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POPULAR LITERATURE IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. The two lists following may properly supplement that at 8th S. vii. 25:

In 1526 Henry Cornelius Agrippa writes in defence of his own 'Declamatio de Matrimonio' that there are those "inter aulicos magistros" who write and translate indecent books;

"hujusmodi libri sine offensa, sine reprehensione offeruntur dominabus, & leguntur avidè etiam à puellis Novelle Bocatii, Facetia Pogii, adulteria Euryali cum Lucretia, bella & amores Tristanni [Tristrami], & Lanceloti, & similia."-"Opera,' ii. 833, Epistolarum lib. iv. ep. 3.

In 1594 John King, Bishop of London, preaching at York, complains that instead of the Psalms of David

"now we haue Arcadia, & the Faery Queene, and Orlando Furioso, with such like frivolous stories......all are studentes, both men and women in this idle learning."- Lectvres vpon Ionas,' 1597, p. 355.

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HOUSES OF HISTORICAL INTEREST. – 10th S. ii. 425 I called attention to the fact that the London County Council had resolved to place a tablet on 23, Suffolk Street, S.W., to commemorate the residence there of Richard Cobden. I am now pleased to record that a tablet of blue encaustic ware, bearing the date of Cobden's death (2 April, 1865), was affixed to that house on Tuesday, 15 August. The London Argus for 19 August contained a short account of Cobden's last illness.

In the same number of The London Argus appeared an intimation that on Monday, the 14th, a memorial tablet was placed on No. 34, Gloucester Square, Hyde Park, where Robert Stephenson had resided. This tablet is also of


encaustic ware, but of terra-cotta colour. We are reminded that it was in 1847 that the of this house by the great engineer commenced, and that it only terminated with his life, for he died here in 1859, at the age of fifty-six.

Again must we thank The London Argus for calling attention to these matters, and Leigh Hunt, Sydney Smith, and Thackeray recording that three famous London men—

have been brought into the L.C.C.'s scheme of distinguishing houses once occupied by men of genius. Leigh Hunt's house thus indicated by the familiar tablet of the Council is 10, Upper Cheyne Row, Chelsea; Sydney Smith's, 14, Doughty Street, Mecklenburgh Square; and Thackeray's, 16, Young Street, Kensington. Perhaps it may be considered that the last-named house is of the greatest interest and importance, for there, it is stated, he produced the most celebrated of his works-Vanity Fair,' Esmond,' and 'Pendennis.' It may be allowable to mention that it was in this house that the memorable party was given to Charlotte Brontë-the party which was such a dismal fiasco that the host surreptitiously left, full of mortification, and went off to his club. On the completion of 'Esmond,' in 1852, Thackeray left London on his first lecturing tour in America, and, it appears, never settled down again in this house. W. E. HARLAND-OXLEY.


[Note is made ante, p. 326, that a tablet has been placed by the L.C.C. on 56, Great Queen Street, Boswell's London residence.]

"PUGGLE."-A very useful Essex word is to "puggle." To get a rat or rabbit out of a hole by inserting a stick and working it about was to "puggle." "He's gone into his hole, capital word, "puggle." but us is a-goin' to puggle 'im out." A



[In the 'E.D.D.' puggle to stir with a stick, &c., is spoken of as known in Essex and Hertfordshire.]

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On the reverse side of the fragment, presumably representing the month of October, is

the following:

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SEMPER FAMILY.-I have been asked by a friend in the neighbouring island of Montserrat whether any information can be obtained as to the Semper family, a member of which, a Thomas Semper, emigrated from co. Galway, Ireland, towards the end of the eighteenth century, and settled in Montserrat. Montserrat, I may say, has been largely colonized in bygone years by a good class of Irish emigrants. The crest of this Montserrat branch, I am informed, is a plume of feathers (similar to that of the Princes of Wales), and the motto "Semper idem," which recalls the well-known line in Macaulay's Armada':

The glorious Semper Eadem, the banner of our pride. No further armorial bearings have been mentioned to me. It is suggested that the family may have been originally Spanish. I may add that several members of the name have risen to legal or judicial distinction in the colony of the Leeward Islands.

