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* with Frankfort of which Pr. Ferdinand gove being informed, orders were issued for

diflodging him. The troops destined for this fervice were the chaffeurs of the infantry of the army, Freytagg's chiffeurs, and Bauer's and Ricdejel's buffars, under La Cavendish; with the brigade of British grenadiers, Elliot's, the Blues, and four Hanoverian fquadrons, commanded by Lord Granby: Upon the first attack, the enemy prepared for flight; but Lord Granby per ceiving their intent, marched, all his corps as fast as poffible, till the enemy's cavalry, who put on a good countenance, faced about, and began to move at a great rate. His lordship made two onfets with the greatest ardour and fuccefs; but the enemy's cavalry falling fword in hand upon Ellict's dragoons, that regiment would have fuffered greatly, had not Col. Harvey, at the head of the Blues, passed the village on full gallop, and put a ftop to their fuccefs. The enemy gave way on all fides, the grenadiers, and Highlanders purfiring with their ufual ardour. The lofs of the allies was inconfiderable, that of the enemy very great; 250 prifoners were taken, and the whole country, cleared of the French, Fritzlar, Feltzberg, Lohr, and Gudernfberg, are now occupied by the allies, and the communication between Caffel and Franckfort entirely cut off. The enemy are in pain for their magazines, which, if destroyed, will reduce the troops to the greatest distress. These are fome of the confequences of the late victory,, which begin to thew themselves more and more every day, as nothing escapes the vigilance of Prince Ferdinand.

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FOREIGN HISTORY.

On the 25th the Hereditary Prince in person, at the head of 400 horfe, made an attack on a body of the Pr. of Conde's army,, commanded by M. de Conflans, but was repulfed, and his Highness himself made prifoner by two huffars, who were carrying him away, when 40 of Beck's dragoons came up and rescued him.

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ingly in great confufion, and took poffeffion again of that unhappy de fenceless town...It was foon known that they did not return by choice, but were forced to it, because their communication with the grand army was cut off. It is added, that the Marthals d'Etrees and Soubife are fo ftraightened by Pr. Ferdinand, that they have fent for the whole army from the Lower Rhine, under the command of the Prince of Conde to join them, in order to try, if poffible, to re-open the communication again with Franckfort, and their other magazines, but as the Hereditary Prince keeps pace with them, it is probable his march may be difconcerted; or if this fails, the Hereditary Prince is at hand to join Pr. Ferdinand as foon as Conde fhall join Soubize.

The Pr. of Conde, immediately after this action, detached ten battalions to reinforce the army on the Upper Rhine, where the French houshold troops, which were encamped near Dunkirk, have orders to repair immediately...

Later advices. fay, that the French evacuated Gattingen, after blowing up the fortifications, and spiking the artillery which they could not carry off But fcarce had they been gone twelve hours before they came back, 'feem (GENT. MAG. JULY 1761)

A private letter from Dillenburg of the 15th inft, however, takes notice, that M. de Chamborant, at the head of 360 French picked troops, had advanced to Warburg, where he furprized the British bakery and provifion waggons, deftroyed a great number of them, car ried off about 10 horfes, and took the Englife commiffary and 83 other perfons prifoners of war. Tis added, that the English army could not maintain itself long in the landgraviate of Hefe-Caffel, for want of provifions and forage. The French give out, moreover, that in Eaft Frizeland, and its neighbourhood, they have deftroyed 17 magazines, eftimated at least at four mil lion of livres. They have collected 100,000 crowns from the county of Lingen, and nearly the same sum from the county of Tecklenbourg. They propofed to have gone to raise contributions at Orabrug, and to destroy a large magazine there; but being much fatigued, and fearing, befides, to be cut off by a fuperior Hanoverian corps, pofted near a wood beyond the village of Lenerick, they returned to Billerbeck to join their divifion. There is however a fmall detachment, which is not yet returned: It is gone on a bold enters prize, to burn an immenfe magazine on the right of the Ems, near the fea, of which an account is hourly expected.

The operations of the Spanish war in Portugal, feem to proceed but flowly. The Spaniards have put a strong garrifon into Chaves, have abandoned Moncorvo, and are deftroying the fortifications of Miranda and Braganza; but find it it difficult to subsist in that country.

