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protest.......An enormous proportion of it consists activity of an extraordinarily powerful of denunciations of the Papists, and announcements mind.' of the approach of the end of the world. It is not

Macaulay's third and fourth volumes of his too much to say that he is principally occupied in disseminating, as widely as possible, mutual dis- History' are the subject of three articles, trust and indignation between two great religious the first appearing on the 29th of December. communities, and in unsettling the minds of his The historian's style is thus described :own imniediate flock in the pursuit of all their

“ He seldom substitutes in the second clause of a ordinary duties."

sentence a pronoun or an equivalent expression Spurgeon was also severely dealt with; but for a word which has been used in the first. The in many ways he quietly took advantage of antithesis is completed and pointed by the repeticriticism. He had criticisms and caricatures tion of the same subject in relation to predicates bound into volumes, and they were preserved contradictory. Álmost every page of the History

which are always various, and often studiously by him at the Metropolitan Tabernacle. furnishes instances of this verbal peculiarity, Bellow and Cumming are almost forgotten, Mr. Macaulay may justly, boast, notwithstanding but the name of Spurgeon will for long years the objections which critics may urge against his yet to come kindle a glow in many hearts.

composition, that he has taught thousands to read The Saturday Review took the same course study and that one of the most obscure portions

history who had never before attempted so dry a in regard to the literature of the day as it of English annals is now more familiar to the great did to foreign and home politics: it attempted mass of educated persons than the struggles of the no complete record, but merely reviewed Commonwealth, the wars of Marlborough, or the such books as were considered to be of loss of America." special interest. From the first two volumes On January 19th, 1856, George Meredith's I have made the following notes.

'The Shaving of Shagpat' receives the highest On November 10th, 1855, Longfellow is praise :congratulated on his new poem, "The Song A quaint title ushers in an original and charm. of Hiawatha,' and “on the success which has ing book, the work of a poet and a story-teller attended his labour.” The reviewer recog. East, who have produced, in the Arabian Nights,

worthy to rank with the rare story-tellers of the nizes him as

the “Iliad' of romance...... Although written in “a scholar and a poet......In him we shall find, if prose, liberally sprinkled with verses, the work is not always masculine vigour and terseness, yet a poen throughout. In every page we are aware of always freshness, tenderness, simplicity the the poet......The charm (of the book] has surpassed thoughtful brain of a scholar, and the loving that of any Eastern work we ever read since the heart of a man.'

Arabian tales; and George Meredith, hitherto In the same number Christopher North's known to us as a writer of graceful, but not very

remarkable Noctes' are noticed,

verse, now becomes the name of a man

of genius-of one who can create." “ with all their faults, which are palpable enough, In the same number an affectionate tribute ......a valuable contribution to our literature. They is paid to Humboldt in a review of his are the effusions of a powerful mind-wide and various in their subject, embracing the current

Kleine Schriften,' dedicated by him to "the topics of their time, and throwing no small light greatest geologist of the present day, the on its history...The pervading spirit is noble and most acute observer of nature," Leopold von generous. There is no smallness or soreness, no Buch, “in memory of a sixty years' unpetty personal jealousy, no flippant disparagement, troubled friendship.' no malignity. Christopher North is eager to

Rogers's Table Talk' brings forth a light, acknowledge merit in a political opponent. Even while he is holding up some unhappy wight to the chatty article on the 16th of February, derision of all mankind, his own temper is one of Rogers, who thorough kindliness and good humour.'

“had known all, or nearly all, the celebrities of Eng.On the 24th of November Browning's ‘Men land. His first poem was published in 1786, before. and Women' is subjected to a furious attack. Darwin, now long forgotten, was heard of -before It is described as

Crabbe had written his best poems-while Cowper

was gaining a little celebrity-and while Johnson a book of madness and mysticism.....power still reigned in Bolt Court." wantonly wasted, and talent deliberately per. He saw Lady Hamilton, at a party, given verted......We can find nothing but a set purpose to be obscure, and an idiot captivity to the jingle of to the Prince of Wales, go through all those Hudibrastic rhyme. This idle weakness really

"attitudes " which have often been engraved. appears to be at the bottom of half the daring He saw Nelson spin a teetotum with his onenonsense in this most daringly nonsensical book.” hand during a whole evening for the amuseGoethe's 'Life and Works,' edited by Lewes, ment of some children. Of Wellington it is is reviewed on the 8th of December, and in related that he was once in danger of being the same number Brougham's contributions drowned at sea. It was bedtime, and thoto The Edinburgh Review are described as a captain told him, “ It will soon be all over most interesting record of the manifold with us." " Very well," answered the Duke ;

