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indeed, preparing to take the field; but the armies they are to command are yet to be formed, and the places of their deftination are not yet regulated.
At the court of France, meafures are no lefs perplexing. The baggage of Marthal d'Etrees, fet out for Germany the latter end of laft month, and the Marthal has fince followed.
M. Broglio, abfolutely refused to take upon him the command of the army, till the accufations against him, were acknowledged to be groundlefs. The French officers in general, are all split into factions, and feem to have more animofity towards each other, than against the allies; owing, perhaps, to the unaccountable fluctuation in the meafures of their court, where fometimes the intereft of one general prevails, and fometimes that of another; and, according as these rife or fall, their partizans are warmer or weaker in their cabals in the army. At Paris, challenges are frequent, but the court ufes every precaution to prevent the duels that would otherwife enfue. Thefe are the confequences of mifcarriages by land and fea. It cannot be forgotten, how frequent and fatal duels were in this country, and upon what account. The Duke de Choifeul is at prefent, prime minifter. He is fupported by the king's mistress, and upheld by the clergy. He has formed a plan of reconciling the Jefuits, and making them ufeful to the ftate, notwithstanding the arrets of parliament against them; and his addrefs has been fuch, that he has already availed himself of the vast revenue of the clergy to begin a fubfcription among the bishops for the restoration of the royal navy. What furprizes every body is, that the Count d'Affry, the French minifter at the Hague, has received orders from Paris, to get his field equipages ready immediately, and to fet out for the Lover Rhine, to make the campaign under the Prince of Conde, a general not before named, in the rank of Lieut. General.
Skirmishing has already begun between the allies and French, and feveral of the latter have been taken prifoners by Gen. Luckner, and Major Winchingrode. The French troops are every where in motion, but with no feeming tendency towards an immediate opening of the campaign.
proper for this fervice, but the parliament of Ireland feems averfe to fuch a measure; it is therefore uncertain, whether it will yet take place. In the mean time, however, great preparations are making for fecret expeditions at fea.
The deftination, indeed, of the Englif fquadron under the command of Sir Piercy Brett, being now publickly declared, and that it was intended for the relief of Jamaica, if that ifland fhould be attacked by the combined fleets of France and Spain, it is no longer a doubt, but that fome grand enterprize will be formed in the West Indies, in which, there is now a more formidable naval force than ever covered thofe feas, even at the conqueft of Mexico.
WEDNESDAY, March 24.
Ertificates were received at the Admiralty Office, figned by Gov. Lyttleton, and the officers of the Merlin floop, of the improvements made by Harrifon's new machines towards afcertaining the longitude at fea, young (Gent. Mag. April 1762.)
Porto Rico, is a large Spanish ifland, well fortified; and Hifpaniola belonging to both France and Spain, is much larger and stronger and both may be taken, though not without fome confiderable lofs of blood. By taking the Havannab and St Jago, we fhall take the whole ifland of Cuba, which is 500 miles long, and 60 or 70 broad, and is a rich ifland; and, as the Havannab on the north-weft fide of it, is the place to which all the treasure and merchandize from Peru and Mexico are, and must be brought, by reafon of the conftant Eaft winds, and the tide fetting out of the gulph of Mexico that way; our being in poffeffion of this, & the Cape of Florida, will give us a command over all their treafure and trade that way. The Havannab is a very ftrong place towards the fea; as the paffage into its large Bay is fo narrow, that one ship can but go in at a time, (See the Plate) but an army may be landed in the Bay of Honda, about 20 miles Weft of it, (if not nearer) and it may be taken by land more cafily, if a fleet is kept cruizing before the harbour to prevent any veffels going into or out of it; by taking this and Florida, Spain muft certainly confent to a lafting & reasonable peace; and England be allowed to keep Florida, if not the Havannah, in part to fatisfy the expences of the war.
Except that fome troops are preparing to embark for Portugal, the war with Spain gives the British court as little concern, as if no fuch declaration had ever been made. Some regiments of Irish Catholics, were thought moft
Hiftorical Chronicle, April 1762.
