A.M. Rector of Barnack in Northamptonshire, his Lordship's domestic Chaplain."

The fifth edition of “ Physico-theology; or, a Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God from his Works of Creation. By W. Derham, Rector of Upminster, Canon of Windsor, and F.R.S.”

“A short Discourse concerning Pestilential Contagion, and the Methods to be used to prevent it; by Richard Mead, M. D. Fellow of the College of Physicians, and of the Royal Society;" seven different editions.

“ A Discourse of the Truth and Certainty of Natural Religion, and the indispensable Obligation to Religious Worship, from Nature and Reason; by David Martin *, Pastor of the French Church at Utrecht. Translated from the French." Svo.

* Mr. Martin was pastor of the French church at the Hague. His “ Two Dissertations" (see p. 142) were originally published at Utrecht in 1717 ; his Discourse of Natural Religion at Amsterdam in 1713.-His great opponent, Mr. Emlyn, was an eminent English Divine; who, after having suffered considerably for principles that were considered to be heterodox, published in 1715 “ A full Inquiry into the original Authority of the Text, 1 John v. 7, There are Three that bear Record in Heaven, &c. containing an Account of Dr. Mill's Evidence, from Antiquity, for and against its being genuine: with an Examination of his Judgment thereupon." This piece was addressed to Dr. William Wake, lord archbishop of Canterbury, president, to the Bishops of the same province, his grace's suffragans, and to the Clergy of the Lower House of Convocation, then assembled. The disa puted text found an advocate in Mr. David Martin, who published a critical dissertation on the subject, in opposition to the inquiry of Mr. Emlyn, who in 1718 again considered the question, in “ An Answer to Mr. Martin's Critical Dissertation on 1 John v.7; shewing the Insufficiency of his Proofs, and the Errors of his Suppositions, by which he attempts to establish the Authority of that Text from supposed Manuscripts." Mr. · Martin having published an examination of this answer, Mr. Emlyn printed a reply to it in 1720. - A third tract was written upon the subject by Mr. Martin; so that he had the honour of being left in the possession of the field; and this has been thought by many learned men to have been the only honour he obtained. Mr. Emlyn was born at Stamford, May 27, 1667; and died July 17, 1743.

A new

A new edition of the Latin Common Prayer ; printed for Bonwicke, Sprint *, &c. : « A State of the Proposal made to the East-India Company for taking 9,000,000. South-Sea Stock.”

Goodman's “ Winter's Evening Conference.

Squire Busby's “ Proposals for drying Malt with hot Air."

1721. The younger Bowyer in this year assisted his worthy Father in correcting the following books: , “The Theological Works of Charles Leslie qf;"! two vols. folio; a very large impression.

* “Mr. Samuel Sprint, senior, thrives much in trade, and is punctual and honest; he has been very fortunate in several engagements. He printed Mr. Fox of Time, Mr. Doolittle on the Sacrament; and was engaged the same way for Mr. Steele, and other eminent authors; so that it is easy to know what success he has had in the world.” Dunton, p. 285.

" Mr. John Sprint junior does patrizare. He has a ready wit, a great deal of good humour, and is owner of as much generosity as any man of the trade. There is an humble sweetness in all his actions. And, to render him the more agreeable, this brave soul of his has the happiness to live in a very beautiful tenement; and it had been pity it should have lived in any other. In a word (if I have a right notion of John Sprint) he is the handsomest man in the Stationers' Company, and may without compliment be called a very accomplished bookseller. Kis father, finding him a sober, religious person, has made him a partner in his trade; and they are now reprinting three great and useful books, entituled, The History of the Bible, with cuts; Le Grand's Body of Philosophy; and Gwillim's Heraldıy with great Improvements." Ibid. 309.

