and success, that, among several other branches of learning, he made himself compleat master of the Saxon language. Afterwards he removed to the Inner Temple, London, where he devoted himself to the study of the Law, particularly the more genteel and historical part of it, as he had no intention of following it as a profession. By the persuasion of his uncle Hilkiah Bedford, a famous Nonjuror, in whose house he boarded - when at Westminster School, he became a member of the Nonjuring Church, whercin he took holy orders, and was appointed titular Bishop of Durham. He was author of several learned tracts, to which he did not put his name. He supplied Mr. Carte with some valuable materials for his · History of England;' published a pompous and valuable edition of all the Historical Works of Venerable Bede, which his father left unfinished. He died Nov. 4, 1756, æt. 64; and was buried in the churchyard of St. Oswald at Durham ; where, in the South aile, is a handsome mural mouument with the inscription printed in p. 170. It has been said he had made many collections relating to this county, supposed to be still in the hands of the family at Burnhall.

On a pillar of the church of Botham in Westmoreland, is an inscription for another Divine of this family:

“Juxta hanc columnam jacent reliquiæ
Viri admodum pii et reverendi J. Smyth,

hujus ecclesiæ 43 annos vicarii,
qui vitæ jam actæ recordatione lætus,

et futuræ spei plenus,
animam Deo reddidit die Maii 14,
Anno Domini 1753, ætatis 69.

In vità, labor et periculum ; .

In moriendo, pax et resurgendi securitas. P.237.“ Francis * Willymot was the son of Thomas Willymot, of Royston in the county of Cambridge, by his wife Rachael, daughter of Dr. Pindar of Springfield in Essex. He was born at Royston, and admitted scholar of King's College, Cambridge, October 20, 1692. He proceeded M. A. and went usher to Eton, where he continued not long, but kept a school at Thistleworth, in Middlesex. He was also private tutor in the family of John Bromley, esq. of Horseheath Hall in Cambridgeshire, father of Henry Lord Montfort: but here endeavouring to pay his addresses to one of the ladies of the family, he was dismissed. He afterwards applied to the study of civil law, took his Doctor's decree in that faculty, and entered himself as a Proctor in Doctors' Commons. His volatile and unsteady turn made him dissatisfied with this; and he returned to College, and entering into holy orders, was made Vice-Provost of the College, He afterwards obtained the sinecure of Milton near Cambridge, after a contest with the College, which refused him, in consideration of his not having remained and performed the requisite college exercises. With this, however, he was soon dissatisfied, and would have returned to his fellowship had it been possible.

* I have before called him William ; and so he is in the Cambridge Graduates, and in the Alunni Etonenses. Cole is certainly wrong.


At last, after a turbulent and uneasy life to himself and his friends, he died at an inn in Bedford, when he was upon a journey *, He published - English Particles exemplified, &c. for the use of Eton School, London, 1703," 810, « The peculiar Use and Signification of certain Words in the Latin Tongue." 1705, 8vo. “ Three of Terence's Comedies, viz. the Andria, the Adelphi, and Hecyra, with English notes. 1706," Svo. Phædrus, Ovid, and Corderius, with English notes. Castalio and Lilly new construed. “Lord Bacon's Essays and Councels, moral and civil, translated from the Latin," 2 vols, Svo. 1720, and some other books for schools. He published also a Translation of Thomas à Kempis, with a dedication to Dr. Godolphin, Provost of Eton, but as he had abused the fellows of that College in it, upon recollection he called it in, so that this curious dedication is rarely to be met with t."

P. 237. “Dr. William Godolphin, brother, I think, to Lord Godolphin, was a worthy and eminent man. He was Dean of Durham, and Provost of Eton college ; and was much esteemed at both places. I do not know he published any thing except a single sermon or two. He left behind him a son, now Sir Francis Godolphin, who, if he outlives the Earl of Godolphin, will succeed to that honour, and estate also I suppose, being heir at law." Mr. J. Whiston, MS. in 1764.— The title is extinct, but the large property is now vested in different branches of the noble family of Osborne Duke of Leeds, &c.

