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Civil Service Commission. A proof of the selling. We all agreed that it would cost esteem in which Sir James was held by his more to replace the room in tenantable repair colleagues may be found in the fact that on than the oak was worth. It was encrusted the completion of the west wing of Somerset with paint, nails had been freely used, House he was presented with a gold medal and at one time all had been covered with subscribed for by seventy-five of the leading wall-paper. In 1903 this oak was put architects of the metropolis ; and in 1865 he up for sale by auction, looking dirty and received the Royal Gold Medal placed at the generally in a miserable condition. To everydisposal of the Royal Institute of British body's astonishment it realized 550 guineas, Architects.

and was bought for the Albert and Victoria The design of the Record Office, Chancery Museum, who, I presume, have added cost Lane, may not commend itself to many at the of removal, &c., as they put the price at present day, but Pennethorne's design was 6061. 7s. 6d.' It has been re-erected there; but completed by Sir John Taylor, of the Office how marvellous is the transformation that of Works, and earned for him the distinction skilled hands have brought about! It now of K.C.B.

JOHN HEBB. looks worth double the price given for it, PARLIAMENTARY WHIPS. Readers of

and is undoubtedly a fine specimen of old N. & Q. may be interested to observe English oak and English workmanship. ' from the following transcript of a MS. in

Of course Grinling Gibbons's name at once my possession that parliamentary " whips" for attributing the work to him.

occurs to the visitor; but there is no authority are of considerable antiquity. The letter is written by some clerk, but signed by Lord Penhallow, who occupied the room from 1688

The label says the oak was put up for John North himself.

till his death in 1716. Over the fireplace is SIR, -As the new parliament which is summoned for the 31st of this month is immediately to

a shield of arms, Penhallow quartering Penproceed on the Dispatch of Public Business in which

Is anything known about bim ? matters of very great Importance willconie before the There is an account in Boase and Courtney's House ; I hope you will excuse the Liberty I take Bibliotheca Cornubiensis' of Samuel Penin apprizing you thereof, being persuaded your hallow (1665–1726), who embarked for New Zeal" for the Public Service will induce you to England and arrived there 1686. attend the Meeting. I am with the greatest respect, Sir

RALPH THOMAS. Your most Obedient

TWIZZLE-TWIGS. - This name of the jointed and most faithful humble servant,


rush, Juncus articulatus, in use here, is Downing Street, 17th October, 1780.

not mentioned in the English Dialect It would be worth knowing at what date the


J. P. STILWELL. custom originated.


Yateley, Hants. [Many articles on Whips in the House of Com- ROCKEFELLER. —This name is attracting the mons will be found in 8th S. iv., v., vi., vii., viii.]

curious attention of those taking an interest “ INFANT PHENOMENON." The “ Infant in American genealogy. So far the familyPhenomenon,” daughter of Mr. Vincent history explorer. whether amateur or trained, Crummles, has long been known to us, has gathered in little worth recording. Kegs though it is not so well remembered that of ink, in sooth, have been wasted by newsDickens had previously caused Sam Weller paper and magazine scribblers in vainly to give the like nickname to the Fat Boy. trying toexplain and disclose the business steps But there were brave men before Agamemnon, of a certain individual enjoying thecognomen, and a much earlier use of the term is to be one J. D. Rockefeller, of Cleveland, Ohio, found in the following extract from The of Standard Oil Company notoriety, largely T'imes of Saturday, 20 October, 1804 :

because of his having attained that pre· Amongst the infanting phenonena of the day eminently solitary position, viz., of being may be justly reckoned a boy, not four years old,

“the richest man in the world." By the the son of Mr. Wigley, music-seller, opposite St. side of his accumulations the combined Ciement's Church, in the Strand, who performs wealth of the European Rothschilds is a bare the most difficult passages on the bugle-horn with all the full-toned powers of a regimental trumpeter United States is to be believed.

zero mark, if public opinion throughout the


bears appear to have originated in the British JOHN PENHALLOW.-Some years ago several Isles, despite the odd, hard patronymic apof the members of Clifford's Inn inspected an pellation which is his; I say hard, knowing old oak room at No. 3 in the Inn, with the our national American weakness, outside view of determining if the oak was worth of Indian designation, to generalize the


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majority of queer surnames under "Dutchy" probably taken from a German original. The

“ "Frenchy." That clever creature Miss book has long been out of print, and it might Tarbell, in her voluminous, quite ferocious be worth while for some publisher to reissue biography of Mr. Rockefeller, pretends to it.