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" then I shall not take off my boots." The 29th of March_notices the memoirs of the book, it will be remembered, teems with the Hon. Charles Langdale, who had set his sayings of Sydney Smith. Among those heart upon the production of the papers quoted is his telling Rogers of "a very odd deposited at Coutts's, to wbich Mr. Wilkins, dream " he had had on the previous night: by permission of King Edward, has had " that there were thirty-nine Muses and nine access. Mrs. Fitzherbert's executors, Sir Articles, and my head is still quite confused George Seymour and Mr. Forster, objected: about them."

“They urged that those papers only proved In noticing Herbert Spencer's Principles the marriage of Mrs. Fitzherbert with the of Psychology' on the 1st of March the Prince-a thing which for many years past reviewer

has never been disputed." In the book “cannot help one reflection. Whatever pain may appear the letters from the Duke of Walbe felt at finding so remarkable an intellect on the lington to Lord Stourton, refusing his conside of opinions which most readers must regard as sent to the publication of the papers conopposed to their most cherished convictions, there tained in the packet : will be a counterbalancing pleasure and a high moral influence in the contact with a mind so “I do protest most solemnly against the measure thoroughly earnest and sincere in the search after proposed by your Lordship-that of breaking the truth as every page of this work shows Mr. Spencer seals affixed to the packet of papers belonging to

the late Mrs. Fitzherbert, deposited at Messrs. On the 15th Walt Whitman's * Leaves

Coutts the bankers, under the several seals of the

Earl of Albemarle, your Lordship, and myself." of Grass' receives summary treatment: “If the Leaves of Grass' should come into

Victor Hugo's "Les Contemplations' re anybody's possession, our advice is to throw ceives high eulogy in the number for the

26th of June : them instantly behind the fire.”

On the 22nd Grote is congratulated on “We owe a debt of unmixed gratitude to the his completion of his history of Greece, exile at Guernsey for the rich banquet of poetry of “from the days of Homer to the death of which it has been our privilege to partake. That

we are not singular in our opinion as to its worth, Alexander"

may be gathered from the fact that the first edition Portions of his vast subject will hereafter of the Contemplations' was exhausted on the day receive additional inquiry, and be placed in a new of publication." and fuller light, and his thoughts will fructify and

In the review of 'The Angel in the House' expand in the minds of other men ; but it will be long before the work, as a whole, can be superseded, on the 11th of October, Coventry Patmore and his history will remain to many generations as is recognized as "a true poet." The work a monument of learning, of wisdom, and of pene- “deserves to be read and remembered, not tration."

because it is exempt from faults, but because On the same date a review of Singer's it is unmistakably the production of a poet." Shakespeare'states :

A book which forms “ part of the nation's “It is not creditable to English men of letters title-deeds to greatness," Capt. M'Clure's that a satisfactory edition of England's greatest Discovery of the North-West Passage,' is poet should still be a desideratum ; yet every student noticed on the 8th of November :must admit the mortifying fact...... There are many causes of the niany failures-the principal cause, “ The whole story is to the last degree grand and however, and that which brings all the others in its noble, and it suffers nothing in the hand of its train, is the mediocrity of the men who have under narrator......If, during the late war: our navy had taken the

task. Even in the case of Johnson, Pope, few opportunities for performing brilliant achieve and Campbell, this sweeping charge of mediocrity ments, we may console ourselves by the reflection is applicable, for these men, remarkable as they that one exploit, at any rate, was performed by were, were but mediocre in their knowledge of British seamen, which neither Nelson nor Colling Elizabethan literature and of the dramatio art. No wood has excelled." dranjatist has ever set himself to the task-no man

*Aurora Leigh' is the subject of a long of special knowledge and great intellectual power has thought it worthy of his labours, or thought article on the 27th of December, and severely himself conpetent to undertake it. The difficulties criticized, but, we admit to be very great. It is indispensable notwithstanding the defects of the poem, Mrs. that whoever engages in the work should be familiar Browning

has more fully than ever proved that she with much more than the Elizabethan literature, is a poetess. The fable, the manners, and the He must know the Spanish drama, and the early diction, are, as it has been said, more than questiondrama of France and Italy, and he must be a able; but after eliminating the story, the eccen. dramatic critic.”

