This book provides a systematic analysis of many common argumentation schemes and a compendium of 96 schemes. The study of these schemes, or forms of argument that capture stereotypical patterns of human reasoning, is at the core of argumentation research. Surveying all aspects of argumentation schemes from the ground up, the book takes the reader from the elementary exposition in the first chapter to the latest state of the art in the research efforts to formalize and classify the schemes, outlined in the last chapter. It provides a systematic and comprehensive account, with notation suitable for computational applications that increasingly make use of argumentation schemes.
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Schemes for Argument from Analogy Classification and Precedent
KnowledgeRelated Practical and Other Schemes
Arguments from Generally Accepted Opinions Commitment and Character
Causal Argumentation Schemes
Schemes and Enthymemes
Attack Rebuttal and Refutation
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a’s argument accepted action agent analysis analyzed appeal to expert Araucaria argu arguer argument from analogy argument from classification argument from expert argument from ignorance argument from position argumentation schemes argumentation theory Aristotle assumption attack bias burden of proof Carneades causal argumentation cause cited claim common contrary credibility Critical Questions CQ1 critical questions matching defeasible argumentation defeasible reasoning defined dialectical disjunctive syllogism drug-sniffing dog enthymemes evaluated evidence expert opinion fallacy form of argument formal given group G hominem argument hypothesis inconsistency inductive inductive reasoning inference informal fallacies instance Major Premise ment missing premise modus ponens Mount Lemmon notion opposite plausible position to know pragmatic predicated premises and conclusion presumptive problem proponent proposition rebuttal References Douglas Walton refutation relation relevant represent respondent Rhetoric rule scheme for argument similar speaker statement structure syllogism theory tion topics topoi true false type of argument undercutter verbal classification