LED Lighting: Technology and Perception
Promoting the design, application and evaluation of visually and electrically effective LED light sources and luminaires for general indoor lighting as well as outdoor and vehicle lighting, this book combines the knowledge of LED lighting technology with human perceptual aspects for lighting scientists and engineers.
After an introduction to the human visual system and current radiometry, photometry and color science, the basics of LED chip and phosphor technology are described followed by specific issues of LED radiometry and the optical, thermal and electric modeling of LEDs. This is supplemented by the relevant practical issues of pulsed LEDs, remote phosphor LEDs and the aging of LED light sources. Relevant human visual aspects closely related to LED technology are described in detail for the photopic and the mesopic range of vision, including color rendering, binning, whiteness, Circadian issues, as well as flicker perception, brightness, visual performance, conspicuity and disability glare. The topic of LED luminaires is discussed in a separate chapter, including retrofit LED lamps, LED-based road and street luminaires and LED luminaires for museum and school lighting. Specific sections are devoted to the modularity of LED luminaires, their aging and the planning and evaluation methods of new LED installations. The whole is rounded off by a summary and a look towards future developments.
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The Human Visual System and Its Modeling for Lighting
LED Components Principles of Radiation Generation
Measurement and Modeling of the LED Light Source
Photopic Perceptual Aspects of LED Lighting
Mesopic Perceptual Aspects of LED Lighting
Optimization and Characterization of LED Luminaires for Indoor
Optimization and Characterization of LED Luminaires for Outdoor
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
automotive lighting binning blue LED Bodrogi brightness Ce3+ chromaticity difference CIE CRI CIECAM02 CIELAB color appearance color difference color preference color quality color rendering indices color semiconductor LEDs color stimuli colored objects computed cones cool white correlated color temperature CRI Ra curve dependence diagram efficiency electrons emitting energy Eu2+ example forward current function glare source hybrid LED lamp illuminated junction temperature Khanh layer LED chip LED components LED lamp LED light source LED luminaire LED type lifetime lighting quality luminance levels luminescence luminous efficacy luminous flux MacAdam ellipses material measured method optical optimization parameters perception phosphor photopic luminance radiant flux radiation range reference light source retina Section seen from Figure signals so-called SPDs spectral power distribution spectral radiance spectral reflectance spectral sensitivity stimulus test color test light test light source thermal resistance voltage warm white PC-LEDs Wavelength nm white point white tone WLED