likely the Centrifugal Railway paid a visit there too. These gardens were in existence till about 1863, when they were cut up for building land. A. H. ARKLE. Birkenhead.

The Centrifugal Railway was in the Zoological Gardens in West Derby Road, Liverpool. A Mr. Atkins was the proprietor. I remember seeing the railway a great number of times between the years 1855 and 1860. I think that no one was ever injured. I never had sufficient courage to venture on the line. I regret to say that in those days I called it the Cen-tri-fu-gal Railway. THOS. WHITE.

THE PIGMIES AND THE CRANES (10th S. iv. 266, 356). Miss Agnes M. Clerke in her 'Familiar Studies in Homer,' p. 144, points out that " one of the few bits of primitive folk-lore enshrined in the 'Iliad' relates to the wars of the cranes and the pygmies," and proceeds to give a very interesting account of the once common beliefs on this and kindred subjects.

In an inventory of ornaments belonging to Lincoln Cathedral in 1536 mention is made of "a case of wode covered wt sylver & a fote of copo, havyng a man and a woman callyd pygmeis" (Archæologia, vol. liii. p. 17).

The battles between pigmies and cranes were sometimes represented on tapestry. I have met with one instance, and, I think, more than one, in my reading, but have failed to make a note thereof.

There is a paper on pigmies by Sir Harry H. Johnston in The Pall Mall Magazine for February, 1902. EDWARD PEACOCK.

DETECTIVES IN FICTION (10th S. iv. 307, 356). -The details to which MR. YARDLEY refers are recoverable from Dunlop's 'Prose Fiction.' Voltaire seems to have obtained the incident from the 'Soirées Bretonnes' of Gueulette, who had it from an Italian work, the original being an Arabic work of the thirteenth century, entitled 'Nighiaristan."



HAIR-POWDERING CLOSETS (10th S. vi. 349). Mr. William Andrews, in his recently published work 'At the Sign of the Barber's Pole,' says:

"In houses of any pretension was a small room set apart for the purpose, and it was known as the powdering room. Here were fixed two curtains, and the person went behind, exposing the head only, which received its proper supply of powder without any going on the clothes of the individual -dressed."

Some of the references to powdering gowns

and powdering slippers in N. & Q.' mention a cupboard at Little Dean Hall, on the borders of the Forest of Dean, near Newnham, which was used for that purpose. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

71, Brecknock Road.


(10th S. iv. 369).-See Andreas Gartner's 'Proverbialia Dicteria,' fol. 80 recto (ed. 1570; I have not seen that of 1566),

Nobile vincendi genus est patientia, vincit
Qui patitur, Si vis vincere, disce pati.
Wer gedultig ist/ der gewinnt.

The same Latin lines are to be seen in 'Carminum Proverbialium......Loci Communes,' p. 159 (London, 1577; I have no earlier edition at hand).

Both the above collections include the similar maxim,

Disce pati, si vis victorum tu fore ciuis (cf. 'Sententiæ Proverbiales de Moribus,' Bas. 1568, p. 30), which, with tu and victorum transposed, is in 'Proverbia Communia' (14801495). See, above all, W. H. D. Suringar's edition of Heinrich Bebel's 'Proverbia Germanica' (Leyden, 1879), pp. 423, 424 of the verbialia Dicteria, the authorship of the 'Annotatio,' and, for the sources of the 'Pro'Loci Communes Proverbiales,' and other points of interest, the life of Andreas Deutsche Biographie,' with the references Gartner in vol. viii. of the Allgemeine there given.

32, Doughty Street, W.C.


I have no copy at hand of the 'Disticha' of Dionysius Cato, but much suspect that these same, lib. i. 38, we find: "Maxima enim morum or similar lines may be found there. In the as I have mentioned in my notes to Langland's 'Piers Plowsemper patientia uirtus" man,' C. xvi. 138. So also in my notes to Chaucer, 'Cant. Tales,' F. 774.

