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TOLIPOMANIA.- Are there any recent books upon Ythancaestir at p. 147 says: “On the or articles of importance dealing with this river Pante, now called Blackwater river, strange commerce, in which shares in a bulb near Maldon, Essex. There are seem to have had a speculative market, such remains of the city." as pig-iron warrants have here?

If there is nothing of it left, it must be [Poole’s ‘Index to Periodical Literature,' 1882, difficult to identify it with any place that mentions Value of Talips in the Seventeenth still remains. The suggestion that it was Century'(Penny Magazine, vii. 455) and two articles Upminster is a fine example of the guess on Tulip Mania? Hogg's Instructor, vi. 19, and desperate. It seems to be a fixed principle Bankers' Magazine, New York, x. 362). ]

with many that if the guess be wild enough, BYRCH ARMS.-The_Franciscan priory of it ought to receive the more respect. UpWare was granted to Thos. Byrch about 1536. minster is even further from the Pante than Can any reader suy if his arms were Azure, Dengie is. All these blunders arise from the three Aeurs-de-lis or ?

Q. W. V. failure to verify references. Beda distinctly

says that the place was ' in ripa Pentæ LOCKE: LOCKIE.—I should be glad to know amnis." He also distinctly says (bk. iii. through your columns whether Locke and ch. xxiii.) that there were four brothers, Lockie are Norse names, and, if so, what named “ Cedd, Cynibill, Caelin, and Ceadda.". changes have taken place in their spelling The note about Dengie is a reminiscence of since their introduction into England. a note in Smith's edition of Beda (p. 127):

ANERLEY. “ Ythancaestir. Quæ Romanis Othona dictam TEED AND ASHBURNER FAMILIES.

Nunc Fanum S. Petri ad aggerem, extremo desirous of any information relating to the Dengiensis Centuriæ Promontorio impositum. above families. According to an entry in a Anglice, St. Peter's on the Wall." Smith family Bible, William Teed married Ann gives no authority, but his explanation is Ashburner at St. Pancras Parish Church, possible, and even probable. He does not Middlesex, on 24 January, 1818. I am par- say.

near Dengie," but at the extreme end ticularly anxious to learn the parentage of of the hundred of Dengie, which is quite a these parties and their descendants.

different thing. In Pigot's County Atlas' CHAS. HALL CROUCH.

(1831) St. Peter's Church is distinctly marked 5, Grove Villas, Wanstead.

in this very position, namely, near the end of the promontory on the south bank of the

mouth of the Blackwater, beyond BradwellBeplies.

juxta-Mare. The sands beyond the promon

tory are called St. Peter's Sands in Bacon's YTHANCÆSTER, ESSEX.

County Atlas.' WALTER W. SKEAT. (10tb S. iv. 48.)

It is not likely, nor is it probable, that SOME one has made a curious blunder here St. Cedde was ever at Chadwell Heath ; but by referring to Chad as being one of the there is an old brick-arched spring there in two saints of that name." The two brothers Billett Lane which was dedicated, in common are quite distinct. One of them, St. Chad, with many other springs (cf. Shadwell, Chadwas properly named Ceadda, of which Chad well—the name of the New River at its is a modernized rendering; and the other source-Chad's-Well near King's Cross, Chadwas Cedd, who was bishop of the East well near Tilbury, Chatswell in Staffordshire, Saxons. The proper course to adopt is to &c.), to this bishop. But my main object in refer to the original passage in Beda's writing is to refer E. C. to some sources of • Ecclesiastical History,' book iii. chap. xxii.; information about Ithancestre, which cersee the edition by Mayor and Lumby, p. 61: tainly was not Upminster, as Mr. Shawcross “Ythancaestir...... in ripa Pentæ amnis. The so strangely suggests it might be.

Beda, note at p. 262_says: Ythancaestir; called so copiously quoted by Mr. Shawcross, tells Othona by the Romans. It was near Dengie us that Çedde built churches at Ithancestir in Essex." And again : “Pentao; now the and Tilaburg. The former of these names Freshwell, one of the two springs of which had become Effecestre by the time of the is still called Pant's well (Camden)."