MONDAY,

Historical Chronicle, July 1762.

in which the militia of moft of the Southern counties have already pitched their tents. WEDNESAAY 30.

MONDAY June 21.

W perfons who preItended to be Turks, one about 60 years of age, the other 18, were apprehended at Exeter, for having by forged papers, collected large fums of money. On examination they proved to be Jews and impoftors; and the old man, who had a beard above fix inches long, was fentenced to be fhaved; which operation, by the help of half a dozen ftout fellows to hold him, the old Hebrew was obliged to undergo in Court. They were both afterwards whipt out of the city.

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THURSDAY 24.

His R. H. the Duke of York went on board the fleet at Portsmouth under the command of Adm. Hawke, and next day fet fail on a fecret expedition.

FRIDAY 25.

The council of fate at the Hague refolved upon a lottery of 2,305,000 florins; to confift of 38,00 lots, 18,200 winning prizes; and 462 premiums.

SUNDAY 27.

An exprefs arrived in the Barbadoes flcop of war from Adm. Pocock off Hifpaniola, but the contents were not made public. But by a letter from on board the faid floop, the Admiral was off Cape Nicbola in the windward paffage when the exprefs was difpatched, with about 200 tranfports, and 14 fhips of the line, and 7 frigates, waiting for more fhips to join him, in order to proceed directly to the Havanna.

MONDAY 28.

The fleet under Adm. Hawke paffed by Plymouth, and was there joined by the Prince of Orange and Tartar men of war:

Guns. Lift of the fleet:

100 Royal George,

S Sir Edw. Hawke, 2 Capt. Bennet. Duke of York,

80 Princess Amelia,

go Prince, go Ocean, 74 Magnanime, 70 Pr. of Orange, 66 Lancafter, 74 Naffax, 64 Effex, 60 Achilles, 40 Launceston, 32 los, 28 Tartar. His majefty's frigate Venus failed from Ply mouth for Lifeon, with his Serene Highness the Prince of Mecklenburgb; and the Unicorn with the Count of Lippe Buckeburg. TUESDAY 29.

Capt. Sayer.
Capt. Schomberg.
Hon. Capt. Barrington.

Ld Vifc. Howe, capt. Capt. Peyton. Capt. Langdon. Capt. Saxton. Capt. Ferguson.

The two ambafiadors extraordinary from the Republic of Venice, had their r audience of the king,

The fame day was prefented to his majesty in a gold box ten inches long curioufly wrought, after frem Nabob in the Eaft of the Indid thips juft Indier,

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A foreigner paffing a centinel in the Park in a hurry, was afked where he was going, and answering in a furly manner, was flopped by the centinel, whose bayonet he fnatched from his fide, and run him thro' the arm. He afterwards drew a knife from his pocket, and was going to ftab the foldier,, but was prevented by more foldiers coming up, and taking him into cuftody. He was afterwards tried for this fact at the quarter feffions at Wefiminfier, and fentenced to pay a fmall fine, and fuffer a year's imprisonment.

At a court of common council held at Guildhall, complaint being made that divers perfons conftantly row on the river Thames on the Lord's day, not being authorized fo to do, contrary to the ftatute in that cafe, made and provided; it was ordered by the court, that the rulers of the company of watermen, be enjoined to use their utmost endeavours to dif cover all perfons who fhall hereafter offend against this ftatute, many inconveniencies having arifen from apprentices going up the river in cutters, to the annoyance of fober families on the banks of the Thames,

The heath on Bloreme bill in Monmouthfbire has taken fire, continues burning, and in fome places has confumed the peat fix feet deep.

In Scotland, the woods of Rothmurcus, and the fine forests of Glenmere and Glenfiddick, have been in great danger from the fame caufe. The woods of Abernethy have fuffered prodigiously, and the neighbouring inhabitants have been employed night and day in diverting the courfe of the flames.

A great Moor near Pately-bridge in Yorkfire, out of which peats ufed to be dug, is on fire, and continues burning under ground, to the great terror of the inhabitants; a man and two horfes having funk in and perished.

