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Laws of the Jews, by the late Reverend and learned
shall hear again from me. If you think it proper, I will write again to Mr. Crofts, and desire him to fix a number. When I saw the Bp. of Oxford this spring, he told me that Neal, in his second or third volume, reckons Dr. Pocock in his list of eminent Puritan Divines. If the passage be not too long, I would beg a transcript of it in your next, which I could wish, though I do Hot deserve it, might be speedy. Humble service to our worthy Master, and to Mrs. Grey, &c. shuts up this trouble from, dear sir, your most affectionate Chum, and most obliged humble servant,
LEONARD TWELLS. “I must on no occasion omit special service to Mr. Chapman, whom I greatly respect. I have not yet received the names of the six subscribers he procured and paid for,"
6. " London, Feb. 2, 1736-7. Dear Chum ; Mr. Bettenham brought me the favour of yours, which gave me great pleasure. I thank you heartily for the continuance of your friendship, in procuring more subscriptions to Pocock. The Work is about half printed off, so that by Michaelmas or (at farthest) Christmas next, we shall be ready to deliver the books. I set out for Wiltshire to-morrow; but have left order with Mr. Bettenham to send six of your Answers to Neal's Third Part, to Mr. Gosling for my use, and six more for Mr. Crofts, who received yours, and intends to answer it himself. My service and thanks to Mr. Chapman ; as also to Mr. Perkins, whom I had the unexpected pleasure of seeing lately at the Bishop of Sarum's. If Dr. Gooch is at Cambridge, I heartily wish you would procure his promised subscription. I have now got upwards of 300! My humble service to Mrs. Grey, Mrs. Moss, and the young ladies. I am, dear Doctor, your much obliged and most affectionate Chum and servant."
7. “ Friday-street, March 22, 1739-40. My dear Friend; Pocock, at last, is finished, and will be delivered on Tuesday next, the 25th instant. My number of subscribers is about 350; of which, through the death of near 30 of them, and for other causes, I cannot reasonably expect that more than 300, if so many, will call for their books. The expences of paper and printing amount to upwards of 5301.; and incidental charges, which I have been at, will make the total expence at least 5801.; so that, if 300 sets are taken off by Subscribers, the reward of the Editor, for writing the Life, compiling Indexes, collating and correcting the errors of the old Edition (which with solicitiny for subscriptions, travelling to London, Oxford, &c. have more or less employed his time and exercised his patience for five years last past) will be but 501.-I should not have troubled you or my other friends with complaints of this kind, for which I have nobody to blame but myself, who too rashly engaged in an affair by which, had it not been for their goodness, I must have been a loser every way; but only to inove them still to continue their end avours, where there is room for it, to procure purchasers of the Work, as they formerly did subscribers. Mr. Gosling will
W. Wotton, D. D.” now first published from the
sell the books at the subscription price ; lower we cannot ge, without injustice to those who, by subscribing, encouraged die publication. Another request I make to you is, that you would press as many of the subscribers as fall in your way, to send for their books as early as may be, that I may the sooner discharge the debt of the press. I remember that in one of your letters you told me, that Mr. John Lord, rector of Tuddington in Bedfordshire, promised to pay two guincas for the book when it was finished; and I doubt not you will now call upon him. Mr. Gosling delivers the books at his shop. I do not forget that I am indebted either to you or Mr. Bettenban for six copies of each of your two last Answers to Neal; and as soon as I have cleared the present account, will discharge that also. In the mean time, I beg my service to Mrs. Moss, Mrs. Grey, and the young ladies. As to my own particular, I bless Goul for a better state of health this last winter, severe as it was, than for some years last past; and that you and yours have been alike healthy, will be a joyful hearing to, dear Chum, yours most sincerely and affectionately,
LEONARD TWELLS. “ In order to explain my assertion above, that 50l, at the most will be all my gains on the foot of the subscription, you may plcase to know that Mr. Pocock, the proprietor of his grandfather's copies, may, and I fear will, insist on half the clcar profits of the Edition. I am ashamed to onn my weakness in the contract to any but such a friend as you."
