Modern Greek,' by Prof. Michael Constantinides, translated into English in collaboration with Major-General H. T. Rogers, R.E. (Macmillan & Co., 1892), pp. 213-14, in an extract from the 'Rhetoric' of Francisco Scouphos, is the following:

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dσтрожEλéкi equals Keрavvós, a thunderbolt;
it is probable that the medieval Greek
αστροπελεκυς also equalled κεραυνός, a thun-
derbolt; it appears to be probable that it
also equalled ceraunus" and
(6 ceraunia,"
gem which under the variant "ceraunium" is
described in the 'Lexicon Antiquitatum
Romanorum' of Pitiscus (1737) as
66 gemma
ignei coloris, quæ a fulmine nomen sumpsit."
If these inferences are correct, the transla-
tion of the expression quoted by Gibbon
would appear to be "a star-stone set in gold":
Sedeuévov (passive participle of dévo, modern
Greek) means "set," of jewels; and xpvσáp
means gold."

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Mr. Streeter, in his book quoted above,

"Certain varieties of Corundum, especially the
greyish-blue semi-transparent Sapphires when cut

en cabochon, show a star light......Such stones are therefore commonly called Star Stones, whilst by the Ancients they were called Asterias. According to Plutarch, the River Sangaris produced a gem called Aster, which was luminous in the dark, and was known to the Phrygians as Ballen, or The King.'

Further on

"The purple and reddish Corundums, when judiciously cut, shew Asterism, thus forming Star Rubies; and in like manner we may have Star Emeralds and Star Garnets. The Orientals have ever entertained a peculiar veneration for Star Stones, but only of late years have they been of any value in England. The finest Star Ruby lately

seen was valued at 2007."

tionate courtesy, could go home and put it on record that he was slighted; when the late Mr. Thackeray could devote his powers of fiction to writing the most appalling nonsense about King George III., it is not to be wondered at that a vulga -minded world has been wrongly impressed concerning his character, and continues to hold bigoted and unworthy notions of one of the best men of his time.

In this venture I am a little afraid of being ignorant of ST. SWITHIN'S standard of cleverness. For those students who may perhaps be urged to go into the matter, I would ROBERT PIERPOINT. suggest that they avoid all writers about GEORGE III.'S CLEVERNESS (10th S. iv. 148). George, candid or uncandid, and begin by -ST. SWITHIN asks, "Has any other candid reading the various collections of his able writer committed himself to such a favour-letters to his ministers and to other persons. EDWARD SMITH.

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71, Brecknock Road.

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AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10th S. iv. 10, 158).—The lines commencing,

Sorrow tracketh wrong,

able judgment of the abilities of George III.?" One of the pleasures in store for our posterity is the rehabilitation of the eighteenth cen- An editorial note at 2nd S. v. 439 says:tury, in the adjustment of the public cha"Huish, in his Memoirs of George III., p. 562, racters of the men who made the period what states that The King's letters were seven in numit was. King George III. is prominent among ber, all of considerable length, and displaying a those men. The traditions, as we have them most profound knowledge of the subject.' The first from party writers and irresponsible humour-letter is printed in Young's Annals of Agriculture, ists, are as far as possible wide of the truth. Cultivation, and dated Jan. 1, 1787. The second vol. vii. p. 65, entitled On Mr. Duckett's Mode of There are very many "candid" persons (if letter occurs at p. 332 of the same volume, and is not writers) who are prepared in these days entitled Further Remarks on Mr. Duckett's Mode to assert that George III. had high abilities. of Cultivation.' It is clear that Mr. Creevey and some of his EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. friends, albeit good Whigs, considered the king to be a clever" man; but then his cleverness was exhibited in his "revenge,' his "hatred," his "tyranny," and so forth. That is to say, he had made a triumphant effort to rescue his country from that oligarchical set of persons who had come to believe that England was delivered unto them, in whom alone dwelt political wisdom. I notice that the writer in the 'D.N.B.' is a little afraid to justify his necessary approval of many points in the king's character, as though unwilling to oppose the old traditions, and states that "he renounced the proper sphere of a constitutional monarch in favour of that of a party leader." The fact is that King George wanted to be above party-spirit; and that the Whigs never forgave him. He was an intensely conscientious man, pious to an extreme, patient; he had that firmness which is naturally called "obstinate" by his opponents; "slow and prejudiced, yet not without ability," as Mr. Hunt says in the 'D.N.B.' His patriotism was unquestionable -apart from his politics, he was charming to everybody. But, of course, when Francis Place could call him a vulgar-minded man (whom he never met in the flesh); when John Adams, who was received with almost affec

were written by Harriet Martineau. The
whole composition (four verses) formed one
of the hymns that were sung in the Uni-
tarian Chapel, South Place, Finsbury. The
collection, dated 1848, was made by W. J.
Fox (the well-known M.P. for Oldham, and
Anti-Corn Law writer) for use in that chapel
during the period he conducted the services
there. The second verse runs thus:-

Yon sheaves were once but seed:
Will ripens into deed.

