Pagina-afbeeldingen
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1711

Coiffure now in Fashion; and think it shews the good No. 98.
Sense which at present very much reigns among the Friday,
valuable Part of the Sex. One may observe, that Women June 22,
in all Ages have taken more Pains than Men to adorn
the Outside of their Heads; and indeed I very much
admire, that those Female Architects who raise such
wonderful Structures out of Ribbands, Lace and Wire,
have not been recorded for their respective Inventions,
It is certain there has been as many Orders in these
Kinds of Building, as in those which have been made
of Marble: Sometimes they rise in the Shape of a
Pyramid, sometimes like a Tower, and sometimes like
a Steeple, In Juvenal's Time the Building grew by
several Orders and Stories, as he has very humorously
described it.

Tot premit ordinibus, tot adhuc compagibus altum
Edificat caput: Andromachen a fronte videbis ;
Post minor est: credas aliam.—Juv.

But I do not remember, in any Part of my Reading,
that the Head-dress aspired to so great an Extravagance
as in the fourteenth Century; when it was built up
in a Couple of Cones or Spires, which stood so exces
sively high on each Side of the Head, that a Woman
who was but a Pygmy without her Head-dress, appeared
like a Colossus upon putting it on. Monsieur Paradin
says, 'That these old fashioned Fontanges rose an Ell
above the Head; that they were pointed like Steeples,
and had long loose Pieces of Crape fastened to the Tops
of them, which were curiously fringed and hung down
their Backs like Streamers.'

The Women might possibly have carried this Gothick Building much higher, had not a famous Monk, Thomas Conecte by Name, attacked it with great Zeal and Resolution. This holy Man travelled from Place to Place to preach down this monstrous Commode; and succeeded so well in it, that as the Magicians sacrificed their Books to the Flames upon the Preaching of an Apostle, many of the Women threw down their Head dresses in the Middle of his Sermon, and made a Bon fire of them within Sight of the Pulpit. He was so N 164 renowned

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renowned, as well for the Sanctity of his Life as his Manner of Preaching, that he had often a Congregation of Twenty thousand People; the Men placing themselves on the one Side of his Pulpit, and the Women on the other that appeared (to use the Similitude of an ingenious Writer) like a Forrest of Cedars with their Heads reaching to the Clouds. He so warmed and animated the People against this monstrous Ornament, that it lay under a kind of Persecution; and whenever it appeared in publick was pelted down by the Rabble, who flung Stones at the Persons that wore it. But notwithstanding this Prodigy vanished while the Preacher was among them, it began to appear again some Months after his Departure, or, to tell it in Monsieur Paradin's own Words, 'The Women that, like Snails in a Fright, had drawn in their Horns, shot them out again as soon as the Danger was over.' This Extravagance of the Women's Head-dresses in that Age is taken notice of by Monsieur d'Argentré in the History of Bretagne, and by other Historians as well as the Person I have here quoted.

It is usually observed, That a good Reign is the only proper Time for the making of Laws against the Exorbitance of Power; in the same Manner an excessive Head-dress may be attacked the most effectually when the Fashion is against it. I do therefore recommend this Paper to my female_Readers by way of Prevention. I would desire the fair Sex to consider, how impossible it is for them to add any thing that can be ornamental to what is already the Master-piece of Nature, The Head has the most beautiful Appearance, as well as the highest Station, in a humane Figure. Nature has laid out all her Art in beautifying the Face: She has touched it with Vermillion, planted in it a double Row of Ivory, made it the Seat of Smiles and Blushes, lighted it up and enlivened it with the Brightness of the Eyes, hung it on each Side with curious Organs of Sense, given it Aires and Graces that cannot be described, and surrounded it with such a flowing Shade of Hair as sets all its Beauties in the most agreeable Light: In short, she seems to have designed the Head as the

Cupola

Cupola to the most glorious of her Works; and when No. 98, we load it with such a Pile of supernumerary Ornaments, Friday, we destroy the Symmetry of the humane Figure, and June 22, foolishly contrive to call off the Eye from great and real Beauties, to childish Gew-gaws, Ribbands, and Bone-lace.

No. 99,
[ADDISON.]

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HE Club, of which I have often declar'd my self a Member, were last Night engaged in a Discourse upon that which passes for the chief Point of Honour among Men and Women; and started a great many Hints upon the Subject which I thought were entirely new, I shall therefore methodize the several Reflec tions that arose upon this Occasion, and present my Reader with them for the Speculation of this Day; after having premised, that if there is any thing in this Paper which seems to differ with any Passage of last Thursday's, the Reader will consider this as the Sentiments of the Club, and the other as my own private Thoughts, or rather those of Pharamond.

