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as a family of this name was connected with Respecting the coat of arms, the earliest that of Heath, in which I am also interested, Muir whom historians of Scotland start with I am able to supply him with sources of is a Sir J. Gilchrist. He married the only information which perhaps may afford some daughter of Sir William Cumming, of Rowclues to his quest. My notes refer me to allan. "The History of the House of RowHarl. Soc. Pubs. Worc., vol. xx. 7; Vistn. allane, by Sir William Mure, Knight, of of Staffs, 1614 and 1663-4,' by the w. Salt Rowallan, written in, or prior to, 1657," Soc., No. 70 (compiled by Thos. Phillips); informs us “Sr. Gilchrist" bore from his Misc. Genealogica et Herald., series ii. 3, 104; ancestors “ Argent, a fesse azure charged wt .Com. Leices.,' by Nichols, vol. iv. p. 370 ; thrie starrs proper." Quarteriug” was not Harl. MS. 1995, fol. 62. This last records a then known in Scotland, and Sir Adam (first marriage between Heath and Caldwall of the name) was the first " who quartered (? Caldwell), and is the one reference which I w his owne the armes of the Cuming," &c. have personally seen. My notes also mention

“So yt to this day the Airs & successors of the that à Robt. Caldwell resided at Rolston, persons above mentioned do beare two Coats in Staffs, and William Caldwall at Burton-on-one scutshion quarterly, to witt the first quarter Trent.

Argent, a fesse parting equallie the field,' Azure The following notes may perhaps be helpful house of Caldwell......do bear the arms of the

charged wt thrie starrs......Thence it is that the to C. T. E.:

Paternall Coat,” &c. 1. Thomas Coldwell, M.A., was instituted

ALFRED CHAS. JONAS. to the rectory and parish church of Newbury in 1592 by John Coldwell, Bishop of Sarum, Sarah Nevill, afterwards Burkitt, was sister

CROMWELL FLEETWOOD (10th S. iii. 466).on presentation of Queen Elizabeth. seems to have held the living of Shaw-cum

of John Nevill, called the elder in the will. Donnington jointly with that of Newbury, Chauncy speaks of their father as John the and was probably a kinsman of the Bishop elder, and calls this John, the younger. He of Sarum (cf. Reg. Coldwell, f. 3).

was in possession in Chauncy's time, and 2. Thomas Coldwell was collated Sub-Dean regarded by him as the heir." The George of Salisbury as successor of Richard Hooker,

who married Jane Guyon was his son; the 16 Feb., 1694/5 (cf. Le Neve's Fast. Eccl. will quoted shows that John was only in Angl.,' vol. ii. p. 621).

possession as guardian for his son, and preI found this information in a newspaper benefit. The younger son John was doubt

sumably obtained power to sell it for his cutting from article viii. on the church of less the John Nevill of Ridgewell

, barberSt. Nicholas, Newbury, by Walter Money, F.S.A. No date appears on the cutting, nor surgeon, who in 1710 took out a licence to any indication of the name of the paper.

marry Judith Ovington. The following excerpt is froin Camden's Harl. MS. 3882, which is a large collection

This Ridgewell pedigree seems to rest on • Britannia,' under Richmondshire :into two roads. That towards the North lies by insert a Thomas as son of Sir Thomas, son "From Catarractonium the military way falls relating to Nevill families, and has various

trial pedigrees of this branch; most of these Caldwell and by Aldburgh.”

J. W. B. of Lord Latimer, but without any details The family of Caldwell had an existence

whatever. in Scotland centuries before the repeal of

On the first page of the same collection is the Edict of Nantes. Sir Adam Muir, of

small slip pasted in :Rowallan (grandson of Sir Archd. Muir, who pedigree from Hugh Nevill cheif Forester in the

“Nevill.......of Halsted and Redgewell in Essex a died in 1349), had three brothers : one of time of King Richard the first see my book of them, Robert of Comeeskin, married the Pedigrees Miscellaneous Derb Nott Hunt s... Salop heiress of Caldwell in 1349. I would not and other countys to George Nevill of Staple Inne venture to assert what was the origin of the fo. 260.” place-name. "Cold," "kald," "cauld," &c., This was the George who purchased Berk

" are numerous in Scottish place-names. It hampstead. would not surprise me if it had its origin in The other notes seem to be by Le Neve, “Coiladar”-i.e., the wood of oaks. Caldwell and I have long been anxious to trace the is in the parish of Dunlop, Ayrshire. The book referred to above. If correct, it entirely old castle of Caldwell stood on the top of a disposes of the alleged descent of the Ridgehillside, to the south-west of Lochlibb (now well family from the Latimers. The lion seal known as Lugton), in Renfrewshire. One of Hugh the Forester in the British Museum square tower of the castle was standing in was obtained from John of Ridgewell attached 1876.

