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Patent-Law Grievance. No. VI. and as many of the inventors are poor The penalties inflicted on the inventive men, (operatives,) and a great many genius of Britain during the present others of them persons to whom it would year, up to the 25th ult., in the shape of be very inconvenient to pay at least government stamps and fees on patents, £100 down, they have been obliged to amount to more than £28,000!

go into debt, or mortgage or dispose of N.B. This sum has been paid in their inventions, either wholly or in ready money, on taking the first steps, 1 part, &c.

NEW PATENTS. 1836.

N, B.—The first Date annexed to each Patent, is that on which it was sealed and granted; the second,

that on or before which the Specification must be delivered and eurolleu — The abbreviation For. Comm., signifies that the invention, &c., is “a communication froni a foreigner residing abroad."

AUGUST.

194. Joseph Douglass, Morpeth, Nor185. NATHAN BAILEY, Leic., Frame- thumberland, Rope-maker; for improvesmith; for improvements in machinery ments in the manufacture of oakum. Aug. for manufacturing stocking fabric. Aug. 11.-Feb. 11. 1.-Feb. 1.

195. EDWARD Light, Royal-st., Lam186. John Thomas Betts, Smithfield- beth, Surry, Civil-engineer; for inprovebars, Lond., Rectifier; for improvements ments in propelling vessels and other floatin the process of preparing spirituous ing bodies. Aug. 11.-Feb, 11. liquors in the making of brandy. Aug. 196. William Newton, Chancery-lane, 3.-Feb. 3. For. Comm.

Middx. ; for improvements in the means 187. WEBSTER FLOCKTON, Spa-road, Ber- of producing instantaneous ignition. Aug. mondsey, Surry, Turpentine and Tar 11.-Feb. 11. For. Comm. Distiller; for improvements in preserving 197. ROBERT ALLEN HURLOCK, Whadtimber. Aug. 3.-Feb. 3.

don, Camb., Clerk; for improvements in 188. JOHN ARCHIBALD, Alva, Stirling, axletrees. Aug. 11.-Oct 11. N. B., Manufacturer; for improvements 198. Joshua BUTTERS Bacon, Regent'sin machinery for curling wool, and doffing, sqr., Middx., Gent. ; for improvements in straightening, piecing, roving, and drawing the structure and combination of certain rolls, or cardings of wool. Aug. 4.-Feb. 4. apparatus employed in the generation and

189. RAMSAY RICHARD REINAGLE, Al- use of steam. Aug. 13.-Feb. 13. bany-st., Regent’s-park, Middx., Esq. ; 199. THOMAS GAUNTLEY, Nott., Mechafor improvements in the construction of nic; for improvements in machinery for carriages for the conveyance of persons, making lace and other fabrics, commonly goods, or merchandise. Aug. 6.-Feb. 6. called wash machinery. Aug. 15.–Feb. 15.

190. THOMAS BINNS, Mornington-place, 200. GEORGE LEECH, Norfolk-st., IslingHampstead road. Middx., Civil-engineer; ton, Middx., Carpenter; for an improved for improvements in railways and in the method of connecting window-sashes and steam-engines to be used thereon, and for shutters, such as are usually hung and other

purposes. Aug. 6.-Feb. 6. balanced by lines and counterweights, 191. Thomas John Puller, Commer- with the lines by which they are so hung. cial-rd., Limehouse, Middx., Civil-engi- Aug. 15.–Feb. 15. neer; for a new or improved screen for 201. WILLIAM FOTHERGILL COOKE, Belintercepting or stopping the radiant heat layse College, Durham, Esq.; for improvearising from the boilers and cylinders of ments in winding up springs to produce steam-engines. Aug. 9.-Feb. 9. continuous motion applicable to various

192. John BURNS Smith, Salford, Lanc., purposes. Aug. 17.-Feb. 17. Spinner, and John Smith, Halifax, York, 202. JOSEPH HALL, Margaret-street, Dyer ; for their method of tentering, Cavendish-sqr., Middx., Plumber; for stretching, or keeping out cloth to its improvements in the manufacture of salt. width, made either of cotton, silk, wool, Aug. 17.-Oct. 17. or any other fibrous substances by ma- 203. FRANÇOIS DE TANSCH, Percy-st., chinery. Aug. 10.-Feb. 10.

Bedford-sqr., Middx., Military-engineer ; 193. Henry PERSHOUSE PARKES, Dud- for improvements in machinery for proley, Worcester, Iron-merchant; for im- pelling of vessels, for raising water, and provements in flat pit-chains. Aug. 11.- for various other purposes. Aug. 25.Feb. 11.

