« VorigeDoorgaan »
104. P. 625, The Kind Keeper and Madame G..lb..t. 130. P. 625, The Skilful Negociator and Madame de -Earl of Bessborough and Madame Gilbert.
105. P. 675, The Political and Platonic Lovers.Catharine Macauley and Dr. Thomas Wilson [v. vol. iii. p. 681].
111. P. 289, The E.... of C....... and Vis-à-vis T....d.
-Earl of and Vis-à-vis Townshend. 112. P. 345, Capt. Toper and the Hibernian Thais. -Capt. Roper and Mrs. F.....m. 113. P. 346, Le Comte des Lunettes and Miss D......n. -Charles Mordaunt, fourth Earl of Peterborough, and Miss Dawson.
114. P. 457, The Earl of H.........h and Mrs. W.nt.r. Earl of Hillsborough and Mrs. Winter. 115. P. 513, The Complying Colonel and the Wanton Widow.-Col. C......... and...... The Sporting Rover and Miss C..t.r.Thomas Panton and Miss Carter.
116. P. 569, 117. P. 625,
The Whimsical Lover and Miss D......le. -George James, first Marquis of Cholmondeley, and...... 118. P. 675, The Predestined Prelate and the Pious Mrs. Leerwell.-Rev. Augustus Toplady and......
Vol. X. (1778).
119. P. 9, The Hearty Alderman and the Persuasive Housekeeper.-John Hart and Hannah Hickman.
120. P. 65, The Artful Lover and Miss C.lm.n.Lord Villiers (?) and Miss Colman. 121. P. 121, The Pliant Premier and Miss Sp..c.r.Lord North and Miss Spencer.
122. P. 177, The Martial Lover and Miss L......n.
Lord Petersham and Fanny L........ 123. P. 233, The Cautious Commander and Mrs. Pr..tt.-General Amherst and...... 124. P. 289, Admiral Sternpost and Miss Sp..ks.and Miss Sparks.
125. P. 345, The Successful Gallant and the Paphian Votary. William Bird and Lady
126. P. 401, The Brilliant Baronet and Miss Sc.tt.
Sir Michael le Fleming and Miss 127. P. 457, The Licentious Lover and La Femme sans souci....... and Lady Grosvenor. 128. P. 513. The Libertine Lad and Miss B.....S.
Sir John Lade and Miss Maria
129. P. 569, The Admirable Advocate and Miss C......le.-Alexander Wedderburn and
Miss Charlotte C......le.
B.......g.-Count Malzahn and......
131. P. 675, The Priest of Nature and the Artful Mistress.-... I and Mrs. M...... HORACE BLEACKLEY.
Fox Oak, Walton-on-Thames. (To be continued.)
QUEEN ELIZABETH'S VISITS TO
MR. J. B. WAINEWRIGHT in his note upon Thomas Founde, S.J. (ante, p. 184), made some statements about these visits which are not altogether accurate. He spoke of two visits paid by Elizabeth to Winchester, and assigned the first to August, 1562, and the second to the year 1570. These dates need further consideration, and as the subject has not much to do with Pounde, it can be dealt with more conveniently under a fresh heading.
1. The first visit occurred in the August of 1560 (Nichols, Progresses,' i. 87, edition of 1823), and not in that of 1562. MR. WAINEWRIGHT evidently got the date wrong by misreading Nichols. The Queen's letters of 22 August, 1560, were written from Winchester ('Cal. S.P. Foreign, 1560-1,' p. 253).
2. Á second visit, which may have been paid in the course of a journey northward, perhaps occurred in September, 1569. On the 9th of that month the Queen was at Southampton ('Cal. Southampton Corporation MSS., 18), whither she had come from Titchfield; and by the 22nd she was at the Vyne, near Basingstoke (Nichols, i. 258-62). Unless she chose some roundabout route, the details of which do not seem to be re corded, she must have passed, on her way to the Vyne, through Winchester, even if she there made no halt. I have not found any evidence of her presence in the city upon this occasion; but the Bodleian apparently possesses a MS. account of the expenses of preparing "lady Masson's house" for the Queen's reception in 1569. See 'Index, Cat. MSS. Rawl., Bodl., Parts I. and II,' p. 976. Was this lady the widow of Sir John Mason, Knt., who enjoyed the deanery of Winchester in Edward VI.'s reign?
