A History of Philosophy: With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions

Macmillan, 1914 - 726 pagina's
Three tasks direct the author's work: to establish from available sources the circumstances in life, the mental development, and the doctrines of individual philosophers; to reconstruct from these facts the "genetic" process, so that the effect of these factors upon each philosopher's doctrine can be determined; to determine the overall value in the history of philosophy of the doctrines considering their origin.

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Pagina 663 - The community is a fictitious body, composed of the individual persons who are considered as constituting as it were its members. The interest of the community then is— what? The sum of the interests of the several members who compose it.
Pagina 666 - ... the motive has nothing to do with the morality of the action, though much with the worth of the agent.
Pagina 475 - If reason determin'd us, it wou'd proceed upon that principle, that instances, of which we have had no experience, must resemble those, of which we have had experience, and that the course of nature continues always uniformly the same.
Pagina 662 - ... reaction to Hobbes' pure egoism, and found its complete expression in Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), attained to its culminating phase in John Stuart Mill (1806-73), and finally was transformed into an evolutionary ethics by Herbert Spencer (1820-1903). In theory, this doctrine rests upon the evident inference of the associational psychology, that because every satisfied desire is accompanied with pleasure, the expectation of the pleasure is, therefore, the ultimate motive of all willing, and every...
Pagina 46 - Limited and Unlimited, Odd and Even, One and Many, Right and Left, Male and Female, Rest and Motion, Straight and Curved, Light and Darkness, Good and Evil, Square and Oblong. We shall see hereafter, that Aristotle himself deduced the doctrine of four elements, and other dogmas, by oppositions of the same kind.
Pagina 385 - ... to these is added, in the third place, a tabula graduum, in which the varying intensity with which the phenomenon appears is compared with the varying intensity of other phenomena. The problem is then to be solved by a progressive process of exclusion (exclusio). The Form of heat, for example, is to be that which is everywhere present where heat is found, which is nowhere where heat is lacking, and which is present in greater degree where there is more heat, and in lesser degree where there is...
Pagina 1 - NY 1891.] BY philosophy present usage understands the scientific treatment of the general questions relating to the universe and human life.
Pagina 347 - But a certain infinity belongs likewise to each individual thing, in the sense that in the characteristics of its essence it carries within itself also the characteristics of all other individuals. All is in all : omnia ubique. In this way every individual contains within itself the universe, though in a limited form peculiar to this individual alone and differing from all others. In omnibus partibus relucet totum.

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