Langland quotes a similar sentiment from the French. In 'P. Plowman,' C. xiv. 202, he has :

Ys no vertue so feyr, of value ne of profyt,
As ys suffraunce souereynliche, so hit be for Godes
And so witnesseth the wyse, and wysseth the



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Beaumont and Fletcher: The Maids Tragedy; Philaster; A King, and no King; The Scornful Lady; The Custom of the Country. The Text edited by Arnold Glover, M.A. (Cambridge, University Press.)

THE knowledge that a new edition of Beaumont and Fletcher was in contemplation by the Syndics of the Cambridge University Press begot hopes which seemed dashed when, close on the heels of the announcement, came intelligence of the death of Mr. Arnold Glover, the appointed editor. No great delay has, however, been experienced in getting the work in hand. Mr. A. R. Waller-who has edited for "The Cambridge English Classics," in which series the present work is comprised, the Hudibras' of Samuel Butler, 'The Poems of Richard Crashaw,' 'The English Poems of Abraham Cowley, and Poems on Several Occasions' by Prior-has stepped into the breach, and with the aid of Mrs. Glover, who was associated with her husband in his preliminary labours, has brought out the first volume with a celerity which gives hope of a reasonably speedy accomplishment of the task. Meantime, under the care of Mr. A. H. Bullen, another and, in some respects, more ambitious edition, of which the first volume has seen the light, has begun. The order of the plays in these two latest editions, so far as the work has proceeded, is the same, being that of the second or 1679 folio, the text of which, in spite of the hostile comment it has provoked, is, generally speaking, the best to be obtained. From all its predecessors the edition now issued differs in various respects. That each volume is, or will be, separately obtain able is a matter of convenience to the few; that the price is half that of previous or competing editions is of importance to the many; that the text is, for the time, based entirely upon an early edition, admitting no form of conjectural emendation, constitutes its specializing feature. Though accepted as the basis of the edition, the second folio is not held to be faultless, or even to supply in all instances the best obtainable text. For the plays generally, however, the first full collection of which it furnishes, it is the best and only source, and considering the conditions under which, in common with all the volumes of The Cambridge English Classics," the work is issued, its selection, in the interest of scientific arrangement, was imperative. In an appendix is given an apparatus of variant readings. This comprises "the text of all the early issues, that is to say, of all editions prior to and including the second folio." In the full sense, then, the edition is critical and adequate, and for the practical purposes of the scholar it is all that can be required. Its advantages of handiness and appearance are those of a well conceived and executed series, and are creditable to a great university. What is most important in the various early editions which have been collated for the purpose of the text is the disposition as prose or blank verse. Many corruptions have doubtless crept into folios and quartos. Through ignorance or some other cause, however, many passages in which the aim after verse is evident are in the early editions printed as prose. This is the more dis

turbing since of all the Tudor and early Stuart dramatists Fletcher is the loosest in versification. In our own extracts, compiled before authoritative editions were available, we notice lines of supposed blank verse so redundant as

Go bid your lady seek some fool to fawn on her, which occurs in a speech of Dinant in The Little French Lawyer.' Very much more striking prolongations of lines are now to be traced, but these are attributable to the ignorance of the printer, or possibly to attempts at economy of space. Another volume of what is destined to be a popular edition is, we gather, in an advanced stage. It is much to be hoped that progress will be rapid, as, from the energy with which the series has been prosecuted, we have a right to expect. A complete and portable Beaumont and Fletcher is one of the most desirable of literary possessions. It is pleasant to think that two zealous attempts to supply what is so requisite are in progress.