Јону Hввв. have traced his will-o'-the-wisp grandfather to a natal spot in Western Massachusetts

QUEEN ELIZABETH'S PORTRAIT IN HOLY. called Mud Creek. No such spot exists. ROOD. In the Palace of Holyrood there is a Moreover, no early trace of the surname is portrait of Queen Elizabeth, traditionally found in any of the New England States. reported to have been a birthday gift from Except when raised” out in the Far West, her to Queen Mary. This is doubtful, as the the New Englander seldom uses the word painting is considered to belong to the school “ creek” to denote a brook. Now it is begin

of Gheeraedts, a painter who did not come to ning to be whispered that the first Rocke. England till 1580, when Queen Mary was a feller to illuminate the American continent prisoner far from Holyrood. Lately, & (labelled Rockafellow) was none other than version of this picture has been discovered at an indigent, untitled, hard-headed, hard- Siena, supposed to have been a present to working, seventeenth-century immigrant differs from the other only in the back

the Grand Duke about 1588. This painting yeoman, emitting the rough irregular "early Saxon English " peculiar to one raised" in ground. The Queen holds in her left hand a

• Scotland. In view of this whispering I shall colander, inscribed in both paintings with be glad to be favoured with examples of the following legend: A TERRA IL BEN-IL Rockefeller either as a British place-name or

MAL DIMORA IN SELLA ; which may be interfull-fledged British surname of late or early preted “The good (falls) to the ground; the days.

J. G. C.

evil remains in the saddle." Boston, Massachusetts.

At first sight I was inclined to suspect that this inscription upon the Holyrood por

trait had been added sarcastically by some Queries,

devoted adherent of Queen Mary; but its We must request correspondents desiring in. repetition on the Siena painting puts this formation on family matters of only private interest

out of the question. It is evidently & to affix their names and addresses to their queries, reference to the sifting action of the colander, in order that answers may be sent to them direct. allowing the good material to fall through,

and retaining the bad. I should feel grateful • KING NUTCRACKER.' There is a little were anybody well acquainted with Italian Christmas book of which the title-page runs :

literature able to recognize the sentence as a “King Nutcracker and the Poor Boy Rein: quotation or proverbial saying. hold, a Christmas Story with Pictures.

HERBERT MAXWELL. Rendered into English Verse, frora the cele- TOBY's Dog.-Can you give me any explanabrated German Work of Heinricn Hoffman, tion of the following extract from "Domestic by A. H. Published by W. S. Orr & Co. State Papers,' vol. xlvii.,

at the Record 1854.” Who was A. H.?

Office ? 1640, Feb. 22. John Ashton, The verses are unequal, but are rather prisoner in the Fleet, was fined 2001. for cleverly turned, as, for example, the fol- making a preachment on Toby's dog." lowing:

R. O. ASSAETON. The King makes sign; and prodigy!

The Gable House, Bilton, Rugby.
Comes the whole Struwelpeterie,
With Struwelpeter at their

HERALDIC.-Can any of your readers kindly And next to him the cruel Fred.

say whose the following arms were ?-Argent, Young Suck•a-thumb is sucking still,

a chevron sable charged with a bezant or, And fidgetting comes fidget Phil;

between three mullets of the third. SADI. The cloth is o'er his shoulders thrown, Which Hans, of course, soon treads upon, As with his usual vacant stare

MAIDLOW.-Will some reader kindly explain He comes along with head in air,

the etymology of the name Maidlow? Was Robert with umbrella walks,

the name known before the year 1800 ? W. And Kaspar's ghost behind him stalks ; The inky boys come last in view,

“PASSIVE RESISTER.”—Is there any literary Conipleting this most motley crew.

history for this phrase ? Who is the coiner I am inclined to think that Struwelpeterie of the current term? is an interpolation of the translator A. H. In Edersheim's 'Life and Times of Jesus The illustrations to the book appear to have the Messiah,' chap. v. p. 67 (first published been designed by Alfred Crowquill, and are October, 1883), occurs the following reference