The High Moors near Sheffield are on fire, for 30 miles together in fome places; and at A over near Chefterfield, the inhabitants are in the greatest terror, the earth being all on a fiery glofs for four inches deep. By fo many infances from various places, it should feem, that these fires are not maliciously kindled as the people fuppofes, but happen from fome natural caufe; owing, perhaps, to the exceffive heat of the Sun acting upon the inflammable matter of the exhalations..

Five of the White Boys condemned at the affizes at Waterford in Ireland ter treasonable practices in burning the house of John Fervive at Menabue, were hanged and quartered purfuant to their fentence. But it is remarkable, that two of the fame mob for burying a man alive, were only burnt in the hand, and fentenced to be imprifoned two years. Upwards of 80 perfons in the whole, were in goal to be tried at this affizes, but fuch was the lenity of the judges, that only five were condemned to die. This lenity, however, does not feem to produce the defired effect;, for letters from fe veral parts of Ireland take notice, that the Levellers begin to fhew themselves again, in as

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

levelling ditches, breaking windows, plundering gentlemen's feats, burning men in effigy, and threatening mifchief to all who oppose them.

There have been great riots among the linpen weavers in Dublin, on account of raifing their wages. Several gangs affembled and burnt the looms and goods of fuch as refused to join them, and proceeded fo far as to refolve to drown one Scully who had refused to join them. Sir Thomas Blackall, an active magiftrate, in endeavouring to quell them, got a fevere cut on his head; however, he' refcued Scully from them.

An unhappy affair happened at Taybridge near Stirling in Scotland. A deferter having fecreted himself at his father's at Taybridge, a corporal and four men of the King's Highland Volunteers, were fent from Stirling to apprehend him; two of the men, as is ufual, kept guard without, while the corporal and the other two entered the houfe to feize the deferter; they found him in company with his father and brother, the latter of whom drew C as pistol and hot one of the foldiers dead, while the father and three women attacked the corporal and the other foldier, whom they feverely wounded before they could join the men without; one of whom perceiving the deferter making his efcape thro' a hole in the thatched roof of the house, levelled his piece and killed him; but the party being now in a manner reduced to two, and finding the company within to be well supplied with ammunition and arms, returned to Sterling without making any farther attempt, from whence an officer with 24 men, were immediately difpatched to apprehend the delin quents, but they were all fed.

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THURSDAY July 1.

The Lords of the Admiralty recommended and appointed fix 'captains and several lieutenants of the navy, to be officers in the navy of the King of Portugal, purfuant to his request.

Two men in opening a drain in Half-way Bridge meadow, near Norwich, found the bodies of 4 men buried in it; three lay across each other in the form of a triangle, the fourth was F buried at a small distance, with the head feparated from the body, and the face downwards. They are fuppofed to have been murdered by a gang of rogues that frequented Half-way Bridge houte.

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FRIDAY 2.

The claffical prizes at Cambridge of 15 guineas each, given annually by the Hon. Mr Finch, and the Hon. Mr Townshend, were ad- G judged to Mr Rofenbagen, of St John's College; and to Mr Eyre of Peter Houfe, fenior batchellors: And to Mr Maddifon, of Sydney, and to Mr Zouch, of Trinity Colledge, middle bachelors.

The first caught herrings this feafon arrived in Holland in a yagger, having only 19 barrels and a half on board, that fold from 50. to 33. per barrel. The first that arrived at Hamburg, was brought by a yagger belonging to the Free British fishery.

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and the Proteftant Diffenters, in regard to the latter being eligible or not to the office of fheriff, was unanimously determined by the four judges that heard the caule, that the Disenters are not eligible to the faid office. The judges were Ld Chief Baron Parker, Juftice Fefter, Juftice Wilmer, and Justice Batburt.

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MONDAY 5.
The great caufe between the city of London

TUESDAY 6.

In the Gazette of this day, is the following intelligence from the Hague t

"The Hermione, a Spanish register ship, "which left Lima the 6th of January, bound "for Cadiz, was taken the 21st of May off "Cape St Vincent, by three English frigates, B"

and carried into Gibraltar. Her cargo is "faid to confift of near twelve millions of "money registered, and unregistered to be "likewife very confiderable, befides 2000 "ferons of cocoa, and a great deal of other "valuable merchandize Gaz.

