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be affured that, in a very fhort time, by ufe, they will find this kind of lodging full as agreeable as that which is fofter, and where the feet lie almost as high as the head.

A new discover'd Remedy for the Cramp.

fwer the purpose without taking phyfic.
-I had, for many years, been trou-
bled with this disorder in a moft fe-
vere manner, fo that moft part of my
time in bed was paffed in mifery: I
tried various remedies, such as halfam
of Peru, rosemary, holding a clod of
brimstone during the fit, and tying A
eel-skins about my legs, &c. I think
I may fay, that I received fome ease
from each of these things, at first
trial; but the good effects continued
but for a fhort time, and the pain re-
turned with the, fame violence as be-
fore thefe temporary remedies were
used.

It may be neceffary to add, that, as the bed flopes fo much, fomething ought to be fixed at the bottom for the feet to reft against.

If any farther fatisfaction upon this head is defired, either by means of your Magazine, or by any gentleman fending to G. H. to be left at the PoftOffice in Worcester, the fame principle which induced the publication of this, will oblige the giving all information that fhall be thought neceffary. Herefordshire, Your confiant Reader, May 19, 1762.

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G. H.

Near five years ago, being from home, and obliged to lie upon a very hard bed for two nights, tho' I could not fleep the first night, through the uneasiness of my lodging, yet I had no cramp; the fecond night I flept well, but no cramp. The lofs of my old tormenting companion for two nights together, a circumstance I had not experienced for years before, fet me on thinking what could be the cause. I could not recollect any other alteration in my manner of living, than paffing from a foft bed to a hard one, therefore imagined that might be D thecaufe; & likewife reflecting that this diforder almost always makes its attack in the night, I gueffed it must, in a great measure, proceed from the unnatural pofition of the body in a foft bed, where the body finks down, and the feet rife up.

Mr URBAN,

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Read very lately, in the public pa CP few days ago died Mr Thomas pers, the following paragraph: S-tt-n, a man of the fricteft integrity, who ordered the following infcription to be put upon his grave:

Tho. St―tt—n cives Londinenfis,
Naturâ et vitâ peccator miferrimus."

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1 immediately fet my joiner to work, and made my bedftead reguJarly floping, fo that there was about a foot difference in height between the head and the feet. I likewife put a hard mattrafs upon the bed: My project fucceeded, and (I thank God) I immediately got rid of my grievous pain, which I have not felt fince, (near five years) unless a few times, when through mistake of fervants, the feathers of the bed were left too full at the bottom, and by that means the feet raifed higher than they fhould be.

If this fhould be looked upon, by the learned, as trifling, yet facts are ftubborn things, and will not bow down to the moft learned and ingenious hypothefis; and as this is a fact I know the truth of, humanity obliges me to communicate it to your correfpondent, who defires a receipt for the cure of this acute pain. As it is highly probable that this method may give him and others ease, in like man Her as it has done me, and they may

Now, it is evident, that either the author of that paragraph, or the deceased, muft have afferted a down. right falfity; because, if Mr St-tt-n was really a man of the friaeft integrity, he could not be vita peccator miferrimus; and if he really was vita peccator miferrimus, he could not be a man of the triceft integrity. I can, however, readily believe, that the deceafed was a thorough good man; but being then conscious of his own integrity, was he 'not to blame to say of himself, vitâ peccator miferrimus ?. I am fenfible that many other good men are pleased, while living, to pronounce of themselves what can only be true of the worst of characters: Even when proftrate before the Throne of Grace, they will pronounce themfelves to be what God knows they hap pily are not. But is not this a mockery of God, and a violation of known truth-Humility, I own, is a capital duty of a Chriftian; but does it therefore follow, that a wife man muft think himself a fool, an honeft man a knave, a fober man a drunkard, a chafte man á debauchee? The foundation of huHmility is felf-knowledge: He who

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truly knows himself, muft indeed know, that he has faults and imperfections abundantly fufficient to make him humble; but this knowledge is

furely

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furely no just reafon why he should profefs himfelf to be exceedingly more Imperfect than he really is; much lefs why he fhould pronounce of himself, vita peccator miferrimus, when he knows himfelf to be an honest man. I confefs, that, in eftimating ourselves, we fhould take aim rather below the mark, than what we judge to be directly at it; because our opinions of ⚫oarfelves are apt to be raifed by felf 'love. But to defcend fo low as to

destroy all diftinction of character, mult furely commit violence upon truth and a good confcience, and make humility, one of the moft amiable of all virtues, appear ridiculous and abSurd, and hypocritical.

