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say whether it is now so called. I learn, appears to have been upon the most friendly however, that a similar structure in the terms with the antiquary. The date of most churchyard of Clun, Salop, also bears this of the letters is 1835. It is variously written Scallenge, S. Hering.

This man's name is signed to Scallange, and Scallions. I have searched a letter addressed to his nephew, and is dated such dictionaries as are accessible to me, but from Paris, 17 June, 1831. It would appear do not find the derivation of the name. I from the letter that the nephew, whose name ask your kind assistance. W. PHILLIPS. was J. Hering, was the author of a book Canonbury, Shrewsbury.

about Egypt; but I cannot find a descrip

tion of any such book in a work on English DUCIEMORE.- Although a former query,


literature. The nephew was at the time not obtain a reply of even conjecture, I shall

, living at 9, Newman Street, London. being still so far away from the British

Thomas Garden (or Gordon ?).—Mr. Gar. Museum Library, be grateful for the meaning den's

name is appended to a letter addressed of the Duciemore or Duciemoor.

to William Upcott. I understand from the N. H. W.

letter that its writer had collected a library ROBINA CROMWELL.-She married first Dr. composed almost entirely of books on angling, Peter French. What children had she besides and that he was about to sell the collection the daughter who married Archbishop Til at auction. The letter is without date. lotson? She married secondly Dr. Josiah

FREDERIC ROWLAND MARVIN. Wilkins, Bishop of Chester. What children 537, Western Av., Albany, Now York. had they?

(Mrs.) E. E. COPE. 13, Hyde Park Mansions, W.

LAMB'S GRANDMOTHER.-Canon Ainger, in

his lecture 'How I traced Charles Lamb in CIVIL WAR EARTHWORKS. -I am desirous Hertfordshire,' republished in The Cornhill of obtaining a list of the existing remains of Magazine for May, 1904, stated that the entrenchments thrown up by either side gravestono marking the spot where Lamb's during the progress of the Civil War in the grandmother lies buried" bore, when he seventeenth century. I have notes of several visited it in 1881, a "plain and brief inscripexamples, but my list is probably far from tion, 'Mary Field, with the date of death, complete, and I shall be glad to be favoured August 5, 1792, being, just decipherable with notes of such remains in any part of the through the stains of time." Visiting. Wid. country.

I. CHALKLEY GOULD. ford recently, I found that the inscription Loughton,

states that Mrs. Field died 31 July, 1792

There are carved, in addition, these lines CAMPION FAMILY. - Can you, or any of from Lamb's poem of 'The Grandame':your readers, tell me whether there has ever

On the green hill top been published a genealogy of the Campion Hard by the house of prayer, a modest roof family of England? If so, by whom was it And not distinguished from its neighbour-barn written, and where could a copy be pur- Save by a slender tapering length of spire, chased / If not, could you tell me of any

The grandame sleeps.-CHARLES LAMB. member of the family who is interested in Moreover, though the inscription is appa. the family genealogy ?

rently not of very recent workmanship, it is H. CLIFFORD CAMPION, Jun. easily legible. Can any reader give the 4235, Regent Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

exact date of Mrs. Field's death? And what EVANS : SYMONDS : HERING : GARDEN.-I

enthusiast placed Lamb's lines on the stone!

It may be noted that Canon Ainger, in his have come into possession of a number of

memoir of Lamb in the “Men of Letters English MSS., among which are a few letters series, remarked that time and

weather had from persons whose names I cannot find in effaced even name and date (p. 21). any biographical dictionary. Can any of the

EDWARD M. LAYTON. readers of N. & Q.' help me in this matter? I am anxious to know something about the THE DEVIL AND ST. BOTOLPH.-In Boston following persons :

in the Olden Times,' by Roger Quaint, there Edward Evans.--His name is signed to a is a story of St. Botolph which appears to be letter addressed to William Upcott, the a traditional legend." It runs, in brief, as antiquary. The letter is not dated, but follows :appears to have been written from London. The saint's chapel is supposed to have

Thomas Symonds.-His name is signed to occupied a site at the south-western corner a number of letters of a most interesting of the existing parish church. When he was character, addressed to William Upcott. Ho strolling near it one evening he found before