8. “ Friday-street, Jan. 27, 1741. I hope my dear Chum will spare the reproaches that are fo justly due to me for so long neglecting to answer his last. I will not make excrises by letter, hoping for an opportunity to do it personally about the middle of next month, when I intend, God willing, to be at Cambridge, in order to admit my son of St. John's college. I can only say in the mean time, that as my various employments have kept me in a manner contined for several months, and hindered me from engaging any one to take off copies of your anstrer to Neal's last; so I shall be very glad to be responsible for six, or more of them if it be needful. If you ever see the Master of St. John's, could you be so good as to tell him I received his last, and that he misapprehended my meaning; that I enquired only after the scholarship which was held by Franklyn, who died lately, though I miscalled it an exhibition; and if my son, as a Marlborough scholar, though not a native of Wiltshire, be capable of standing for it, I intend, Mondav fortnight, to set out with him for Cambridge. Your answer to this, by the first convenient opportunity, would much oblige your undeserving, but sincerely affectionate friend, Chum, and servant, L. TWELLS."
9. “ St. Maithew's, Friday-street, Oct. 6, 1741. My dear and good old Friend, I promised invself all this last summer the pleasurt of waiting on you in Bedfordshire, but have still been defeated. Jlowever, I live in hopes of secing you at Cambridge, and settling
original MS. (communicated by Anthony Ham
an account that is between us, in the spring. In the mean time, I should be much obliged to you, if opportunity shall offer, for jogging the following subscribers in your neighbourhood to call for their Pococks. It will be the more needful, because I am now closing the accompt, and shall be the better able to do it by the receipt of so many second payments. The Rev. Mr. Ashcroft of Mappenhall in Bedfordshire; the Right Hon, the Lord St. John de Bletsho; the Rev. Mr. Watson of Ampthill in Bedfordshire; the Rev. Mr. John Lord, of Tuddington, Bedfordshire; made no payments, but promised to take off a set when the Work was finished. The two following gentlemen subscribed at your request; and, if quickened by letter from you, would probably order their books to be called for, and make their second payment; Thomas Hindmarsh, esq. of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; George Grey, esq. of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. I hope my good friend, who has already done so much service to my edition, will pardon the trouble I give him in the winding up of that affair, My son joins with me in service to you, to Mrs. Grey, and to good Mrs. Moss, together with the young ladies.
“My son John sets out for Cambridge next Friday. I have not been yet able to obtain any favour for him from the Master or Senior Fellows since they admitted him to his Marlborough Exhibition, though I have solicited it, and God knows, sufficiently need it. I hope Dr. Grey's return to Cambridge may produce something. At least I assure myself his endeavours will not be wanting. I am, dear Chum, your affectionate friend, and obliged humble servant,
LEONARD TWELLS.". : This learned and meritorious Divine did not long survive the completion of his laborious and unprofitable republication; dying February 19, 1741-2. In a letter from Dr. Samuel Knight to Dr. Z. Grey, dated Feb. 22, 1942, he observes, “ Poor Twells died on Friday, and left a large family very destitute."-A letter from one of his sons to Dr. Grey will shew the difficulties with which the Doctor's family had to encounter in consequence of this calawitous event : “ The hopes that you are pleased to express, that my father died in tolerable good circumstances, proceeded, I suppose, rather from a good-will to him, and us his poor remains, than from any calculation of his income. I have him for an example of virtue and labour, not of fortunet. He had no more than one hundred pounds a year to support five children with, till within five years of his death; and when it pleased God to remove him to town, the expences of his removal, his First Fruits above fifty pounds, his repairing the rectoryhouse, which had not been inhabited for fifty years by a rector, to the amount of near an hundred pounds, and the expences of my brother's education and death in the University, were a sore
† “ Disce, puer, virtutem ex me, rerumque laborem !
Æneid, xii. 435.
mond *, esq.) in the “ Present State of the Republick of Letters," for January 1731, p. 1.
“A serious Exhortation to Repentance and Sorrow for Sin, and a strict and mortified Life; written about the Middle of the Fourth Century by St. Ephraim, the Cyriannt, Deacon of Edessa. Translated into English from the Greek and Latin Versions compared.” !