3. There is an entry in the Winchester College accounts for the year 1570 (so it is said) of wine and money given to the Queen's minstrels (tibicines). Out of this entry historians of the College have constructed a visit in 1570 by the Queen herself, and they have ascribed to this visit, which I believe to be imaginary, some proceedings which, as I propose to show, occurred really
is, I suppose, a misprint for Norton. Nichols does not mention this visit to Winchester; and Milner disbelieved in its occurrence, though in Wilkes's 'Winchester' (1773), ii. 99, the charter of 23 January, 1587/8, which Sir Francis Walsingham obtained for the city ('Confirmation Roll,' 23-30 Eliz., m. 18), had been treated as the fulfilment of a promise made by the Queen during a recent visit.
four years later. See Walcott, Wykeham she departed for Sir Richard Murton's (sic) and his Colleges,' 157, 207; Adams, Wyke- at Tisted (Cal. Cecil MSS.,' iii. 178). Murton hamica,' 77; Kirby, 'Annals,' 281; Leach, History' (1899), 291, but he afterwards changed his opinion (vide infra). These are, no doubt, the authorities which MR. WAINEWRIGHT followed when he spoke of the Queen's coming to the College in 1570. But these authorities notwithstanding, I share the scepticism about this visit expressed by Milner (Hist. of Winchester,' i. 372, second edition); though I do not share with Milner (who thought that Elizabeth was at his city only once, in 1560) his view that she purposely avoided it as much as she could. My scepticism is not diminished by what I find in Nichols (iii. 99), who knew nothing of a personal visit by the Queen either in 1570* or in 1571, but who cites from the College accounts of 1571 another entry of a small gift to the Queen's players (lusores). My present idea is that these minstrels and players at times strolled away from the Court, and made independent tours upon their own account. But I should welcome further light upon this point.
4. The Queen came in person to the city in September, 1574. The Council sat at Salisbury on 7 September, at Winchester on the 11th, and at Farnham on the 19th (Acts of P.C., N.S. viii.). Nichols (i. 410) failed to trace the progress this year beyond Wilton and Salisbury; but the movements of the Council mark the Queen's subsequent course. See also Cal. S.P. Dom., Add. 1566-79,' p. 488. Among the entertainments provided in honour of this visit to Winchester, I think that we may safely include the display of scholarship which the above-mentioned histories of the College assigned to the imaginary visit of 1570. A copy of the Greek and Latin verses with which the boys greeted their sovereign has been preserved (Bodleian, Rawl. MSS. Poet. 187). I must add that Mr. Leach, in his later work for the 'Victoria History of Hampshire' (ii. 314), rejects 1570 as the date of these verses, on the ground that some of them were by boys who were not admitted as scholars of the College until three years later. He therefore adopts 1573 as the date. But of any progress which brought Elizabeth into the heart of Hampshire in 1573 there seems to be no trace.
5. The Queen was at the city again in 1586. She came from Bishop's Waltham on Thursday, 1 September, and stayed at Winchester until the following Monday, when
*In his note at iii. 99, 1570 is clearly a slip for
1569. See i. 259-61.
6. In 1591 Elizabeth was back in Hampshire. She came viâ Chichester, was at Portsmouth about the end of August, and was then expected to go to Basing (Cal. S.P. Dom., 1591-4,' p. 97), as later she doubtlessdid (ibid., 504; Cal. Cecil MSS.,' iv. 142). According to Nichols (iii. 98-100, 121) her course from Portsmouth took her first to Titchfield and Southampton, afterwards to Farleigh (13 Sept.), and to Odiham and Elvetham (20 Sept.), and thence to Farnham (24 Sept.). In going from Southampton to Farleigh she probably passed through Winchester and possibly stopped there; for Nichols (iii. 99) quotes, as if from the city accounts of 1591, items for wine supplied to the Queen's servants (famuli) and for linen washed after the departure of the Court folk (aulici).
7. In June, 1596, Cecil received a letter from John Harmar, who had been head master. at Winchester College since 1588, and was now candidate for the wardenship, which next month he obtained. In this letter (Cal. Cecil MSS.,' vi. 237) Harmar states that when the Queen was last in Hants "she had the scholars before her at Aberston." See Leach, History,' 318; 'Victoria History,' ii. 315. Aberston is Abbotstone, near Itchen Abbas, and the manor of Aberston belonged to the Marquesses of Winchester (Woodward, Hampshire,' ii. 39). Mr. Leach assigns the event in question to 1592, and Nichols throws no light upon the point. As the scholars went a journey to see the Queen, it may thought that she was on a progress which did not bring her into the city. But however that may be, 1591 is the real date of the Aberston episode; for Richard Powlett, writing in 1600 (Cal. Cecil MSS.,' x. 220), says that he was sheriff year her Majesty made her last progress into Hampshire." He was sheriff of Hants from Nov., 1590, to Nov., 1591.