to an Essex deed ; in MS. 3882 is the impres

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sion of a small newly cut seal of the lion

Here lyeth the Body of Elizabeth rampant, guttee de sang, with a lion crest and

Fleetwood widow the address of a posting house at Ridgewell.

who died the

xxvi of April MDCXCIII This is the coat stated by Clutterbuck to be

adjacent to ye body of her vertuous husband shown on the tomb of George Nevill. Morant Cromwell Fleetwood Esq who died ye 1 June also, s.v. Wethersfield, says that John Nevill

MDCLXXXVIII this of Ridgewell was of the kin of Hugh the

Elizabeth was sole daughter of Forester.

George Nevill Gent and died

without issue. Morant's fuller account of these Nevills is

H. P. POLLARD. very incorrect; it was apparently copied from the rough notes in the Harl. MS. Sir "THE MISSAL' (10th S. iii. 469; iv. 34). Thomas died in 1582, not in 1540, and the MR. PEACOCK is doubtless quite right in Thomas who died in 1602, said to be his son, thinking that Sir Walter Scott calls any was of another family. There is strong service-book a missal. I cannot give a precise reason to doubt if the son Thomas, who was reference, but I can quote a parallel case. nine in 1546 at the time of the I.P.M. on his In 'The Antiquary' (fifth edition, 1818, ii. mother Maria Tey, ever attained his majority. 267–70) he describes a burial : “A priest, It will be better, however, to start another dressed in his cope and stole...... recited note on that subject.

from the breviary...... those solemn words There was a Fleetwood Nevill, clerk, of which the ritual of the Catholic Church has county Hunts, who was twenty-five when he consecrated to the rendering of dust to dust took out a marriage licence in 1690. Foster's ......A loud Alleluia......closed the ceremony." 'Al. Oxon.' has an entry of his son Fleetwood

W. C. B. and further particulars. He was possibly related to Isabel, daughter

of Hercy Nevill,

NORDEN'S SPECULUM BRITANNIÆ' (10th S. of Grovo; she married Sir Gerard Fleetwood iii. 450; iv. 12).-I cannot find that Lowndes as her third husband.

gives 1596 as the date of an edition of this The Harl. MS. and other accounts of the book. Lowndes gives the date 1596 (in Ridgewell family are wrong in other ways; parentheses) to Norden's Preparatiue' to the uncles of John did not die without issue his “Speculum Britanniæ, but this was a male, and so clear the way for John as head ghost - book that never had a separate of the family, and therefore heir male of existence. The Middlesex part of the the house of Nevill, according to this later Speculum' was first published in 1593, and pretension.

the Hertfordshire part in 1598. In 1637 & I have many particulars of these and second edition of both parts was published, numerous other Nevill branches in Essex,

and in 1723 a third edition, which is that taken from the Essex wills; all of these described by Mr. W. J. GADSDEN. To this under the name of Nevill I have abstracted last edition was prefixed Norden's 'Preparadown to about 1650. I shall be glad to corre

tiue to his Speculum Britanniæ,' the principal spond with any one interested.

part of which is the address To all It seems evident that George of Berkhamp address is dated 4 November, 1596, Lowndes

Covrteovs Gentlemen," &c.; and as this stead claimed descent froin Hugh of the Lion, and not from the Latimers. It is just possible gave that date to the 'Preparatiue, of which that at a rather later date the identity of existence. The editor of the 1723 reissue

no separate copies are known to be in George's great-grandfather with a son of Sir Thomas (perhaps by a second wife) was dis probably printed it from a manuscript, which covered, and the other pedigree abandoned.

is most likely no longer in existence, and the RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A.

maps, &c., look as if they had been printed Castlehill, Guildford.

from the original coppers. From the descripSince Cussans wrote, a "restoration " of the that his copy does not contain the engraved

tion given by MR. GADSDEN, it would appear church of St. Andrew, Little Berkbampstead, and printed general title-pages. The arrangehas taken place ; even this ordeal hardly ment of the book, however, varies in different explains the error in date, which appears to copies. In Lowndes's collation the leaf be due to a slip on the part either of the headed "To the right worshipful M. William historian or his printer. On the south side Warde Esquire," is placed at the beginning of the sanctuary floor is a large slab, from of the book, whereas in my copy it is placed which, in September, 1904, I copied the at the end of the Middlesex portion, before following inscription (the lettering is well the leaf of Nicolson's commendatory verses, preserved):

and a glance will show that this is obviously

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the right position. Whether at the beginning Two years after her marriage Mrs. Radcliffe made or end, these two leaves should be placed her first appearance as a novelist. She died together, the French verses of Nicolson 7th February, 1822, at her house in London.' facing bis English ones. For an interesting

