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OF [1713. before, the news of which proved a happy mixture in your melancholy letter; and though you began with it, I made it the close of my narrative to your son. And when we have seen the end of the Lord, as St. James expresses it, we shall find that he is very pitiful, and of tender mercy, as he was to his servant Job, whose losses in the end were abundantly repaired; and since he is still the same God, if our behaviour be conformable, we may humbly hope for the like treatment. As an earnest of which, I must tell you, that he has already put it into the heart of a certain person, upon hearing of your great loss, to pay the whole charges of your son's board, &c. for one year *; the person desires to be nameless, that the thanks may be returned to God only. My wife, who truly condoles with you, gives her service to yourself and Mrs. Bowyer, to whom pray give mine also, and to my good friend Mr. Ross; our service likewise, with hearty wishes of much joy (notwithstanding this melancholy beginning) to the new-married gentlewoman. Your son speaks for himself in the inclosed, which he just now brought to, Sir, • Your condoling friend, and faithful servant,
AMBR. BONWICKE f."
it It may be unnecessary to mention, that this friend was Mr. Bonwicke himself.
t. This conscientious Divine (son of the Rev. John Bonwicket, rector of Mickleham in Surrey), born April 29, 1652, and edu*cated at Merchant Taylors School, was elected to St. John's College, Oxford, in 1668, where he was appointed librarian in 1670; B. A. 1673; M. A. March 18, 1675; was ordained deacon, May 21, 1676; priest, June 6 (Trinity Sunday), 1680 ; proceeded B. D. July 21, 1682; and was elected master of Merchant Taylors School, June 9, 1686. In 1699, the College of St. John's petitioved the Merchant Taylors Company, who have the care of that school, that he might continue master of the School (which is a nursery for their College) for life; but at Christmas 1691 he was turned out for refusing to take the oath of allegiance. I have a curious correspondence of his with Mr. Blechynden, on this
* « Hic posite sunt Roliquir JOHANNIS BONWICKF, SS. T. B. & istius freesir per aynas xxix Retoris; qui natus est Nov. 3, 1622 ; sepultus Myt 3, 16.1."-Epitaph in Micklehain Church.
The Saxon types, which had been used in 1709 for printing St. Gregory's Homily, having been burnt with the rest of Mr. Bowyer's printing materials, Lord Chief Justice Parker was so munificently indulgent as to be at the expence of cutting a new sett of Saxon types for Mrs. Elizabeth Elstob's Saxon Grammar; the punches and matrices of which were afterwards presented to the University of Oxford, as will appear in the course of these memoirs.
Consoled by such unequivocal testimonies of respectful friendship, the energies of Mr. Bowyer were soon recalled into activity; and, in less than two months, we find him again beginning business, though he had no printing-office of his own, in the houses, and by the kind permission and assistance, of his friends Mr. Norton and Mr. Rawlins; where his first employment was the reprinting of the Fifteenth Volume of “ Rymer's Federa," and
Goodman's Conference;" both which had been , destroyed.
The other literary productions of the year 1713, which were printed under Mr. Bowyer's more immediate superintendance, were:
A new edition of “ Locke's Works," in folio; and his “ Treatise on Government,” 12mo.
“ The Christian Triumph, or the Duty of praying for our Enemies illustrated and enforced *; in a
occasion, in MS. with many of his college exercises, and letters to his father. A Latin copy of verses by " Ambr. Bonwicke, S.T. B. Coll. Div. Jo. Bapt. Soc." is in the Oxford collection on the Death of King Charles II. 1685. By his wife (Elizabeth Stubbs) Mr. Bonwicke had twelve children.
* On the 23d of March 1709-10, by the judgment of the House of Peers, two Sermons of Dr. Sacheverell were ordered to be burnt; and the Doctor was enjoined not to preach for the term of three years. The day of the expiration of that term " was celebrated with all imaginable demonstrations of joy, in London and Westminster, as also the Borough of Southwark. The bells were rung in most churches, beginning at one in the morning, and continuing till night; when they were succeeded by bonfires, &c. which shews, to the great satisfaction of all who wish well to our constitution both in church and state, that the
Sermon preached at St. Saviour's in Southwark, on Palm Sunday 1713; by Henry Sacheverell *, D. D. 4to and 8vo; and his Serinon before the House of Commons on May 29, called, “ False Notions of Liberty in Religion and Government, destructive of both † ;" 4to and 8vo.
good disposition of the people still continues; and that the extraordinary services of that gentleman are not like to be for. gotten." Postboy, March 24, 1713.- The Doctor being now at liberty to resunie his preaching, it was said at the time, that as he had recdired a good country living soon after his trial, so he had now the prospect of one of the best of the City churches.The Sermon happening to be published on Easter Eve, the cry of it in the streets by the hawkers on that day was said to disturb the heads of some good people who were preparing to communicate on the great dav following; for people expected politicks and more noise of the Church: but, excepting the title and the text, there was but little mischief in it; and sa the hawkers suffered much, and the booksellers received no money for one half of the impression. This new modesty of the Preacher was by his friends resolved into a strict injunction from some authority, not to create them any more trouble to 'defend him. And yet the auditors reported, that there were some bolder strokes in the preaching, which were struck out by a wiser hand; and that soon after, April 12, he preached at Camberwell before the Lord Chief Justice Trevor; and was, about the next day, presented to the great rectory of St. An. drew's in Holbourn, after he had said publicly at the Lord Chancellor's table, “ that no preferment in the Church could ever make him amends for the trouble and fatigue he had undergone in visiting and receiving visits after the glory of his trial.” The Wisdom of looking backward, 1715, pp. 277, 279.
* Of Dr. Sacheverell, and the several branches of that antient family, see the History of Leicestershire, vol. III. p. 510.