I promised my friend that I would communicate with N. & Q.' on the subject of his request, and I am sure that he would be most grateful for any information sent to him (Mr. Dudley Johnson, Plymouth, Montserrat, W.I.) direct, or, if thought of sufficient

6 48-5 12 6 50-5 10 6 52-5 8 6 54-5 6 6 56-5 4 6 58-5 2

The time is alter'd from Summer, the days grow short, but money shorter, and a pudding in the eating much more shorter; But Troubles and Vexations do lengthen with them that are up to the Ears in Law, and them that have now married scolding Wives. MISTLETOE.

interest (with the Editor's permission), to N. & Q.,' in which case I would gladly forward it on. J. S. UDAL, F.S.A. Antigua, W.I.

-Has ever

DUGDALE'S TRUSTWORTHINESS. any one tested Dugdale's trustworthiness as taken from life? or can it be proved that in an author? In particular, are his pictures some details they are fancy-work? test cannot be difficult if buildings or monuments are chosen which are known not to have been altered since Dugdale's time.




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N. &. Q' with a knowledge of Holland and Dutch affairs of the period, can supply as to Gilbert Stewart, merchant in Rotterdam 1698, I should welcome. W. M. GRAHAM EASTON.

DOGS IN WAR.-Can any of your readers inform me of the title of a magazine: periodical, or newspaper in which was printed an article upon Dogs in War'? It has appeared during the past few months.

C. C. C.

ham. It is dedicated to the Hon. Mrs. James Fiennes. The inscription on Roger Matthew's tomb, now nearly obliterated, states that Anne his wife died 26 April, 1655, and that he, "being minister of this parish fiftie years," died 6 September, 1657. Two sons of Stephen, commensalis tertii ordinis of Trinity Roger Matthew matriculated at Oxford: College, matriculated 17 October, 1634, œt. seventeen, caution-money returned 1635; and John, entered Queen's College as batler in Easter term 1639, matriculated 24 May, DOG TRAINING.-I was at a children's party 1639, at. sixteen. Probably both died at which there was a performance of Punch before their father, as only daughters are and Judy. The part of Toby had to be mentioned in his will, dated 21 May, 1655, omitted, as the animal by which it was proved P.C.C. (472 Ruthin) 21 September, usually enacted was otherwise employed, 1657. The will has the following memohaving a litter of pups to look after. When randum: "My great brasse pott was given the performance was over I asked the show-by my grandfather John Mathew to my man why he did not avoid such an inconvenience by having a dog for his Toby. He told me that only bitches could be trained to such work, and that dogs were found to be useless. Is this a fact?


24, Netherton Grove, Chelsea, S.W.

ELIOT YORKE.-Is anything known of this water-colour painter, who flourished about the middle of the century? From the style of his work he appears to have been a professional artist, and yet none of the usual artists' biographical dictionaries mention him. FRANCIS KIng.


ROGER MATTHEW, VICAR OF BLOXHAM 1605-57.-Roger Matthew, described by Wood (Fasti Oxon.,' i. 285) as a Warwickshire man born," entered Queen's College, Oxford, in Vacation term 1593; matriculated 6 July, 1593, at. eighteen; and graduated B.A. 1597, M.A. 1600. In 1605 he became vicar of Bloxham, Oxon. ; he compounded for firstfruits 25 November, the bondsmen being William Richardson, writer, alias stationer, of St. Andrew's, Holborn, and Thomas Wright, merchant tailor, of St. Sepulchre's, London. At the death in 1631 of the first Earl of Downe, Thomas Pope, his grandson and heir, was under the tuition of Roger Matthew. In 1634 Roger Matthew published two small theological volumes. One, entitled 'Peter's Net Let Downe,' is a treatise on the reciprocal duties of clergy and laity, read at a Synod at Chipping Norton. It is dedicated to Mr. William Murrey, Groom of the King's Bedchamber, the guardian of the young Lord Downe, who had made a new arrangement for the education of that "noble ympe." The other, entitled 'The Flight of Time.' is a lengthy funeral sermon, preached at Blox

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father to pass to him and to the heirs of the house successively, which therefore I cannot dispose." Can any one supply any further information about Roger Matthew and his family and marriage? His will rather suggests that, though born in Warwickshire, he belonged to an Oxfordshire family. OXONIENSIS.