Mr Harrifon having juft compleated a voyage to Jamaica for making a fresh trial of thofe machines. (See Vol. xxxi. p. 437.J
A propofal for raising five regiments of Papifts in Ireland, has been offered to the Lords Kilmare, King fton, Sir Patrick Bellew, and fome others of that religion, in order to be taken into the pay of the King of Portugal for ten years. Cognizance of this propofal, has been taken in the Irish parliament, and an
And as our taking Cuba and Florida will bring Spain to reafonable terms, the taking Miffifippi, and the Caribbee Islands, which we bave already conquered, mey bring France to reafonable terms alfo; and if the Miffifippi is not weakly given away by treaty, but joined to our colonies, it will, in procefs of time, become one af the largeft and fineft Empires on this globe: but our having Canada, without Miffifippi, will be of little ufe or fervice either to England, or our colonies.
The GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, VOL. XXXII.
address to the Lord Lieutenant voted accordingly.
till they were in a fair way of lofng both that
Afice exprefs from Gen. Moncton, with the im-
A ferjeant and a party of foldiers went along Aide the Hunter priv. at the Hope, and demanded permiffion to fearch for fome deferters, fuppofed to be among the crew; the ferjeant beRe admitted, words arofe about the manner of calling the mufter-roll, and the ferjeant retired; but foon after returning with a waterbailiff, the crew grew riotous, ufed the waterbailiff very cruelly, but afterwards landed him fafe on fhore; the confequence of which was, that the privateer was boarded by a fuperior force, 180 of her men were carried into coafinement; and one of the principal officers, with 14 men, were driven to the neceffity of efcaping by a fratagem. Having landed in their boat, they tied one of the company like a deferter, and travelling as his guards, they got to London undiscovered, and then let the fellow loofe, and each took a different rout. All the men, except three, who were carryed into confinement, were, after examination, released, and returned to their fhip.
A reward of 50l. and the king's moft gracious pardon, is offered in this days Gazzette, to any of the perfons concerned in retaking a feizure of 100 wt. of tea from the king's officers on the 9th of January laft, as they were conveying the fame to the king's warehoufe at Brickham Quay in Devshire, who fhall difcover his accomplices, of which there were about 14, armed with bludgeons, &c.
At Rochefter afizes, Hannab Arthur for setting fire to her mafter dwelling-houfe, (fee p. 143. Archibald Glafs and Margaret Ramsey for forging feaman's wills, John Wybourne, Thomas Lee, and John Edlin for houfe-breaking, and John White for horfe-ftealing, were all capitally convicted.
A child about 7 years old was found in the forest of Whier, in Worcestershire, with its throat cut from ear to ear, its right hand cut off, and other marks of violence. It was genteely dreffed, and appeared to have belonged to fome perfon of fortune. But how it came by its death, occafions much speculation. D
At the quarter-feffions for the borough of Southwark, Robert Kemp, a drover, was convicted of wilfully driving oxen against the coach of Levis Mendez, Efq; in the high street of the faid Borough; by which means, the hern of one of the faid oxen, pierced the pannel of the faid coach, to the great terror of the ladies that were in it. He was fentenced to pay 10l. E to Mr Mendez as damages, and 61. 135 44. as a fine for the faid offence. Mr Mendez gcnerously gave his money to the poor.
A powder-mill at Hounslow blew up, and one man, who had worked there 30 years, was killed.
Thomas Smith, Matthew Johnfon, Laurence Tearman, John Smith, John Hughes, Thomas Baldwin, and Robert Manie, were tried at the Old Bailey, for affaulting and confining Capt. Reed and his officers, on board the King George privateer of Briftol, of 32 guns and 200 men, and for running away with the fhip; of which fa&t Smith, Baldwin, Tearman, and Marie, were found guilty; and Johnson, Smith, and Hughes were acquitted. The cafe was this, great animofities arifing concerning the drinking of fome prize wine that was flowed in the hold, a faction was formed to feize the fhip, and go pirating in the Eaft Indies. In order to this, on the 5th of May, off Cape Ortugal, the mutineers demanded the key of the arm chefs, on the refulal of which, the captain and officers were driven into the cabbin.. However, a guard was fet at the cabin door, and a nine pounder was loaded with round hot to fire into it, when their failing-mafter M. Gardiner, interpofed, and prevented their defin. To him, they offered the command of the hip, acquainting him with their intention; but, on his refuful, they put him under guard, and took the hip into their own care
The ftage waggon between Cologn and Francfort, was robbed by a gang of banditti well armed, of money and jewels to the amount of 40,coc florins, 10,000 of which the Elector of Triers was fending to his troops in the of the Empire. army
As fome workmen were pulling down an old wail under the narrow gateway leading to the old Jerufalem tavern, by St John's Square, Clerkenwell, they difcovered an antique ftone pedestal, carved in the most beautiful manner. TUESDAY 6.
