THE EIGHTEENTII CENTURY. 11 Lord Bishop of London * in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth : wherein are explained many Transactions of the Church of England; and what Methods were then taken to preserve it, with respect both to the Papist and Puritan. By John Strype i M.A.” Svo.

not have seen several of them so scandalously neglected, nor have reason to complain, as we justly may, in relation to one of them, viz. Landall; where, as there has scarce been in these 30 years last past one clergyman in the diocese preferred to a prebend therein, we may less wonder at the laving asiile the organ and choir-service, and the suffering the belis, which have been broke in less than that period, to remain cracked, and the breaches, made by some late storms in the towers and other parts of the church, to continue unre; aired [let it be remembered that this was written in 1727] ; whereis, on a like accident to Southwell collegiate church, a place of less note than Landaff, it being only a village, this good Archbishop immerliately set himself to work to repair that church, and not only generously gave his own, but obtained several large charities to it, and by his example and zeal soon made up the breaches." He was an able Antiquary, and excelled in the belles lettres. He gave to the Library of the Dean and Chapter at York the valuable collections towards a parochial history which had been formed by James Torr; and had himself begun a most useful work of collecting the endowments and benefactions to the churches and chapels in his diocese. His remarks on English, Scotch, and Irish Money were in Thoresby's Museum, and another copy is in the Harleian Library. They were published by Mr. ives in his “ Select Papers, 1773," No I. 4to. His “ Observations on the Coinage of England, in a Letter to Mr. Tho. I resby, 1693-4," form the XXXVth nuinber of the “ Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica."

* Dr. Aylmer died bishop of London, June 3, 1594, æt. 73; and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.

† John Strype, the industrious editor of many valuable publications, was born in Lonion, of German parents. He was educatel at Catharine Hall, Cambridge, where he took the degree of M. A. and was admitted ad eundem at Oxford, July 11, 1671. He was collated to the rectory of Theydon-bovs, in Essex, in July 1669, wbich he resigned, in February following, for the vicarage of Low Leyton in that county. He had also a considerable sinecure given hiin by Archbishop Tenison, and was lecturer of Hackney, where he diel (at the house of Mr. Harris, an apotheCary who had married his granddaughter) Dec. 13, 1737, at an uncommon great age, having enjoyed his vicamage nearly 68 vears. Dr. Birch observes, that " nis fidelity and industry will always give a value to his numerous writings, horrever destitute of the graces, and even uniformity of style, and the art of connecting


1702. : « Memoirs of Henry Guthry *, late Bishop of Dunkeld, in Scotland : wherein the Conspiracies and Rebellion against King Charles I. of blessed Memory, to the time of the Murder of that Monarch, are briefly and faithfully related;" Svo.'

1703. "A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament. In Two Volumes. The First, containing the Four Gospels, and the Acts of the Holy Apostles. The Second, all the Epistles, with a · Discourse of the billennium. To which is added, a Chronology of the New Testament; a Map; and an Alphabetical Table of all the Places mentioned in the Gospels, Acts, and the Epistles; with Tables to each, of the Matter contained, and of the Words and Phrases explained throughout the whole Work. By Daniel Whitbyt, D.D. and Chantor of the Church of Sarum.” This useful work, which was printed in folio, has since passed frequently through the press, and is still the principal commentary consulted by the English Clergy.

« Poems on several Occasions. Together with the Song of the Three Children paraphrased. By the Lady Chudleigh*. London, printed by W. B.

facts." He kept an exact diary of his own life, which contained many curious circumstances relating to the literary history of his times, as is easy to conceive, he being engaged in a frequent corrəspondence, by letters, with Archbishops Tenison and Wake, Bishops Atterbury, Burnet, Nicolson, and other eminent persons. Six volumes of those letters were in 1789 in the possession of the Rev. Mr. Knight, of Milton in Cambridgeshire.

* Bishop of Dunkeld from 1664 or 5, till his death in 1676-7. -The Book here mentioned is not (as might be supposed from the title) a Life of the Bishop; but a History, by him, of the Rebellion.

+ This very learned author is so well known, that nothing more of him need here be said, than that he was a native of Rushden in Northamptonshire; a commoner of Trinity college, Oxford ; and that he died March 24, 1725-6, aged ss.