As cave-drops swell the streams,
Day-thoughts feed nightly dreams;
And sorrow tracketh wrong,

As echo follows song,

On, on, for ever.

I will forward a copy of the entire hymn should the contributor desire it.

Salterton, Devon.


"SACRE PAGINE PROFESSOR" (10th S. iv. 188).-This was, no doubt, a formal variation upon the more usual title of the medieval and later schools, namely, S.P.D., "Sacræ

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Pagina Doctor." A doctorate implies the de Traci, the archbishop's assassin, who died conferring of a degree; not so a professor- in 1176. There are two Traci families, one ship, however. In his Drummond of Haw- descended in the maternal line from the thornden' (chap. xi. note), Emeritus-Professor Domesday baron Juhel of Totnes, the other Masson refers to a correspondent of Scot of descended from William de Traci, stated to Scotstarvet as "S.P.D." The correspondent be a natural son of Henry I. was John Leitch, a Scottish scholar, who took the Latinized name of "Leochæus." Leitch's letters, dated 1618 and 1619, were written from Paris and other foreign towns.

W. B.

SPANISH VERSE (10th S. iv. 229).-S. J. A. F.'s letter has not reached me. As might be inferred from a brief reference on p. 410 of my Spanish Literature,' I quoted from Edward Churton's 'Gongora: an Historical and Critical Essay on the Times of Philip III. and IV. of Spain, with Translations. The work, which is in two volumes, was published by Murray in 1862. It is easily obtainable. See also Churton's 'Poetical Remains.'


SCOTTISH NAVAL AND MILITARY ACADEMY (10th S. iii. 148, 209; iv. 212).-I am much indebted to W. S. for the information kindly given, and as I am still endeavouring to gather what further knowledge I can respecting this Academy, I gladly avail myself of the offer of the loan of the pamphlet referred to. When recently in Edinburgh I made inquiries of the late Capt. Orr's relatives there, but they were unable to give me any very definite particulars or statistics concerning the Academy. From a reference to Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanacs, I gather that Capt. Orr was appointed Superintendent in 1832, as his name appears for the first time in that year. His Majesty King William IV. appears as patron, and the presidents are Field-Marshal his Grace the Duke of Wellington, K.G., &c., and General his Grace the Duke of Gordon, G.C.B., &c. In 1860 the only reference I can find, from the same source, is under the heading The Scottish Institute for Civil, Commercial, and Military Education,' Royal Academy Buildings, Lothian Road. I shall be glad of any further particulars with which readers are able to supply me. CHARLES E. HEWITT. 20, Cyril Mansions, S. W.

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"THE FATE OF THE TRACYS" (10th S. iv. 128, 192). - The tradition connecting Morthoe with the murderer of St. Thomas is not older, it is to be feared, than the nineteenth century, and probably originated in the lively imagination of the writer whom MR. HEMS has quoted. There is no connexion between the priest Sir William de Traci, rector of Morthoe 1257-1322, and Sir William

A descendant of Juhel, Sir Henry de Traci, was in 1241 overlord of the manors belonging to the barony of Barnstaple, amongst which Morthoe was one. The manorial lord of Morthoe at the same date was "the heir of Ralf de Bray" (Testa Nevil,' p. 175a). Sir Henry de Traci, who in 1257 presented a relative of his own, called Sir William de Traci, to Morthoe, did so not in his own right, but as 'guardian of the lands and of the heir of Ralf de Bray" (Bronescombe Regis ters,' p. 157). The presentee is called " Sir," because that prefix was usually applied to clergy in priest's orders who were not university graduates. This "Sir" William de Traci died 12 September, 1322 ('Stapeldon's tomb is shown at Morthoe. Registers,' p. 256), and is the person whose

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The murderer of St. Thomas was the younger son of Sir John de Sudeley, who

took the name of Traci when he married Grace, the daughter of William de Traci, a de Traci of the Black Book, who held the natural son of Henry I. He is the William honour of Braneys or Bradninch in 1166 (* Lib. in 1174 (Ramsay's 'Angevin Kings, p. 137). Nig.,' p. 121), and was justiciar of Normandy He died in 1176, one hundred and forty-six years before his namesake at Morthoe, leav William, son of Sir Gervase de Courtney. ing an only daughter Eva, who married This William took his wife's name of Traci, and is the William de Traci who held the honour of Braneys in 1196. In 1203 Henry, for the land of William de Traci (Dugdale, the son of Earl Reginald, gave 1,200 marks Baronage,' i. 610), and in 1207 bestowed on which [it held] of the fee of Braneys before Ford Abbey "Countisbury and all the lands he recovered his inheritance" (Oliver, 'Mon.,' p. 347).

To which of these families does the saying apply that the Tracys have the wind in their faces? OSWALD J. REICHEL.

A la Ronde, Lympstone, Devon.

"BEAR BIBLE," SPANISH (10th S. iv. 189).Mathias Bienenvater (Apiarius) introduced printing into Berne and was at the same time an agent of the Protestant propaganda. The first edition of the "Bear Bible" has the following title:—

nuevo testamento. Trasladada en Español [by "La Biblia que es los sacros libros del vieio y

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