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him the devil, on whom he promptly laid late captain of the Temeraire, and contains hands. In the struggle between them the 870 lines in rimed heroic metre, and is devil had much the worst of it, and panted followed by a letter to a friend in London and gasped with such distress that he raised descriptive of the battle, and dated “Britan. a whirlwind. This wind has never yet quite nia, at sea, Oct. 25, 1805." The poem has died away. Hence the current of air still some merit, but is chiefly remarkable—if felt at that particular spot. A legend akin genuinely contemporaneous—for confirming, to this also accounts for the wind constantly what has been sometimes doubted, Nelson's felt near Lincoln Cathedral.

signal to the fleet-"England expects that Do similar traditions attach to other every man will do his duty," as it is given in English churches ? Variants of the story are the letter, or as in the poem :known on the Continent. B. L. R. C. England this day claims from each filial heart, FUNDS FOR PREACHING IN NEW ENGLAND: The metre also shows that the name was

That every Briton acts a Briton's part! -In Bodleian MS. Rawlinson, C. 934. 66, 1 then pronounced as Lord Nelson's family have met with name-lists of contributions

still " towards the propagating of ye Gospell in

pronounce it-Trafalgár, e.g. :New England," bearing date January, &c.,

Add to confirm her reign, sees Glory's star

With tenfold lustre beani from Trafalgár. 1652, from a small group of Wiltshire parishes. The Laverstock list is endorsed

Halloran also published a Sermon on the ** Wiltsheer : duplicate.” I should be glad to occasion of the Victory of Trafalgar, delivered know if any other such namo-lists have been

board H.M.S. "Britannia, 3rd Nov., preserved, especially of Berkshire.

1805.” Curiously enough, during Halloran's A. E. ALDWORTH.

career at the Cape this sermon was transLaverstock, Wilts.

lated into Dutch, and published at the

Government Press, Cape Town, 1808, post J. HASKOLL.—The Lincoln Public Library | 8vo, pp. 20. J. A. HEWITT, Canon. possesses a marble bust of Sir Isaac Newton, Cradock, South Africa. by J. Haskoll, dated 1834. I should be glad [For the pronunciation of Trafalgar see 6th S. iii. of any biographical particulars of the 56; iv. 116.] sculptor.

A. R. C.

BROUGHAM CASTLE (10th S. iv. 229, 293). —

Your correspondents mix up Brougham Beplies.

Castle and Brougham Hall, which have

nothing to do with each other except that NELSON POEMS.

they are not a mile apart. Brougham Hall, (100b S. iv. 186.)

previously called the Nest, belonged to the May I add the following to W. C. B.'s Burgham family, and, having been in the suggested Nelson bibliography :

hands of Mr. Bird, was, of course, called Halloran, Laurence, D.D., late Chaplain of the Bird's Nest. It was only a large farm. The Britannia, and Secretary to Rear-Admiral the Earl first Lord Brougham's grandfather bought it of Northesk, K.B.-The Battle of Trafalgar, A of the Birds in November, 1726. Poem. To which is added, A Selection of Fugitive rebuilt by Lord Brougham in 1829; the only Pieces, chiefly written at sea. London. Printed for the author, by Joyce Gold, Shoe Lane......1806. old part remaining is the hall, which is 8vo, pp. 130.

included in the new edifice. The Broughams The author was a clever and somewhat remained at Brougham, and claimed a distant notorious impostor who (though, as it proved, kinship with the De Burghams. not in Holy Orders at all) acted for some

Brougham Castle is the old seat of the years as a naval and military chaplain at the Cliffords, Earls of Cumberland, and defended Cape and elsewhere (see 'D.N.B., xxiv. 120). the Clifford. manor in the North from the He was present at Trafalgar, and it is said raids of the Scots. There is no manor of that the commander of the Britannia, during Brougham now, the Castle being in the the engagement, requested him to repeat the manor of Oglebird, of which Lord Hothfield words of command through a speaking is the lord. In its palmy days it was a trumpet-an office for which he was well magnificent place, and had the Whinfell qualified from the extraordinary strength Deer Forest attached to it. This is now a and clearness of his voice. A prefatory prosperous agricultural district of about advertisement states that the poem was 4,000 acres, with some first-rate shooting, written on the scene of action shortly after

T. the victory. It is dedicated to Eliab Harvey, GENIUS BY COUNTIES' (10th S. iv. 287). Esq., M.P., Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and - No doubt the list of celebrated names

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attributed to certain counties is quite in- only places one name, that of Clive, on his map in adequate--and perhaps equally useless. As connexion with Shropshire. Is it possible that he for Lincolnsbire, is there not Robert of for himself a standard of genius, and that he never

has the assurance to write such an article making Brunne? Probably his name is little known, heard of Admiral Benbow, Thomas Churchyard, but he is (from an historical point of view) Charles Darwin, General Viscount Hill, and Wilone of the most important authors in the liam Wycherley ? language. Writing in 1303, some time before If a genius can be defined to mean a person who Chaucer, his English is far easier to under- has left his or her mark in the history of Great stand, and his language presents a much be added to the list of noted Salopians. I only

Britain, then, of course, there are others who should closer approximation to standard literary mention a few whose names will not readily fade English than Chaucer's does.

fron the memory of those who take any interest in Similar remarks are true of a Leicestershire their county.