This philosophic and poetic lady was Mary, daughter of Richard Lee of Winsloder in Devonshire, Esq. and wife to Sir


for Bernard Lintott, at the Middle Temple Gatein Fleet-street.” Svo.

1704. “ Admodùm reverendi & doctissimi viri D. Roberti Huntingtoni *, S. Theologiae Doctoris, & Episcopi Rapotensis, Epistolæ. Præmittitur, de ejusdem D. Huntingtoni vitâ, studiis, peregrinationibus, & obitu, fra opinu.óthov. Scriptore Thoma

George Chudleigh, Bart, by whom she had several children; among the rtat Eliza-Maria, who dying in the bloom of life, caused her mother to pour out her grief in a poem intituled, “ A Dialogue between Lucinda and Marissa." She wrote another poem, called " The Ladies Defence,” occasioned by an angry sermon preached against the fair sex. These, with many others, were collected into the above volume, which was printed a third time in 1722. She published also a volume of “ Essays upon various Subjects in Verse and Prose” in 1710, which have been much admired for a delicacy of style. These were dedicated to the Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Brunswick; on which occa. sion that Princess, then in her soth year, honoured her with a very polite epistle. This lady is said to have written other things, as tragedies, operas, masques, &c. which, though not printed, are preserved in her family. She died in 1710, in her 55th rear. She was a woman of great virtue as well as understanding, and made the latter subservient to the former. She had an education in which literature seemed but little regarded, being taught no other than her native language; yet her fondnes for books, great application, and uncommon abilities, enabled her to figure among the literati of her time. But though she was perfectly in love with the charms of poetry, yet she dedicated some part of her time to the severer studies of philosophy. This appears from her excellent essays upon knowledge, pride, humility, life, death, fear, grief, riches, self-love, justice, anger, calumny, friendship, love, avarice, solitude, in which (to say nothing of her manner of writing, which is pure and elegant) she discovers an uncommon degree of piety and knowledge, and a noble contempt of those vanities which the generality of both sexes so much regard, and so eagerly pursue.

* Robert Huntington was born at Deerhurst in Gloucestere shire, in 1636 ; and, after a school education at Bristol, was sent to Merton College, Oxford, where he became a fellow; and applied very diligently to Divinity and Oriental literature, which proved eminently useful to him at Aleppo, where he was cha pl in to the English Factory from 1670 to 1681; in which period having carefully visited almost all Galilee and Samaria, he vent to Jerusalem ; in 1677, to Cyprus; in 1678 attempted a ourney to Palmyra; but, instead of baving an opportunity of viewing the


Smitho *, Sacræ Theologiæ Doctore, & Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ Presbytero;" 8vo.

66 Vita clarissimi & doctissimi Viri Edwardi Bernardi, .S. Theologiæ Doctoris, & Astronomie

venerable ruins of that once-famous city, narrowly escaped destruction from the Arabian princes who had taken possession of those parts. He had better success in 1680 in Egypt, where he obtained several curious MSS. and conversed with John Lascaris, airchbishop of Mount Sinai. He returned home in 1682, through Italy and France; and, retiring to his fellowship at Merton College, took the degree of D.D. in 1653; and was some time vicar of Lergh, in Gloucestershire, which he resigned in 1693; when, through the recommendation of Bishop Fell, he was appointed provost of Trinity College, Dublin; where having experienced some difficulties during the tumults attending the Revolution, he resigned the office in 1691, having in the mean time sold his fine collection of MSS. to the curators of the Bodleian library, to whom be had before presented XXXV. He was presented Aug. 19, 1692, by Sir Edward Turner, to the rectory of Great Hallingbury in Essex; and in the same year he married. Early in 1693 he was offered the bishoprick of Kilmore in Ireland, then vacant by the voluntary abdication of Dr. Wm. Sheridan; which he refused : but in 1701 accepted that of Raphoc, and was consecrated Aug. 20; which he survived but twelve days. He died Sept: 2, æt. 66; and was buried in the chapel of Trinity College, Dublin. All that he published himself was, “ An Account of the Porphyry Pillars in Egypt,” in Phil

Trans. No 161. But some of his “ Observations" are printed in “ Ray's Travels ;” and XXXIX of his Letters, chiefly whilst abroal, at the end of Dr. Smith's Life ohim.