""

An account of her cargo from other papers.
5243 arobes of cocoa.
1193 quintals of tin.

2,276,715 dollars in filver and gold coined.
25 arobes of Alpaca wool.
6 quintals of Vigenia wool.

Two boxes with letters, which were thrown overboard from the Hermione, have been taken up at fea near Faro in Portugal. Gaz. WEDNESDAY 7.

A committee of the fociety for the encouragement of arts, made an experiment of an engine invented by a Swifs for rooting up trees. The engine answered the intentions, but broke in the operation. It is very fimple, and capable of great improvements. We are told a chain furrounes the body of the tree, which is heaved up by a flow force.

THURSDAY 8.

The Cherokee chiefs, (fee p. 293.) were introduced to his majefty by the Rt Hon. the Earl of March.

FRIDAY 9.

A young gentleman near Ormond Street, in the height of paflion, with a pistol shot his father's maid. It was a love affair, and is variously reported. He was foon apprehended, is like to recover, all poffible care having been and committed to prifon; but the young girl

taken of her.

A dew of honey fell in the neigbourhood of Ratbiermuc in Ireland, which loaded the trees and long grafs in fuch a manner, that quantities of it were faved by fcoops, a method used of faving water in fome parts of the Weft Indies. [Something of this fort, but not in quantities, may, at this time, be obferved on the leaves of oaks, but whether an exudation, or a dew, we do not pretend to determine.] SATURDAY 10.

Came on before Lord Mansfield in the court of King's Bench, Guildball, a trial by a special jury, on an indictment against Wm Parfons and Elizabeth his wife, Mary Frafier, a clerHeyman, and a reputable tradefman, for a confpiracy in the Cock Lane ghoft affair, to injure the character, &, of Mr Wm Kent; when they were all found guilty. The trial lafted above 12 hours.

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This day Count Woronzew, ambaffador ex

The GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, VOL. XXXII.

340

traordinary from the Emperor of Ruffia, atrived here from Holland.

Was opened in Westminster Abbey near the Poets Corner, the monument in memory of the late George Frederick Handel, Efq; He is represented pointing to the back of the mo nument, where David is playing on the harp. Jn Mr Handel's right hand is a pen, writing part of the Meffiab,

I know that my redeemer liveth, &c." and the following infcription, GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL, Efq; 11 a Born February 23, 1684, Died April 14, 1759.

MONDAY 12.

About five in the afternoon at Yarm they had moft dreadful thunder and lightenings The latter ftruck a part of Mrs Pocock's houtes beat in the windows, melted the lead, and Split in two a stone trough in the kitchens Providentially no perfon was hurt. se

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It is remarkable, that in the neighbourhood of Richmond in Yorkshire, a form of the like kind happened on the fame day, and a bout the fame hoor ; only the thunder and lightening there was attended with hail ftones that measured four inches and a half in cir cumference, and did prodigious damage to the windows, gardens, and hot-houfes of the neighbouring gentry. Lord Northumberland 3 feat at Stanwix, and Mr Shuttleworth's at Forcet: fuffered the most.

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Came on at Guildbal, before the Right Hon. Lord Mansfield, a trial on an indictment against two other perfons, relating to the affair of the Cock Lane ghoft, when they were both found guilty!

An infurrection of the colliers of Oldham and Saddleworth put the town of Manchester in the greatest confternation. Their pretence was the high price of corn, and they demolished the warehouíes of two or three dealers in Corn, and meat, and obliged others to promife to feil at a moderate prices

At the payment of the Lynn man of war at Plymouth, a great number of boats attended as ufual to fapply the hip's company with goods, but were a I ordered off. Two women, however, preffed forward, on which the centinel fired, and killed one of them.

Admiralty-Office: Capt. Warfan, of the Mer maid, gives an account, that on the 4th iaft. craizing off Breft, he took Le Serviceable, ‘a French privateer, of 8 guns and go 'men." TUESDAY 13.