tricities of the actors, and a great part of the The subject of Mrs. Fitzherbert and dialogue, there will remain an abundant store of George IV. has been recently revived poetical thought, of, musical language, and of deep through the publication of the work by and true reflection." Mr. Wilkins. The Saturday Review of the On the same date the reviewer of 'Barry Lyndon' is inclined to place it at the head of and pedantic bit of writing surely never came Thackeray's books :


from the pen of any man than the former, “It has an immense advantage over his better. while the latter, if written in a more natural known works in being far shorter-for which reason vein, is equally barren of personal interest. the plot is clearer, simpler, and more connected The following passage, taken from the latter, than it is in 'Vanity Fair, Pendennis,' or 'The must be accepted for what it is worth :Newcomes.'...... We do not think that Mr. Thackeray's extraordinary power of description was ever

"The consideration whereof did long since iustly more strongly illustrated than in the sketches which mooue a right learned and religious Gentleman (in this volume contains of the wild mad Irish life of the margin Mr. Iohn Molle] (whose solid and Dublin and the provinces in the last century...... In knowne worth hath been long approoued

at home, some respects it appears to be the most charac. but much more abroad, for which cause his memorie teristic and best executed of Mr. Thackeray's shall be in benedictione sempiterna) to vndertake novels, though it is far less known, and is likely, the translation thereof, as before that it had been we think, to be less popular, than the rest."

done into French out of Latine (in which language John C. FRANCIS.

it was at the first curiously arayed) into our vulgar;

whereby the benefit thereof might accrue and be (To be concluded.)

communicated to this Nation also. Accept therefore (ingenious Reader) this his trauell in good part,

and make that vsefull profit to thy selfe, in the due ‘THE LIVING LIBRARIE, BY PHILIP

perusing thereof, which shall best sort both for the CAMERARIUS, 1625.

accomplishment of thine owne good, and of his

desires, who for thy sake did first attempt and THERE were two English editions of this finish this Taske. So may some happie hand here work, the first appearing in 1621, and the after goe on in the finishing of the Remainder of second in 1625. It is the latter that forms Author, which are had in no small estimation, by

these Meditations, and other peeces of the same the subject of this note. I shall here tran their iust desert, amongst the learned of these scribe the contents of the title

-page :

times." The Living Librarie, or Meditations and Observa. Nor does the address “ To the Reader," tions Historical, Natvral, Moral, Political, and explanatory of the appearance of the Sixth Poetical. Written in Latiu by P. Camerarius. And done into English by Iohn Molle Esquire. Book, and subscribed “H. Molle," afford The second Edition.

anything more personal than what is given Horace

above. From its language I have no doubt. Hee of all others fittest is to write,

that “H. Molle” was a son of the translator That entermingleth profit with delight.

of the former portion of the work, and comLondon, Printed by Adam Islip. 1625.

pleted what his father had left undone. The difference between these two editions The title of the original work was 'Horæ is very considerable—the second having a Subsecivæ,' and in the address) “To the Sixth Book which is not to be found in the Reader," already referred to, we are told that first. To collectors the edition of 1625 is the author entitled these meditations "The consequently the more desirable.

Employment of Spare Hours.'. The change Philip was the third son of Joachim in the title to 'Living Librarie' was probCamerarius, a most distinguished man, to ably suggested as one more likely to attract whom we owe a "Life of Philip Melancthon,' public attention. still held in repute by students of the history Of the work itself, I have no hesitation in of that period. Another son, Joachim, called saying that it is altogether excellent. It is after his father, was a doctor of medicine and packed full of information of the most a botanist and scientist of the greatest curious and varied kind. One of its charms eminence. Philip. the third son, chose law is the personal vein which runs through it. as a profession. His career was a very dis- In one place the author tells of a conversatinguished one, and he was held in high tion he bad with his father, as it were by the honour by his contemporaries. He was a fireside, about the extraordinary performances Doctor of Basle in 1573, and in 1581 was of an ancient Egyptian magician; and in installed Chancellor of the University of another place he records a marvellous story Altorf.