A flock of martins were feen flying about in a large fand pit between Cobham and Efher; where probably, fays the reporter, they had harboured in the deep holes during the winter. This article is inferted only to explode it. Martins were commonly icen about the fame time in feveral parts of Kent. Those that have a notion that martins harbour in fand-holes during the winter, are referred to the Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. xxxi. p. 259. for a full refutation of that conjecture.
At a court of Common Council held at Guildhall, a motion was made and agreed to, that a congratulatory addrefs fhould be prefented to his majefty, on the total reduction of the ill,and of Martinico, for which address, jee p. 179. THURSDAY 8.
His majefly went to the H. of Peers, and gave the royal affent to the following bills:
The bill to explain, amend, and reduce into one act, the feveral laws relating to training and governing of the militia.
The bill for the better encouragement of feamen, and for the more fpeedy and effectual manning of his majefty's navy.
The bill for relief of vallals of eftates in
Hume; the Warren, Glover; the Earl of Tem ple, Fofter; and the Earl of Holderness, Brooke, from London, at Madras: And that the Haruke, Kent, and Pitt, left the Indies about the fame time. The Falmouth and the Prince Edward bring 52,000 pagadoes of diamonds. There is alfo advice of the deaths of Admiral
The bill to render more effectual an act for allowing a publick reward for discovering the longitude at fea, fo far as it relates to trying and proving experiments relating to the faid difcovery, whereby it is enacted, that the commiffioners fhall continue empowered to hear and receive propofals for difcovering the longitude at fea, and, being fo far fatisfied of the probability of any fuch propofal as to think proper to make experiment thereof, they shall certify the fame, with the authors names, to the commiffioners of the navy, who shall make out bills thereupon for any fum not exceeding 2000. as fhall be thought neceffary, to be paid by the treasurer of the navy out of any money in his hands unapplied
Stevens, Mr Jackfon, and Mr Palmer, two of the company's writers. Admiral Stevens being dead, the command in chief devolves on Admiral Corni. Capt. Tiddeman had failed from Madras with five men of war, to join Admiral Cornish, who it was thought would attempt Mauritius.
The Falmouth and Prince Edward have on board Monf. de Larée, the French governor of Pondicherry, and feveral military officers; all the fortifications of which place were totally destroyed and the guns carried to Madrass.
The bill for the better fupplying the cities of London and Westminster with fish, to reduce the exorbitant price of the fame, and for the better encouragement of fishermen. (See p. -165.)
Scotland, which are, or may be annexed to the crown on account of attainder.
An exprefs was received from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland with interefting difpatches, which have not been made public. Letters from the North by yesterday's mail affirm, that a convention between Pruffia and Sweden is concluded.-Thefe letters add, that the new Czar wears the King of Pruffia's picture in a ring fet with diamonds, with this motto, friendship gives it value.
One Carter, mafter of an alehoufe inHounfditch, was apprehended for cutting and wounding a barber in his neighbourhood with a hanger,in fuch a manner that his life was def. paired off. He was jealous of the barber, and by the affiftance of a drawer in the houfe, laid a trap for detecting him. The poor barber, on the 8th at night, when all the company was gone, went behind the bar to the miftrels of the houfe, when the mafter, who was tho't to have been in the country, but had concealed himself in the cellar, unexpectedly rushed upen him, gave him two violent Arokes that fhaved his whole fiefh from his head, and then fetched him another that almoft cut off one of his hands. The fellow, however, is likely to recover, and the alehoufe-keeper is admitted to bail. While the barber's life was in danger, the whole talk of the town was, whether F the alehoufe-keeper would be hanged or no. A question, happily for bim, not likely now to be decided.