Domesday Survey, and so appears in DomesBut there is surely some mistake here, day Book, and the site of the church has come for the A.-S. poem on the battle of Maldon down to us in the ruins, probably of a later conclusively shows that the Pante was the building than Cedde's, now to be seen at Blackwater, with which Dengie has little St. Peter's-on-the-Wall, in Bradwell-on-Sea. to do. In the English version of Beda's Mr. J. H. Round (v: Victoria Hist. Essex, • History' in "Bohn's Library” the note pp. 391-2) has clearly identified two of the


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four ancient manors of Bradwell, viz., Battails MR. BAYLEY. But why should certain great and East Hall, as being the constituent parts examples by the old masters be forgotten of Effecestre in 1086. The name of Effecestre when this subject is in view ? Ought we not in its turn gave place to Wall (A.-S. weall), for to remember the St. Cecilias of Raphael and in fines of 1204-5 and 1207-8(v. Feet of Fines, Domenichino, pictures of the Heavenly Essex, pub. Essex Arch. Soc., pp. 34, 42) it Choir by Fra Angelico, and the Concert appears as La Walle and La Waule, and in Champêtre,' which is in the Louvre, and 1212 (Testa de Nevill,' pp. 268-9) as Walle bears the name of Giorgione? These are and Walla. It I suggest, quite clear that but specimens of a host of fine things. La Waule, St. Peter's-on-the-Wall, and the

F. G. S. modern name Bradwell (Brád-weall) refer to the sea-wall, which has its northern ending s. iii. 364). --The actual date of Swift's letter

"THE BEGGAR'S OPERA ' IN DUBLIN (10th at the mouth of the Blackwater at St. Peter's

. is 28 March, 1728. It was printed in full S. H.

from the transcript in the Oxford MSS. at The reference is obviously to Ythanchester, Longleat by Elwin (Pope's Works, 1871, in the parish of Bradwell, Essex. There is vii. 125-8). A foot-note says that a small in vol. lviii. of the Archæological Journal an portion of the letter was given by Pope in article by Mr. C. R. Peers on the Saxon the quarto edition of his correspondence church at this place.

J. R. NUTTALL. with Swift (The Works of Mr. Alexander Enough is left to show the form of the Pope, in Prose,' vol. ii.), published in 1741. Roman station at Brad well - juxta - Mare, There it figured as part of a letter to Gay, dated supposed to have been the Othona of the 23 Nov., 1727, but made up by the editorial Romans, afterwards called Ithancester, and ingenuity of Pope from three distinct letters the site of_Bishop Cedda's church. The (cf. Elwin's introduction to vol. i. p. cxii, and chapel "St. Peter's-on-the-Wall” is an ancient the letters themselves, dated 23 Nov., 1727, building, now used as a barn, but believed to 26. Feb., 1727/8, and 28 March, 1728, in

vol. vii. be in part the original Saxon church.

pp. 104, 116, 125). I. CHALKLEY GOULD. The discrepancy observed by MR. LAWJohn Norden, in his Description of Essex,' terms: "This medley was put together by

RENCE is noted by Elwin in the following 1594 (Camden Soc.), states :

Pope with so little regard to consistency, “Peters on the Wall, h. 34 (see map accompanying that he makes Swift, in November, 1727, the text), wher some suppose Ithancester to haue descant upon the success of The Beggar's stoode. it appeareth to haue bene a town now [i.e., 1594] greatly deuowred wth the sea'; and Opera,' which was not performed till January, buyldings yet appeare in the sea. It is called 1728” (p. 104 n.). St. Peter's on the wall, for that it standeth on the Writing from Dublin to Pope on 10 May, wall web was made to defende the land from the 1728, Swift says: “Mr. Gay's Opera has

been acted here twenty times, and my lord On the l-inch Ordnance Map of England lieutenant tells me it is very well performed ; and Wales it is marked "St. Peter's Chapel," he has seen it often, and approves it much." being on the east coast of Essex, close to For “houses crammed" (the quarto read“St. Peter's Sand” and the sea, and near the ing in the sentence quoted at p. 364 above) entrance to Blackwater river.

Elwin reads (with the Oxford MS.)“ house

W. I. R. V. crammed.” LIONEL R. M. STRACHAN. E. C. may find some archæological papers

Heidelberg, Germany. on the subject, besides the following: Archæologia, vol. xli. p. 439, &c.; Gent. Mag., Third

SWEDISH ROYAL FAMILY (10th S. iii. 409, Series, xviii., xix. ; Fourth Series, i.

456).-Will COL. PRIDEAUX kindly explain EDWARD SMITH.

how Adolphus Frederick, who ascended the

throne of Sweden in 1751, was descended in [MR. A. HALL also refers to Othona.]

the female line from the great Gustavus PICTURES INSPIRED BY Mosic (10th S. iv. 9, Vasa”? So far as I can make out from 57). -Surely in the highest rank of works of George's 'Genealogical Tables, the present art coming under this heading the Maître representative of the original house of Vasa Wolframb' of Le Mud ought to be found, is the Czar.