The Tragedies of Algernon Charles Swinburne. Vol. II. (Chatto & Windus.) THE second volume of the collected tragedies of Mr. Swinburne consists of Chastelard' and 'Bothwell,' the latter in two acts and twenty-six scenes. There is no occasion for us to criticize afresh & book of modern poetry, a task, indeed, outside our province. It is, however, permissible to take the opportunity of the reissue of these noble and powerful works to say that since the days of Victor Hugo and Musset no volume containing an equal amount of poetry and drama has seen the light in this or, we believe, any other country. While our faith in Hugo as a dramatist is waning-a fact to which, in the presence of Mr. Swinburne, we, altering Virgilian phrase, allude in shudderingthat in Mr. Swinburne augments, and we do not despair of seeing the day when Chastelard' is played, though we are hopeless of finding actors capable of personating the characters and speaking the verse. It has been a genuine delight to reread the two plays now reissued. On p. 142,

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So soften the toothed iron's edge, in a speech of the queen, is printed so often," &c., to the destruction of the sense. The complete edition of the plays will be an inestimable boon, and as such we will give it welcome.

The Ingoldsby Legends; or, Mirth and Marvels. By Thomas Ingoldsby, Esq. (Frowde.) To the "Standard Oxford Editions," some forthcoming volumes of which we have recently an nounced, has been added a reproduction of The Ingoldsby Legends.' This marvellous collection ripens rather than ages, and can still be read from beginning to end. Apart from their animal spirits and brio, these legends give some of the most marvellous rimes in the language. Twenty-five reproductions of designs of Cruikshank, Leech, and others, and a portrait of Barham add to the joy of perusal.

The Essays of Elia. 2 vols. (Heinemann.) WITH an able and scholarly introduction by Mr. Arthur Waugh, a generous appreciator of Lamb, this edition of 'Elia' adds to the attractions of Heinemann's "Favourite Classics," which are also the world's cheapest classics. Each volume contains a portrait of Lamb.


BOOKSELLERS' CATALOGUES.-NOVEMBER. MR. B. H. BLACKWELL, of Oxford, has a catalogue (No. CIII.) of Educational Books, secondhand and new. These include standard school and college editions of Greek and Latin classics, modern history, philology, and theology and Church history.

Mr. Francis Edwards issues a fourth part of his American Catalogue. This contains Mexico, Central America, the West India Islands, and Guiana. The catalogue already runs into over three thousand five hundred items. There are important manuscript documents relating to General Melvill, including his Letter and Order Books, 6 vols., 257. Melvill died in 1809, and was the oldest general in the army; he was the inventor of the naval gun known as a "carronade." Details of his correspondence are given. Under Mexico we note Lord Kingsborough's 'Antiquities,' large paper, 9 vols. folio, very scarce, 1830-48, 110.; and Baxter's Spanish-Colonial Architecture,' 10 vols. royal 4to, 1903, 217. There is a long list under Slavery. Mr. Edwards announces that Parts V. and VI., relating to South America, are in a forward state.

PROF. C. H. FIRTH, in The Scottish Historical Review (Glasgow, MacLehose & Sons), tells the story, so far as it is at present known, of a duel fought, soon after the Restoration, between the second Earl of Southesk and the Master of Gray, the latter of whom was killed. Few details have been preserved; but the origin of the quarrel seems clear. The office of Sheriff of Forfar was vacant, and both the combatants desired it. The Master of Gray was the more eligible candidate, as he had all along been loyal to Charles during his exile, while his opponent, then Lord Carnegie, had been in favour of the Cromwellian union between Scotland and England. The encounter occurred somewhere not far from London. There was a ballad published at the time, and here reprinted, which states that Bigglesworth, in Bedfordshire, was the scene of the tragedy. The Rev. R. Menzies Fegusson, M.A., contributes an interesting paper on Presbytery and Popery in the Sixteenth Century. It has been said that after the establishment of the reformed religion in Scotland the persecution of Roman Catholics in that country was of a less bloody kind than in England. This may be true, and we think it is so, but evidence on the point is both conflicting and scanty. If, however, such cases as those of Lady Livingstone, Lady Cromlix, and Lady Urchill are to be regarded as samples of the manners of the Kirk authorities, one cannot avoid coming to the conclusion that if lives were spared they must have been rendered well-nigh unbearable by the meddlesomeness of those in authority. We had a notion that all attainable evidence relating to the battle of Killiecrankie had long been in the hands of students. In this we were mistaken, for Mr. A. H. Millar has reproduced, in a translated form, two Celtic ballads written by a Highland poet who was an eyewitness of the victory. The Hon. Vicary Gibbs supplies a review of The New Scots Peerage.' It cannot but prove instructive to Englishmen, who are, for the most part, ignorant as to the laws relating to the succession to honours over the Border. The history of the Brooch of Lorn, mentioned by Sir Walter Scott in The Lord of the Isles' (II. xi.), is detailed by Mr. Ian Mac-Wood-Martin's Elder Faiths of Ireland,' 180 archæoDougall, and a good woodcut is furnished of the ornament. Its historic associations are enthralling Tand, regarded as a work of art only, it is a relic of