8. Lastly, Mr. Leach ('Vict. Hist.,' ii. 315) mentions yet a later occasion upon which the scholars composed verses for the Queen (Bodleian MS.). From the names he mentions the verses must be assigned to a date within a year before February, 1601/2. He suggests
that they were written at the time when Elizabeth was visiting Basing House and Farnham Castle, but, as he says, it is not clear exactly when or where they were delivered. So we cannot infer from them a visit to Winchester. In Sept., 1601, it may be added, Elizabeth spent thirteen days at Basing and then went to Farnham (Nichols, iii. 566, citing Stow's 'Annals'; see p. 797, edition of 1631).
To sum up the effect of this note. Elizabeth was at Winchester certainly thrice-in 1560, 1574, and 1586. She was probably there also in 1569 and 1591; but probably neither in 1570 nor in 1573, as alleged. She may have been there upon other occasions; but if so, I have overlooked the evidence and shall be glad to learn from what sources it can be gleaned. H. C.
PRATY": ITS ORIGIN.-I am afraid most Englishmen regard this synonym for the "Irish apricot" as a mere corruption of our word potato, but it is something more than that. It is practically pure Gaelic, and in the Munster dialect, which is that of which I have most knowledge, it is written práta in the singular, prátaidhe in the plural, while in Meath and Ulster it is pronounced and written préata, plural préataidhe. Of course these forms go back ultimately to potato. They illustrate a tendency, which is common to all Gaeldom, to substitute r for t. Readers of Hall Caine's famous novel 'The Manxman' will remember a case in point, viz., the name of his heroine, Kirrie." .e., Kate Cregeen. JAS. PLATT, Jun.
The legend of Sesostris, the supposed great Egyptian conqueror, is given both by Herodotus, and (with accretions) by Diodorus Siculus, who puts his name in the form Sesoosis. Two earlier kings are mentioned by Diodorus, whose names and deeds are also stated erroneously. Of Osymandyas I have already spoken at p. 305 of this volume under the heading The First Warlike King. Dr. Budge points out ('History of Egypt,' vol. v. p. 92) that the monument which Diodorus called the tomb of Osymandyas was, in fact, "the funeral temple of Rameses II., many of whose wars and exploits he attributed to Sesostris, in accordance with the form of the legend of Sesostris which was current in his time." The other king mentioned by Diodorus alone is called by him Uchoreus (in my former letter this appears erroneously as Uchoveus), and said to have been the founder of Memphis, which really appears to have owed its origin to
Menes, the first king who united all Egypt under one rule. Both Herodotus and Diodorus speak of a king called Maris, who is said to have excavated the famous lake of that name, a work really due to Amenemhat III., the name of the lake, as Dr. Budge points out, being derived from an Egyptian word, either Mu-ur-great water, or Mer-ur=great canal.
Gibbon relates in his autobiography that during an Oxford vacation in 1751 he first resolved to write a book. The title was 'The Age of Sesostris,' but its sole object was "to investigate the probable date of the life and reign of the conqueror of Asia." The sheets of that youthful effort remained twenty years at the bottom of a drawer, and in a general clearance of papers (November, 1772) were committed to the flames. Utterly without interest or value would such a work (written long before the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics) have indeed been now.
SUICIDES BURIED IN THE OPEN FIELDS.Of course it is a well-known fact that formerly suicides were buried at the cross-roads, or in the burial-ground on the north side of the church; but the following extract from a fifteenth-century translation of 'The Alphabet of Tales' (E.E.T.S., vol. cxxvii.) shows that they were also interred in the open fields: "They berid hur in the felde as men duse with thaim att kyllis therselfe." HENRY FISHWICK.