Feb. 25,

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METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL FOR JULY, 1836; KEPT AT BLACKHEATH ROAD. Day of Month Barom. Ther: Barom. Ther Thermometer

Direction of wind Luna-
3 P.M. attch. Min.

WEATHER, &c.
Temp
A.M.P.M.A.M.P.M A.M.

P.M.
Friday, 130.246 72° 30.240 76o 60°083°6 71.8 23°6 57° 40

E.W.

Very hot; cumuli and haze; fine clear night.
Satur.
230.300 75 30.296 78 60.9 | 84.0 72.4 23•1 59 31.3 2

S.W.
w.bn.

Ditto; strong breeze P.M. ; aurora borealis at night.
Sun. 3 30.35273 30.336 74 | 50.0 80:165.0 30.148 0 2 1

SW. W.

Light clouds A.M.; afternoon cloudless and hot.
Mon. 4 30.351 74 30.325 | 79 53.2 86.3 69.8 33•150 01

W.
S.

Dew at sunrise; cloudless; lightning to w. and s. w.
Tues. 530.255 77 30.20081 59.0 86.5 72.7 27.5 57 01

S.S, E. E. G Very hot; a breeze; continuous lightning all night.
Wed. 6 | 30.149 77 30.211 | 77 | 65.5 78.0 71.7 12.5 63 7 9 | 2 | 2 W.

N.

Thunder and lightning till 9 A.M.; cloudy; air
Thurs. 7 | 30.35174 30.334 | 75 51.5 73.5 62:4 22049

7 2 2
N. NW. Cumuli ; air cool.

[cooler. Friday, 8 30.382 72 30.395 74 | 55.0 73.8 64.4 18.853

N.

Ditto ditto ditto.
Satur. 9 30•350 | 71 30.30273 51.5 | 76.464.0 24.9 50 4

W.
W.

Cirrus and cirro-cumuli ; a strong wind.
Sun. 10 30.256 72 30.246 76 58.6 82.6 70.6 24:0 57

2 W. W.N.W. Cumulus; much cloud.
Mon. 11 30.235 | 77 30.146 78 59.6 83.071.3 23.4 57

3.2

W. W.S. W. Hazy A.M.; strong wind; cloudless. (night.
Tues. 12 29.849 74 29.925 74 62.5 | 73:167.8 | 10:6 60 10

3 w.s.w.w.w.w. Overcast; a squall at 9 A.M. ; a gale P.M.; clear
Wed. 13 3015872 30100 | 73 | 49•6 | 72.0 60.8 22.449

4 3

W. W.S.W. Mostly clear; wind very high.
Thurs, 14 30.096 71 30.107 71 55.9 70•

W.

S.W. Windy; cumuli and cumulo-strati.
Friday, 15 30.015 70 29.858 70 50.0 69.0 59.5 19.047 10 3:4 3

S.W. SW. Boisterous; a heavy shower at 8 P.M.; fine night.
Satur. 16 29.85067 | 29.935 68 47.5 68.6 58.0 21:145 3 3

W. W.S.W.

Cumulus and cum.-stratus; windy; thick cloudy
Sun. 17 30.035 66 30.10068 56.2 68.9 62:6 12.753 8 5 3

3w.bn.
W.

Clouds and wind; air dry and harsh. (night.
Mon. 18 30.245 66 3020068 53:0 70.0 61.5 17.0 50 3 3:4 2 W.

Wind still blows hard ; flying clouds.
Tues. 19 30.052 67 29.901 68 48.6 68.5 58.6 19.946 8 10 3 2 Iw.s. w. W.

Overcast; blustering; rainy afternoon and night.
Wed. 20 29.745 64 29.561 64 49.0 55.0 52.0 6.0 50 | 10 8 2

S.N.E. N.W. Dark, cold, and wet till 2 P.M. ; afternoon stormy;
Thurs. 21 29.795 | 64 29.774 65 43.464.0 53.7 20.642 7 82

W. W. D Thunder-showers; nimbi. (at 1 P.M. ther. 49o.
Friday, 22 29.900 64 29.916 64 46.5 | 616 54.0 15:144 8 81

W. N.W. Vast dense cumuli, cum.-strati, & nimbi; showers.
Satur. 23 30157 63 30 182 64 4902 | 68.0 58.6 18.8 47 5

1 N.N.E. W.s.w. Fair; a shower at 1 P.M. ; fine evening.
Sun. 24 | 29.940 63 29.806 64 47.3 67.5 57.4 20.2 44 10

3 s. bw. W.