And alfo to feveral bills to inclofe lands, repair roads, improve and preferve the navigation of rivers, and private bills.
The bill for the better prefervation of the game in that part of Great Britain called England.
By the act, after the 1st of June, 1762, no perfon, under any pretence whatfoever, fhall take, kill, buy, or fell, or have in his cuftody, any partridge, between the 12th of February and the 1ft of September, or any pheafant between the rft of February and the Ift of October; or any heath-fowl, commonly called Black Game, between the 1st of January and the 20th of Auguft; or any groufe, commonly called Red game, between the 1st of December, and the 25th of July, in any year. This act fhall not extend to pheasants taken in the proper feafon, and kept in mews or breeding plaNor fhall it extend to Scotland. Perfons offending in any of these cafes aforefaid, fhall forfeit 51. per bird to the profecutor, to be recovered, with full cofts, in any of the courts at Westminster.
The bill for naturalizing foreign proteftants as have ferved, or may ferve a limited time as officers, engineers, or foldiers in America.
A little before eight in the evening, a terrible fubterraneous noife was heard at the forges of Barnau, near the gold and filver mines of Kolizanovofrefenkoy, which was foon after followed by a fhock of an earthquake, that lafted for three or four minutes. All the hou. fes were fhaken by it, the beds ftrongly agitated, and the moveables thrown about, On the 12th, about noon, happened a fecond, fomewhat lefs violent, but of the fame duration as the former. The weather, during this last, was cold and remarkably ferene; during the other, calm and very cloudy.
The purfer of the Falmouth arrived at the Eaft-India-Houfe, with news of the Falmouth, Dale, and the Prince Edward, Haldane, from Fort St George, being arrived at Plymouth: And that the Ofterly, Vincent; the Worcester, Hall; and the Prince George, Rofs, from Londen, were arrived at Bencoolen: The Fox,
The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, with their ladies, went in proceffion to St Bride's church in Fleet fireet, according to annual cuftom. The fermon was preached by the Bishop of Peterborough.
The entertainment afterwards at the Manfion Houfe was exceedingly grand, and the ladies in particular made a moft brilliant appearance. The first courte at dinner, confiited of 6co covered dishes; the whole, it is faid, exceeded icoo dishes
Admiralty-Office, Capt. Carpenter, of the Coventry, gives an account of his having taken the Guerrier, a French privateer belonging to Bayonne, of 10 guns, and 120 men.
At the afflizes at Kingflon, Richard Weaver, an old fellow of near 70, was convicted of affaulting Myrtilla Goldsmith, a child, with intent to ravish her. His fentence was to ftand
The GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, VOL. XXXII.
once in the pillory, to be committed to the houfe of correction to hard labour for three months, and afterwards to find fecurities for his good behaviour for three years. At this aflize, four criminals received fentence of death, three of whom were afterwards reprieved, and John Steel, for a highway robbery, was ordered for execution.
The court at Leicester-boufe, was disturbed by a riot between the footmen and guards, in which the infolence of the former produced fuch heat, that a ferjeant's halberd was broke; and feveral of the noblemen coming out to put an end to the fray, narrowly escaped being greatly hurt, particularly an Earl, at whom a B piece of the halberd was thrown; but his Lordship collared the footman who threw it, and with the affiftance of fame other Lords, feveral were taken into custody. WEDNESDAY 14.
taken by the allies. At fix in the morning the batteries began to play. At nine, before any place had been fet on fire, the Hereditary Pr. offered the commandant the military honours, but M. Muret haughtily declined this, and the fire redoubled. About noon the castle was in flames, and the town likewife, which increafA ed to that degree that M. Muret cried out for mercy; and getting over the walls of the caftle with his garrifon, furrendered at difcretion, to the number of nine officers, and 231 private men, and 26 pieces of cannon. The e nemy had not one man killed, nor we neither, but a captain of the Bririjh legion has had his leg fhot off.
Admiralty Office. Capt. Hotham of the Æolus, in company with the Brilliant, have taken the Malouin privateer of St Maloes, of 10 guns and 80 men; and retaken the Elizabeth and Anna of London, Wm Gowland, mafter, from Maryland, laden with tobacco, which was a prize to the above-mentioned privateer. They have alfo taken the Curieux privateer, belonging to St Maloes, with 33 men; and have fent them all to Plymouth.