..

who deferves a rigorous punishment for his careletiness and indifcretion. ...

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"A monument to the memory of the late gallant Lord Howe was opened in WestminsterAbbey. On the top is a trophy of arms in fine white marble; and on a flat pyramid of black C marble, are his lordship's arms; coronet, and creft in white marble': On the top of the monument fits the figure of a woman in a melancholy pofition, reprefenting the province of Malacbufet's Bay, and under it the following intcription: The province of Maffacbufer's Bay, in New England, by an order of the z great and general court, bearing date Feb. 1, 1759, caufed this monument to be erected to the memory of George Auguftus, Lord Viscount Howe, Brigadier General of 'h s *m jefty's forces in America, who was flain July 6, 1758, on his march to Ticonderago, in the 34th year of his age; in teftimony of the fente they had of his fervices and military virtues, and of the affection their offi- ' *cers and foldiers bore to his command. He E lived refpected and beloved; the public re*gretted his lufs; to his family it is irrepará

'ble.'

The Earl of Bucking bamjhire kifs'd his majeny's hand on being appointed ambaffador to the Emperor of Rufa

The harbour of Rye in Sufex, was opened pursuant to an act of parliament patled the laft feffions, by letting the fea and tides into the new cut up to Winchelsea wall, where vese fels of 300 tons burthen and upwards, can' ride with the greatest fafety." THURSDAY 15.

Was laid before the governors of the city of London lying-in hospital for married women, in Aiderfgate-freet, a state of the Hospital, by which it appeared, that from the inftitution of it to that day, there had been 3655 women' delivered in the hofpitaly 45 of whom had twins, and one was delivered of three childrea: 3702 children were born; males 1896, females 1806: that there had been received from the inititution to the 14th instant 12,2401.55 8 d. and expended to the fame day 9,749 1. 14 s. all the tradelinens bills be→ ing paid us to Midfummer lalt.

Count Worongow had a private audience of his majeíty to deliver his credential letters.

A continel on duty at Chatham was ftruck with lightning, the upper-leather of the thoet on his left foot was hatter'd, and his foot wounded, a hole was made through the blade of his word, and about two inches of the edge melted, the nilt was melted and foldered to his bayonet, as was one of the locks of his masket to the iron ramrod, his face was feratched, and he lay an hour speechleis, but is fince recovered.

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The fellions ended at the Old Bailey, when eight perions received fentence of death Joan Placket, for robbing, wounding, and leaving for dead Mr Faye, a Danijh gendeman, ! (Jee p 293,) James Hardy and Richard Mitcoal for a highway robbery John Sullivan,

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Francis Cafbal, and Wiliam Fitzgerald, for råOvithing a woman whom Cafbar picked up in the Park, and carried to his lodgings; and Sarab Meyard, and Surab Morgan Metyard her daughter, for wilfully and malicioully murdering are Nailer, a poor parish`girl, her appientice, about four years fince, by beating, bruning, and tying her up to a door in a garrety and with-holding from her victuals, and

WEDNESDAY 14.

aring to take up a load of dung in Hther neceffaries; and thereby starving her to

- found at the dunghill the

death. The trial tafted seven hours, can se

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

2

Two directors of the Dutch East India com pany, with a counsellor in the commiffion, took leave of the States General, in order to proceed to England to fettle the affairs of Bengal. The antwer of the English East India company presented to the States, by General York, having made fome impreffion upon their High Mightineffes.

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tence, on the spot of ground between the up per end of the City Road and the road from Gofwell-freet. He was a fout made man, 40 years of age, and behaved with great decency and contrition, praying with the minifter near three quarters of an hour, in the cart under the gallows; a little before he was turned off, after calling out for filence, he A made the following declaration : "The first robbery I committed, was on a young woman on the long caufeway, Illington, about 16 years ago; the fecond was on a man in Mr Jennings's afs field, in the fame town; the next was ftealing a copper from Mr Beazley in St John's fireet, for which I was tranfported 7 years, but ftaid 14; the next robbery, after my return to England, was ftealing a filver watch gown and trollopee from my uncle's houfe; and the laft fatal robbery was on the Danish young gentleman, for which I deservedly fuffer. All the above robberies I committed by myfelf, and no person was ever concerned with me: This I folemnly declare, as I exé pect mercy from God before whom I am, go❤ ing to appear."

