partly to the Middle Comedy; while of the poets of the New Comedy, Menander was the greatest.

1. 9. curious, of an enquiring mind, and so full of information. 1. 12. Momus, god of mockery and censure.

1. 14. Orpheus, a mythical personage, regarded by the Greeks as the most celebrated of the Greek poets before Homer's time.

1. 17. the roasting of a cat, this barbarity appears to have actually been committed at times. Other similar acts of cruelty were the burning of a bullfinch's eye to make him sing, as in Hogarth's first picture of the Progress of Cruelty, the basting to death of a live cat in a bag, the shying at cocks at Shrovetide, etc. 1. 23. a piece of music, a musical instrument.

1. 27. quavers, shakes.

11. 29, 30. overgrown, of enormous size.

1. 33. original, origin; properly an adjective, original source. 1. 36.-P. 116, l. 1. goes along with, is used as an accompaniment. 1. 2. harpsichord, an old instrument of music shaped like a harp. recitativo, an Italian word for the recital or delivery of words in song.

1. 3. the ancient chorus, the choral odes in Greek dramas, sung between the speeches of the actors, formed a sort of illustrative comment on the purport and action of the play, and Addison speaks of the cat-call as in a way fulfilling the same function.

1. 11. curdle the blood, cause the blood to coagulate with horror instead of flowing freely through the veins.

1. 13. warbling, used ironically, the word being usually descriptive of the chirp or carol of birds.

1. 16. anti-music, very antithesis of music.

1. 21. a damp, a chill of fear or anxiety. generals, those acting the part of a general, and so supposed to be above all fear.

1. 25. Almanzor, the invincible hero of Dryden's Conquest of Granada, a character of extravagant heroism.

11. 35, 6. his bass... cat-call, cat-calls formed to express the deep, solemn notes of the bass and the liquid notes of the treble; the bass being the lowest, i.e. deepest, part in music, the treble the highest, clearest part.

P. 117, 1. 3. the unities, of Action, Time, and Place. The first is laid down by Aristotle in his Poetics as an essential to tragedy, and, roughly speaking, may be defined as demanding a perfect and entire action, having a beginning, middle, and end, or in other words demanding that a drama should neither begin nor

end accidentally. The Unity of Time, mentioned by Aristotle as a characteristic of the ancient Greek drama, but not laid down by him as an essential, demands that the action of a drama should, as far as possible, circumscribe itself within one revolution of the sun. The Unity of Place, not mentioned by Aristotle, though usually observed in Greek dramas, demands that there should be no change of scene. For a full account of these Unities see Schlegel, Dramatic Literature, Lecture xvii.

11. 4, 5. the smut-note, the note which calls attention to anything indelicate in the language used. the fustian note, the note which calls attention to turgid, bombastic ranting.

1. 6. an act-tune, a general accompaniment to the play throughout.

1. 7. compass, used in a musical sense, the entire range of notes.


1. 20. to mark down, sc. as objects of my satire; a sporting metaphor used of dogs that give notice to the sportsman of the neighbourhood of game.

11. 23, 4. to swell, to grow to an enormous size; the hoops worn under the petticoat and expanding it to enormous dimensions were very fashionable at the time. its motions, the gradations

of its increase.

1. 26. the coloured hood, the various coloured hoods then in use are frequently the subject of satire in the Spectator.

1. 28. other the like... subjects, other similar subjects accidentally connected with these.

those discourses

P. 118, 1. 3. relish, worthily appraise. vogue, those discourses which were on the subject of things that were so fashionable; vogue, fashion, mode. "The original sense is 'the swaying motion of a ship,' hence its sway, swing, drift, course; or else the sway or stroke of an oar. It is the verbal substantive of F. voguer, 'to saile forth, set saile'; Cot.-Ital. voga, the stroke of an oare in the water when one roweth,' Florio"... (Skeat, Ety. Dict.).

11. 5, 6. fantastic conceits, fanciful notions.

1. 10. plate, silver; now used of both gold and silver dishes, etc., but formerly of silver more particularly. Its original sense is that of a thin piece of metal, flat dish, from F. plat, flat.

1. 13. keeps its ground, maintains its position, is still cherished.

1. 15. perriwig, see note, p. 7, 1. 24.

1. 16. bag, the bag-wig was fashionable in the eighteenth century, its back-hair being enclosed in an ornamental bag. smart part, fashionably dressed portion.

1. 34. seeing only ... part, the hat and upper part of the habit and not its skirt.

P. 119, 1. 1. petticoat, the skirt of the habit.

1. 3. hermaphrodites, animals partaking of both sexes; Hermes representing the male principle and Aphrodite the female.

1. 7. Centaur, a fabulous animal with the head and upper parts of a man and the lower parts of a horse.

11. 7, 8. He would... prodigy, he would have demanded that sacrifices and cleansings by holy water should be offered to the gods to avert so terrible an omen.