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extreme interest.


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WE read with much gratification the announcement that The Plays and Poems of Robert Greene' will be issued immediately by the Clarendon Press in two volumes, uniform with the Oxford editions of Kyd and Lyly. The editor is Prof. J. Churton Collins, who has spared no pains to make this edition-so far, at least, as the text is concernedfinal. In an appendix to Orlando Furioso' is given a complete transcript-a section in collotype of a MS. of great interest and importance. The notes have been made as full as possible to illustrate the characteristics of the early Elizabethan drama. To technical knowledge Mr. Churton Collins adds a poetic sympathy and appreciation not commonly encountered.

Mr. Sydney V. Galloway, of Aberystwyth, has a short list of books in Welsh and relating to Wales. We note a very scarce work, Lloyd's History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog,' 6 vols. 8vo, 67. 6s.; the original edition of the 'Mabinogion,' with an Eng-lish translation and notes by Lady Charlotte Guest, large paper, 3 vols., morocco by Bedford, 1847, 87. 8s.; Powell's 'History of Canibria,' translated by H. Boyd, 1584, 3. 10s.; and Red Book of Hergest,' vol. ii., The Text of the Bruts,' edited by John Rhys and J. G. Evans, No. 206 of 500 copies, 1890, 17. 10s.

Remainders. There are some handsome art folios Mr. William Glaisher has a supplementary list of at 27s. 6d. each, suitable for presents, comprising Masters,' The Gallery of British Sculpture,' and "The Landseer Gallery,' 'The Gallery of Old The Shakespeare Gallery. Other items include With the Flag to Pretoria,' by H. W. Wilson, 68. ;

logical illustrations, 2 vols., 9s.; Rabelais, 3 vols., Bullen, 17s. 6d.; Richards's Her Majesty's Army, 45 large coloured plates, 3 vols. 4to, 15s. ; and Rathbone Low's 'Her Majesty's Navy,' 3 vols. 4to, 15s. There are a number of French classics.

Mr. James Irvine, of Fulham, has a number of Botanical Books and Works on Gardening, including a small remainder of Trimen and Dyer's 'Flora of Middlesex,' 38. 6d. The general items include The Antiquarian Magazine, 1882-7, 17. 5s.; Lewine's 'Bibliography of Eighteenth-Century Art,' 12s. 6d. (published at 51. 5s. net); Sumner's The Avon from Naseby to Tewkesbury, folio, 17. 1s. (published at 51. 58.); Picturesque Mediterranean, 17. 2s. 6d. ;. and the Hundred Best Books, Lubbock's selection, 77.78.