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to the Jewish slaves at Rome and their Huttons of that ilk came over with William tenacious clinging to their customs : "How the Conqueror, and where I could find their far they would carry their passive resistance pedigree from that time? My father was appears from a story told by Josephus." à Hutton of that ilk; and my great-great

Lucis. grandfather died at Berwick at the age of


Into which branch of Robertsons of Struan Love (Fame?] lees from the cold one,

did Thomas Hutton marry in 1802? His But leaps to the bold one Halfway.

wife was Janet Robertson, who had a brother

Alexander. The maiden name of Janet's
With kind confiding eyes raised up to his,
And red lips trembling for the coming kiss.

mother was Urquhart. I should like to trace

her family.
A maiden's dreaming
Of words such as mother and wife,

I should also like to learn about the family
A child soul's innocent schening

Hepburn. One daughter married Thomas To make out the riddle of life.

(or James) Lidderdale, of Castle Milk. They

W. R. had one daughter, Maria. I possess their "THE URIANI.”—In Transcaucasia,' by portraits. A Miss Fullerton, of Aberdeen, Baron von Haxthausen (1854), there is, on

married James Lidderdale ; she would be my p. 140, an account of a sect of Jewish great-great-grandmother. "I should also like Christians, or Christian Jews, named Uriani, to find her people. She died 25 August, who are said to acknowledge Christ as the 1772. Please reply direct. Messiah whilst retaining the usages of the

(Mrs.) E. C. WIENHOLT. Mosaic law. They have no knowledge, it is

1, Palliser Court, West Kensington. said, of the New Testament, but assert the FULHAM BRIDGE.—I shall be glad if any existence of a book by Longinus, or at least one can give me the name of the artist and a transcript of it, containing the teachings of engraver of coloured print entitled 'A View the Saviour, which book they say is pre- of Fulham Bridge and Putney-La Veue du served with great secrecy.

Pont de Fulham regardant Putney.' From Is this account to be trusted ? and, if so, is the costume of the people represented, it there still any trace of such a sect?. The appears to have been executed in the last locality assigned to them is the district of quarter of the eighteenth century, Derbend. C. LAWRENCE FORD.


"JAN KEES."-In Dr. Jespersen's Growth wardens' accounts of North Wraxall

, Chip and Structure of the English Language penham, for 1756 contain a payident of half-|(1905), p. 187, it is stated that “Jan Kees” a-crown for “laying a fast book and

is a nickname applied in Flanders to people

proclamation.” In 1765, just before the bell is

from Holland proper.

Was this nickname taken down to be recast, 11. 14s. is entered ever applied to the inhabitants of the Dutch "for new tering the bell.”

Can any one

colonies in North America (New Amsterdam, explain “laying” and “ tering”? F. H.

now New York, &c.)? I ask this question

because Dr. H. Logeman has suggested that CAMPBELLS IN TIE STRAND.

Jan Kees” is the origin of the well-known reader state who the Campbell was of Middle- term “Yankee." What is the etymology of ton & Camphell, goldsmiths, 1692, and who the word Kees?

A. L. MAYHEW. the Campbell was of Campbell & Coutts,

Oxford. bankers, 1755? Both firms conducted their business at the sign of the “Three Crowns," Miss Caroline Spurgeon's essay on The


Works of Dr. Johnson,' which obtained the

Quain Prize at University College, London, TIMOTHY BUCK was elected to Trinity in 1898, I believe it is stated that Johnson's College, Cambridge, from Westminster Irene' was founded on a play by Charles School in 1748, aged eighteen, but his name Goring, acted in 1709. I should like to know does not appear in the Trinity admissions. something of this play and its writer. I should be glad to obtain particulars of his

L. R. M. STRACHAN. career, and the date of his death.

Heidelberg, Gerniany.
G. F. R. B.

CHALONER: THOMAS MEIGHEN : THE FORHUTTON: HEPBURN: LIDDERDALE.—Would TUNATE Boy.-Can any old Salopian give any readers of ‘N. & Q. tell me if the me, in your columns, further information

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regarding the above than can be found in

Beplies. the Blakeway MS. ? Was any record kept of a master who comes down to us vaguely as

PIG: SWINE: HOG. “Black Hugh"? I have heard him spoken

(10th S. iv. 407, 449.) of also as Black Evans.”