"UNANSWERED YET, THE PRAYER YOUR LIPS HAVE PLEADED." (See ante, p. 220.)These verses were written by Miss Ophelia and were published in The Christian Standard G. Browning, afterwards Mrs. Burroughs, in May, 1880, with the title 'Sometime:
ENGLISH POETS AND THE ARMADA.-In the monograph on Andrew Marvell, recently contributed by Mr. Augustine Birrell to the "English Men of Letters" Series, a reference to the poet's celebration of Blake's victory at Santa Cruz in 1657 leads to some remarks on poems of action. Drayton's 'Song of Agincourt' and Jean Eliot's 'Flowers of the Forest' are mentioned as worthy, but belated memorials, while Addison's 'Blenheim' is depreciated, and it is added that no poet sang Chatham's victories. "Even the Spanish Armada," says Mr. Birrell, at p. 70 of his volume, "had to wait for Macaulay's spirited fragment." As a matter of fact, however, the fate of the Armada inspired Alexander
Hume, who was directly cognizant of the episode, and died early in the seventeenth century. Hume was parish minister of Logie, near Stirling, and holds a place among minor poets with his lyric 'The Day Estivall; or, Thanks for a Summer Day. On the Armada he evolved, in heroic couplets, an expansive and resonant hymn of praise, somewhat in the devout spirit of Deborah and Moses, and entitled it The Triumph of the Lord after the Manner of Men; Alluding to the Defait of the Spanish Navie, 1588.' One of Southey's early lyrics, written in an unrimed stanza, after a fashion with which the poet was fond of dallying, is on 'The Spanish Armada.' Dated from Westbury in 1798, the ballad is slight and not very effective; but it is not without vivid flashes, and the fact that it is Southey's entitles it to recognition. THOMAS BAYNE.
WATERLOO VETERAN.-As there seems to be an idea that the last of the veterans of Waterloo has been dead now some years, it may be of interest to note that this is not really the case. The following cutting from The Inverness Courier of 18 August witnesses to a yet living memory of the famous fight :"A Veteran of Waterloo.-John Vaughan, who is stated to have served as a bugler boy under Wellington at Waterloo, has arrived at Birkenhead in an exhausted condition. His age is stated to be 104 years, and, on account of his pension having lapsed, his case has been brought to the notice of the King, who ordered the War Office to make investigations. Before these could be carried out Vaughan disappeared from Wrexham and took to the road, being picked up by the police in a pitiable plight. Colonel Davidson and the War Office have been notified of Vaughan's whereabouts."
MORGAN AND POLTON, BISHOPS OF WORCESTER.-At the coronation of Henry VI. on 6 November, 1429, "the Byschoppe of Worsethyr radde the gospelle at the auter" (Gregory's 'Chronicle,' Camd. Soc., N.S., xvii. 167). The index, which rightly says that Philip Morgan was Bishop of Worcester 1419-25, wrongly identifies him with this gospeller. Morgan was translated to Ely in 1425. Thomas Polton was Bishop of Worcester from 1426 to 1435. W. C. B.
TERRY'S 'VOYAGE TO EAST INDIA, 1655.I do not think I have seen it noticed that the portrait by "Ro. Vaughan," which forms the frontispiece of this book, is found in two states. In the first state the inscription round the oval portrait reads upwards on the left, "Patriam Inquiro: Nondum Attigi," and also upwards on the right, "Peregrinus in Terra:
In George Kennan's 'Tent Life in Siberia,' 1870, p. 292, the author relates that during his residence at Anadyrsk, in North-Eastern Siberia, just south of the Arctic circle, "crowds of men played football on the snow on 6 January, N.S., the Russian Christmas, "and the whole settlement presented an animated, lively appearance. On p. 291 the local carol singers are described, and on p. 298 it is noted that
throughout the holidays the whole population did nothing but pay visits, give tea-parties, and amuse themselves with dancing, sleigh-riding, and playing ball. Every evening between Christmas and New Year, bands of masquers dressed in fantastic costumes went around with music to all the houses in the village and treated the inmates to songs and dances."
To read of anything so familiar as Christmas mummeries indulged in several degrees north of Kamchatka revolutionizes one's ideas of life in the further North-East. But it is more strange still to find that festive games which are supposed to be connected with sun-worship are still kept up with spirit in that remote corner of the earth, though they are growing obsolete in Western Europe. B. L. R. C.
"SPONGEITIS."-The following is extracted from The Daily Telegraph of 12 September:
"At a crowded meeting, held at Canning Town Public Hall last night, in connexion with the unemployed agitation, the suggestion recently made at Forest Gate that West Ham is suffering from spongeitis' was strongly repudiated, and a resolution passed requesting the borough council to immediately arrange for an official house-to-house census in order to provide reliable data in view of the question raised as to the amount of distress prevailing."