+ Dr. Charles Leslie, a famous Nonjuring Divine, second son of John Leslie, bishop of Clogher. At the Revolution he was chancellor of the cathedral of Connor; and left that and his other ecclesiastical preferments to follow King James's fortunes, and after his death his son's; and made several visits to the courts of St. Germain and Bar le Duc; which, with his writingy, have ing rendered him obnoxious to the Government, in the year 1713 he found himself under a necessity of leaving the kingdom, and retiring to the Pretender's court, where he was allowed to officia ate in a private chapel after the manner of the Church of England. He went with the Chevalier into Italy, and about a year before his death returned to England; where having prepared a collection of his theological works for the press, he retired into


“ The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, compared with the former Editions, and many valuable MSS.; out of which Three Tales are added, which were never before printed. By John Urry *, Student of

the North of freland, his native country, and died soon after his arrival, April 13, 1722. He defended the Bishop of Exeter against Mr. Hoadly, in “ The best Answer that was ever made," &c.; and was author of “ The Rehearsal,” six vols. 12mo; and of many other political tracts.

* About the latter end of the year 1711, it was proposed to Mr. Urry, who was a native of Scotland, by some persons well acquainted with his qualifications (who, he thought, had a right to command him), to put out a new edition of Chaucer ; which he was persuaded to undertake, though much against his inclination. This recommendation was, probably, from Dean Aldrich, who well knew the talents of his pupil.—Having undertaken the task, Mr. Urry proceeded on it with such great diligence, that he thought it prudent to apply for a patent for the exclusive right of printing the work; which he obtained, July 20, 1714; and on Dec. 17 assigned it to Mr. Bernard Lintot, by whom Proposals for publishing the work were issued in January 1714.15. But the design was very soon retarded by Mr. Urry's death, which happened on the 19th of the following March, and which (by the following inscription) he seems to have very thoroughly foreseen:

Epitaphium Johannis URRY,
Æd. Christ. Oxon. Alumni, a seipso scriptum, 1714.
“ Justitiæ ac libertatis amans, licentiam abominatus ;

famæ bonæ non aversatus;

nullam, quam malam, maluit.
Divitiis et gloriolæ quietam mentem prætulit.
Patriæ patri et ecclesiæ matri fidelis usque filius

extremum ad vitæ spiritum perduravit.
Dominum suum ferre, atque dura ipsius jussa

audire, non gravatus est, quippe hoc Numini parere ratus est.

Conservo servire ægrè tulit;

et alieno domino nefas piaculare duxit;
nec crimen gravius patrare humanum genus potuisse,

quam datam fidem fallere putavit. Decus esse quum non potuerit soliditati huic regiæ et ample,

dedecus esse studiosè vitabat;
et quoad potuit decorare ædes ab Aldrichio fundatas;
ad quas itaque absolvendas magnam reiculæ suæ

partem moriens legavit,
Et quamvis memorabile nihil perfecit unquam;
jussu tamen est aggressus opus ultra vires,

magnum Chaucerum,

nec absolvit, magno sed ausu excidit," . That this excellent critic was one of the wits of Christ Church,


Christ Church, Oxon, deceased ; together with a Glossary, by a Student of the same College. To

may be inferred from Rag Smith's having addressed to him a lu. dicrous analysis of his Latin Ode on Dr. Pocock, preserved by Dr. Johnson in his “Lives of the English Poets," art. Smith. He was remarkable for his learning and industry, for great charity,constant integrity, and a peculiar happiness of being always agreeable to his private friends. His gratitude to the place of his education it was his intention to express by a legacy of 500l. towards the new building of Peckwater; and he often took occasion to tell his friends with what cheerfulness he went on with his work, as it would enable him the better to perform his pious and generous intention; which, though he did not live to accomplish, was in some measure performed by his executor, William Brome, esq. (his intimate friend and fellow-student at Christ Church), as appears by the following heads of an “ Agreement, Aug. 16, 1715, between William Brome, executor to Mr. Urry, the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxon, and Bernard Lintot, booka seller; reciting the Queen's licence to Urry, to print Chaucer for fourteen years, from July 25, 1714, assigned over by him to Lintot, Dec. 17 following. Urry, dying soon after, left Brome executor. The agreement recites Urry's intention to apply part of the profits towards building Peckwater Quadrangle. Brome assigns his right to the Glossary and licence to Lintot for remainder of the term; the Dean and Chapter and Mr. Brome to deliver to Lintot a complete copy of Chaucer and Glossary, and to correct it, or get it corrected. Lintot to print 1250 copies, 250 on royal paper, and 1000 on demy, at his own charge, and to furnish a number of copies not exceeding 1500; and have one-third of the profit. If the subscribers did not amount to 1250, then the remainder to be sold, and the prolits equally divided ; the Dean and Chapter's share to be applied to finish Peckwater Quadrangle.

