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do it at the End of Bridges or Church-Porches, in their No. 48. proper Vocation of Beggars. This, the Justice says, they Wednes must expect, since they could not be contented to act day, April 25, Heathen Warriors, and such Fellows as Alexander, but must presume to make a Mockery of one of the Quorum.

R

Your Servant'

1711

No. 49.
[STEELE.]

Coffee housen

Thursday, April 26.

Hominem pagina nostra sapit.—Mart,

IMT
fair Sex, to delight in that sort of Conversation which
we find in Coffee-houses. Here a Man, of my Temper,
is in his Element; for, if he cannot talk, he can still be
more agreeable to his Company, as well as pleased in
himself, in being only an Hearer. It is a Secret known
but to few, yet of no small use in the Conduct of Life,
that when you fall into a Man's Conversation, the first
thing you should consider is, whether he has a
greater Inclination to hear you, or that you should hear
him. The latter is the more general Desire, and I
know very able Flatterers that never speak a Word in
Praise of the Persons from whom they obtain daily
Favours, but still practise a skilful Attention to whatever
is uttered by those with whom they converse.
We are
very Curious to observe the Behaviour of Great Men
and their Clients; but the same Passions and Interests
move Men in lower Spheres; and I (that have nothing
else to do, but make Observations) see in every Parish,
Street, Lane, and Alley of this Populous City, a little
Potentate that has his Court, and his Flatterers who lay
Snares for his Affection and Favour, by the same Arts
that are practised upon Men in higher Stations.

Meetings of Men, or Assemblies of the

T is very natural for a Man, who is not turned for

In the Place I most usually frequent, Men differ rather in the Time of Day in which they make a Figure, than in any real Greatness above one another. I, who am at the Coffee-house at Six in a Morning, know that my Friend Beaver the Haberdasher has a Levy of more undissembled

G 164

No. 49. undissembled Friends and Admirers, than most of the Thursday, Courtiers or Generals of Great Britain. Every Man April 26, about him has, perhaps, a News-Paper in his Hand; but 1711

re

none can pretend to guess what Step will be taken in any one Court of Europe, 'till Mr. Beaver has thrown down his Pipe, and declares what Measures the Allies must enter into upon this new Posture of Affairs. Our Coffee-house is near one of the Inns of Court, and Beaver has the Audience and Admiration of his Neighbours from Six 'till within a Quarter of Eight, at which time he is interrupted by the Students of the House; some of whom are ready dress'd for Westminster, at eight in a Morning, with Faces as busie as if they were tained in every Cause there; and others come in their Night Gowns to saunter away their Time, as if they never designed to go thither. I do not know that I meet, in any of my Walks, Objects which move both my Spleen and Laughter so effectually, as those Young Fellows at the Grecian, Squire's, Searle's, and all other Coffee houses adjacent to the Law, who rise early for no other Purpose but to publish their Laziness. One would think these young Virtuosos take a gay Cap and Slippers, with a Scarf and Party-coloured Gown, to be Ensigns of Dignity; for the vain Things approach each other with an Air, which shews they regard one another for their Vestments. I have observed, that the Superiority among these proceeds from an Opinion of Gallantry and Fashion: The Gentleman in the Strawberry Sash, who presides so much over the rest, has, it seems, subscribed to every Opera this last Winter, and is supposed to receive Favours from one of the Actresses,

When the Day grows too busie for these Gentlemen to enjoy any longer the Pleasures of their Deshabilé, with any manner of Confidence, they give place to Men who have Business or good Sense in their Faces, and come to the Coffee-house either to transact Affairs, or enjoy Conversation. The Persons to whose Behaviour and Discourse I have most regard, are such as are between these two sorts of Men: Such as have not Spirits too Active to be happy and well pleased in a private Condition, nor Complexions too warm to make

them

1711,

them neglect the Duties and Relations of Life. Of these No. 49, sort of Men consist the worthier Part of Mankind; of Thursday, these are all good Fathers, generous Brothers, sincere April 26, Friends, and faithful Subjects. Their Entertainments are derived rather from Reason than Imagination Which is the Cause that there is no Impatience or Instability in their Speech or Action. You see in their Countenances they are at home, and in quiet Possession of the present Instant, as it passes, without desiring to quicken it by gratifying any Passion, or prosecuting any new Design. These are the Men formed for Society, and those little Communities which we express by the Word Neighbourhoods.