Remarks on the Infcription on St-tt-n's Grave.

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forms fome notable ftrokes, fuch as fhew a great combination and strong memory *.

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The most wonderful circumstance is, that the fhould have learnt to read and write; but even this is readily believed on knowing her method. In writing to her, no ink is ufed, but the letters are pricked down on the paper; & by the delicacy of her touch, feeling each letter, the follows them fucceffively, and reads every word in writing, makes ufe of a pencil, as with her fingers ends. She herself,

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the could not know when her pen was dry; her guide on the paper is a fmall thin ruler, and of the breadth of her writing. On finishing a letter, the wets it, fo as to fix the traces of her pencil that they are not obfcured or effaced; then proceeds to fold and feal it, and write the direction; all by her own addrefs, and without the affiftance of any other perfon. Her writing is very fait, well cut, and the fpelling no lefs correct. To reach this fingular mechanifm, the indefatigable cares of her affectionate mother were long employed, who accustoming her daughter to feel letters cut in cards or paiteboard, brought her to diftinguifh an A from a B, and thus the whole alphabet, and afterwards to fpell words; then by the remembrance of the fhape of the letters to delineate them on paper, and, lastly, to arrange them fo as to form words and fenten

ces.

We cannot help reminding this writer of what St Paul lays of himself, that, touching the matters of the Law, he was C blamelefs; St Paul, therefore, was a man of beftricteft integrity: He was indeed a perfe cutor; but he fays alfo, that he thought be eught to do what he did againft the name of Fejus; in this particular, therefore, his integrity was unimpeached; yet he afterwards calls himfelt the chiefeft of Sinners: Will be not admit Paul's example to juftify St--? If let him tell us why. not,

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An Account of a French Lady, blind
from her Infancy, who can nead, write,
and play at Cards, c.
Young gentlewoman of a good
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year, loft her fight when only two
years old, her mother having been
advised to lay fome pidgeon's blood
on her eyes, to preferve them in the
fmall-pox; whereas, fo far from an-
fwering the end, it eat into them:
Nature, however, may be faid to have
compenfated for that unhappy mif
take, by beauty of perfon, tweetness
of temper, vivacity of genius, quick-
nefs of conception, and many talents
which certainly much alleviate her
misfortune.

She plays at cards with the fame readiness as others of the party; the first prepares the packs allotted to her, by pricking them in feveral parts, yet fo imperceptibly that the clofeft infpection can scarce difcern her indexes. She forts the fuits, and arranges the cards in their proper fequence, with the fame precision, and nearly the fame facility, as they who have their fight. All the requires of those who play with her is to name every card as it is played; and thefe the retains To exactly, that the frequently per Madamoifelle de Salignac, born in Xah

Bonge.

She has learnt to play on the guittar, and has even contrived a way of pricking down her tunes as an affittance to her memory. So delicaté are her organs, that, in finging a tune, tho new to her, the is able to name the

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Defcription of Buckingham Houfe.

Defcription of Buckingham-Houfe, jaft purchased by the King for a Palace for the Queen's Majefty.

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The roof of this stair-cafe, which is 55 feet from the ground, is 40 fect by 36, filled with the figures of Gods and Goddeffes: In the midft is Juno, condescending to beg afliftance from Venus, to bring about a marriage, which the Fates intended fhould be the ruin of her own darling queen & people. By which Virgil, that fublime poet, wifely intimates, that we fhould never be over-eager for any thing, either in our pursuits or our prayers; feft what we endeavour to ask too violently for our intereft fhould be granted us by Providence, only in order to our ruin.