Rain; wind very high ; cirro-stratus and scud; P.M.
Mon. 25 | 29.905 63 29.998 64 49.5 64.0 56.7 14.5 49 9

N.W. N.W. Thick gloomy weather; cold & cheerless. [squally.
Tues. 26 30.229 65 30.226 66 49.772.5 61:1 22.8 48 4 10

S.W. Fair A.M.; afternoon cloudy; air soft and mild.
Wed. 27 30 261 67 30.254 70 59.274.066.6 14.8 57 8 7 2

S.W. S.W. Cloudy till 4 P.M.; a very fine moonlight night.
Thurs. 28 30 177 69 30·104 73 52.0 79.265.6 27.248 3 31 2

S.W. S.W.S. Hazy; cirrus; fine.
Friday, 29 29.814 70 29.700 | 72 59.4 71.0 65.2 11:6 58 10 74 4.3 s.s.w. S.W. Rain and wind; cirro-stratus and scud; afternoon
Satur. 30 | 30.075 66 30.248 67 53.2 63.5 58.3 10351

W.N.W. Showery and cold; (and evening tempestuous.
Sun. 31 30.524 65 30.525 66 48.5 65.0 56.8 16.5 46 4 6 1 1

Fair; cumulus; evening overcast.
Mean 30.133 | 69 | 30.113 | 71 | 53.48 72:85) 63:17 19:37,

W.

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W.

W.

Max.

Solar Daily

Clouds. Wind. 9 A.M. attch.

Rad. Var.

563.2 | 14.6 54 7 3

6 63

Bar. Max. 30.524 in, on the 31st.
Bar. Min. 29.555 in. 20th.

lu

. 86.5. . . 43.4° 21st.

Ther: Max. 25. on the kitchen || Lowest point of Bad. 42o, on the 21st.

,

Rain fallen in THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT

OF SCIENCE.

THE BRISTOL MEETING.

In a former number of our journal will be found the details of the proceedings of that highly-interesting meeting which has recently taken place at Bristol,—the sixth anniversary of the important Association above-named. It is not our intention, therefore, in the following article, to offer any regular statement of those proceedings, but merely to throw out a few remarks of a general nature on the character and tendency of the institution, and on the degree of success with which it appears to us to have promoted the grand objects which it professes to have in view during its recent session, as well as to comment freely on what has struck us as defective in its arrangements. This latter part of our task (we need hardly say) is undertaken in no other spirit than that of the most sincere good-will towards this Institution; and with no other object than the earnest wish to contribute (if anything we can suggest may be conceived likely to do so) to the still further extension of its utility and efficiency;—to the yet wider diffusion and more effectual dissemination of those important benefits which it has already conferred, and is at present conferring, on the science of this country. We have on more than one occasion since the commencement of our journal taken occasion to uphold the claims of the British Association, and to defend it against the attacks of its enemies; and we are well aware it has neither few nor despicable opponents to contend with But we feel assured, that the mere advantage which those enemies possess against it, and of which they are never slow to avail themselves, are to be found, in fact, in some few defects under which the constitution of the Association has hitherto laboured; but which, we feel assured, its enlightened friends and supporters will not be slow to perceive or to amend.

The nature, objects, and claims of the British Association, are but imperfectly understood throughout the country. The men of science assemble; they prosecute their respective discussions, but forget that the public at large are remaining all the while uninformed as to the general purport and tendency of the objects for which they are assembled. The Association does not explain itself to the public.

The town in which the meeting is to be held, a few days previous begins to assume an appearance of unusual bustle. Strangers (some of them, it must be confessed, of strange and uncouth appearance) are seen in groups perambulating its pavements, uttering their greetings in the market-place, and discussing science at the corners of the streets. Anxious inquiries are heard from the ladies,—“Who is that genius with his hair about his shoulders;” and “ Can you point out to me Professor Such-an-one.” At length, on the Monday morning, work commences: the philosophers are all closeted in their respective sections. No one outof-doors knows what they are doing; but all are led to believe that it is something extremely profound and important. At length, (after due VOL. II.