1. 9. Portia or Lucretia, Roman matrons famous for their virtue, the former wife of Marcus Brutus, the latter of L. T. Collatinus.

1. 12. for, in favour of.

1. 14. to bring them off, to persuade them to give up.

1. 16. partition, distinction.

1. 22. amphibious dress, dress which partakes the fashion of that in use by men and that by women; literally 'living a double life,' i.e. both on land and water.

1. 24. Hyde Park, so called "from the manor of Hyde, which belonged to the Abbey of Westminster. Henry VIII. took the manor from Abbot Boston by a mock exchange in 1536, and enclosed the first park, in which the French ambassador hunted in 1550. In the time of Charles I. the park was thrown open to the public"... (Hare, Walks in Town, ii. 119).

1. 25. cocked her hat, saucily threw up her head.

1. 26. key, guide, solution.

1. 27. singular, odd, eccentric.

11. 30, 1. to set them right, to prevent their continuing in a mistaken notion.

P. 120, 1. 2. a commode, see note, p. 48, 1. 1; night-rail, a sort of veil or covering for the head, often worn by women at night; sometimes used also of a loose robe thrown over the rest of the dress.

1. 9. Caligula, Roman Emperor, A.D. 37-41, infamous for his debauchery and cruelty.

1. 12. assurance, confidence in one's own merits.


1. 25. provided of, we should now say 'provided with.'

1. 27. infirmary, a hospital for the infirm.

P. 121, ll. 8, 9. retrieving... conversation, bringing back into general use, etc.

1. 14. one week... proceedings, a record of what happens among us during a single week.

11. 17, 8. our visitor, the 'Visitor' of a college, or similar institution, is the supreme authority to whom difficulties in its government are referred, and who is empowered to inquire into matters connected with the institution if at any time he thinks it necessary to do so.

1. 23. some recruits, some fresh supplies; now used only of fresh supplies of men; from F. recruter, to levy troops.

1. 27. the mouth, the mouthpiece, the spokesman.

1. 28. impertinence, inaptness, unfitness; having convinced him that such behaviour was quite out of place. Cp. p. 17, 1. 19. 1. 29. made upon, we should now say 'put upon' or 'offered to.'

1. 34. boobies, stupid fellows; from Span. bobo, a blockhead, dolt.

P. 122, 1. 5. duly managed, properly husbanded, not spent all at once. lumpish, sullen, morose.

1. 6. connived at, winked at, allowed to continue in that frame of mind without any notice being taken of it.

1. 16. brought... dinner, put them into such good temper that they were all allowed to leave the infirmary and dine with the rest of the College.

11. 20, 1. what he did there then? what business he had to be present if he was not well? grew...words, resulted in a quarrelsome discussion, an exchange of angry words.

11. 26, 7. and placed... mentioned, sent to the infirmary as a punishment for foretelling bad weather.

1. 32. had slept upon it, had slept a night and had time for reflection before answering a letter that had so disturbed him.

1. 34. discovering, showing.

P. 123, 11. 5, 6. which some ... cat, this antipathy to a cat is in some persons so strong that they are at once aware of the presence of the animal before they have seen it.

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1. 12. of a modest elocution, modest in declaring his views: the man of heat, the passionate man.

1. 20. water gruel, a decoction of groats and water given to invalids.

1. 22. there passed... remarkable, scarcely anything happened worth noticing.

1. 31. an easterly wind, the dry character of which has upon some temperaments a most irritating effect.


P. 124, 1. 11. its independency on matter, its not being dependent on matter; its freedom from all restraint caused by the action of matter upon it.

1. 17. want, require, need.

1. 23. her machine, her bodily vehicle.

1.24. her charge, that which she has in charge.

P. 125, ll. 1, 2. The slow of speech, those who find a difficulty in giving expression to their thoughts.

1. 4. pleasantries, jests, witticisms. repartees, pointed answers. 11. 4, 5. points of wit, witty and pointed remarks.

11. 13, 4. the Religio Medici, a treatise by Sir Thomas Browne, a celebrated physician, 1605-1682.

11. 17, 8. It is the litigation... reason, though the senses are bound up by sleep, the reason is free.

1. 20. ascendant, the degree of the zodiac which at any moment, especially at the birth of a child, is just rising above the eastern horizon. Scorpius, one of the twelve signs or constellations represented by animals; Scorpius (which is the Greek form, Scorpio being the Latin form) is the 'sign' of October, commonly a rainy.


1. 21. the planetary ... Saturn, Saturn, if in the ascendant, being supposed to impart his morose, gloomy nature to the child then born.

1. 22. leaden, dull.

1. 23. galliardize, gaiety; from galliard, a lively dance.

1. 25. apprehend, seize and enjoy.

11. 25, 6. the conceits, the fanciful ideas.

11. 29, 30. our abstracted understandings, our intelligence as abstracted, or separated, from all that has to do with our senses. 1. 33. departure, death.

1. 34. above themselves, with an elevation and sublimity they

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