1. S. d. 1000 copies small paper, at 30s. . . . . . . 1500 0 0 250 large, at 50s. . . . . . . . . . . . 625 0 0

2125 00

Lintot one-third . . . . . . . . . . . 708 6 8 Remainder for Dean and Chapter . . . . . 1416 13 4

and Mr. Brome

Mr. Lintot in 1715 circulated new Proposals for the publication of Chaucer; to which the following paragraph in the Preface has allusion : " I must not leave this subject (the Glossary] without doing justice to that worthy gentleman whose name was mentioned in the last Proposals for this Edition, as having undertaken a more useful and copious Glossary for the better understanding of this Poet. Such a work, performed by a person of his extensive learning and uncommon knowledige in this particular study, would have fully answered that character'.


the whole is prefixed the Author's Life, newly written, and a Preface, giving an Account of this

But, as we are deprived of the benefit of his labours in this kind (for what reasons I am not at this time satisfied), I would not have his reputation suffer by the imperfections of this performance; and therefore ai bound to acquit him of having any hand in compiling this Glossary. The number of Errata needs no apology to such as are acquainted with works of this nature; especially if it be considered that my distance from the press could not, without very much retarding the work, allow me to revise the sheets more than once."--Mr. Brome, though he took care that the work was properly published, was not the actual Editor; for the gentleman who undertook that office says, “I was equally a stranger to Mr. Urry, and his undertaking, till some time after his death; when a person, whose commands I was in all duty bound to obey, put the works of Chaucer into my hands, with his instructions to assist in carrying on this edition, and to prepare matters for a Glossary to it. Mr. Thomas Ainsworth, of Chrst Church, has been employed by Mr. Urry in transcribing part of the work for the press, and was therefore thought qualified to proceed in preparing the rest for my perusal. This gentleman likewise died, in August 1719, soon after the whole text of Chaucer was printed off. Had he lived, he could have given a fuller account of this work than is to be expected here, which, I am persuaded, he would not have declined; but, as he always had the greatest veneration for the memory of Mr. Urry, would have readily embraced such an opportunity of expressing it.”-A very fair and full account of Urry's edition is to be seen in the modest and sensible preface prefixed to it by Mr. Timothy Thomas*, upon whom the charge of publishing Chaucer devolved. or rather was imposed, after Mr. Urry's death.-(Mr. A. Chalmers possesses a large-paper copy of Uny's Chaucer, a present from Mr. Timothy Thomas, which has many MS corrections in his hand.

** I learn this from a MS note in an interleaved copy of Urry's Chaucer, presented to the British Museum by Mr. William Thomas, a brother of Mr. T. Thomas (rector of Presteignc in Radnorshire). T. Thomas was of Christ Church, Oxford, and died in 1751, aged 59. In another note, Mr. W. T. informs us, that the life of Chaucer in that edition was incorrectly drawn up by Mr. Darl, and corrected and enlarged by W. T. (i.e. himself). The same Mr. W. T. bas taken a great deal of unnecessary pains in collating that copy of Urry's edition with several MSS. The best part of the various readings serves only to correct the arbitrary innovations which Mr. Lrry had in. troduced into the text. He has employed himself to better purpose upon the Glossary, where he has made many emendations and additions, which may be of considerable use if ever a new Glossary to Chaucer should be compiled.” Appendix to the Preface to Tyrwhitt's Chaucer, vol. I. p. xix.--Mr. Tyrwhitt, in the Advertisement prefixed to his Glossary, acknowledges that he has built upon Mr. Thomas's foundation, and often with his materials, constantly citing the places referred to by him, always verifying it by actual inspection ; a caution indispensably neessary, on account of the innumerable and gross errors in the text of that edition to which his Glossary was adapted.


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