character, that boldness of thought, and noble defiance of oppression and wrong, and that far-seeing depth, which he has ever exercised, happily, for the benefit of humanity. It is a nose far above par. The common run of us cannot boast one at once so characteristic and so ugly : Non cuique datum est habere nasum (Most noses have 'no character at all); 'a quotation which should be remembered as having been most elegantly used by Joseph Addison when he received a handsome snuff-box, and wished modestly to testify that he did not take snuff.



HAT illustriously obscure author Marolles, who

made a list of his own works extending over two thousand subjects, and who, since no one would

buy them, used to circulate them by slipping them in between the volumes on the second-hand book-stalls, has not forgotten the subject of Noses, and opens his chapter, we are told, by a disquisition on the nose of the Virgin Mary, which he declares was of a sweet and feminine aquiline, and which, therefore, shall head our list of illustrious noses of that kind. Mr. Holman Hunt, in his new picture, has not followed the authority of Marolles ; but then, as he has made a mistake in the architecture of Herod's Temple (having pictured it Oriental instead of an imitation of the Greek), we may excuse his falling short in this particular. If we want examples of the aquiline, eagle's beak, or Jewish nose, we have only to look round about us on our Hebrew brethren. The species is good, shrewd, and useful. Perhaps selfishness and determination are more strongly marked in it than in any others. Not only the Jews, but nearly all the ancient Easterns appear to have it; and one proof of the origin of the gipsies is found in the character of their noses. In the Egyptian sculptures we continually find the Jewish nose : nay, so far as we can judge from the unrolled mummies which are to be found in the British Museum and elsewhere, the noses in mummy flesh are aquiline. So also with the Assyrians in the Nineveh marbles, that type of nose is strictly adhered to; and, whether the king be hunting, or pursuing, or fighting with his enemies, we find the prominent aquiline the leading feature of his face. Grecian and snub noses do not seem to have been dreamt of by the prolific artists of those days. The Grecian was probably the nose of Mahomet and his successors, as it is of his devotees, who are to be found all over Persia and India. The Hindoos also partake of the type ; and it was but lately that we were watching the countenances of Duleep Sing and of the first of our Eastern baronets, Sir Cowasjee Jejeebhoy, and marking the long, curved, thin, and somewhat pendulous “beaks” which they possessed. The only exception is, they say, Nana Sahib, whose nasal organ is more straight than those of his brethren.

Amongst a rare collection of various woods in the museum of Kew Gardens are to be found two wooden statues of Siva, a deity much worshipped by idolatrous Easterns; and the frowning brows, fierce eyes, and cruel expression of the thin, drawn-up lips, are much aided by the narrow, finely cut, aquiline nose, which, with thin nostrils widely inflated, seems to run down to meet and cover the upturned lip. You can well see why the ignorant devotees feared their wooden god. No mean artist has carved that face : he has well carried out the characteristics of the god; and his countenance corresponds with his name—Siva, the Destroyer.

The vindictiveness of Siva is an expression partly owing to the character of the aquiline nose ; and, to follow out the thought suggested, we shall find vindictiveness and spite very prominent amongst animals and birds the features of which bear some approximation to the forward curve we have under notice. A Roman-nosed horse is perhaps as spiteful as any ; and could we have photographic side-faces of the horses tamed by Mr. Rarey, we should be able to judge the external features which accompany what the grooms call “vice” in these animals. From our own observation on mules, donkeys, and horses, we should say that an aquiline contour is decidedly suggestive of bad temper. That it is so of spite, as well as of energy, in the opinion of Shakspeare and Dickens, both very close observers, we need only quote two of their characters to prove : these are Shylock and Fagin, both Jews. That these were both men of high endowments and of great intellects, that they were both very much trampled upon and injured, that both were not the subjects of pity, is not to be denied, any more than that we are now treating inventions of an author's brain as if they were realities. But they are so consonant with truth that they are realities; and we can picture the Jew who wished his daughter “dead at his feet, with her jewels in her ear, and he who was the instructor of Charley Bates and the Artful Dodger, with more vividness

than we can those real criminals, Sir John Dean Paul (whose nose is aquiline), Mr. Pullinger, or Robson of the Crystal Paiace. Perhaps the most obtrusively aquiline nose that ever was seen was that of the conqueror of Scinde, the late Sir Charles Napier. The organ itself was prodigious; it was a Squire-of-the-wood's nose, one really not seen in a lifetime elsewhere ; and the energy which accompanied it was as prodigious. But the nose was far from Jewish. It was aquiline, not pendulous, thin at the end, and fine and thin in the nostril. George Cruikshank, the artist, who bears some similarity to the general, has also a fine aquiline nose ; and it is curious that in the Indian army Napier used to bear the sobriquet of “Old Fagin," whilst Cruikshank, who illustrated Dickens's fiction so admirably, copied the face of the Jew from his own, sitting before a glass for the first study of those etchings which, embodying the idea of the author, made the first issue of Oliver Twist so popular and so highly prized.

Great conquerors, and also those guilty of great cruelties, the scourges of their kind, Attila, Tamerlane, and Genghis Khan, also had, so far as we can determine from report and tradition, aquiline noses.

Mrs. Hemans and Charles Dickens, when young, may be cited as possessors of aquiline noses. Dickens's has grown to be somewhat more than it was in Maclise's portrait, and is now to be classed as cogitative. Of his late rival's nose we would say little : it has been the causa teterrima bellithe fruitful source of a literary quarrel, which resulted the more powerful turning the weaker author out of his club, and

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