Chemical Technology: Or, Chemistry, Applied to the Arts and to Manufactures, Volume 2

Voorkant
Lea and Blanchard, 1849
 

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Inhoudsopgave

and 12 Section and elevation of Hohl glass furnace 13 Glass pipe for blowing 14 Marver
46
Glass globule for blowing 16 and 17 Bottles partly finished
47
Bottle neck separated
48
Thread of glass wrapped round the neck
49
22 23 and 24 Forming of flasks and retorts
51
Window glass
52
28 29 30 31 and 32 Sheetglass cylinder blowing
54
Cylinder opening to form windowglass
55
and 36 Cutting off and opening the cylinder
56
Polisher for flattened window glass
58
Pots and 62 cuvettes for melting plate glass
61
Crown glass
62
General view of crownglasshouse
63
Plan and elevations of the furnace
64
and 45 Chances crownglass furnace with cone 6566
65
Marver for working the mass
66
Longitudinal section 68 plan in section 69 grates 70 transverse section
67
Plate glass
73
Elevation 77 plan of crane for raising cuvettes
76
Nicholson and Wadsworths colcothar cylinder
91
Lead or flint glass crystal
93
Apparatus for adjusting polishingrubbers
96
Glass moulds for pressing
98
8283
104
Optical glasses
106
and 111 Annealing furnace for flintglass
110
Colored glass
113
Mode of constructing achromatic lenses
116
Artificial gems
129
and 124 Section and plan of furnace and muffle for burning paintedglass
132
Incrustations gilding silvering c
139
Soluble glass
147
Materials yielding alum
154
Preparation of alum flower
167
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ALUM MANUFACTURE
168
FIG PAGE 132 Furnaces for evaporating alum liquors
171
Alum prepared from clay
175
Steam pipe coils for concentrating alum liquors
176
Wiesmanns apparatus for freeing alum from iron
180
Green vitriol or copperas
181
and 140 Evaporating boiler and crystalizing vats for copperas 182183
182
Heater for dissolving old iron and concentrating liquor
184
Production of copperas in Germany
191
Sloping copperas evaporating furnace used at Hromitz
192
Furnace for vitriolstein
193
CLAY WARES
196
Composition of various clays
205
Classification of clay wares
211
CHINAWARE MANUFACTURE
218
Porcelain mill used at Sèvres
222
Connecting clutch for the porcelain mill shaft
223
Throwing wheel for porcelain works
227
Operations of throwing and turning porcelain
228
Gypsum moulds for forming china plates
229
157 158 159 160 and 161 forms and tools for moulding
230
Throwing wheel and turning gauge for smoothing plates
231
164 165 166 and 167 moulds for casting pieces of porcelain
233
Operations in glazing porcelain
237
and 181 Section and plan of a kiln for hard porcelain
257
Stone ware
258
Stoneware formingwheel
263
English potterswheel
264
Hanoverian stoneware baking kiln
265
185 186 and 187 Stoneware kiln for burning with wood
266
Kiln for salt glazed stoneware
277
Earthenware Fayence
277
Tile machine 274
278
FIG PAGE 193 Furnace for fine earthenware
282
198 199 and 200 Moulding of tobaccopipes
291
Arrangement of the pipes in seggars
292
and 203 London kilns for tobaccopipes 293294
293
and 205 Kiln for common earthenware
296
Clay pipes or tubes
307
and 207 Reicheneckers machine for claytubes 308309
308
Ground plan of cylinders and pump of Reicheneckers machine
310
MANUFACTURE OF BRICKS
313
Clay or pug mill 280
317
Cup moulding by machinery 281
318
Brick machines
319
and 212 TerrasonFougères brick machine
320
Culbertsons brick machine
323
Sawyers brick machine
325
German roofingtile mould
327
Brick kilns
328
Henschels brick kiln
329
Arrangement of bricks in Hellmans kiln
330
Bibls close brick kiln
331
Stone bricks
335
220 221 and 222 Machines for moulding gas retorts
342
Fire bricks
343
Fire clay mill
344
224 225 and 226 Kiln for burning firebricks 345346
345
GROUP IV
347
Stalactites and stalagmites in caverns
350
Chemical composition of limestones
352
Lime kilns at Rodheim near Giessen Germany
357
and 230 Lime kilns in the neighborhood of Brunswick
359
231 232 and 233 Section elevation and plan of a perpetual lime kiln
360
Section of a range of perpetual lime kilns
361
Transverse section through one of the kilns
362
Slacking of lime
370
GYPSUM AND MAGNESIA
372
Hydraulic lime
378
Trass or tarras
387
Col Tottens experiments on mortars and cements
394
Gypsum
400
Twin crystals of sulphate of lime
401
Kiln for burning gypsum at Paris
404
and 242 Mode of burning gypsum with coal
405
Scannegattys furnace for gypsum
406
Magnes sia
412
Apparatus for separating the sulphates of lime and magnesia
414
Crystalized limestone with little magnesia
415
Mill for facilitating the solution of magnesia
416
Barytes
421
Bastenaire Daudenarts furnace for firing gildedglass
429

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