A. although it is not properly a picture, being, on the other hand, a lithograph of, as such, very AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10th S. distinguished merit. I decline to place with iii. 148, 197, 335; iv. 16).-May I be perso noble and profound a piece as this the mitted to answer my third question (by whim of poor A. Beardsley commended by now giving the exact reference) and refresh

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MR. HAMONET's memory at the same time? met with his approval, and they were married The line referred to is in the "Dédicace” (l. 82) by proxy. On the new queen's arrival at her of A. de Musset's 'La Coupe et les Lèvres husband's palace the latter found fault with (Poème Dramatique),' and the context is so her for not resembling the portrait, and good also that I venture to quote a few more straightway divorced the fat Flanders lines, if not out of place here :

R. L. MORETON. Je ne fais grand cas, pour moi, de la critique ;

I have a cousin, a Cambridge graduate, Toute mouche qu'elle est, c'est rare qu'elle pique. On m'a dit l'an passé que j'imitais Byron :

who first met his wife's face in The War Cry. Vous qui me connaissez, vous savez bien que non.

MEDICULUS. Je hais comme la mort l'état de plagiaire ;

INCLEDON : COOKE (10th S. iii. 464).-With Mon verre n'est pas grand, mais je bois dans mon reference to the incident respecting George C'est bien peu, je le sais, que d'être homme de bien, F. Cooke, the earliest record of it I can Mais toujours est-il vrai que je n'exhune rien.

trace is in The Georgian Era, a Memoir I

saw the line in question parodied the of the Most Eminent Persons who have other day in a comic journal thus :

flourished in Great Britain from the Accession Ma cour n'est pas grande, mais je vois dans ma

of George I. until the Demise of George IV.'

(London, 1834). Three

The memoir of Cooke contains the followpages farther

still in the “Dédi- ing account:

on, cace," occurs the following :

On the last night of his appearance at Liverpool, Vous me demanderez si j'aime quelque chose. he was, as usual, intoxicated and accordingly hissed, Je m'en vais vous répondre à peu près comme Enraged at this, he suddenly advanced to the footHamlet:

lights and called out to the audience, ‘B-t ge ! Doutez, Ophélia, de tout ce qui vous plaît,

b- -t ye all ! there's not a brick throughout your De la clarté des cieux, du parfum de la rose ; town that's not cemented with the blood of an Doutez de la vertu, de la nuit et du jour;

African !'" Doutez de tout au monde, et jamais de l'amour. Whether the incident really happened or not Truly a poet's translation of a poet's lines. I cannot say, but it is certain that Cooke


performed at the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, I cannot help MR. LATHAM to the sources on 14 August, 1810, and it was announced in he requires; but will he accept some parallels? The Advertiser that it would be his last 1. Göthe, Elegien,' i. 6.

appearance that season. He sailed from 3. Klein, aber mein."

Liverpool on 4 October following for New 5. “La vie est vaine," from Léon Monte- York, and seems never to have returned to nacken's 'Peu de Chose.' See gth S. vi. 26.

England, for he died at New York in Sep8. "Quo me cunque rapit tempestas, deferor tomber, 1811, according to the D.N.B.," hospes." Horatius, Epist.,' lib. i. i. 15. though The Georgian Era' says 1812. G. KRUEGER.

A. H. ARRLE. Berlin.

Thirty to thirty-five years ago I used to LINES ON A MUG (10th S. iii. 228, 353, 435,


very much with theatrical people, both 498).:- I was interested to learn from S.J.A. F. great and small, and I several times heard that the lines beginning "Oh, don't the days the story to which allusion has been made, seem limp and long !" occur in W. S. Gilbert's but never, to my knowledge, was it attributed "Princess Ida, produced at the Savoy Theatre. to Incledon, but always to George Frederick The first two lines are painted on a modern Cooke, and never mentioned as having taken two-handled mug of "Royal Devon Ware” in place at Liverpool, but always at Bristol. I my possession, an example of the admirable heard it told by the late William Creswick to reproductions of old pottery, the sale of

his partner Dick” Shepherd, in the coffeewhich received such a fillip from the dis- room of the “Equestrian Tavern, Blackfriars cerning patronage of H.R.H. Princess Louise, again I can call to mind hearing it told by an

Road, next door to the Surroy Theatre; and Duchess of Argyle. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

intimate friend of my own, James Carter, a.

well-known singer in his day (now dead about PORTRAITS WHICH HAVE LED TO MARRIAGES four years), at the Middlesex Music - ball (10th S. iii. 287, 334, 377, 435).-A portrait led (the "Mogul”), Drury Lane. In each case the to Henry VIII's fourth wedding. When the words used were substantially those quoted marriage between him and Anne of Cleves by J. W. E., but, if I remember rightly, was proposed he would not consent thereto somewhat more highly spiced ; but I am until Holbein, whom he sent to Flanders for sure that the word "nigger" was not used by that purpose, had painted her portrait; this either of the gentlemen of whom I speak as