The Coffee-house is the Place of Rendezvous to all that live near it, who are thus turned to relish calm and ordinary Life. Eubulus presides over the middle Hours of the Day, when this Assembly of Men meet together. He enjoys a great Fortune handsomely, with out launching into Expence; and exerts many noble and useful Qualities, without appearing in any publick Employment His Wisdom and Knowledge are service able to all that think fit to make use of them; and he does the Office of a Council, a Judge, an Executor, and a Friend to all his Acquaintance, not only without the Profits which attend such Offices, but also without the Deference and Homage which are usually paid to them. The giving of Thanks is displeasing to him, The greatest Gratitude you can shew him, is to let him see you are the better Man for his Services; and that you are as ready to oblige others, as he is to oblige you.

In the private Exigencies of his Friends he lends, at legal Value, considerable Sums, which he might highly increase by rolling in the Publick Stocks. He does not consider in whose Hands his Mony will improve most, but where it will do most Good.

Eubulus has so great an Authority in his little Diurnal Audience, that when he shakes his Head at any Piece of Publick News, they all of them appear dejected; and on the contrary, go home to their Dinners with a good Stomach and chearful Aspect, when Eubulus seems to intimate that Things go well. Nay, their Veneration

towards

No. 49,

towards him is so great, that when they are in other Thursday, Company they speak and act after him; are Wise in April 26, his Sentences, and are no sooner sate down at their

1711

own Tables, but they hope or fear, rejoice or despond
as they saw him do at the Coffee-house. In a word,
every Man is Eubulus as soon as his Back is turned.
Having here given an Account of the several Reigns
that succeed each other from Day-break 'till Dinner-time,
I shall mention the Monarchs of the Afternoon on an
other occasion, and shut up the whole Series of them
with the History of Tom the Tyrant; who, as first
Minister of the Coffee-house, takes the Government
upon him between the Hours of Eleven and Twelve
at Night, and gives his Orders in the most Arbitrary
manner to the Servants below him, as to the Dis
position of Liquors, Coal and Cinders.

No. 50.
tindaking on It Prani's,
[ADDISON.]nka, Chess

Friday, April 27.

Nunquam aliud natura, aliud sapientia dicit.—Juv.

R

WHEN the four Indian Kings were in this Country

about a Twelvemonth ago, I often mixed with the Rabble, and followed them a whole Day together, being wonderfully struck with the Sight of every thing that is new or uncommon. I have, since their Depar ture, employed a Friend to make many Enquiries of their Landlord the Upholsterer, relating to their Manners and Conversation, as also concerning the Remarks which they made in this Country: For, next to the forming a right Notion of such Strangers, I should be desirous of learning what Ideas they have conceived of us.

The Upholsterer finding my Friend very inquisitive about these his Lodgers, brought him some time since a little Bundle of Papers, which he assured him were written by King Sa Ga Yean Qua Rash Tow, and, as he supposes, left behind by some Mistake. These Papers are now translated, and contain abundance of very odd Observations, which I find this little Fraternity of Kings made during their Stay in the Isle of Great Britain. I shall present my Reader with a short Specimen of them

in this Paper, and may, perhaps, communicate more to No. 50. him hereafter. In the Article of London are the follow Friday, April 27, ing Words, which without doubt are meant of the Church of St. Paul.

On the most rising Part of the Town there stands a huge House, big enough to contain the whole Nation of which I am King. Our good Brother E Tow O Koam, King of the Rivers, is of Opinion it was made by the Hands of that great God to whom it is consecrated. The Kings of Granajah and of the Six Nations believe that it was created with the Earth, and produced on the same Day with the Sun and Moon. But for my own Part, by the best Information that I could get of this Matter, I am apt to think that this prodigious Pile was fashioned into the Shape it now bears by several Tools and Instruments of which they have a wonderful Variety in this Country, It was probably at first an huge mis-shapen Rock that grew upon the Top of the Hill, which the Natives of the Country (after having cut it into a kind of regular Figure) bored and hollowed with incredible Pains and Industry, till they had wrought in it all those beautiful Vaults and Caverns into which it is divided at this Day, As soon as this Rock was thus curiously scooped to their Liking, a prodigious Number of Hands must have been employed in chipping the Outside of it, which is now as smooth as the Surface of a Pebble; and is in several Places hewn out into Pillars that stand like the Trunks of so many Trees bound about the Top with Garlands of Leaves. It is probable that when this great Work was begun, which must have been many Hundred Years ago, there was some Religion among this People; for they give it the Name of a Temple, and have a Tradition that it was de signed for Men to pay their Devotions in. And indeed, there are several Reasons which make us think, that the Natives of this Country had formerly among them some sort of Worship; for they set apart every seventh Day as sacred: But upon my going into one of these holy Houses on that Day, I could not observe any Circumstance of Devotion in their Behaviour; There was indeed a Man in Black who was mounted above the rest, and seemed to utter something with a great deal of Vehemence; but

1711.

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