R. J. FYNMORE. account of Norden's various works in print

Sandgate. and manuscript MR. MARCHAM should con- It has been stated by a former corresult Sir Henry Ellis's valuable introduction spondent of ‘N. & Q.' that this lady was & to his edition of 'The Description of native of Durham, and the daughter of one Essex,' issued by the Camden Society in of the vicars choral. She was for some years 1840.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. organist of St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham; she In the bibliography of John Norden's

a very pretty poetess, and used to works attached to the reprint of the 1598 publish in The Durham Advertiser, Monthly edition of Norden's Description of Hart- Mrs. Radcliffe, not merely on the Continent, fordshire,' the following are recorded :

but even in England. 1593. Speculum Britanniæ. The firste parte:

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. An historicall and chorographicall Description of

71, Brecknock Road. Middlesex. Wherein are......sett down the names of the cyties......parishes, etc. — The title-page is The ring in question cannot have belonged engraved, three folding plates, pp. 50. London, to the eminent novelist, who was born only 1593. 4to. 1596.

three years before the death of the person Norden's Preparative to his Speculum Britanniæ. Intended as a reconciliation of sundrie whose memory was cherished in the inscrippropositions by divers persons tendred, concerning tion. Ann Radcliffe, whose maiden name the same.-London, 1596. 8vo.

was Ward, was born in 1764, and married to 1598. Speculi Britanniæ Pars. The Descrip. William Radcliffe about 1787. She died in tion of Hartfordshire. With engraved title-page 1823.

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. and map.-London, 1598. 4to.

[The 'D.N.B.' states that the novelist died I may, perhaps, mention that although the 7 February, 1823. MR. A. R. BAYLEY is also thanked Middlesex and Hertfordshire volumes are for reply.] usually found together they were issued separately. Both were reprinted in one

ROWSE OR ROUS OF CRANSFORD, WEST volume in 1723, but the edition of 1637 men- SUFFOLK (10th S. iii. 270).-E. S. R. might tioned by Lowndes has apparently no gain some information regarding the Suffolk existence.

W. B. GERISE,

Rouses by referring to Savage's New EngBishop's Stortford.

land Genealogical Dictionary. Many families

came from Suffolk and Essex to New England. ANN RADCLIFFE (10th S. iv. 9).-In Novels Can he inform me who were the following and Novelists from Elizabeth to Victoria,' by Rouses mentioned in the will of Edward J. Cordy Jeaffreson, 1858, vol. ii. p. 1, may Peters, 1638, of Bristol? He was a merchant, be found the following:

and desires to be buried at St. Nicholas's “Although Ann Radcliffe's parents were in rank Church, Bristol. Among others he names no higher than respectable tradespeople, she was brother George Peters (he was a minister, more than decently descended. Her paternal graduate of Oxford), sister Rouse, aunt Alice grandmother was a sister of Cheselden, the distin. Gleason, mother-in-law Ann Grey, cousin guished surgeon : her maternal gfandmother was Ann Morgan, wife Margaret, children Edward, Anne Oates, a sister of Dr. Samuel Jebb, of Strat. ford, who was father of Sir Richard Jebb'; and she George, Ann, Elizabeth, and Grace Peters. was lineally descended from a De Witt, a near This Edward Peters was son of George Petra relative of John and Cornelius, who came over or Peter and his wife Grace_ (daughter of from Holland to carry out a Government plan to John Pyle, of Exeter). The Peters were of drain the fens of Lincolnshire, a design which the Devon.

G. A. T. popular rising and the execution of Charles I. expelled from the minds of its projectors.

Albany, N.Y.

Her maiden name was Ward, and she was born in SCOTCH BURIAL CUSTOM (10th S. iv. 10).London on the 9th of July, 1764. When she was Had the occurrence at the burying ground of only three-and-twenty the lovely creature gave her heart and hand to a Mr. William Radcliffe. This Longforgan, Dundee, been of an ordinary fortunate gentleman was a graduate of Oxford, a

character, it would not have been chronicled law student, and a man of considerable literary in the newspapers. It is unusual in Scotland abilities. Upon his marriage, deening it prudent for women in any circumstances to attend a to exercise his talents in some way that should funeral, though the custom is less stringently reward his exertions with immediate payment, he adhered to than was the case twenty years relinquished his legal pursuits, and, devoting his time and powers to journalism, eventually became ago. In the Highlands people cling to old the proprietor and editor of The English Chronicle. habits more tenaciously than in the south of