He was born in Nuremberg in 1537, of a deaf and dumb boy, "which my brother and died in the same place on 22 June, 1624. Ioachim the Doctor told me at his returne

Of the personal history of the translator, from a iourney out of the countrey of Hesse." John Molle, I regret that I have not been Nor are his own numerous personal remi. able to learn anything more than what is niscences less interesting. To his profound contained in the Dedication to the Lord learning Camerarius added a very keen perKeeper Williams, subscribed "Ryc. Baddeley"; ception of human character, and his work, in and in the address “ To the Reader," presum- its own way, is not unworthy to take a place ably from the same pen. A more inflated on the same shelf with the 'Essays' of

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Montaigne and Bacon. It may be added We have a chapter entitled 'Of Deceiuers that while he draws largely on ancient and Masters of fond Superstition. Obseruaauthors for many of his illustrations, it is tions touching the latter day,' in which there noteworthy that he was not indifferent to is a humorous story of “a certaine Curat of many of his learned contemporaries. For our time,” who predicted, as the result of example, our Scotch countryman George certain arithmetical calculations, which were Buchanan-in one place he calls him “an evidently satisfactory to himself, that the excellent Poet of our time”-seems to have world would shortly come to an end,"pointbeen a great favourite with him, while he ing out the very day and hower when it shows his appreciation of Du Bartas by should be." The predicted day came round, quotations from his well-known poem. In and truly it was such a day of fearful thunder a word, this 'Living Librarie' is, in every and lightning that the good people of the way, a most delightful, entertaining, and place had no doubt but the end had really informing book.

By and by, however, the storm In 1577 Sir Philip Sidney was appointed passed away, the sun again shone out with ambassador to the Court of the Emperor its wonted splendour, and when the prophet Rudolph of Germany. Camerarius records found his prediction falsified he took refuge that when on that mission he had the from popular fury by taking him to his pleasure of meeting our illustrious country. heeles.” Hakewill, on the authority of “ Philip He goes on to say that

Camerarius a learned man, and Councellour as one day he talked priuatly with me & some to the state of Noringberg," imports this story others, he entertained vs with very memorable dis- into his 'Apologie (ed. 1635, p. 24). The courses. And as we fell vpon the speech, Whither illustrious Napier of Merchiston was one of it were true (as the Ancients say, and the moderne those who, like the curate in the above story, beleeue) that England cannot endure wolues," Sir Philip discoursed on this subject to the for the world's ending; but he placed the

also from arithmetical calculations, set a time evident satisfaction of the company. Having event so far in the future that it exposed looked over several monographs on Sir Philip him to some very caustic lines in Latin by Sidney, as well as the 'Life' by Dr. Thomas John Owen, the epigrammatist, of which Zouch, published in 1809, I do not see any the following is an English translation (they reference to this incident. Camerarius records the whole discourse, and winds up thus are quoted by Hakewill, from whom I take

them) :(p. 99) :

“'This discourse of Sydneis, accompanied with Ninetie two yeares the World as yet shall stand, other memorable speeches touching Ireland, where If it do stand or fall at your command. his father gouerned; and of Saint Patricks hole, But say, why plac'd you not the Worlds end much esteemed when time was (at this day little nigher ? set by) was very pleasing to the companie that sate at Lest ere you dyed you might be prov'd a lyer. table with him, and no man would make any ques. tion thereof, especially when he saw it approoued

The authorship of the 'Imitation of Christ' by Hubert Languet, a man of most exqusit iudg. is a controverted point. Dr. Dibdin, in his ment, and exceeding well trauelled in the know. very interesting preface to the edition of ledge of things, and in the affairs of the world. For that work published by Pickering in 1828, my part I began a while after to consider of it more discusses the question at length. This is diligently, and viewed the Maps of England and of Scotland, and withall the Historiographers, espe

what Camerarius says, and the quotation cially Camden and Buchanan, who are had in more may be taken for what it is worth (p. 61):esteeme than the rest : and then I found that euery thing answered and agreed with Sidneys discourse.

Therefore Thomas de Kempis, who liued about There is a chapter devoted to . The Indus- two hundred yeares agoe, saith well in his booke of

the trie and Fidelitie of Dogs: their Elogie, or memorable Praise,' in which the following I may mention that there is in the Mitchell passage occurs. As Camerarius does not give Library, Glasgow, a copy of this work in his authority for this incident, as he usually Latin, published in small 4to at Frankfort in does, the probability is he was himself a 1606, which bears, on the title-page_the witness to the performances of this horse autograph of Ben Jonson, thus: sů Ben: (p. 84):

Jonsonij." This title-page also bears the “And of late dayos a Scottish-mans horse gaue autograph of “R. Bayllie,” and looking to occasion of great sifting and wonderment to many the place whence the volume originally persons that saw hin at Paris and other places. came, I am almost certain that it is that of [* For anecdotes about Morocco, Banks's bay

the celebrated Robert Baillie (1602-62), at horse, celebrated in Tudor times, see LADY one time Principal of the University of RUSSELL's article, 10th S. ii. 281.)