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Messrs. J. & J. Leighton's neatly bound and wellproduced catalogue of Early-printed Books, MSS., &c., is of exceptional merit. It contains 1,738 pages, any one of which, if examined, will show the care which has been taken to trace the provenance and history of the volumes. The whole is, in fact, admirably "documenté," if we may use a French word for which there is no convenient English equivalent. An admirable supply of illustrations



increases the value of the book as a work of referThus No. 2447, 'Hortus Sanitatis,' an old Herbal, offers a full description of the details of the printing, and adds references to Hain, Proctor, and the British Museum copies. There are three reproductions of plates from the book, one occupying two whole pages, and another a page. The illustrations are upwards of 1,350. There are no fewer than four copies of the Nuremberg Chronicle,' that quaint storehouse of medieval designs. Hora of the greatest rarity and beauty abound. Turning over the pages, we notice items of such varied interest as Aldus's 'Euripides,' 2 vols.; Johnson's 'Plan of a Dictionary,' addressed to the Earl of Chesterfield in 1747, and the first edition of his unfortunate Irene'; twenty-four items from the Kelmscott Press; Memoirs of the Kit-cat Club'; a Livy by a Venice printer, 1511, in admirable condition, one of many beautiful editions offered of this author; and a remarkable list of Shakespeariana, including a Second and Third Folio, and two Fourth Folios. Every page is enough to delay the book-lover, who will assuredly secure this volume and keep it on his shelves, if only to remind himself of the many treasures that are still to be had in spite of millionaires and other sources which swallow up the best things in this life. Mr. Frank Murray, of Derby, has Warner and Williams's Orchid Album,' 171.; Scarron's Le Romant Comique,' original vellum, 1652, 25. (the first edition, and very rare); and Foster's 'Stuarts illustrated by Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Century Art, 10. 10s. Under Dickens are first editions of Bleak House,' 35s.: Dombey,' 21. 15s.; and Little Dorrit,' 27s. 6d. These are in the original wrappers with all the advertisements. There are many interesting items under Ceramics, also under Derbyshire.

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Mr. A. Russell Smith has published the first part of a highly interesting catalogue of Old English Literature. The sujects include Alchemy, Astrology, Witchcraft, Medicine and Surgery, Bibliography, &c. We note just a few items: Behmen's The High and Deeper Searching out of the Threefold Life of Man, 1650, and other works of Behmen, 47. 4s. (presentation copy to William Lilly); Cooper's Mystery of Witchcraft,' 1617, 27. 10s.; the first edition of Amadis of Greece,' 1693, 31. 15s.; Bacon's Historie of Life and Death,' with engraved title, 1638, 67. 6s.; and the first edition of the Bon Gaultier Ballads,' 1845, 27. 2s. Under Broadside we find 'A new Balade or Songe of the Lambes Feast,' Cologne, 1574, 127. 12s. Under Chalkhill is the first edition of Thealma and Clearchus,' 1683, 77. 78. (published by Izaak Walton). Under Chaucer is a great rarity, The Plough-mans Tale,' 1606, 71. 10s. There are also many rarities under Drama, including A Pleasant Comedie called A Woman Davenant's will have her Will,' 1631, 5l. 5s.; Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru,' 1658, 67. 10s. ; and 'The Nest of Plays,' 'The Prodigal Reformed," &c., 1738, 21. 2s. (the first dramatic entertainment licensed by the Lord Chamberlain after the passing of the Act for restraining the liberty of the stage). A collection of Elizabethan Tracts is priced 127. 12s.; a copy of Harding's Chronicle,' 1543, the first issue. 87. 10s.; and Knolles's 'Generall Historie of the Turkes,' 1638, 51. 5s. Byron's words in reference to this book are quoted: "Old Knolles was one of the first books that gave me pleasure when a child: and I believe it had much influence on my future

wishes to visit the Levant, and gave, perhaps, the Oriental colouring which is observed in my poetry." Messrs. Sotheran send us an advance copy of their Price Current for 17 November. Each item has some special interest. We can note only a few A complete set of the Ballad Society's Publications, 1868-1902, edited by Furnivall, Chappell, and Ebsworth, 167. 16s.; Biblical Archæology Society's Transactions, 21 vols., 18. 18s.; Robert Louis Stevenson's Works, the Edition de Luxe, scarce, 31 vols., 387. 10s.; Hoare's 'Wiltshire,' large paper, 8 vols. imperial folio, 100%. (a presentation copy, containing 291 extra coats of arms, and forming "an exceptionally desirable copy of this rare work "); Bulletins from The London Gazette, 1812-84, 107. 10s.; Musées Français et Royal, original set, proofs before letters. 1803-18, 427.; and 'Mirour for Magistrates,' 1610. rare, 107. 10s. There are interesting lists under Naval and Military, also under Ireland.