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Scotland, and this is especially the case with name of somebody remarkable for having respect to the rites of sepulture. It has long a pincer-like mouth or_nose, as has been been, and still is, the custom in the north for ingeniously surmised. Domesday Book, in the nearest male relative to stand at the head one instance, registers the place as Picebech. of the grave and hold the cord next to him

St. SWITHIN by which the coffin is lowered. This is the

The first line of the doggerel quoted is, in place of a husband in laying the remains of Devonshire, always given “Adam and Eve his wife in the grave, of a father burying his and Pinch me," while the remaining lines are son, and of the eldest son attending the funeral of his father. A near relative takes as you print them. And the Devon version his place at the foot of the grave, and kinsmen as the questioner, on getting from the ques

appears to me to be the correct one, inasmuch and friends stand at each side and assist in tionee the obvious answer, “Pinch me,” never lowering the coffin.

J. GRIGOR.

fails to administer a pinch. The custom in Scotland of the chief mourner

FRED. C. FROST, F.S.I. holding the principal cord in the lowering of Teignmouth. the coffin is alluded to in 'Poems' by the Rev. John Black, of Butley, in Suffolk, 1799, p. 10, s. iii. 387, 435; iv. 36).—There is always a

HOLLICKE OR HOLLECK, CO. MIDDLESEX (10th in “An Elegy on the Author's Mother, who risk of confusion when we find contemporaries was buried in the churchyard of Dunichen, bearing the same or similar names. We find in Scotland," which contains the stanza :

from the I.P.M. of Philip Basset, 6 November, Oh, how my soul was griev'd when I let fall

56 Hen. III., that the deceased held Elsefeld The string that dropt her silent in the grave ! Yet thought I then I heard her spirit call:

manor in Oxfordshire, in exchange for a “Safe I have pass'd through death’s o'erwhelming nanor of Walter de Morton called" Ledred

in Soserey” (Leatherhead, in Surrey). This See Brand's · Popular Antiquities,' revised by shows that a certain Walter de Morton Sir Henry Ellis (Bohn, 1854), vol. ii. p. 274. existed temp. Henry III., but for the reasons J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. given in my former reply, I think that the

owner of Haliwick manor was Walter de I believe it to be the custom throughout Horton. There are, of course, several places Scotland for the chief mourner to lower the from which he might have derived his surhead of the coffin into thọ grave, the second name, the nearest to "Little Bernete” being the foot, and those further in degree the Horton in Bucks, opposite Stanwell on the sides, the position of each mourner being other side of the river Colne. indicated to him on a card sent before the tuneral by the undertaker.

Norden says that Muswell Hill was also R. BARCLAY-ALLARDICE.

called Pinsenall Bill, and a variant of this

word is Pensnothyll. The first syllable of Lostwithiel, Cornwall.

the word reminds us of Penshurst and PenisPINCHBECK FAMILY (10th S. iii. 421 ; iv. 33). banger, and would seem to point to a wooded - The doggerel lines quoted by Mr. W. H. bill. I would, therefore, tentatively suggest PINCHBECK were, when I was at school in that the constituents of the name are the Somersetshire, fifty years ago, well known as A.-S. pin, a pine, hnut, a nut, and hyll, a hill, a schoolboys' catch for the innocent new boy the complete word signifying Pine Nut (or and for our unwary sisters; and they were Pine Cone) Hill.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. also familiar to a younger generation seven

The oldest form of this place-name appears years ago, at St. Albans Grammar School but in each of these cases the first line read to be “Halewik" (cf. the Hale, Tottenham) as follows:

generally a piece of flowing water, and very

A. H. Adam and Eve and Pinch me, and the object of the ditty can be clearly

Josias CATZIUS (10th S. iv. 10).—It is more diagnosed from this reading of the first line, than probable that he is a fictitious characcoupled with the obviously necessary reply ter, and the gathering

together of the Jews to the question asked in the fourth line. The in great bodies under" him did not take substitution of the surname “Pinchbeck" for place at all. There is a copy of the 'Doomes“ Pinch me" in the first line would seem to day' in the British Museum among the destroy the whole point of the catch.

pamphlets collected by George III. The F. DE H. L.

press-mark is E. 383 (23). It is a short tract I venture to think that the surname was of six small quarto pages, one and a half of originally derived from Pinchbeck, near which are blank and one is occupied by the Spalding, Lincolnshire, rather than the nick-title. The purpose of the gathering of the

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Jews ("in Illyria, Bithinia, and Cappadocia") men have resolutely determined that this is is stated to have been the conquest of the the last subject which they would willingly Holy Land “out of the hand of Ottaman." learn. It is certainly the one which they The anonymous author had “certaine and least understand. WALTER W. SKEAT. credible information” about it, and refers

The 'Life of Sir Edward Coke,' by Cathalso to “letters from beyond the seas. The patronymic “Catzius” is Dutch, but Van der according to an amusing article of thirteen

bert W. Johnson, is a work of no authority, Aa's Dutch dictionary of biography does not columns in the Gent. Mag., November, 1837, seem to mention him.