At the latter reference the clearest example The history of the “ Fortunate Boy” would of “pig," used in the modern sense before be worth writing. What happened to him 1840 is that from Boswell. It was in August, after he left school and squandered his sup- 1784, probably, that Miss Seward told John posed fortune ? My information, after a son of the learned pig she had seen at diligent search, stops short at a recountal of Nottingham. The story is given in her own his discovery over a bottle of wine. He

words in the first edition of Boswell, 1791. claimed, it seems that the wine had been Somebody had remarked that great torture grown on his Sicilian vineyards, but un.

must have been employed in training the fortunately the cork flaunted the name of a animal. “ • Certainly, (said the Doctor ;) but. well-known London wine merchant.. An in. (turning to me,) how old is your pig? I quisitive guest discovered the difference told him, three years old. Then, (said he,) between hard fact and a charming story. the pig has no cause to complain......'” Thus,

PERCY ADDLESHAW. the age being given, we have a clear example, LONDON NEWSPAPERS.—Can any of your such as Dr. MURRAY requires, readers kindly say where a complete list of A still earlier example, only less decisive, London newspapers of the eighteenth century, occurs in Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the with name and period of existence of each, Hebrides,' under date 24 October, 1773. may be seen ? Is there any similar list of Johnson then said, “The Peers have but to provincial newspapers for that time?

oppose a candidate to ensure him success. It

B. M. is said the only way to make a pig go forward, DR. Cookson.—Where can information be is to pull him back by the tail. These people obtained about Dr. Cookson, private tutor to devoted an essay (in which of his works ?) to

must be treated like pigs." Leigh Hunt William IV. and the Duke of Cambridge ?

“the graces and anxieties of pig driving," What was his relationship to Wordsworth?

and it seerns reasonable to suppose that, SISTER.

where driving is concerned, the adults and “THESE ARE THE BRITONS, A BARBAROUS not merely the juveniles are intended. RACE.”—Many years ago-before the passing In 1757, reviewing Jonas Hanway's Essay of the Education Act-a text-book used at on Tea' (1756), Johnson wrote: "To raise the the establishment for young ladies I attended fright still higher, he quotes an account of a in London was Our Native England,' a pig's tail scalded with tea, on which, howsmall paper-bound book written, I believe, ever, he does not much insist" (* Works,' ed. by Cook, after the model of The Murphy, 1824, ii. 338). A reference to HanHouse that Jack Built.' The first page bore way's essay, appended to his Journal of a rough woodcut of our forefathers, and the Eight Days' Journey, from Portsmouth to lines :

Kingston-upon-Thames,' might perhaps settle
These are the Britons, a barbarous race, the status of this unfortunate pig.
Chiefly employed in war or the chase,

When Boswell wrote to his friend Erskine
Who dwelt in our native England.

on 2 Dec., 1761, “I am just now returned P. 2 ran : These are the Romans, a people bold,

from eating a most excellent pig with the Most famous of all the natious old,

most magnificent Donaldson" ("CorresponWho conquered the Britons, a barbarous race, &c.

dence,' edited by Birkbeck Hill, 1879, p. 20), he And so on to Victoria,

no doubt referred to sucking-pig. Charles Our sovereign fair and young,

Lamb's famous 'Dissertation upon Roast Whose plaudits flow from every tongue,

Pig' of course refers to the same dish. The Niece of William Fourth, the last king who first accident which led to the discovery of reigned.

the dainty befell a fine litter of newAnd so back to the

farrowed pigg"; and the epicure expressly Britons, a barbarous race.

: I speak not grown I should very much like to procure a copy porkers--things between pig and porkof the old book, whose rimes are still fresh these hobbledehoys—but a young and tender in my mind, and taught me more of English suckling.' history than the pretentious works of later

Johnson's usual word for the animal was years.