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED:— "Those only deserve a monument who do not need one" (? Hazlitt).

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Charles Lamb as from Marvell).
To make his destiny his choice" (quoted by

"The trappings of a monarchy would set up an
ordinary commonwealth" (quoted by Johnson as
from Milton).
Love and sorrow twins were born
On a shining showery morn.

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W. G. B.

'Quid est quod nos alio tendentes alio trahit?'* (Seneca ?) J. WILLCOCK.



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correspondents explain what connexion there
Will any of your learned
was between the hatchment which used to
be placed over the mansion where the head
of the house died, and the church to which
the hatchment was removed at the end of
the year? What ecclesiastical significance
and why was it placed in a church?
was there in this apparently heraldic device?

Holy Trinity Vicarage, Barnstaple, N. Devon.
[See the numerous articles at 8th S. xi. 387, 454,
513; xii. 29, 112, 193, 474, 517; 9th S. i. 55.]

ALBIGNA. In his Words and Places' (chap. vi.) Canon Taylor cites many placenames to show the early settlement of Arabs in the Alps, and gives (p. 122) a list of villages in the neighbourhood of Pontresina (Ponte

B. H.

Saracina). Among these is the name Albigna. Artillery Man.' It is a small 4to of 174 pages Will any one kindly tell me the equivalent and one leaf of contents, and its date is circa in Arabic? 1640. I shall be very grateful to any of your correspondents who can give me any information as to its authorship and a brief copy of title-page. I am unable to identify it at the British Museum. J. S. A.

CHARLOTTE COLEMAN : RYDER: CHRISTOPHER BLOUNT.-I should be very grateful for any information regarding the following persons, their families or descendants :

1. Miss Charlotte Coleman, who made a copy of the MS. of Lady Fanshawe's 'Memoirs' in 1766 (preface to the edition of 1829), and gave the picture of Lady Fanshawe by Teniers (1660) to the grandfather of Col. H. Walrond. She is described in the preface of the 1829 edition of the Memoirs as a great-granddaughter of Lady Fanshawe, and on the back of the picture as having lived in Frith Street, Soho.

2. The Ryder whom Lady Fanshawe's daughter Ann married. It would seem probable that Miss Coleman was the granddaughter of Ann Ryder.

3. Christopher Blount, whom Lady Fanshawe's daughter Elizabeth married. It is of this daughter and Lord Somers that Mrs. Manley relates a terrible scandal in The New Atlantis.' H. C. FANSHAWE.

107, Jermyn Street.

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MR. CUMBERLAND, according to Mrs. Papendiek, was brought up in the Duke of Cumberland's apartments in St. James's, "and was educated at Westminster as a day scholar, whither he went and returned in the Duke's carriage" (Court and Private Life in the Time of Queen Charlotte,' vol. ii. p. 258). His mother appears to have been a Miss Knissel, a Hanoverian actress. He is said to have lived at Kew, and to have died young. I should be glad to know the dates of his birth and death, as well as further particulars of his mother. G. F. R. B.

NORWICH COURT ROLLS.-A 'Calendar of Deeds relating to Norwich and enrolled in Norwich Court Rolls,' edited by Mr. Walter Rye, was referred to at p. 237 of The Ancestor, April, 1904. Has this calendar been published? And where? Q. V.

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"It is desirable to bear in mind that Prickett's Prize Essay has to be read with caution. The following is a glaring instance of the author's carelessness. He says that in the Register of Hornsey Church there is an entry of a man dying in 1663 at Highgate, in the house of the Countess of Huntingdon, who, according to Prickett, was the celebrated countess who so zealously supported Wesley and MR. JOHNSON then refers to Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, and speaks of Howitt as falling into the same error, "probably misled by Prickett." If MR. JOHNSON reads carefully Mr. Lloyd's History,' to which he refers, he will find a little more information. Prickett's History of Highgate,' 1842, is not the Prize Essay. William Sidney Gibson, of Lincoln's Inn, wrote the essay which gained

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The Countess of Huntingdon resided at Highgate in 1663, as appears by an extract from the register at Hornsey Church, as follows: A young man that died at the Countess of Huntingdon's at Highgate buried April, 1663.'"-Prickett's History of Highgate,' 1842, p. 107.

