British Cruisers of the Victorian Era
Seaforth Publishing, 29 okt. 2012 - 350 pagina's
Gradually evolving from the masted steam frigates of the mid-nineteenth century, the first modern cruiser is not easy to define, but for the sake of this book the starting point is taken to be Iris and Mercury of 1875. They were the RN's first steel-built warships; were designed primarily to be steamed rather than sailed; and formed the basis of a line of succeeding cruiser classes. The story ends with the last armoured cruisers, which were succeeded by the first battlecruisers (originally called armoured cruisers), and with the last Third Class Cruisers (Topaze class), all conceived before 1906. Coverage, therefore, dovetails precisely with Friedman's previous book on British cruisers, although this one also includes the wartime experience of the earlier ships.rn The two central themes are cruisers for the fleet and cruisers for overseas operations, including (but not limited to) trade protection. The distant-waters aspect covers the belted cruisers, which were nearly capital ships, intended to deal with foreign second-class battleships in the Far East. The main enemies contemplated during this period were France and Russia, and the book includes British assessments of their strength and intentions, with judgements as to how accurate those assessments were.rn As would be expected of Friedman, the book is deeply researched, original in its analysis, and full of striking insights ‚€“ another major contribution to the history of British warships.
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The Fast Wing Of The Battle Fleet
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3pdr QF 6in guns 6pdr Admiral Admiralty amidships armament armed armoured cruisers Armstrong attack Barnaby battery battleships belt blockade Board bow and stern breech-loaders British broadside built casemates chasers Chath Chatham Complement completed Controller corvettes Cruiser Squadron defence Devonport displacement enemy fast cruisers fire flagship fleet forced draught forecastle forward four Freeboard French funnels hull Imperieuse included Inconstant ironclads later Legend Library of Victoria machinery main deck manoeuvres Mediterranean Mersey mounted National Maritime Museum natural draught Naval Lord NHP engines Nordenfelts paddle Pelorus poop port Portsmouth protected cruiser protective deck QF guns rearmed refit reserve Royal Navy Russian sail Scout screw frigate second-class ship’s side sloops speed steam tons burthen tons of coal torpedo boats torpedo gunboats torpedo tubes trial twin unarmoured upper deck Vickers Volage warships water-tube boilers waterline weight West Indies station White