* This learned Divine was born in the parish of Allñallows Barking, London, in 1638; and adınitted of Queen's college in Oxford at 19, where he took the degrees in arts. In 1663, he was made master of the free-school adjoining to. Magdalen college; and, in 1666, elected fellow of that college, being, then famous for his skill in the Oriental languages. In June 1668, he went as chaplain to Sir Daniel Harvey, ambassador to Constantinople; and returned in 1671. In 1676, he travelled into France; and, returning soon after, became chaplain to Sir Joseph Williamson, secretary of state. In 1679, he was appointed to collate and publish the Alexandrian MS. in St. James's library, and to have for his reward (as Charles II. promised) a canonry of Windsor or Westminster ; but that grand design was not executed, having been reserved for the industry and abilities of Dr. Woide in 1784. He published a great many works, and had an established reputation among the learned. So high an opinion was conceived of him, that he was solicited by the bishops Pearson, Fell, and Lloyd; to return into the East, to collect antient MSS. of the Greek fathers. It was designed he should visit the monasteries of Mount Athos, where there is said


apud Oxonienses Professoris Saviliani. Scriptore Thomâ Snitho, S. Theologiæ Doctore, & Ecclesiæ

to be still extant a great number of MSS. reposited there before the decline of the Greek empire. He was then to proceed to Smyrna, Nice, Nicomedia, Ancyra, and at last to Egypt; and to employ two or three years in this voyage. But he could not prevail on himself to undertake it, as well by reason of the dangers inevitably to be encountered, as of the just expectations he had from his patron Williamson of preferment in the church. These expectations however were disappointed; for Wood says, that, after living several years with hini, and performing a great deal of drudgery for him, he was at length dismissed without any reward. In 1683, he took the degree of D.D.; and in 1684, was nominated by his college to the rectory of Stanlake in the diocese of Oxford, but, on some dislike, resigned it in a month. At this period three of his pieces appeared in the " Philosophical Transactions, 1683 and 1681." 1. “ Historical Observations relating to Constantinople,” No 152. 2. “ An Account of the City of Prusia in Bythinia," No 155. 3. “A Conjecture about an Under-current at the Streights-mouth," Vo 158. He was collated to the prebend of Highworth in the church of Salisbury in 1687; and in August 1688, was deprived of his fellowship by Dr. Giffard, the Popish president of Magdalen college, because he refused to live among the new Popish fellows of that college. He was restored in October following ; but afterwards refusing to take the oaths to William and Mary, his fellowship was pronounced void, July 25, 1692. He was the author of several single Sermons: 1. “ Preached before the right worshipful coinpany of Merchants trading into the Levant, at St. Olave's, Hart-stract, London, Tuesday, June 2, 1668. By Thomas Smith, M. A. fillow of Magdalen college in Oxford, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable Sir Daniel Harvey, his Majesty's Ambassador t Constantinople, 1668,” 4to. 2. “ The Credibility of the Mysteries of the Christian Religion, 1675," 4to. 3. A Theological Exercise, De Causis Remediisque Dissidiorum, 1678,” 4to. 4. “ Of frequent Communion, 1679," 4to. 5.“ Concerning the Doctrine, Unity, and Profession of the Christian Faith, preached before the University of Oxforu. To which is added, an Appendix concerning the Apostles' Creed, 1632," 4to. His other publications were, « Dialecta de Chaldaicis Paraphrasibus, Oxon. 1662," Svo.; “ Syntagma de Druidum Moribus ac Institutis, Lond. 1664," Svo.; “ Epistolæ quatuor ; de Moribus & institutis Turcarum, cum Septem Asiæ Ecclesiarum & Constantinopoleos Notitia, Oxon. 1672," Svo, which he afterwards translated into English, under this title: “ Remarks upon the Man. Ders, Religion, and Government of the Turks; together with a Survey of the Seven Churches in Asia, as they now lie in their Ruins; and a brief description of Constantinople, 1078," 8vo, He wrote “ De Græcæ Ecclesiæ hodierno Statu Epistola, 1676,"

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