The great Point of Honour in Men is Courage, and in Women Chastity. If a Man loses his Honour in one Rencounter, it is not impossible for him to regain it in another; a Slip in a Woman's Honour is irrecoverable. I can give no Reason for fixing the Point of Honour to these two Qualities; unless it be that each Sex sets the greatest Value on the Qualification which renders them the most amiable in the Eyes of the contrary Sex. Had Men chosen for themselves, without Regard to the Opinions of the Fair Sex, I should believe the Choice would have fallen on Wisdom or Virtue; or had Women determined their own Point of Honour, it is probable that Wit or Good-Nature would have carried it against Chastity,

Nothing recommends a Man more to the female Sex than Courage; whether it be that they are pleased to see one who is a Terror to others fall like a Šlave at their Feet, or that this Quality supplies their own principal

Defect

1711.

No. 99,

Defect, in guarding them from Insults and avenging their Saturday, Quarrels, or that Courage is a natural Indication of a June 23, strong and sprightly Constitution. On the other Side, 1711. nothing makes a Woman more esteemed by the opposite Sex than Chastity; whether it be that we always prize those most who are hardest to come at, or that nothing besides Chastity, with its collateral Attendants, Truth, Fidelity, and Constancy, gives the Man a Property in the Person he loves, and consequently endears her to him above all things,

I am very much pleased with a Passage in the Inscrip tion on a Monument erected in Westminster Abby to the late Duke and Dutchess of Newcastle, 'Her Name was Margaret Lucas, youngest Sister to the Lord Lucas of Colchester; a noble Family, for all the Brothers were valiant, and all the Sisters virtuous.'

In Books of Chivalry, where the Point of Honour is strained to Madness, the whole Story runs on Chastity and Courage. The Damsel is mounted on a white Pal frey, as an Emblem of her Innocence; and, to avoid Scandal, must have a Dwarf for her Page. She is not to think of a Man, till some Misfortune has brought a Knight Errant to her Relief. The Knight falls in Love, and did not Gratitude restrain her from murdering her Deliverer, would die at her Feet by her Disdain. How ever, he must waste many Years in the Desart, before her Virgin Heart can think of a Surrender. The Knight goes off, attacks every thing he meets that is bigger and stronger than himself; seeks all Opportunities of being knock'd on the Head; and after seven Year's Rambling returns to his Mistress, whose Chastity has been attacked in the mean Time by Giants and Tyrants, and undergone as many Trials as her Lover's Valour.

In Spain, where there are still great Remains of this romantick Humour, it is a transporting Favour for a Lady to cast an accidental Glance on her Lover from a Window, tho' it be two or three_Stories high; as it is usual for the Lover to assert his Passion for his Mistress, in single Combat with a mad Bull,

The great Violation of the Point of Honour from Man to Man, is giving the Lie. One may tell another he

whores

whores, drinks, blasphemes, and it may pass unresented; No. 99. but to say he lies, tho' but in jest, is an Affront that no Saturday, thing but Blood can expiate. The Reason perhaps may 17 June 23, be, because no other Vice implies a Want of Courage so much as the making of a Lie; and therefore telling a Man he lies, is touching him in the most sensible Part of Honour, and indirectly calling him a Coward. I cannot omit under this Head what Herodotus tells us of the ancient Persians, That from the Age of five Years to twenty they instruct their Sons only in three things, to manage the Horse, to make use of the Bow, and to speak Truth.

The placing the Point of Honour in this false kind of Courage, has given Occasion to the very Refuse of Mankind, who have neither Virtue nor common Sense, to set up for Men of Honour. An English Peer, who has not been long dead, used to tell a pleasant Story of a French Gentleman that visited him early one Morning at París, and after great Professions of Respect, let him know that he had it in his Power to oblige him; which, in short, amounted to this, that he believed he could tell his Lordship the Person's Name who justled him as he came out from the Opera; but before he would proceed, he begged his Lordship that he would not deny him the Honour of making him his Second. The English Lord, to avoid being drawn into a very foolish Affair, told him that he was under Engagements for his two next Duels to a Couple of particular Friends. Upon which the Gentleman immediately withdrew; hoping his Lordship would not take it ill, if he meddled no farther in an Affair from whence he himself was to receive no Advantage,

The beating down this false Notion of Honour, in so vain and lively a People as those of France, is deservedly looked upon as one of the most glorious_Parts of their present King's Reign. It is Pity but the Punishment of these mischievous Notions should have in it some particular Circumstances of Shame and Infamy; that those who are Slaves to them may see, that instead of advancing their Reputations they lead them to Ignominy and Dishonour. Death is not sufficient to deter Men, who make it their Glory to despise it; but if every one that fought a Duel

were

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