Capt, Crabb, of Abb-ckurcb-lane, getting out of bed in his fleep, opened the fafh, and threw himself out at window. He was greatly hurt, but is in a fair way of recovery.
As the Dover waggon was paffing thro' the Borcugb for Dover with a female paflenger in it, a man with a child overtook the waggon, ordered the driver to stop, and charged the woman with leaving the child upon the bed in his houfe: upon the woman's denying the fact, he toffed the child up into the waggon, and marched off; the woman jumped down and run after him, leaving the child with the waggoner, who fent for the church-waidens to take care of it, which they refused; alledging, that the child could not become burthenfome to the parish: a law-fuit is like to commence between the waggoner and the parifh, who is to be at the expence of maintaining the child.
John Downing and his family, of Wattisham, near Bildefton, in Norfolk, within three months laft poft, have been feized with violent pains, caufing a mortification, whereby they have loft the following limbs, viz. 1. John Downing, the father, two joints of two fingers of his right hand; 2. Mary, the mother, has loft one of her legs at the knee, the other foot is off at the ancle, the bone of that leg bare, the flesh rotting away daily; 3. Elizabeth, their daughter, aged 13, has one leg off at the knee, the other foot off at the ancle, and the leg bare to the bone; 4. Sarab, aged ten years, has one foot off at the ancle; 5. Robert, both legs off near the knee; 6. Edward, a child in the cradle, both feet off at the ancle ; 7. Mary, both legs rotting off at the knee; 8. An infant died of the fame diffemper, as is fuppofed, the extreme members turning livid and black as foon as it was dead. Moft of them retain their appetites, and are well in all relpects, except the mortification.
About fix o'clock in the morning, as Mr Siddall, woollen-draper, near Buchler fbury, in Cheapfide, was amufing himfelt in cleaning his door with a fcraper, a man came and rang the bell at his fide door very hard, on which Mr Siddall afked him the reafon, the man re- F plied, The house was on fire, Mr Siddall said it could not be, as he had just come down ftairs; but on being defired to look up, he perceived a great fmoke come out of the windows, on which he ran up ftairs to alarm and take care of his family. On opening the dining-room door, the flames burft out upon him fo violently he could not get down again, but got over the top of the houfe into the adjoining one, and efcaped. Mrs Siddall was obliged to drop cut of a window, and falling on the leads of the fir-flor, which were narrew, and from thence into the street, fhe was providentially faved. Two maid fervants threw themfelves out of a three pair of ftairs window, one of whom was killed by the fall. The houfe was burnt quite down in half an hour after the firft difcovery, and Mr Smith's, druggit, next door, is fo much damaged, that it must be rebuilt.
A woman is committed to Worcester goal, for endeavouring to murder her fon (about 7 years old) by forcing him into a hot oven. She had been refufed marriage by a man, un. lefs her child was difmiffed by fome means or other; and the method he thought off was the above, which the child over-hearing, next day very innocently told fome of his play-felGlows, and they telling it to their parents, the neighbours watched, and when he was in the act, broke open the door, and found the child in her arms at the mouth of the oven with its hair burnt.
The French had in the port of Havre de Grace feveral flat-bottomed boats, 31 feet in breadth, and proportionable in length, carryHing each two 24 pounders, draw three feet wa
ter, and rigged in the dogger fashion. They there talked strongly of invading England, and their foldiers are promifed large rewards. THURSDAY 22.
Advice was received of the arrival at Conftantinople,
fantinople, his Excellency Henry Grenville, Efq; ambaifador from the King of Great Britain to the Ottoman Porta, on board his majefty's fhip the Dunkirk, on the 21st paft, and will foon have his audience of the Grand Seignor. FRIDAY 23.
His majefty's fhip the Hind arrived at Portf. A mouth from Gibraltar, last from Lisbon, which port the left on the 10th inftant. She brings an acount, that the ambaffador from Stain had left that court; and that the Spanish troops were near the frontiers of Portugal. She came out with the General Wolfe, Smith, from Lipera, which the left off Topham, and the King fton, Sleight, from Lisbon, which she left off Cores.