+ Mr. Harley (afterward Lord Oxford), being very intent upon the scheme of changing the ministry towart's the end of Queen Anne's reign, was one of those who spirited up Sacheverell to sound the alarm. Having an entertainment one day at his house in Herefordshire, there came in after dinner a pacquet of expresses from London; which having read, he looked with an air of joy upon his friends; and, snapping his fingers, cried out in exultation, “ The game is up!" (meaning as started by Sacheverell and his Sermon just then preached); “ get the horses ready immediately," &c.; and then, taking jeave of the company, he flew forthwith towards the capital. This little anecdote was communicated by the Rev. John Jones, curate of Welwyn; who had it from Dr. Neve, archdeacon of Hantingdon, who was a native of those parts, and lived then in L dlow. lie was rector of Alwalton, co. Huntingdon; where
“An Epithalamium on the most auspicious Nup. tials of the right honourable the Marquis of Carmarthen and the Lady Elizabeth Harley * ; by Mr. H. Castleton"
Boulton's go " System of Rational and Practical Surgery;" Svo.
“Religion tried by the Test of sober and impartial Reason, by Edward Synge *, D. D.;" 8vo.
Mr. Peter Barclay's “ Letter to the People of Scotland, on the Book of Common Prayer;" Svo.
“Thirteen Sermons on several Occasions, preached at the Royal Chapel at St. James's; by Andrew Trebeck , M. A.;" 8vo.
A new' edition of Mr. Nelson's “ Companion to the Festivals and Fasts of the Church of England ;" Svo.
Collyer's “ Ecclesiastical History;" and his “ Essay upon Gaming;" Svo.
he died much lamented, Feb. 3, 1757, aged 63, and was buried. He was father of the late Dr. Neve, of St. John's College, Oxford, rector of Middleton Stoney, whose sermons were lately printed by subscription.
* This was followed by “ The Antidote; a Poem of Reflection on the late Epithalamium on the most auspicious Nuptials of the Right Honourable the Marquis of Carmarthen and the Lady Elizabeth Harley, &c." See under the year 1715.
† Mr. Richard Boulton was a surgeon of considerable eminence. He published “ A Treatise on the Reason of Muscular Motion, 1697,” 12mo; 2. “A Treatise concerning the Heat of the Blood, and Use of the Liings, 1699," 12100 ; 3. "A Letter to Dr. Goodall, occasioned by his printed Letter to Lr. Leigh; with an Answer to a Paper, entitled, A Reply to Mr. Richard Boulton, by Charles Leigh, 1699," 4to; 4. “ A System of rational and praca tical Surgery, 1713," Svo; 5.“ Of the Gout, King's Evil, Pox, and interiitting Fertis, 1714," Svo; 6. “ An Essay on the Plague, Dublin, 1721,” 819; 7. “ Thoughts concerning the unusual Quality of the Air, 1721," 8vo.
Of whom see hereafter under the year 1728. $ Of Christ Church, Oxford; M. A. 1706; B. D. 1714; D.D. by diplonia, March 24, 1739; rector of St. George, Hanoversquare 1724—1752 ; and published four single Sermons : 1. “ For St. George's Hospital, 1733,” Svo; 2. “ For Charity, in the hard Frost, 1739, 410; 3. " Before the Sons of the Clergy, 1714," 410; 4. “ Before the House of Commons, Jan. 30, 1716,” 4to. He died Aug. 28, 1759.
66 The whole Duty of Man.”
“ A Sermon before the Lord Mayor; by George Bell *, M. A. Chaplain to his Excellency the right reverend John (Robinson Lord Bishop of Bristol, Lord Privy Seal;" 4to and Svo.
New edition of Mr. Reeves's Sermon on “ The Nature of Truth and Falsehood;" preached before the Queen, Nov. 2, 1712; 4to and Svort. .“ A Thanksgiving Serinon for the Peace, by Thomas Burton *, M. A.”.
“ A Sermon by Richard Webster , M. A.;" 8vo.
“ The Sin and Folly of misplacing our Affections; a Sermon preached before the Queen in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, Aug. 23, 1713; by William Reeves, M. A.;" 4to and 8vo.
Claude Mauger's “ French Grammar;" 8vo.
“ A Sermon preached before the Sons of the Clergy il, at their Anniversary Meeting in the
* He published also in this year · St. Paul's Behaviour in the Cause of the Gospel ; a Sermon preached before the Sons of the Clergy, at their annual Feast, in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, Dec. 4, 1712; and, in 1718, another on the 29th of May, in which he is called Chaplain to the Bishop of London. + See before, p. 48.
Of Corpus Christi college, Cambridge, B. A. 1686; M. A. 1690; and vicar of Halifax in Yorkshire.
§ Of Caius college, Cambridge; B. A. 1669; M. A. 1673.
Il “ After the Sermon, and two proper anthems exquisitely performed, they proceeded, two and two, to Merchant Taylors' Hall.to dinner ; where, as the company was more numerous by much than was ever known upon that occasion, so the design of the day was much better answered, the stewards having collected in their basons upwards of 2001. for charitable uses : which, together with the loud acclamations of the people as Dr. Sacheverell walked at the head of the clergymen from the Church to the Hall, is a handsome proof how much sound principles are still cherished, as well by that venerable society in particular, as by the populace in general.” Postboy, Dec. 15, 1713,
" It was observed on this occasion by the Whigs, that Dr. Sacheverell walked by himself as a captain of his fellow brethren, with some ragged fellows to huzza him, till, at the Royal Exchange, the prevailing hisses turned them back; that there were three bishops only at dinner, Chichester [Dr. Manningham), Hereford (Dr. Ironside), and Rochester (Dr. Atterbury), and no