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honour done to the ordinary,) the grand epoch of the evening meeting arrives. The assembly-room, or the theatre, is crowded with anxious expectants, all looking out for amusement or instruction, as the case may be, for the gratification of their curiosity, or the indulgence of their risibility;-equally prepared to follow the most sublime abstractions, or to be entertained with whatever amusement philosophy may be capable of affording; but hardly any, perhaps, in the assembly, having a distinct conception of the precise object which has brought them together. Nor do the proceedings, (when, after due delay, they commence,) afford much elucidation on this head. The last year's president resigns the chair with a few words about honour and distinction, pride and happiness: the new president takes it with similar expressions of unworthiness and incapacity, of zeal and devotion to the cause of the advancement of science. Abstracts of the proceedings of the morning in each of the sections are read by the respective chairmen, which are for the most part wholly inaudible; and when they are not, are rendered so by the not unnatural preference given by the company to conversation rather than a string of technical nomenclature.

On the mornings of the other days, precisely the same course is pursued; and while some evenings are left open to be filled up by such amusements as chance may supply, on the others, the same general assembly takes place, the proceedings being so far diversified that some one or more scientific topics are discussed,—restricted usually to those of geology, and illustrated by that species of eloquence which so peculiarly characterizes the geological school, and tends to render its doctrines so singularly acceptable to the ladies. At the concluding meeting, little more is done to the purpose than at any of the preceding. What is wanting in philosophic exposition of truth is amply compensated, and at a cheap rate, by superabundance of flattery, and compliments, (not always such as we should consider the most happy or delicately imagined,) to the fair sex. Everything is hurry, apology, and abridgment; and the chairman dissolves the meeting with a reiteration of thanks and congratulations, and announcements of the coming glories of the next anniversary.

It may be asked, is this the language of friends to the Association? Is it the part of its admirers and supporters thus to expose

its weakness? We reply that we wish to expose the defects in the working of the system, because we are sure that they admit of easy remedy, and that they have only to be pointed out and duly commented upon, to ensure the adoption of such remedy. We expose the weakness of the Association in these minor points, because we are assured that it has within itself the elements of gigantic strength, which only require to be called forth and developed, to evince its full efficiency in securing the great objects of its formation.

From what we have above remarked, it will be obvious, our first impression is, as to the necessity for a more systematic course of public exposition of the objects of the Association. At the opening meeting we would have the mere formalities as much as possible abridged. We would look to the president, or perhaps, rather to some one of the vicepresidents, for a luminous and popular explanation of the actual objects

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and views of the Association; wbich, as the meeting is held every year in a new place, and a considerable portion of the members is always new, would be no tedious repetition, but a most important and instructive exposition.

The address which has been annually drawn up by the secretary, reporting the progress of the scientific labours of the Association during the past year, has always appeared to us a most invaluable feature in the proceedings. This we are especially desirous to see kept up, and extended, and improved. We are not sure, whether, considering the high importance of this duty, and that we cannot always reckon upon having such secretaries as some of those who have hitherto filled the office,-it might not be a hint worthy of consideration, for the COUNCIL to be charged with the production of such a report, with express provision for putting it into the hands of some member who is able to do justice to it in the delivery: a point of increasing importance, as the assemblies of the Association are becoming yearly so much more numerous, and the places of meeting necessarily so large, that few speakers can be heard in them.

The reports of the proceedings of the sections very properly form an integrant and most essential feature in the proceedings of the general meetings. They are, in fact, the connecting links which now alone unite the distinct sections into the one great body of the Association. At the Oxford meeting the general assemblies were held in the middle of the day; and this arrangement rendered manifestly conspicuous the unity of the entire meeting. At these assemblies, the reports on the present state of the several branches of science were read: they constituted the main and essential portion of the whole to which the sections were but subsidiary; the main trunk from which the sections branched off. This arrangement has been discontinued. We are among those who deeply regret it, but we fear the general opinion of the members is against us, and that there is little probability of its being revived.

The present constitution of the Association is rather a confederation of distinct and isolated minor scientific states than one grand republic of philosophy, divided into subordinate districts. This we regret; but, as it is, we conceive it doubly important to keep up in an effective state that which now forms almost the sole semblance of the union ;-the homage paid by the sections to their sovereign body and parent stock, even if it be little more than in form.

But we have already observed, this reading of the reports is on all hands, we believe, allowed to be (as at present conducted) the very worst feature in the arrangement of the society's proceedings. Yet it cannot be dispensed with. Indeed it is extremely important in all points of view, for the several sections have no other means of communicating their respective proceedings to each other; and the members of one section are anxious to know what has been doing in another; which, unless gifted with ubiquity, they can only do at the evening re-union. The only plan we conceive capable of adoption, is a systematic extension of that which has been partially followed at Bristol, and at some previous meetings. In one or two instances, eminent individuals, connected with some of the sections, have been called upon to

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