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I know of no other edition. Not another word does Prickett say about the Countess of Huntingdon. Howitt, therefore, could not have been "misled " by Prickett. There was more than one person who bore the title of Countess of Huntingdon, and the lady to whom Prickett refers (correct in the citation), I should submit from the register, lived there, as she certainly possessed property.

Whilst on the subject of Hornsey I should like to draw attention to two items which will point out how much is known of its history. The Mayor wears a chain and badge of the Hornsey Borough Council. In the centre of the former is a pretty little hare enclosed, which we are told represents Har-in-gaie-a hare in an enclosure being the derivation of Hornsey's ancient name. Can simplicity go further? On the shield attached to the chain is the borough motto, "Fortior quo paratior"; but the official papers, envelopes, &c., ignore the spelling, and substitute the impossible Latin word "Fortitor." A gentleman (the late editor of the "Index Library ") who drew attention in a local journal to the inaccuracies was poohpoohed for his pains.

JOSEPH COLYER MARRIOTT. 36, Claremont Road, Highgate.


only on a guess of Mr. J. H. Lloyd's, I

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MELTON CLOTH: MELTON JACKET (10th S. iv. 467).-The guess that the place was the original source of the name is probably well "Meltons founded. are now a class of fabrics. But this use of the term in England and France is modern, and the place has so long been the most fashionable hunting centre that it has naturally given its name to fashionable jackets, cuts of breeches, and so forth. A curious example is the common phrase "Melton pad" for a rupture truss. Most riders who jump have slight rupture at one time or another, and the truss then worn for riding, though unnecessary at other times, is called a "Melton pad." M. T. G.

'THE DEATH OF NELSON' (10th S. iv. 365, 412, 450).-The Morning Post of 11 November, time, on the evening of that day, at Drury 1805, announces the production, for the first Lane, of "The Victory and Death of Lord Viscount Nelson. The Overture and Music The next day there is in The Morning Post composed by M. P. King and Mr. Braham." a short notice of the piece. The writer states that in it "Braham sings a pathetic air with the most happy effect."

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The Courier of the same date also contains a notice, in which Braham's song is referred to as "most enthusiastically encored, and likely to become the most popular of all his compositions." The song itself was "printed and sold at No. 28, Hay Market." The poem commences thus:

In Death's dark house the Hero lies, Cold his heart and clos'd his Eyes. The song is quiet and pathetic. As the above lines show, the mood of the music is mournful, and the same may be said of the recitative Will MR. JOHNSON obligingly supply an of 'The Death of Nelson,' sung in The exact reference in support of the " glaring Americans' in 1811. Apart from that, there instance which he gives of Prickett's is no resemblance whatever between the two "carelessness"? I have searched through | songs. J. S. S. the whole of his 'History and Antiquities of [The playbill announced for that day, according Highgate,' and cannot find that Prickett to Genest, Prior Claim,' with (first time) a "Melo anywhere mentions that the Countess of Dramatic piece to commemorate the Victory and Huntingdon of 1663 was 66 the celebrated Death of Lord Viscount Nelson. The performers countess who so zealously supported Wes- Mrs. Bland. According to Oulton, the historian of were Elliston, Braham, Bartley, Mrs. Powell, and ley and Whitefield.” Howitt (Northern the theatre, this trifle was by Cumberland.] Heights,' p. 309) says something of the sort, but Howitt is not to be commended for accuracy, whereas Prickett, though, like all topographers, he is to be read with caution, is generally to be depended on. The idea that Prickett's 'History' was written as a prize essay, though very possible, rests

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"PHOTOGRAPHY" (10th S. iv. 367, 435, 450). -A series of articles entitled Fathers of Photography,' by W. Jerome Harrison, which ran through the 1885 volume of The Amateur Photographer, 4to, will probably indicate to DR. MURRAY where to look for the origin of

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