P. 247. 1. 28. read his posthumous History."

P. 263. note, l. 10.r.“1738."—“Mr. Wasse, a Yorkshire gentleman by birth, educated at Queen's College, Cambridge, under Dr. Davies, where he made great progress in literature, and was some time Fellow. He published, in 1707, an accurate edition of Sallust, with large notes, 4to; and assisted Kuster very much in his edition of Suidas. Some time fafter he was presented to the rectory of Aynhoe on the Hill, near Banbury, by Thomas Cartwright, esq. (worth, I have heard, 300l. a year.) Here he lived a very agreeable and Christian life, much esteemed by that worthy family, and his parishioners; he esteeming them equally, and would never seek after any other preferment. He lived a single man. He had a very learned and choice library, and was much employed therein, and by his studies assisted many of the learned in their publications. He published“ Reformed Devotions," sro, about 1717, and became a proselyte to Dr. Clarke's principles before that time, and acquainted with him and my father, and corresponded with them, as may be seen by my Father's life of Dr. Clarke. In 1732 he published, jointly with Andrew Duiker, at Ainstend, in a large folio, a fine edition of Thucydides, the index of Greek words made by Mr. Wasse. About 1710 he published “Bibliotheca Literaria," 4to, containing curious dissertations by learned men on classical and other branches of learning, and much esteemed. He died in 1738, aged about

* He died June 7, 1737, of an apoplexy, at the Swan Inn, at Bedford, on his return from Bath.

+ Cole's MS Collections, vol. XVI. p. 122.

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66, of an apoplexy; and left his fortune and library to a nephew, a clergyman, who soon sold most of the library, loving hunting better than Greek and Hebrew. He was a facetious man in conversation, but a heavy preacher. A very deserving charitable man, and universally esteemed.”

The above note was written by the late Mr. John Whiston, who published a priced“ Catalogue" of many Thousand Volumes, including the Library of the very learned Joseph Wasse, B. D. Rector of Aynhoe (Editor of Sallust and Thucydides), lately deceased; containing a very large collection of Classical Authors, Historians, Philologers, Lexicons, and Fathers, most of them the best editions ; also many curious and useful Books on Physick, Natural History, Chemistry, Mathematics, Voyages, Poetry, and Learning, also a choice collection of French, Italian, &c."

P. 277. In the supposed Epitaph on the younger Jacob Tonson, much of the point and sense is lost by the accidental omission of three words. Instead of lines 7 and 8,

in lucem edidit

felices ingenii partus.

Lugete, Scriptorum Chorus,” &c. And, 1. 12, for “ pagina,” read“ paginæ."

P. 306. Mrs. James addressed the following Letter to the Jacobites and Nonjurors. “GentleMEN,

June 9, 1715. “I am in great trouble when I think of the Non-jurors and Jacobites : for they will bring great confusion upon themselves, and upon the kingdom too, by setting up their own will in opposition to God; for he hath commanded men to submit to authority, and to pray for those in authority : And the power that is, is of God, and therefore you ought to pray, that God may direct them, to use his power to his own glory. But there is no command to pray for the Pretender ; for God has thrust him out; and therefore you ought to submit to his will ; for it is in his power to pluck down, and to set up. It was his infinite mercy and goodness to King James, to give him his hereditary right : but, it was high ingratitude in King James, to give it to the Pope. God disinherited Saul, because he did not utterly destroy the Amalekites, as he had commanded him ; how justly then might God disinherit King James, for giving up the spiritual power that he had given him to the Pope, who is his presumptuous adversary; for God hath commanded, that we shall have no other God but him ; but the Pope makes himself a God above him ; for he presumes to dispense with any of his commands, when they interfere with his political interest. And whoever is for the Pretender, must be for the Pope. King David was a man according to God's own heart; and he that is for the Pretender is a man according to the Pope's own heart; and they must be for the destruction of the kingdom, and the overthrow of Christ's worship; and God will severely punish them, and plague them seven times worse than ever, for being treacherous to his truth, and endeavouring to make the sufferings of Christ to be of no etfect. For, to be sure, you must all turn Roman

Catholicks ;

Catholicks; you must turn, or burn; if they get the day. And when you have brought this evil upon yourselves, what can you say? Why, we did it out of pity, because we thought him to be a true-born Child. But what pity have you for Christ, who is the true-born Saviour of the world ; and died to free you from the power of Satan, and to make you co-heirs with Him in Glory! What pity have you for posterity, if you give up the Gospel for Popish Legends! Will you sacrifice all for Anti-christ! Surely, there is no punishment great enough for those that shall be so treacherous. Which the Lord in his mercy prevent! All that are for bringing in the Pretender, will be guilty of all the cruelties he shall commit; for they wilfully bring destruction upon the kingdom ; for God has sent a Prince to prevent it, and they won't accept of him, nor pray for him ; which as it is highly uncharitable, so 'tis a positive breach of the divine law, Leaving these things to your consideration, I heartily desire, that God may guide you by his good Spirit. So I rest your soul's well-wisher,

ELIANOR JAMES." P. 309. 1. 22. read one Alcuin." P. 338. note, 1. 17. read Bp. White Kennett. P. 360. last line, read Davisianæ."

