Contesting Sacrifice: Religion, Nationalism, and Social Thought in France
University of Chicago Press, 2002 - 228 pagina's
From the counter-reformation through the twentieth century, the notion of sacrifice has played a key role in French culture and nationalist politics. Ivan Strenski traces the history of sacrificial thought in France, starting from its origins in Roman Catholic theology. Throughout, he highlights not just the dominant discourse on sacrifice but also the many competing conceptions that contested it.
Strenski suggests that the annihilating spirituality rooted in the Catholic model of Eucharistic sacrifice persuaded the judges in the Dreyfus Case to overlook or play down his possible innocence because a scapegoat was needed to expiate the sins of France and save its army from disgrace. Strenski also suggests that the French army's strategy in World War I, French fascism, and debates over public education and civic morals during the Third Republic all owe much to Catholic theology of sacrifice and Protestant reinterpretations of it. Pointing out that every major theorist of sacrifice is French, including Bataille, Durkheim, Girard, Hubert, and Mauss, Strenski argues that we cannot fully understand their work without first taking into account the deep roots of sacrificial thought in French history.
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1 Sacrifice Religion and Politics
2 Catholic Politics French Sacrice
3 Contesting the National Rites of Sacrice
4 The Dreyfus Mystique and the Conservation of the Sacred
Illustrations follow page 131
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
Albert Réville Alfred Loisy Allier anti-Semitic anticlerical argued believe Bernard Lazare Bérulle Brutus Catholic theology Catholicism Catholiques Charles Maurras Charles Renouvier Christian Church civic sacriﬁce classic cult culture divine Dreyfus Affair Dreyfus’s Dreyfusard Durkheimians École Émile Durkheim expiation ﬁce ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁn-de-siècle ﬁnd ﬁrst Française France French Catholic French Jews French Revolution Georges Goyau Grifﬁths Guerre Hamelin Hubert and Mauss human Ibid ideal identiﬁcation ideology individual inﬂuence innocent intransigent Catholic Jesuits Jesus Jewish Joseph de Maistre Judas Kley l’affaire Dreyfus late nineteenth liberal Protestant Loisy Louis Maistre’s Marcel Mauss Maurice Barrès Maurras Modern moral mystique nation nationalist nineteenth and early ofﬁcer ofﬁcial Paris patriotic political raison d’état Raoul Allier reﬂected religion René Girard Renouvier republican Réville’s riﬁce ritual Roman Catholic Sacred Heart sacri sacriﬁcial death sacriﬁcial discourse secular self-sacriﬁce social soldiers spirituality symbol theology of sacriﬁce theory of sacriﬁce thinkers Third Republic thought tion trans University Press victim
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