L. L. K.
p. 502, which points out the grossest blunders.

RALPH THOMAS.
COKE OR Cook ? (10th S. iii. 430 ; iv. 13.)-
There is no difficulty in this matter to any We are promised an authoritative account of

"THE OXFORD RAMBLE' (10th S. iv. 43). — one who is acquainted with the regular historical development of English sounds. At this Alderbury Churchyard broadside ballad,

which is in Roxburghe Ballads,' I show that everya. - Strange for har en te vol. Viii. p. 181, an exemplar bering i komb. normally becomes o0 (as in boot) in modern Coll., iji. 490, and an important book-form English. Among the instances I cite do, I copy, dated 1744, and holding two extra do; col, cool ; rõd, rood ; föda, food, &c. I stanzas, in possession of Mr. J. W. Ebsworth. then note that this 00 (as in cool) is shortened The account will describe his own three

A. N. Q. before a final k, formerly written c, as in exemplars and three others. hoc, a hook; hroc, a rook ; scoc, shook; coc, cook ; boc, book. It may further be noted

Miscellaneous. that Norman scribes, in the fourteenth century, whilst the word was still pronounced

NOTES ON BOOKS, &0. coke, and before the change of 7 to ū had set Diary and Letters of Madame D'Arblay, 1778-1840. in, frequently used the spelling coke instead With Preface and Notes by Austin Dobson. of the more correct cook, especially in the

Vol. VI. (Macmillan & Co.) genitive case. Thus the Ellesmere MS. of MR. DOBSON's self-imposed and admirably executed Chaucer has The prologe of the Cokes Tale,' is now in the hands of his subscribers and readers.

task is accomplished, and his concluding volume immediately succeeded by The Cook of It}is, in some respects, the

best of the series. If London, as in three other MSS. But the it is a little less fresh and winsome than the earlier Petworth and Lansdowne MSS. have The volumes, it is written in a more sober period and Coke of London,' for they exhibit later deals with more serious matters. The change of

which we are conscious is that from adolescence into spellings.

middle, and, at the close, elderly life. The girl There was no difficulty as long as cook has ripened into the matron, and the difference and coke were both pronounced like mod. E. between the earlier and the later records correcoke. But when the regular lowering (not sponds precisely to that between youth and age. "hardening”) of guttural vowels set in, the Men of ripe years are generally tender and trouble began, and coke became ambiguous. hood, and the joyous aspirations and anticipations

caressing in their feeling towards youth and girl. Archaically, it represented the sound coke, which attend the dawn

of life move most those who but practically people came to sound it know best how quickly the radiance will fade. as mod. E. cool. The sound changed so Each stage of the work has, however, its own. gradually that at first it was hardly noticed ; attractions, and we may almost say, in rising from. but there came a time when no one could be the consideration of the last, in Donne's gracious sure about it. All therefore that we know words, as we recall them :about Coke for certain is that it really means

Nor spring nor summer beauty has the grace

That I have seen in an autumnal face. Cook”; but as to the pronunciation, all the volume opens and the work virtually closes. depends upon chronology; No doubt the with a postscript, which consists naturally, to a appearance

of the word has largely influenced certain extent, of afterthoughts, and is, in part, the sound ; and many moderns would pro- an apologia. Comments upon previous volumes pounce coke as coak without the slightest are answered, and a defence of the heroine is hesitation.

undertaken against such gently, questioning reThe history of Cuckfield is similar: the old though this is perhaps a piece of self - delusion

marks as have been provoked. We fancy Coc.feld, Anglo - French Cokefeld, regularly that we trace special response to observations became Cook-field; but in this instance the of our own. No very serious complaining had. influence of the following kf further shortened Mr. Dobson to face, and his defence-if such it the oo (as in cook) to the oo in blood.

may be called when there is no attack-may be. All such changes present no difficulty, to which is selected as the epigraph for the volumes,

easily accepted, while Macaulay's vindication, the student of phonetics ; but most English is exactly just : "If she recorded with minute,

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