The Challenge of Chance: A Multidisciplinary Approach from Science and the Humanities

Klaas Landsman, Ellen van Wolde
Springer, 9 jun. 2016 - 276 pagina's
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This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on chance, with contributions from distinguished researchers in the areas of biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, genetics, general history, law, linguistics, logic, mathematical physics, statistics, theology and philosophy. The individual chapters are bound together by a general introduction followed by an opening chapter that surveys 2500 years of linguistic, philosophical, and scientific reflections on chance, coincidence, fortune, randomness, luck and related concepts.

A main conclusion that can be drawn is that, even after all this time, we still cannot be sure whether chance is a truly fundamental and irreducible phenomenon, in that certain events are simply uncaused and could have been otherwise, or whether it is always simply a reflection of our ignorance. Other challenges that emerge from this book include a better understanding of the contextuality and perspectival character of chance (including its scale-dependence), and the curious fact that, throughout history (including contemporary science), chance has been used both as an explanation and as a hallmark of the absence of explanation. As such, this book challenges the reader to think about chance in a new way and to come to grips with this endlessly fascinating phenomenon.


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1 Introduction
2 Conceptual and Historical Reflections on Chance and Related Concepts
The Mathematical Foundations of Randomness
4 Randomness and the Madness of Crowds
5 Randomness and the Games of Science
Exploring the Improbability of Our Existence
Views in Job and Genesis 1
Western and Eastern Perspectives
Random Mutational Events as a Cause of Birth Defects and Cancer
11 Chance Variation and the Nature of Causality in Ecological Communities
Coincidence Counterfactuality and Questions of Scale in History
13 Accidental Harm Under Roman Civil Law
14 Taming Chaos Chance and Variability in the Language Sciences
Titles in this Series

An Integrated Psychological and Neurocognitive Perspective

Overige edities - Alles weergeven

Veelvoorkomende woorden en zinsdelen

Over de auteur (2016)

Klaas Landsman (1963) obtained his PhD in Theoretical High-Energy Physics from the University of Amsterdam in 1989 and was a research fellow at the University of Cambridge from 1989-1997. He has been a Full Professor of Mathematical Physics since 2001, currently holding this chair at Radboud University.

Ellen van Wolde (1954) studied in Nijmegen, Rome and Bologna. She was Full Professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Tilburg (1992-2008), and since 2009 she has held the chair of Textual Sources of Judaism and Christianity at Radboud University. She is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), and is a member of its Executive Board.

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