ALICE S. MILLARD. undoubtedly "hog." Thus on 14 July, 1763, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.

he said of an impudent fellow from Scotland

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(Macpherson): “He would tumble in a hog- friend Newton. One couplet usually assigned stye, as long as you looked at him" (Hill's to the latter is perhaps the original of the

Boswell,' i. 432). On 16 September, 1777, phrase "to go the whole hog”:speaking of the character of a valetudinarian:

But for one piece they thought it hard Sir, he brings himself to the state of a hog in From the whole hog to be debarred. a stye" (Hill, iii. 152). Johnson having likened

In 1799 Southey wrote a poem entitled Gray's Odes to cucumbers raised in a hot- The Pig' ('Poetical Works,' ed. 1849, iii. 65), bed, a gentleman unluckily said: "" Had in which the word seems to be used in its they been literally cucumbers, they had been generic sense. “Woe to the young posterity

' better things than Odes.' 'Yes, Sir (said of pork” is the only line which suggests the Johnson), for a hog (Langton's recollections contrary. DR. Murray may perhaps note in ‘Boswell, 1780, Hill, iv. 13). In the account for registration among the compounds of of Raasay in his Journey to the Western “pig”: Islands' (1775) Johnson remarks, “I never

All alteration man could think, would mar saw a hog in the Hebrides except one at His Pig-perfection. Dunvegan" ('Works,' edited by Murphy, 1824, A better-known poem of Southey’s is the viii. 281). Later in the same book we find : Ode to a Pig, while his Nose was being “In my memory it was a precept annually (Bored' (date ?), which begins, given in one of the English almanacks, to kill hogs when the moon was increasing, and Hark! hark! that pig—that pig! the hideous note, the bacon would prove the better in boiling" and developes into an ironical attempt to (ibid., 342).

reconcile the pig to his fate. Whether the Possibly Bogwell was using the word sow in operation is usually performed only on the the generic sense mentioned by Dr. MURRAY young animals or not, there can be no doubt when he translated Mouach, the Erse name that Southey here uses the word “pig" for of the Isle of Muck, as “the Sows' Island” the whole race. It is true he addresses the (*Hebrides,' 18 September). In Johnson's sufferer with the diminutive form “piggy": account of their tour (p. 293 of the edition Go to the forest, piggy, and deplore above cited) we read : The

The miserable lot of savage swine !

proper name is Muack, which signifies swine.'

But he uses the adjective “young” in a On turning to other writers we find Gilbert manner that would be unnecessary with the White, in . The Natural History of Selborne' older meaning of “pig":(1789), using all three words precisely in See how the young pigs fly from the great boar, Dr. Johnson's dictionary sense. Thus in And see how coarse and scantily they dine. letter 31 (1770) he speaks of the little pigs " “ Pig” is descriptive of the animal all through of the hedgehog; "gwine" (plural) have been its career :known to be guilty of murder (letter 52, 1773);

And when, at last, the closing hour of life, “where hogs are not much in use......the

Arrives (for pigs niust die as well as men). coarser animal oils will come very cheap (letter 68. 1775); “barrow-hogs have also

The word “swine," it may be observed, small tusks, like sows (letter 74, 1776?);

occurs in this poem both as singular and as “the natural term of a hog's life is little plural. A pig, presumably adult, also figures

in The Devil's Walk' The Devil's known......;

however, my neighbour...... kept Thoughts,' a joint production by Southey and a half-bred Bantam SOW......

.till she was advanced to her seventeenth year" (letter 75,

Coleridge before the dawn of the nineteenth 1776?); this sow produced once above century. Stanza viii., which Coleridge claims twenty at a litter; but, as there were near

as his own in his version, runs thus :: double the number of pigs to that of teats, Down the river did glide, with wind and with tide, many died......she was allowed to have been and the Devil look'd wise as he saw how the while

A pig with vast celerity, the fruitful ,parent of three hundred pigs" | It cut its own throat. “There," quoth he with a (ibid.).

smile, Cowper's poem entitled The Love of the Goes England's commercial prosperity.” World' Reproved; or, Hypocrisy Detected' Sydney Smith wrote in 1807 : “ It is now (Globe edition, p.368), is a parable based on the three centuries since an English pig has fallen Mussulman’singeniousevasion of the Prophet's in a fair battle upon English ground” (* Peter prohibition of pork. It contains the words Plymley's Letters,' No.5). The same amusing hoy and swine (singular), but not pig. The writer, reviewing J. C. Curwen's 'Observapoem was printed in Cowper's first volume, tions on the State of Ireland,' 1818, in The 1782, but had already appeared in The Leeds Edinburgh Review (reference ?), asserted that Journul (when ?) with additions by Cowper's) “all degrees of all nations begin with living


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