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TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

CHARLES LORD HALLIFAX.

SIM

as

My LORD,
IMILITUDE of Manners and Studies is usually mentioned

one of the strongest Motives to Affection and Esteem, but the passionate Veneration I have for Your Lordship, I think, flows from an Admiration of Qualities in You, of which in the whole Course of these Papers I have acknowledged my self incapable. While I busie my self as a Stranger upon Earth, and can pretend to no other than being a Looker on, You are conspicuous in the Busy and Polite World, both in the World of Men and that of Letters : While I am silent and unobserved in publick Meetings, You are admired by all that approach You as the Life and Genius of the Conversation. What an happy Conjunction of different Talents meets in him whose whole Discourse is at once animated by the Strength and Force of Reason, and adorned with all the Graces and Embellishments of Wit? When Learning irradiates common Life, it is then in its highest Use and Perfection; and it is to such as Your Lordship that the Sciences owe the Esteem which they have with the active Part of Mankind. Knowledge of Books in recluse Men, is like that sort of Lanthorn which hides him who carries it, and serves only to pass through secret and gloomy Paths of his own, but in the Possession of a Man of Business, it is as a Torch in the Hand of one who is willing and able to shew those, who are bewildered, the Way which leads to their Prosperity and Welfare. A generous Concern for Your Country, and a Passion for every thing, which is truly Great and Noble, are what actuate all Your Life and Actions; and I hope you will forgive me that I have an Ambition this Book may be placed in the Library of so good a Judge of what is valuable, in that Library where the Choice is such that it will not

be

L 164

be a Disparagement to be the meanest Author in it. For give me, my Lord, for taking this Occasion of telling all the World how ardently I Love and Honour You ; and that I am with the utmost Gratitude for all Your Favours, My Lord, Your Lordship's most Obliged, most Obedient, and most Humble Servant,

THE SPECTATOR

THE

SPECTATOR.

VOL. II.

No. 81.

(ADDISON.) Party patches

Saturday, June 2, 1711. No. 81 Qualis ubi audito venantum murmure tigris

Saturday, Horruit in maculas

-Statius.

June 2, 1711.

A

Opera at the Theatre in the Hay Market, where I could not but take notice of two Parties of very Fine Women, that had placed themselves in the opposite SideBoxes, and seemed drawn up in a kind of Battle Array one against another. After a short Survey of them, I found they were Patched differently, the Faces, on one Hand, being Spotted on the Right Side of the Forehead, and those upon the other on the Left. I quickly perceived that they cast Hostile Glances upon one another, and that their Patches were placed in those different Situations, as PartySignals to distinguish Friends from Foes. In the MiddleBoxes, between these two opposite Bodies, were several Ladies who Patched indifferently on both sides of their Faces, and seemed to sit there with no other Intention but to see the Opera. Upon Enquiry I found, that the Body of Amazons on my Right Hand, were Whigs; and those on my Left, Tories; and that those who had placed them selves in the Middle-Boxes were a Neutral Party, whose Faces had not yet declared themselves. These last, however, as I afterwards found, diminished daily, and took their Party with one Side or the other, insomuch that I observed in several of them, the Patches which were before dispersed equally,

are now all gone over to the Whig or Tory Side of the Face. The Censorious say, That the Men whose Hearts' are aimed at are very often the Occasions that one part of the Face is thus Dishonoured, and lyes under a kind of Disgrace, while the other is so much Set off

and

a

No. 81 and Adorned by the Owner; and that the Patches turn to
Saturday, the Right or to the Left, according to the Principles of the
June 2,
17uL

Man who is most in Favour. But whatever may be the
Motives of a few Fantastical Coquets, who do not Patch for
the Publick Good, so much as for their own Private Ada
vantage ; it is certain, that there are several Women of
Honour who Patch out of Principle, and with an Eye to
the Interest of their country. Nay, I am informed, that
some of them adhere so stedfastly to their Party, and are
so far from Sacrificing their Zeal for the Publick to their
Passion for any particular Person, that in a late Draught of

a Marriage Articles a Lady has stipulated with her Husband, That, whatever his Opinions are, she shall be at Liberty to Patch on which side she pleases.

I must here take notice, that Rosalinda, a Famous Whig Partizan, has most unfortunately a very beautiful Mole on the Tory part of her Foreheadwhich, being very conspicuous, has occasioned many Mistakes, and given an Handle to her Enemies to misrepresent her Face, as tho' it had Revolted from the Whig Interest. But whatever this natural Patch may seem to intimate, it is well known that her Notions of Government are still the same. This unlucky Mole however has mis-led several Coxcombs; and, like the hanging out of false Colours, made some of them converse with Rosalinda in what they thought the Spirit of her Party, when on a sudden she has given them an unexpected Fire, that has sunk them all at once. If Rosalinda is unfortunate in her Mole, Nigranilla is as unhappy in a Pimple, which forces her, against her Inclinations, to Patch on the Whig side.

I am told that many Virtuous Matrons, who formerly have been taught to believe that this Artificial Spotting of the Face was unlawful, are now reconciled by a Zeal for their Cause, to what they could not be prompted by a Concern for their Beauty. This way of declaring War upon one another, puts me in mind of what is reported of the Tigress, that several Spots rise in her Skin when she is angry, or as Mr. Cowley has imitated the Verses that stand as the Motto of this paper,

She Swells with angry Pride,
And calls forth all her Spots on ev'ry side.

When

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