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FRIDAY 16.

The parish church of Sittingbourne was burnt down, occafioned by the carelessness of the workmen that were repairing the leads.

The fociety of arts paid Mr Boult of Staines, 20% for the first premium of the four wheeled machine for the conveyance of fish; and 147 for the first premium of the two-wheeled machine for the fame purpose; which we mention greatly to his honour. SUNDAY 18.

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The Harriet packet, Capt Bonnel, arrived at Falmourb, from New York, but being attack'd' by a French privateer of fuperior force, and on the point of being boarded, he threw the mail over-board.

MONDAY 19.

An exprefs arrived at the India Hoafe with an account of the Princess Augufta, baddifen, the Carnarvon, Hutchinson, and the Norfolk, Bennam, being off Falmouth. They are fince arrived in the river.

THURSDAY 29.

An express arrived from the Hague, which is faid to bring advice, that the Emperor of Ruffia was feized with a fudden illness, which obliged him to withdraw from public bufinefs. His confort is appointed regent-till that prince fhall be reftored to health, or till their old in October next, fall come of age. IE fon Prince Paul Petrowitz, who is 8 years this fhould prove true, it will probably make no great alteration in the fyftem of affaire, the Emprefs being a wife and prudent woman, and a very great friend to the King of Pruffia. This news, however, was tranfmitted only as a report current at that place; but who was the first propagator was not mentioned; nor does it yet appear that any minifter at the Hague has received an express from Petersburgb on fuch an occafion. We are moreover told," that the Russian minister at our court knows nothing of the matter. Perhaps the report was coined in Holland, to anfwer lucrative purposes among the stock-jobbers in London and Amflerdam.

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SATURDAY 24.

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Admiralty Office. Capt. Penny of the Looe, is arrived at Cork with the Maria and Jofeph, a Spanish privateer of four carriage guns, and Gaz

Subftance of advices received by shipping the 17th and 19th of this month, at the islands of Scilly and Guernsey, from Newfoundland,

30 men.

Sarab Metyard and her daughter were executed at Tyburn, pursuant to her fentence. It is imagined there were 50,000 perfons prefent at the execution, there being no inftance be- D fore of a mother and daughter fuffering together in this kingdom, except in the cafe of Mrs Blanch and her daughter, for the murder of their maid fervant at Ivelchefter in Somerfetfbire.

WEDNESDVY 21.

There was a great court and council at St James's. His Grace the Duke of Newcastle

came to town from Claremont to attend it.、→

The fentence of the three ravishers condemned at the Old Bailey, was refpited by his majefty, as was that of Richard Mitchell, for a petty highway robbery.-James Hardy was ordered for execution on Monday, and John Placket on Wednesday next.

SUNDAY 25.

A fire broke out at the Bull-bead inn in Warebam, which, in a few hours, reduced near three parts of that town to afhes. The G meeting-house, and Mr Kain's at the poft-office, are burned; but neither of the churches The corporation of nor the town-hall. Blandford have sent to Warebam two cart loads of provifions, and two more have likewife been fent from Pool.

TUESDAY 27.

Arrived at Spithead his majesty's fhip Nep. tune, Favourite and Active, with the Hermiche, prize to the two latter, from Gibraltar, WEDNESDAY 28. ~ 1

This morning about to o'clock, Jn Placket was exccated at Tjlington purluant to his fen

On the 24th of June, four French men of war and a bomb-ketch, entered the Bay of Buils, and landed fome troops; which, after fetzing upon the fall fettlement in that bay, marched directly for St John's, of which the French general took poffeffion on the 27th by capitulation with the garrifon. The terms of which were, that the inhabitants fhould be prifoners during the war, and fecure in, their poffeffions and effects. His majesty's hoop Gramont, and feveral other vellels, were taken by the enemy in the harbour of S. John's.

The theme for feizing this island was laid by a French officer, who was a prisoner on that ifland for fome time, and who had the addrefs to get draughs of the principal, places there, which he carried with him to France.

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