HERBERT SOUTHAM. man, Sir Richard Ros, the author of 'La

Shrewsbury, July 5th, 1905. Belle Dame sans Merci. It is true that he To the above can be added Richard Tarlewrote at a later date than Chaucer, but many ton, Bishop Percy, Samuel Lee (Orientalist) of his lines resemble the language of the and Betty (“Young Roscius ”). nineteenth century. Yet his poem was

HERBERT SOUTHAM. actually once attributed to Chaucer by


GEOGRAPHICAL EXPRESSION critics who ought to have known better.

I wonder how many people know who was (10th S. iv: 249).—“Italien ein geographischer the other Warwickshire man. The answer,

Begriff” is the German form of the saying, from a literary point of view, is-Sir Thomas which is based upon some words spoken by Malory. WALTER W. SKEAT.

Prince Metternich in a controversy with

Lord Palmerston in the summer of 1847 on To the Lincolnshire catalogue Anthony the Italian question. In a letter to Count Bek should be added. He was son of Prokesch-Osten, dated 19 November, 1849, Walter de Eresby. At the time of his death Metternich says :(1310) he was Bishop of Durham, Patriarch

"Ich habe im Sommer 1817 den Ausspruch of Jerusalem, and King of the Isle of Man, gefällt, dass der nationale Begriff ‘Italien ein and reported to have been the richest subject geographischer sei, und mein Ausspruch ; l'Italie in Europe. He was a great builder and a est un nom géographique, welcher Palmerston noteworthy leader of men. N. M. & A.

giftig ärgerte, hat sich das Bürgerrecht erworben."

Correspondence of Prokesch' (1881), ii. 343. The writer of the article in The Strand Magazine allots only eight representatives of same letter Metternich said that the same

It may be interesting to note that in the "genius" to Yorkshire, and it would be in might be predicated of Germany. Henco teresting to know if he has ever heard of the following Yorkshiremen: William Congreve, was once a well-known saying,

“Deutschland ein geographischer Begriff” dramatic poet; Etty, the illustrious painter;

A. L. MAYHEW. Priestley, man of science, the discoverer of oxygen ;, Paley, our greatest moral philoso- This phrase was used by Metternich in pher and author of the 'Evidences of Chris. conversation with Lord Palmerston in 1847. tianity'; Ebenezer Elliott, the “Corn-Law It will be found, with further particulars, in

, Rhymer”; Charles Waterton, the famous the new edition of Classical and Foreign naturalist'; John Hailstone, geologist and Quotations,' No. 1428.

F. K. Second Wrangler; Monckton Milnes, Lord

According to Karl Hillebrand (Geschichte Houghton, poet; William Watson, after Mr. Frankreichs, ii. 689), Prince Metternich's Swinburne our greatest living English poet; famous mot, “Italy a geographical definition," Longfellow, who was of Yorkshire descent, was first used by him in his memorandum to although born in America.

the Great Powers on 2 August, 1814. Cf. There are, of course, many others whose Georg Büchmann's 'Geflügelte Worte (1889), names do not occur to me at the present p. 421.

L. L. K. moment.

S. W. 47, Connaught Street, Hyde Park, W.

BAINES FAMILY (10th S. iv. 69).- Perhaps I think that the article mentioned bije St. MR. BAINES will have a better chance of help SWITHIN appeared in The Strand Magazine if he sends you all he knows about John for July, not August. I enclose a copy of a Baines, of Layham, with dates. It will be letter which was in the issue of The Shrews well also to give short notes of all searches bury Chronicle of 7 July :

that have been made about him so far. In The Strand Magazine for this month. The writer his history.

SIR, -An article under this heading appears in the meantime here is a small contribution to

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" The

On 9 April, 1730, some depositions were agent was Mr. John Chapman-the publicataken at Melford, in an action in the Court tion of a series, in small octavo volumes, clad of Exchequer in which James Johnson, clerk, in yellow-coloured "fancy boards," entitled was the plaintiff, and Richard Warren, D.D., “The Spiritual Library." The first of these John Baines, gentleman, and others, were was "The Religion of Good Sense. By defendants.