This new development from the old slang word sponge is so hideous and unnecessary that it seems scarcely likely to have any popular vogue. A. F. R.
weorpen to twist? What is left of the Way would scarcely seem to support such a deriWE must request correspondents desiring in-vation, as it is tolerably straight. I am formation on family matters of only private interest unacquainted with any old spellings, and do to affix their names and addresses to their queries, not find it mentioned in any of the books I in order that answers may be sent to them direct. have referred to. H. W. UNDERDOWN.
MINERS' GREETING.-Perhaps you could kindly let me know if there is an English equivalent for the German miners' greeting Glückauf!" German miners call it to each
other, instead of " "Good-day," when they descend the pits to work there. I am looking for its equivalent for a translation I am making, and should like to know if in coalmining districts in England they use a similar expression. (Mrs.) GRACE VON WENTZEL.. Charlottenburg, Berlin.
[We know of no verbal salutation special to miners. In several parts of Great Britain miners have a peculiar wave of the hand, almost like the blowing of a kiss," which they employ to their friends when meeting or passing.]
Judith, daughter of Sir Edmund Carey, Knt., of Sussex, is said to have married (circa 1690) Richard Hyde, second son of Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, son of the great Chancellor. Their son Oliver Hyde, R.N., married Mary Alice Spring, daughter of Lord Howton. Can any reader of N. & Q.' give me any information about either of these marriages? According to the 'D.N.B.,' Laurence Hyde had only one son, Henry, who reached manhood, and who became fourth and last Earl Clarendon. ROBERT B. DOUGLAS.
64, Rue des Martyrs, Paris.
ARCHBISHOP KEMPE.- I should be very much obliged if you could help me to find a portrait of Archbishop Kempe, the founder of this college. I am anxious to obtain a copy for the walls of our refectory, and if, with your kind assistance, I could discover the whereabouts of a portrait, I would take steps to have a copy made. It is possible that some of your readers or contributors may know where such a portrait is, or might be willing to suggest possible huntinggrounds. M. J. R. DUNSTAN. South-Eastern Agricultural College, Wye, Kent. WORPLE WAY.-What is the meaning of the name of this footway at Richmond, Surrey? It bifurcates with the Upper Sheen Road at its Richmond end, runs almost parallel with that road for two or three hundred yards, and comes out into a new road at its Mortlake end, and probably it extended much further in former times. Can the word be connected with the A.-S.
DALLAS.-Some fifteen or sixteen years ago a Miss Dallas died in Edinburgh, and thereafter, amongst other books, a "family" Bible It is said to was accidentally disposed of. have contained some record of the family of William Dallas, of "Lloyd's Coffee-House." If the volume is still in existence I should be infinitely obliged if its present owner would favour me with particulars of its contents. DALLAS.
DU BARTAS.-Can some reader of 'N. & Q.' Have tell me to whom the following refers? I discovered a "mare's nest in supposing it may refer to Shakespeare? In a passage occurring in the 'Second Week' of Du Bartas's poem, added evidently by the translator Sylvester, and written about 1598, we find :
O furnish me with an unvulgar style That I by this may wean our wanton Ile From Ovid's heirs and their unhallowed spell: Here charming senses, charming souls in Hell. Let this provoke our modern wits to sacre Their wondrous gifts to honour thee their Maker After mentioning Daniel the poet, he goes on: And our new Naso, that so passionates The heroic spirit of love-sick potentates, May change their subject.
Meres compares Shakespeare to Ovid. doubt more than one poet of the time was imbued with the Ovidian spirit, and Marlowe and others practically translated parts of Ovid. The vilely obscene Choyse of Valentines,' by Nash, lately printed in the nev edition of his works, would most decidedly come under Sylvester's censure which I have quoted.
I am aware that such an obvious passage as the above must have been often noticed before; but I do not happen to have seen any explanation of it. REGINALD HAINES.
Royal Societies' Club.
ST. NICHOLAS SHAMBLES.-At p. 254, ante, I quoted Stow's reference to this church, in which he states that " many fair houses are now built in a court with a well [misprinted "wall"], in the midst whereof the church stood." In The Gentleman's Magazine, 1835, part ii. pp. 584-5, Mr. A. J. Kempe wrote that "the churchyard of St. Nicholas Shambles is now occupied by Bull Head Court, Newgate Street, in which to this day remains the ancient well noticed by Stow." It is only seventy years since Kempe wrote; and I