HE avenues to this houfe are rows of goodly elms on one hand, and A gay flourishing limes on the other; that for coaches, this for walking; with the mall lying between them. This reaches to the iron pallifade that encompafles a fquare court, which has in the midft a great bason, with ftatues and water-works, and from its B entrance rifes all the way imperceptibly, till you mount to a terrace in the front of a large hall, paved with square white ftones, mixed with a dark-coloured marble; the walls of it covered with a fet of pictures done in the fchool of Raphael. Out of this, on the right hand, you go into a parlour, 33 feet by 39, with a niche 15 feet broad for a buffette, paved with white marble, and placed within an arch,` with pilafters of divers colours, the upper-part of which is as high as the cieling, which is painted by Ricci.

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From hence you pass thro' a fuit of large rooms into a bed-chamber of 34 feet by 27, within it a large closet that opens into a green-houfe.

On the left hand of the hall are 3 ftone arches, fupported by Corinthian pillars, under one of which you go up eight and forty fteps, ten feet broad, each step of one entire Portland ftone: Thefe ftairs, by the help of two relting places, are fo very eafy, there is no need of leaning on the iron baluster. The walls are painted with the ftory of Dido, whom, tho' the poet was obliged to difpatch away mournfully, in order to make room for Lavinia, the better-natured painter has brought no farther than to that fatal cave, where the lovers appear just entering, and languishing with defire.

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The bafs-reliefs and little fquares above, are all epifodical paintings of the fame flory; and the largeness of the fpace has admitted of a fure remedy against any decay of the colours from falt petre in the wall, by allowing a cafe of oak-laths four inches within the wall, and fo primed over like a picture.

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From a wide landing-place on the ftairs head, a great double door opens into an apartment of the fame dimenfions with that below, only 3 feet higher; notwithstanding which, it would appear too low, if the higher Salon had not been divided from it. The first room of this floor has within it a clofet of original pictures, which yet are not fo entertaining as the defightful profpect from the windows. Out of the fecond room a pair of great doors give entrance into the Salon, which is 35 feet high, 36 broad, and 45 long. In the midst of its roof a round picture of Gentileschi, 18 feet in diameter, reprefents the Mufes playing in concert to Apollo, lying along on a cloud to hear them. The reit of the room is adorned with paintings relating to Arts and Sciences, and underneath divers original pictures hang all in good lights, by the help of an upper row of windows, which drown the glaring.

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are gained mechanically; but the diftinguishing colours, telling the precife time by a watch, naming the notes in mufic, and many other things depending upon the ear and touch, are fo familiar to Mr Staniey, that his friends ceafe to think them extraordinary in him: His naming the number of perfons in a room on entering it; his directing his voice to each perfon in particular, even to ffrangers when they have once spoken; his miffing any perfon abfent; his telling who that perion is; his conceptions of youth, beauty, fyminetry, and shop, are fuch wonderful attainments as are, perhaps, all peculiar to himself; with which nothing that is reported of the French lady can be brought in competition.

(Gent. Mag. MAY 1762.)

Much of this feems appertaining to parade, and therefore I am glad to Gleave it to defcribe the reit, which is al! for conveniency. As firt, a covered paffage from the kitchen without deors, and another down to the cellars, and all the offices within. Near this a large and lightfome backftairs leads up to fuch an entry above, Has fecures the private bed chambers

both from noife and cold. Here are
Jervants-
neceflary dreffing rooms,
rooms, and clofets, from which are
the pleasanteft views of all the houte,
with a little door for communication
betwixt

Lords Addrefs to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

222

betwixt this private apartment and the great one.

Thele ftairs, and thofe of the fame kind at the other end of the house, carry up to the higheft ftory, fitted for the women and children, with the floors fo contrived as to prevent all noife over-head.

In the court are two wings, built on ftone arches, which join the house by corridores, fupported on Ionic pillars. In one of these wings is a large kitchen, 30 feet high, with an open cupola on the top: near it a larder, brewhoufe, and landry, with rooms over them for fervants; the upper fort of fervants are lodged in the other wing, which has alfo two wardrobes, and a ftore-room for fruit. On the top of all a leaden cistern, holding 50 tons of water, driven up by an engine from C the Thames, fupplies all the water. works in the courts and gardens, which lie quite round the house, thro one of which a grafs walk conducts to the ftables, built round a court, with fix coach-houses and forty ftalls.

