"Venomous” Bites from Non-Venomous Snakes: A Critical Analysis of Risk and Management of "Colubrid” Snake Bites

Voorkant
Elsevier, 2011 - 336 pagina's
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This book is the first significant contribution to thoroughly examine the potential hazards associated with snakes of the former family, Colubridae. This family contained >65% of living snake species (approximately 3,000 taxa) and has recently been split into multiple families. Many of these snakes produce oral secretions that contain toxins and other biologically-active substances. A large variety of these snakes figure in the pet industry, yet little documented information or formal study of their potential medical importance has been published. Therefore, although the possible medical importance of many of these species has been subjected to speculation since the mid-nineteenth century, there is a limited amount of useful descriptive information regarding the real hazard (or lack thereof) of snakes belonging to this diverse, artificial family.

There is a need for "one-stop shopping" offering information regarding their possible toxicity and clinical relevance as well as recommendations for medical management of their bites. This book is the first synthesis of this information and includes evidence-based risk assessment, hazard rankings and specific recommendations regarding important species, many common in captivity.



  • Fills a gap in the toxinological, medical and herpetological literature by providing a comprehensive review of this entire assemblage of snakes, with particular attention given to their capacity, real or rumored, to cause harm to humans
  • A patient-centered, evidence-based approach is applied to analyzing documented case reports of bites inflicted by approximately 100 species.
  • Clinical management of medically significant bites from non-front-fanged colubroids is methodically reviewed, and specific recommendations are provided
 

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Inhoudsopgave

A Brief Summary of Taxonomic Considerations
1
Low Versus HighPressure
7
A Brief Overview of the History of Colubrid Oral Secretion Research
27
Chapter 4 Medically Significant Bites by Colubrid Snakes
33
Chapter 5 Summary and Conclusions
271
Representative Unverified Cases of Medically Significant Colubrid Bites Posted on the Internet
277
Representative Lethal Potency Ranges and Yields of Duvernoys Secretions and Venoms from Selected NonFrontFanged Colubroid Snakes
283
Strategies of Management of GramNegative Septicemia Are There Lessons to Be Learned for Managing VenomInduced Coagulopathies?
287
Legal Considerations Regarding Private Ownership of Venomous Snakes Including Hazard Level 1 Colubrids An Opinionated Essay
289
List of Osteological Specimens Examined at AMNH
293
Additional Recommended Reading
295
A Call for Cases
301
Bibliography
303
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