Edward Richer, of Nantes." The second, From the depositions it seems that Baines issued in 1853, was by the same writer, “The and the others had acted as arbitrators in a Key to the Mystery, or, the Book of Reveladispute between Johnson and one Bulley in tion Translated,' both advocating, dialoguea matter of tithes. Johnson had thrown wise, the doctrines promulgated by Emanuel over their award, and brought this action Swedenborg. Each of these volumes was against them to set it aside.

translated from its native French by Lady The evidence shows that Johnson had been | Wilde. The third volume of the seriesin Melford about twenty years, and Baines originally issued in 1853, and frequently had been known to a witness, aged forty- reproduced from the stereotyped plates, at eight, for about the same time, which suggests brief intervals, down to the present timethat he was a new-comer. He signed the was an English version of Emanuel Swedenaward on 23 March, 1727, but was dead in borg's treatise 'De de Inferno,' 1730, at the date of the depositions, which slightly modified from an existing translagives a very narrow limit in a search for tion, and renamed “The Future Life,' not his will (Exchequer Depositions, Easter, by Lady Wilde, but by the publisher. The 3 Geo. II., No. 1). MARK W. BULLEN. series did not extend beyond the three 38, Mount Park Crescent, Ealing, W.

volumes just described, but Lady Wilde

translated another volume, viz., a third work “TWOPENNY" FOR HEAD (10th S. iv. 69,217). by Edward Richer, entitled "God and the -Although your Yorkshire correspondents Spiritual World,' which was announced to suggest that "twopenny" has everything to form vol. iv. of

Spiritual Libdo with a ram and nothing with twopence, rary," but which, as already stated, did there can be no doubt as to what Şir John not appear. My informant is Mr. Simms Tenniel thought it meant when he drew his himself, who is still enjoying life in the north striking Punch cartoon in November, 1867, of Ireland at a green old age, and whose representing Disraeli, then Chancellor of the information was communicated to me in a Exchequer, playing leap-frog with John Bull, style reminiscent of the good old times when and exclaiming, “Now, then, John, I'm coming beautiful penmanship was not, as now, an all over yer again : tuck in yer twopenny,' in but lost art.

CHARLES HIGHAM. allusion to the additional twopence placed 169, Grove Lane, S.E. on the Income Tax for the purposes of the Abyssinian expedition. POLITICIAN.

CURTIS : HUGHES: WORTH (10th S. iv. 207).

- William Worth, appointed a Baron of the WILLIAM LEWIS, COMEDIAN (1004 S. iv. 148, Exchequer in Ireland in 1681, did not attain to 218). - Probably Mr. Percy Fitzgerald has the rank of Chief Baron. He was married four some good authority for stating, as he does times. His third wife, whom he married in in his history of The Garrick Club, 1904, 1687, was Dorothy, daughter of Henry Whitp: 3, that it was before its hotel time that field and widow of Sir Richard Bulkeley,

Probatt's" was the residence of the incom. Bart. She died in 1704. Further information parable comedian William Lewis, an airy, will be found in The Irish Builder for 1894, light performer, of whom there are no fewer p. 222;


Dublin. than four portraits in the Garrick Club.

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. " THE SCREAMING SKULL” (10th S. iv. 107, LADY WILDE AND SWEDENBORG (9th S. vii. 194, 252).-A similar story to that recorded 287). — Upwards of four years ago I asked at by MR. PICKFORD at the last reference is the above reference for an explanation of admirably worked up by F. Anstey in 'A the attribution to “Speranza,” in a list of


Fallen Idol.' her works prefixed to her "Ancient Legends

West Haddon, Northamptonshire. ......of Ireland,' 1888, of 'The Future Life : ICELANDIC DICTIONARY (10th S. iv. 229).Swedenborg,' but no reply was forthcoming. A glossary or "word-list," to help beginners By other means, however, I have lately been to use the Icelandic-English Dictionary of enabled to answer my own question, thus. G. Vigfusson, is found in Vigfusson and In the year 1852 there was commenced by York Powell's 'Icelandic Prose Reader,' Mr. John Simms, of Belfast—whose London | pp. 521 - 59 (Clarendon Press Series, 1879),



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an introductory Ghost, eternal God," can be renderings of one epitome or summary of Vigfusson's great and the same original. A single verse of work. Besides, there is an 'Icelandic-English what seems to be the model of the former Word Collection' ('Orðasafn íslenzkt og is quoted in Canon Julian's 'Dictionary of enskt'), by Jon A. Hjaltalín, comprising Hymnology,' p. 1250. It runs :184 pp., printed at Reykjavík in 1883, as well

Veni Creator Spiritus as a corresponding English-Icelandic Vocabu

Mentes tuorum visita lary' by the same author.