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the narrators of the story. All things con- JACK AND JILL (10th S. iii. 450 ; iv. 13). — sidered, I can but feel that Bristol is much I remember dining with the judges of assize more likely to be the home of the story than at Armagh in July, 1881 (one of whom was Liverpool. W. E. HARLAND-OXLEY. the late Baron Fitzgerald), when the lines Westminster.

referred to were quoted by a member of the Bristol is, I have no doubt, the city meant; late Mr. Justice O'Hagan, whose name had

circuit, who attributed the authorship to the not Liverpool. Old people who could not only remember, but had taken part in, the shortly before been inserted in the Land Bill anti-slavery agitation, have often

said in my as the Judicial


HENRY AUGUSTUS JOHNSTON. presence that they believed the greater prosperity of Liverpool, in proportion to that of

This riddle is said to have been composed Bristol, was due to the fact that the merchants by Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., Bishop

of Winof the latter city had been more devoted to chester, when a boy of fifteen, and was comthe slave trade than those of the former. municated to me in February, 1865, by his

EDWARD PEACOCK. connexion by marriage, the late Sir Charles Many years ago Mr. Alfred Wigan told me

Sargent, Knt., in the following form :many theatrical anecdotes, amongst them one

'Twas not amid Alpine snows and ice, of George Frederick Cooke being soundly

But on plain English ground:

“ Excelsior” their high device: hissed at Liverpool for being drunk on the

A lowly fate they found. stage, when, becoming enraged, he stepped

'Twas not in search of wealth and fame, up to the footlights and said, If you do not

But at steru duty's call : stop that, I will tell the history of your They were united in their aim, grandfathers." H. A. ST. J. M. Divided in their fall.

F. DE H. L. The version of the incident as given by “Old Stager” is told almost word for word Under this head is given a riddle by the about an actor in a Glasgow theatre.

Rev. J. S. B. Monsell, rector of Guildford. P. F. H. The answer is : The queen is notable ; the

chair is no table ; I am not able. M. E. F. SIR GEORGE DAVIES, BART. (10th S. iii. 469 ; iv. 36). -Since the publication of the two

‘BATHILDA' (10th S. iv. 28). MR. F. R. excellent baronetages referred to (one issued MARVIN has evidently assumed that the 70 and the other. 164 years ago), much " King Clovis brave" of the ballad is Clovis I. additional information has been discovered. If he will again consult bis French history As to Sir George Davies, it is stated in The he will see that it was Clovis II. who married Complete Baronetage,' by G. E. C. (vol. iv. Bathilda. She died in 680, and was canonized p. 138), that he died at Leghorn 4 December, by Nicholas I. Her legend will be found in 1705, and was buried in the Protestant the Bollandists, and other lives of the saints, cemetery there, when the baronetcy became under 30 January. extinct or dormant. A copy of his monu

JAS. PLATT, Jun. mental inscription is printed in Howard's King Clovis brave" of the ballad is Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, Third not Hlodowig 7, as MR. MARVIN Supporters

E. but II., whose wife was Balthild, VULGATE (10th S. iii. 248, 435; iv. 17).-An the name in an encyclopædia probably arises

an English slave. The difficulty, of finding English clergyman who has been much from the fact that the author of the ballad abroad tells me that the Latin church-books (I cannot tell MR. MARVIN who he was) has printed in Paris are notoriously ill done. Omitted the third letter. E. W. B. Certainly the Vulgate published there by Berche & Tralin, in 2 vols. 8vo, 1873, contains Bathilda was the wife of Clovis II. She more errors than any book I know, The was born in England of noble parentage, but Latin version of our own Book of Common was seized by pirates whilst walking on the Prayer, made by William Bright and P. G. seashore and brought to France, where she Medd, both Fellows of University College, was taken to the slave-market. 'One of the Oxford, "editio altera,” 1869, revised by Court officials saw her there, and was so John Jebb, W. J. Blew, and R. F. Littledale, struck with her beauty and charming dehas more mistakes than one expects to find, meanour that he bought her and sent her to especially in the Psalms.

his wife. Soon after the king saw her, fell Bagster's books contain only that portion in love with her, and married her. When of the sacred text which is presented by our some one congratulated her, she is supposed English Apocrypha-legs Bibles. W. C.B. to have said, “Telle est la volonté de Dieu :

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de princesse il me fit esclave: d'esclave il me I have just come across three more memfait reine ; mais je n'oublierai pas les bers of the Parker family in connexion with devoirs qui vont m'être imposés, et me Angel Street Congregational Church, Worsouviendrai toujours d'avoir été esclave.” On cestor, in a quest after the Job Heaths (cf. the death of her husband she was made 10th S. iii. 468). These are Mary, Eliza, and regent during the minority of her son, and Margaret Parker. Facsimiles of their signagoverned the kingdom with goodness and tures (two before 1700 and one in 1701) are wisdom for nine years. She then retired to in existence, but no further particulars. the monastery of Chelles, which was one of “One good turn,” &c.