On the top of the whole houfe, which is covered with fmooth-mill'd lead, and defended by a parapet of balufters from apprehenfion as well as danger, the eye is entertained with a far diftant profpect of hills and dales, and a near one of parks and gardens. To thefe gardens you go down from the houfe by seven steps, into a gravel

walk that reaches a-crofs the whole garden, with a covered harbour at each end of it. Another of 30 feet broad leads from the front of the houfe, and lies between two groves of tall lime trees, planted in feveral equal ranks upon a carpet of grass; the outsides of thefe groves are bor- f dered with tubs of bays and orange

trees.

At the end of this broad walk you go up to a terrafs 400 paces long, with a large femicircle in the middle, from whence is beheld the king's two parks, and a great part of Surry; then going down a few steps, you walk on the banks of a canal 600 yards long, and 17 broad, with two rows of limes on each fide of it.

we pass into a little quare garden, that has a fountain in the middle, and two green-houses on the fides, with a convenient bathing apartment in one of them; and near another part of it lies a flower-garden. Below all this, a kitchen garden, full of the best forts of fruit, has feveral walks in it fit for the coldest weather.

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On one fide of this terrafs, a wall covered with rofes and jeffamines is made low to admit the view of a meadow full of cattle jutt under it; (no difagreeable o ject in the midt of a great city) and at each end a defcent into parterres, with fountains and water works.

From the biggest of thefe parterres

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At the end of that green-houfe which joins the best apartment, is a little clofet for books, and under the windows of this clofet and green-house, is a little wilderness full of blackbirds and nightingales; the trees of which require frequent lopping, to prevent their hindering the view of that fine canal in the Park.

The Addrefs of the House of Peers in Ireland,
prefented April 28, at Dublin, to bis Excel-
lency the Lord Lieutenant, on the Conclufion of
the Seffion of Parliament'
May it pleafe your Excellency,

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to

the Lords fpiritual and temporal in offer our fincere congratulations to your Exclufion of this feffion of parliament; and we cellency, upon the approaching happy con

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think ourselves at the fame time called upon to declare, that the temper, and harmony, with which all publick bufinefs has been tranfacted, have been the natural effects of the wife, upright, and impartial conduct, by which your Excellency's administration has been fo eminently diftinguished.

Efance of his majesty's paternal concern for We acknowlege it as a moft endearing inhis fubjects of Ireland, that he was graciously pleafed to commit them to your Excellency's care, at a time which required a person of fuperior talents and abilities to prefide over us; which great endowments, joined with your Excellency's inflexible integrity of mind, and difinterested benevolence of heart, have been, and must ever be uniformly exerted, in maintaining the honour and fervice of the crown, and in promoting the peace, welfare, and profperity of the people.

We have a juft and grateful fenfe of his majefty's wifdom and goodnefs, in providing for the fecurity of this kingdom in this time of common danger; and we fhall be always ready to the utmost of our power to fupport his majefty, in the profecution of fuch meafures as he shall find neceffary, for compleating the great ends which his majesty bas in view for the peace, the interefts, and the glory of his own dominions, and the general tranquillity of all Europe.

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It is with the most entire confidence we rewhich have been manifested on a late occaly on your Excellency's prudence, & vigilance, fion, in guarding again appearances that might affect tie publick peace, and by the wile and featonable exertion of your power in fupport of the civil magisracy, fuppreffing the criminal gatherings of & rafh and outrageous populace.

Commons Addrefs to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

223

With hearts full of gratitude, we acknowlege that your Excellency has executed the great and important truft repofed in you to the entire fatisfaction of all his majesty's fubjects of this kingdom, by applying your at tention, conftant regards, and thofe great and uncommon abilities, of which you are fo happily poffeffed, to every thing that might contribute to our welfare and profperity.

Conscious how unpleafing it is to an inge nuous mind to receive even thofe praifes due to its merit, we fhould (though with the greatest reluctance) restrain onrfelves upon this occafion, if we did not at the fame time remember, that this is the only testimony of

To which Address bis Excellency was pleased to B our regards, which your Excellency's unpagive this Anfwer: My Lords,

ralleled difintereftednefs will condefcend to accept.