H. K.

Imple superpå gratia

Quæ tu creasti pectora. FIRST NATIONAL ANTHEM (10th S. iv. 249). Pace MR. WATKINSON, I do not find it easy -A national hymn of thanksgiving was com- to understand how the verse, posed after the defeat of the Armada; both The fountain and the living spring of joy celestial, words and music are given in Knight's 'Old The fire so bright, the love so sweet, the Unction England,' vol. ii. p. 40. R. L. MORETON. spiritual,

would fit a tune adapted to the measure of TRUDGEN-STROKE IN SWIMMING (10th S. iv. the greater part of the rest of the hymn. The 205).- This stroke is fully gone into in compilers of Hymns Ancient and Modern? Mr. Ralph Thomas's 'Swimming,' reviewed have prudently eliminated this verse, as well 10th S. ii. 19. W. SANDFORD. as several others which do no credit either to


ITS PRONUNCIATION (10th s. poetry or to prose. iv. 204). — This word is given in Funk & CHESHIRE WORDS (10th S. iv. 203). -Wright Wagnalle's 'Standard Dictionary' (1895), ('Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial Engwhich accents it on the first syllable, but lish,' 1857) gives :in the plural, sjamboke, on the second.

Kench. The part of a haystack immediately

C. S. WARD. in use or cutting down (Suffolk). “VENI, CREATOR" (10th S. iv. 89, 137).

Wint (Twinter). Dwindled away. Thanks to the kind help of MR. WATKINSON

Vuorldes blisse ne last non throwe, and Mr. PAGE I have been encouraged to

Hit wint and went awei anon;

The lengore that hic hit i-cnowe, help myself, and have found

The lasse ich finde pris theron. Conie, Holy Ghost, eternal God, proceeding from

MS. Digby 86, f. 163. above,

JOHN T. PAGE in the first Prayer Book of Edward VI., 1549, West Haddon, Northamptonshire. and in his second Prayer Book, 1553, where it is in very nearly the same words as we

Brizzle. Used to mean toasting a little piece

of bacon. have it in like position in the time of Edward VII. It also appeared, as MR. WAT

Buggan. Sometimes “took buggort," a KINSON says, in the form for the Ordering of

horse taking fright. Priests prescribed in 1559 ('Liturgies and

Catty-ruff. This means a little fish, the Occasional Forms of Prayer set forth in the pope or ruff

, sometimes called Jack-ruff or Reign of Queen Elizabeth, pp. 286-7, Parker daddy ruff, rather like a perch, mentioned Society, 1848), and it was duly used at the by Izaak Walton (“Complete Angler,'ch. xv.) Coronation of Charles I., as I find from The

Lommer or Lammer. A heavy, lumbering English Coronation Service,' by F. C. Eeles,


Trapesing. An untidily dressed girl goes O Holy Ghost, our souls inspire,

traposing" in Cheshire and elsewhere.

JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. is supposed to be a translation by, Bishop Newbourne Reotory, Woodbridge. Cosin of a Latin original. It was included in his Devotions (English Hymnology,' by SIR FRANCIS DRAKE AND CHIGWELL Row the Rev. Louis Coutier Bigg, p. 36), and it (10th S. iv. 230).—Possibly the Rev. John was probably by his influence that it gained Prince's Worthies of Devon' would afford admission to the Prayer Book. There it re- some information; but it is hardly probable mains—and there may it perpetually abide! that Drake, a Devonshire man, ever resided A variant version was used at the Coronation at an inland part of Essex like Chigwell of Queen Victoria (Eeles, p. 106), and, thoughRow. Was not Drake one of those who were I have no record of the fact, I dare say the playing at bowls ou Plymouth Hoe when the same was heard again at the anointing of our appearance of the Spanish fleet was not present King It is difficult to believe that "Come, Holy fere with the game? Thís, perhaps, would

considered of sufficient importance to inter;

? Ghost, our souls inspire," and "Come, Holy account for the tradition associating

pp. 70-2.

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