Mr. Thomas Thorp, of Reading, has a good general list. We note Worsley's Isle of Wight,' 1781, scarce, 21. 18s.; the ninth edition of The Encyclopædia Britannica,' 25 vols., Sl.; Nash's Mansions of England,' 1840, 12s.; Von Gerning's 'Rhine,' Ackermann, 1830, 31. 3s.; Allibone's • English Literature,' 21. 18s.; and Cocker's Arithmetic,' 1718, scarce, with portrait, 12s. 6d. There are a number of interesting travels, first editions of Dickens, also a long list of books at a shilling.

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Messrs. Henry Young & Sons, of Liverpool, have an exceedingly beautiful illuminated Hora, circa 1440, embellished with 12 exquisite miniatures, 2007.; Horace Walpole's copy of the Biographia Dramatica,' with his MS. notes and his book-plate in each volume and autograph. "Hor. Walpole, 1782," 16/. 16s. ; also his copy of Count Grammont's

Memoirs, Strawberry Hill, 1772, extremely rare, 107. 10s.; Walpole's Letters,' a large-paper copy of Cunningham's edition, 9. 9s.; Warner's Hamp shire,' 1795, 97. 9s.; Brayley and Britton's 'Surrey,' first edition, large paper, full calf by Bedford, 19. Billings's 'Baronial Antiquities of Scotland,' original issue, 77. 15s.; Hill's Organs, both series, rare, 77. 7s.; and Holmes's Queen Victoria,' full morocco by Rivière, 4. Under Walton and Cotton are many interesting editions, including Pickering's beautiful Diamond Type, 2 vols., 18s. The first edition of Shelley's 'Masque of Anarchy,' Moxon, 1832, is 47. 44; and The Encyclopædia Britannica,' including the eleven additional volumes, 36 vols., 1875-1903, 20. (Times price, net cost, 797.).

Notices to Corresponde xts.

A. C. CUSTANCE ("I'm the loudest of voices in orchestra heard").-For a suggested solution see 7th S. i. 517. No satisfactory explanation is known It is by Bishop Samuel Wilberforce.

E. S. DODGSON. -Not in the slightest degree. Your request is receiving attention.

Editorial communications should be addremed to "The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Adver tisements and Business Letters to "The Pub lisher"-at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to retur communications which, for any reason, we do n print; and to this rule we can make no exception.



University and General Book Depot,



SECONDHAND CATALOGUE, No. 8. Including, among many interesting Items, a SET of the LIBRARY EDITION of RUSKIN and a SET of METHUEN'S REPRINT of SHAKESPEARE'S FOUR FOLIOS. Also a Small COLLECTION of SCARCE BOOKS pertaining to WALES.


Including Dickens, Thackeray, Lever, Ainsworth. Books illustrated by G. and R. Cruikshank, Phiz, Leech, Rowlandson, &c.


Catalogues issued and sent post free on application.



27, New Oxford Street, London, W.C.





Thick 8vo, 1,738 pp., 6,200 items, with upwards of
1,350 Reproductions in Facsimile.

Bound in art cloth, gilt tops, 25s.; half-morocco, gilt tops, 30s.
Illustrated Prospectus post free.






CATALOGUES NOW READY. BOOKS on ART, Illustrated Books, &c. 90 pp. COUNTY HISTORY and ANTIQUITIES, Publications of Local Societies, Sets of Notes and Queries,' &c. 12 pages.


40 pages.

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