P. 365. “ This version of The Courtier" of Castiglione, a book famous in its day, and still read for the purity of its style, and its curious detail of manners, claims some notice. The text and the translation are in opposite columns; and it is dedicated to George the First. The Editor, A. P. Castiglione, gives some account of himself and the Work in the dedication. “When your Majesty's gracious intention to establish Professors of the Modern Languages was made public, I embraced with pleasure the first opportunity for expressing my gratitude towards a generous people; ainong whom, as at first I was brought by conscience, I am likely ever to remain by inclination. The following Work immediately employed me; and I need but mention it as wrote by one that had lived in the Court of King Henry the Seventh, and translated into Latin under the patronage of Queen Elizabeth, &c.” That this Castiglione was a fugitive from his native country, in order to satisfy some conscientious scruples of religion, appears from the preface : “ It is the right reverend the Lord Bishop of London that has given those sweets to a foreign soil; which, if they have not occasioned an utter forgetfulness of my native, have at least taken off all the pain of remembrance, and has blest me in a country which affords me refuge, and the much greater happiness of professing the true Reformed Religion with a freedom and satisfaction not to be expected in that which gave me birth.” In the preface he professes, that “ he has taken the greatest care to give a correct text, and collated all the editions in any esteem." In respect to the translation, he owns himself indebted to his friends. As the Work was published by subscription, their motive was probably benevolent; the translation is, however, sufficiently faithful; and may be recommended to the Italian student, as a very elegant edition. A few pieces in verse and prose, of the Count's are


1, and his head after Raphael, engraved by Vertue. There
id English translation in the black-letter.” I owe this
ay accurate and learned friend Mr. D’Israeli.
line 34. read p. 383."
'd, William Sharp, Esq. formerly a very eminent

he Old Jewry, and assistant surgeon of St. Baro hospital, married a daughter of Mr. Thomas Bar

respectable wholesale linen-draper in Friday-street, on; and was the author of some respectable professional cts. He died April 30, 1810. See his character, in a Funeal Sermon by the Rev. John Owen, Gent. Mag. vol. LXXX. p. 450; and that of his Sister, Mrs. Prowse, ibid. p. 643.

P. 446. Richard Bradley, fellow of the Royal Society; the wellknown author of various treatises in Natural History, Husbandry, &c. was Professor of Botany at Cambridge. He was chosen into that office November the loth, 1724, by means of a pretended verbal recommendation from Dr. Sherard to Dr. Bentley, and pompous assurances that he would procure the University a public botanic garden by his own private purse and personal interest. The vanity of his promises was now seen, and his total ignorance of the learned languages known. So that as the Professor neglected to read lectures himself, the University made no difficulty to permit Mr. Martyn to do it. Mr. Bradley however read a course of lectures on the Materia Medica in 1729, at the Bull inn. (See the Grub-street Journal No. 11.) In 1731 he was grown so scandalous, that it was in agitation to turn him out of his Professorship; and he died in the latter end of 1732. -It may seem strange to assert that the Translator of Xenophon's Economicks did not understand Greek ; it is, however, true. Mr. Bradley's being then a popular name, he was paid by the booksellers for permitting them to insert it in the title. He might, however, have made this translation without much knowledge of the Greek language; for, upon examination, it turns out only to be an old translation modernised.” Martyn's Dissertation on the Æneids of Virgil, p. xliv.

P. 447. The last book of Dr. Bradley, noticed in this page, is probably the third edition of that iminediately preceding.

P. 457. “Thomas Gordon, I believe a Scotchman by family, but spoke English so well that he must have been educated in England. He died about the year 1752 or 3, aged about sixty. I bought his library, which was not a learned one. A very large man, and corpulent, when I knew him. He was surely a Deist; for I heard him, at Lord Radnor's, speak very foolishly and wickedly against Christianity, and a future state ; in which discourse I opposed him, and, in the opinion of the company, put him to a nonplus. He was author, with Mr. Trenchard, of Cato's Letters, in 4 volumes; a work wherein licentiousness in some things seems to be defended. He wrote many smaller tracts, as “The Layman's Sermon on January 30," &c. which are collected lately in 3 vols. 12mo. He married late in life, I think Mr. Trenchard's widow, or her sister, I am not sure which; and think he left no children by her, I never heard of any. His


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