IT has, ever fince my entrance upon the govern

Your Excellency's juftice and benignity have anticipated our warmeft wishes, and we are not now to request a favourable reprefentation of our conduct, but to exprefs our gratitude for the important fervice already cone this conntry, by the impreffion which your Excellency has made of our duty, zeal, and affection, upon the mind of our most gracious fovereign.

your

ment of this kingdom, been a principal object of my ambition, as well as a principal part of my duty, to recommend myself to your lordship's good opinion, by early adopting, and by frictly adbering to, that plan of conduct, rubich I thought would be most beneficial to this kingdom, and robich I knew would be therefore moft agreeable to lordships. The unanimity of your lordfhips conduct in the fervice of the crown, during the courfe of this feffion, and the very favourable fentiments you are pleafed to exprefs of me in this addrefs at the close of it, have shewn me, that my expectations bave not been dijappointed. You may be affured, that the high reward my endea vours bave met with in your lordship's approbation will prove the firongest incitement to continue, and. if poffible, to encrease my zeal for every thing which may tend to promote your lordship's dignity, and the true interefts of this kingdom.

And we beseech your Excellency to accept of our moft ardent and fincere wishes, that you may long continue to prefide over a people truly grateful for thofe advantages they receive from your adminiftration; the confirm

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the titles, and quieting the minds of Proteftant purchasers, have given new frength and ftability to the Proteftant intereft of this kingdom.

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We cannot fufficiently acknowlege the royal goodness that applies, in this feafon of great and neceffary expence, fuch a confiderable part of the public treafure in relieving the wants, and preventing the difreffes of the lower clafs of tradefmen and artificers of this metropolis, by the eftablishment of a public repofitory for coals, fee p. 89. which, by reducing the price of that neceffary article, will encourage and affift the manufactures, and relieve the wants, and prevent the diftreffes of our indigent inhabitants, thofe conftant ab

jects of your Excellency's affectionate care and

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Your Excellency's known juftice and goodnefs, can leave us no room to doubt, that on your return to the royal prefence, you will make fuch a reprefentation to his majesty of the duty and loyalty of his protestant subjects of Ireland, as will fecure to them the continuance of his royal favour and protection; of which we cannot receive a ftronger, or more acceptable proof, than his majesty's continuing your Excellency in the government of this kingdom, and permitting your return to a grateful people, whofe confidence you have fo justly merited, and whofe affections you have fo univerfally engaged.

The Addrefs of the Commons of Ireland, prefented April 29, at Dublin-Castle, to bis Excelleney the Lord Lieutenant, on the fame occafion.

Muy it pleafe your Excellency,

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7E his majefty's moft dutiful and loyal fubjects, the Commons of Ireland, in parliament affembled, take this opportunity to congratulate with your Excellency on the approaching happy conclufion of this prefent F feffion of parliament. Truly fenfible of your Excellency's mild, prudent, and difinterested administration, we return your Excellency our moft fincere and grateful acknowledgements for the wisdom and moderation of your government, fo invariably directed to fupport the dignity of the crown, and promote the true intereft of the people, which have happily produced among us that diftinguished unanimity, for which this feffion of parliament will be for ever remarkable.

His majesty's paternal care of this kingdom has been particularly manifefted by his committing the government of it to your Excellency at this critical conjuncture, when your Excellency's confummate knowledge, diftinguished integrity, and long experience in bufinefs, rendered your affiftance fo neceflary at thofe councils, on which the welfare and happiness, not only of his majefty's dominions, but of all Europe, depend."

Accept then our unfeigned gratitude, and permit us to congratulate your Excellency on the entire accomplishment of your affectionate with, expreffed from the throne in the beginning of this Seffion, of carrying with you into the royal prefence, the good opinion, the affection, the hearts of the people of Ireland.

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His Excellency was pleased to return the following
Anjeer.

Gentlemen,

Return you my fincereft thanks for this very kind and affectionate addrefs. And if I bare found it difficult to express my fease of the bonou s HI bave received, as they were conferred, detachel, and feparate, in the course of this feffion, you will readily imagine, that I must be still more at a loss, when, at the clofe of it, I am to acknowlege then, collectively and together. The Houfe of Commons will do me the juice to believe, that if the many diftinguishe

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