A. S.

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my tea."

RICHARD BOWES. (See 5tb $. vi. 208.)— the fact that churl, in the sense of a countryHaving just accidentally noticed this inquiry, man or clown, is no longer used in the I can give your correspondent the following neighbourhood. By way of punishment the particulars, if he has not already obtained bed-churl was swept with a broom. them.

Burn-can, a vessel for carrying water, with Richard Bowes, of Babthorpe, co. York, a ring on the top and a handle on the side. was the eldest son, by the second wife, of This vessel rested on a cushion by which the Martin Bowes, second son, by his first wife, head was padded. The can is po longer

Sir Martin Bowes, Lord Mayor of London used, and the people have ceased to carry 1545, &c., who was descended from Sir Wil. water on their heads, liam Bowes, Governor of Bowes Castle. Cate, a cade lamb. A small farmer who Richard Bowes left at his decease in 1655 five had bought a few lainbs was said to have sons and eight daughters, and was the ancestor got 'em from Hadfield's cates." This form of the Boweses of Darlington. See Burke's does not occur in the ‘N.E.D.,' and it may • Landed Gentry,' 1900. p. 163.

throw light on the etymology. The feminine FRANCIS H. RELTON, name Kate appears to be identical with it. 9, Broughton Road, Thornton Heath.

Eager on, to incite. Two dogs were fightPROTESTANT.-Some time ago there was a

ing in the village, and the boys kept

The latest instance of the correspondence in N. & Q.' as to the use of eagering them on.” the word Protestant in reference to members word in the ‘N.E.D.' is dated 1581, and the

E.D.D.' of the Church of England.

can give only one dialectal reference, In •Sketches......of New and Old Sleaford,'

without a quotation. 1825, p. 57, the following passage is to be

Look, to partake of, as "I'm just looking found;

In my 'Sheffield Glossary' the

word occurs in the sense of prepare. “At the eastern end the north aisle, on a splendid altar tomb of marble......are the following or rock. The artificial holes made in the

Self-hole, a natural cavity in the ground inscriptions. On the south side :

fields to hold water for the cattle are called Within

domes or meres. Resteth ye body of ye Right Honblo Sr ROBERT CARR, of Sleeford, in yo Covnty of Lincolne, Kt and Barro,

Shrog, a natural cavity in the ground. Chancellor of ye Drtchy & Covnty Palatine of Lan This is another name for a self-hole. There caster, and one of his Maties Most Honblo Privie is yet a third name, and that is loff-hole. The Covncell.

* E.D.D.' has lough-hole from North LancaHee departed this life November ye 14th, in yo 45th

shire. yeare of his age, and in ye yeare of ovr Lord, 1682..

Thumb and thimble, a phrase used to express He was a gentleman of great parts, loyall to his intimacy, as They're all thumb and thimble prince, beloved of his country, and a true protestant up the village."

S. O. ADDY. according to the to the [sic] Church of England.'

M. P.


The editor of this work, Edward J. Wood, HIGH PEAK WORDS, (See 10th S. ii. 201, acknowledges in the preface his indebted; 282, 384.)--I have picked up the following ness to so many contributors that it would words at Little Hucklow, near Tideswell :- be of some interest to ascertain what portion

Aftering-can, a vessel into which the last of the text was actually written by Pinks drops from the udders of a cow were pressed. before his death in 1860. This is brought to After the cows had been milked in the mind by my recently hearing of a copy of the ordinary way a man went round with an work annotated by T. Edlyne Tomlins (author aftering-can, and what he got was regarded of "Yseldon, a Perambulation of Islington, as the best milk.

1844-58). A former owner informs me that Bawl, to roar as a bull does ; to bellow.

Tomlins in his marginalia claimed the authorBed-churi, the person who remains longest ship of a large amount of the matter, most in bed on the morning of Shrove Tuesday. explicitly stating “This is my article,"

: , People have been known to stay up all night "I made this research,” &c. rather than be made bed-churis. The word

There is nothing improbable in this claim, usually occurs as bed-churn, and in that form but a more careful examination of these I have often heard it. But one day, I notes is necessary before it can be accepted. happened to mention the custom of making Perhaps this will come before the notice of bed-churns to a farmer, when he said, “You the present owner of the annotated copy, who mean bed-churl," and his wife and daughter will afford us the opportunity. agreed with him. If churl is the right form,

ALECK ABRAHAMS. as I think it is, we may account for churn by 39, Hillnarton Road, N.


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