J. W. B. the many she had founded, and her death took place there in 680. She was canonized CAPE HOORN (10th S. iii. 466).-Referring under the name of Sainte Bathilde.

to my copy of 'A Geographical Description CONSTANCE RUSSELL. of the Four Parts of the World,' taken from Swallowfield Park, Reading.

notes of Monsieur Sanson, by “Richard Blome, St. Bathilda married Clovis II., not Clovis !., of America Meridionale,' dated the year pre

Gent." (published A.D. 1670), in 'A New Mapp and her name is certainly “deathless in

viously, I find the names thereupon do not France, though it appears to be sadly for; altogether coincide with MR. LYNN's refergotten in this her native land. She should enco to Cape Horn. The latter is marked Cape form another link of the friendship uniting de Hora. The passage between “ Terra del the two countries to which she belonged. Fuoga” and “Terre des Estats," however, is An account of her will be found in the Dic-shown as “Streights of Maire.” tionnaire des Dictionnaires,' edited by Mon

HARRY HEMS. signor Paul Guérin.

M. HAULTMONT. Fair Park, Exeter. This name is commonly, and more correctly, spelt Bathildis. Dean Milman, in his 'His

“JOCKTELEG” (10th S. iii. 65, 495).—A jocktory of Latin Christianity' (ed. 1854), refers teleg seems to have been also known as a to her at vol. ii. p. 221. Accounts of her may

"lang-kail gully" :be found under 30 January in the 'Acta

It was a faulding jocteleg,

Or lang-kail gully. Sanctorum,' Butler's 'Lives of the Saints,'

Burns, On Captain Grose,' 1791. and the Rev. Richard Stanton's 'Menology.' EDWARD PEACOCK.

According to Halliwell's Dict. of Archaic

Words, "gully "=a large knife (NorthumFLEET STREET, No. 53 (10th S. iii. 427, 493). berland). J. HOLDEN MacMICHAEL. -I have copies of the following coloured prints :

St. GILBERT OF SEMPRINGHAM (10th S. iii. 1. Beating up for Recruits,' a caricature 489).- A comprehensive volume on St. Gilbert by R. Dighton," printed for Ino Smith, and the Gilbertines was published in 1901 by No. 35, Cheapside, and R. Sayer & J. Bennett, Rose S. Graham; and there is an interesting

1 No. 53, Fleet Street, 4 June, 1781."

article by Mr. J. C. K. Saunders, entitled 2. The Battle of Culloden,' “published Some Incidents in the Life of a Lincolnshire 1st November, 1793, by Laurie & Whittle, Saint,' in the fourteenth volume of the papers

of the Lincolnshire Architectural and Archæo53, Fleet Street."

A. R. C. 3. 'The Cathedral, and Procession, at Flo-logical Society. rence? published 12th May, 1794, by Laurie , "

There are not many "legends or folk-tales & Whittle, 53, Fleet Street."

attaching to this saint." See Newman's I have also 'The Taking of Quebec,' but the Lives of English Saints,' Graham's 'St. margin of the print has been so shorn that Gilbert and the Gilbertines,' and, briefly, the date of its publication has disappeared. Baring-Gould, ‘Lives of the Saints,' 4 Feb

W. S.

C. S. WARD. PARKER FAMILY (10th S. iii. 470; iv. Husenbeth, in his ‘Emblems of Saints' 15).-If G. P. does not find the marriage in (third edition, 1882), notes : question in Foster's 'Pedigrees of the Forsters “S. Gilbert of Sempringham, abbot and confessor, and Fosters ? he must look in the Surtees 4 February, A.D. 1189. Emblem, a church in his Society's History of Durham.' In one or hand.” other (if not in both) he should find it, accord- Owen, in 'Sanctorale Catholicum' (1880), ing to my notes. Some of these Heaths are gives the date of death a year later (1190), described as of Rainside, in the parish of and under 4 February records :St. Giles. Can St. Giles be near Kepyer, in His manner of living was niost severe, abstain00. Durham?

ing even from fish during Lent and Advent. He


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