Ended the feffions at the Old Bailey, when three perfons received fentence of death, viz. Edward Jewin, otherwise Chambers, for houfe breaking; William Morgan, for robbing Mr Stevens near Ealing; and Wm Barnès for facrilegioufly ftealing divers things in St Paul's church.-Eighteen were caft for tranfporta
The report was made to the king of the four pirates now under fentence of death in Newgate, when his majefty was pleafed to order execution to be done upon Smith, and Maine only.
The Eaftern battalion of the Effex militia was reviewed, near Braintree in Effex, by their Colonel and other officers: they went thro' their evolutions and firings with surprising dexterity, to the great fatisfaction of feveral thousand fpectators, who exprefied their approbation by declaring, they were not in the leaft inferior to the regular troops.
Admiral Hawke arrived at Portsmouth, and next morning his flag was hoisted on board the E Superb at Spithead
Hon. Edwin Sandys, Efq; (3d fon of Lord Sandy) was elected one of the members for Weminfter, in the room of Gen. Cornwallis, appointed governor of Gibraltar.
A ceflation of arms for two months, between the Swedes and Pruffians was figned on the 7th.
Numbers of people have been effected by colds, which attack them with violent pains in the ftomach, head, and bones; it is the opinion of the faculty, that its in the air, the distemper being fo common.
Duke of Newcastle, a Barony, with the remainder to Thomas Pelbam, Efq;
The following eminent perfonages kiffed G the king's hand at St James's, on being created English Peers:
Sit Wm Courtenay, Bart.
Peereffes. Dutchefs dowager of Manchester, wife to Sir Edward Montagu, a baroness, with the remainder to her heirs male.
with the re
Lady Caroline Fox, a baronels; mainder to her heirs male,
The port of London was opened for the free importation of foreign oats; and orders are fentto Holland, Dantzick, and other places, to buy cats; and it is expected the price of oats will foon be reduced.
The Marquis of Granby having found the crois belts of the foldiery very inconvenient and fatiguing in time of marching, or time of action, has reprefented the fame to Lord Ligonier, and obtained an order for the troops in Germany to carry their cartouch boxes in front, with a belt. The marquis has likewife obtained new cloathing for the troops, with an additional quantity of linen and stockings.
A gentleman at Grinstead Green, in Kent, having loft a pointer, in nine weeks after, it was discovered at the bottom of a chalk-pit, upwards of 60 feet in depth, and was taken up alive, but almoft entirely emaciated; the animal had nothing but the chalk to fubfift on, and by proper care was preferved.
Orders are given by the Poft-master's General, that for the future, all mails from the Weft Indies, or any part of North America, fhall, as foon as they are landed, be forwarded to London by an exprefs.
King flon in Frmaisa, Feb. 25. The island is ftill under arms, on account of the rumour of an intended invafion; and our new governor keeps the militia under ftrict difcipline: he reviewed the militia of this town the other day, which confifted of 1oco effective men, all well armed. The militia of the other parishes are likewife in good order, and all in high fpirits. There is an embargo upon all hipping; and if war is actually declared with Spain, thofe fhips which were to have run it, will then wait for the convoy. It is faid, Admiral Rodney is coming down here with his whole fquadron
The feven men of war, which, about three months fince, fuddenly departed from Portfmouth, are arrived off Jamaica, under the command of Sir Piercy Brett, who has joined Comm. Forrest, fo that there is now 15 fail of the line befides frigates. Thefe, with thofe under the Admirals Rodney and Pocock, if he joins them, will make 40 fail of line of battle thips, all within five days fail of each other.
Lift of BIRTHS for the Year 1762.
from abroad. It is faid, each of them will Three new machines have been lately bro't
throw up 200 tons of water in an hour. If approved of, they are to be made use of on board ships.
Lady of George Hay, of Mountblary, Scotland, Efq; of a fon
Lady of Col.Forefter, member for Wenlock. -of a fon.
7. Lady of Sir Cha. Afgill, Bt.-of a fon. Lady of Dr Morgan, confeilor of the hourhold, of a fon.
9. Lady of Michael Blount, of Mapledurham, Efq;-of a daughter,
Lift of MARRIAGES in the Year 1762.