« The Principles of the Christian Religion explained*; in a brief Commentary upon the Church
drain for his advantages. But, notwithstanding all this, I beg you to assure Mr. Rutherforth (of whose care and tenderness to my brother I am very sensible) that he shall be paid to a farthing, when we have collected my father's dues; whose credits, I am certain, will discharge his debts, and no farther. We are left indeed to the wide world, without any patrimony, but with the blessing of God derived to us by a pious father, unless prevented by our demerits. By the advice of our friends, I have published proposals for printing, by subscription, my father's Boyle's and Lady Moyer's Sermons, and wait for your permission to send you down some signed receipts.”—Twenty-four of the Doctor's Sermons at Mr. Boyle's Lectures, eight at Lady Mover's, and three occasional Sermons, were accordingly published, in two volumes, 8vo, 1743.
* A Commissioner of the Navy; and sometime representative in Parliament for the county of Huntingdon, and also for the University of Cambridge. He was a good speaker; and well known by the name of “ silver-tongued Hammond,” given to him by Lord Bolingbroke. He was a man of wit; but wanted conduct; and had, if we may credit Lord Chesterfield, “ all the senses but common sense.” He was the father of that elegant writer, whose “ Love Elegies” breathe the true spirit of Tibullus; and died in 1738, aged nearly 70.
An author much celebrated by the antients, particularly by St. Gregory de Nissa. He wrote Commentaries on a great part of the Bible, many of which are thought to be still extant in the Syriac. Amongst his countrymen he is said to have written more than a thousand Discourses in Prose; and a considerable number of Verses and Hymns, all on sacred subjects.
I A Dedication to the Arthdeacons and the rest of the Clergy of the Diocese of Lincoln, prefixed to the third edition of this work (which was printed by Mr. Bowyer in 1708) observes, that « The following Catechism, composed and published some years ago for the use of my parish, is now, at your request, and by your encouragement, reprinted for the benefit of my diocese; and ! make no doubt but that, through the blessing of God upon your pious endeavours, it will help to propagate a more perfect know. ledge of the doctrine of Christ in all the parts of it. It was with
Catechism. By the Right reverend Father in God, William (Wake] Lord Bishop of Lincoln. The fifth edition,” Svo.
this sort of instruction that that great and wise Minister the Lord Cromwell began, as the most likely means to bring on the Reformation, so much desired by all good men ; and, though what he required went no farther than to teach first the parents, and masters themselves, and by them their children and servants, the Creed, the Lord's Praver, and the Ten Commandments; yet was this a good beginning, and even more than many of the Clergy themselves, in those days, were very well able to expound to them. Hence it was that about 11 years after, King Edward the Sixth found it necessary to repeat the very same order in his Injunctions: "That every holv-clay, when there was no sermon, the parsons and vicars in their several churches should, immediately after the Gospel, openly and plainly recite to their parishioners, the Paternoster, the Creed, and the Ten Commandments in English, to the intent the people might learn the same; exhorting all parents and householders to teach their children and servants the same, as they are bound by the law of God, and in conscience, to do.' For their better doing whereof, when the Service-book was compiled about two years after, a Catechism was also inserted into it; and the curate enjoined, 'every sixth week at the least to teach and declare the Catechism, according to the book of the same. We are told, indeed, that Archbishop Cranmer had himself, the vear before, 1548, drawn up a Catechism for the instruction of young persons in the grounds of the Christian Religion ; and, in his dedication of it to the King, complained very much of the neglect of Catechizing in former times. But yet still this work continued in the same state; nor was any thing more done in it by public authority, till about four years after ; when, together with the Articles of Religion, another Catechism was composed, and published in Latin, and all schoolinasters enjoined by the King's command to instruct their scholars in it. And here I take the complete model of our Church Catechism to have been first laid. To the Explication of the Creed, the Commandments, and tlie Lord's Prayer, was added a short account of the Two Sacraments; and to some or other of these, whatsoever was most necessary to be known, or believed by every Christian, was orderly, though briefly, recluced. No sooner was the unhappy stop of this exercise, which followed under 'Queen Mary's reign, removed by her death, but Queen Elizabeth returned to the same order that her brother King Edward the Sixth had established. She required the parsons and vicars, every holy-day, to recite the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and Ten Commandments in English, that their parishioners might both learn themselves, and teach their children the same. And she enjoined them, every holy-day, and every second Sunday in the year, to hear and instruct the vouth of their parish, for half an hour at least, before evening-praver, in the Ten