The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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For them, the real Baudelaire is to be found less in Les fleurs du mal than in the
Scènes parisiennes and the Poèmes en prose, where he was able to express
that mysterious side of everyday life which is the true surrealist domain. And if he
... painting; why not a new humanism? This is to forget too quickly that, like the
Romantics, the surrealists were animated by a profound despair. Not Lamartine's
sweetish "vague à lame,” not Leopardi's “melancholy,” not Baudelaire's “spleen ...
De Baudelaire au surréalisme (revised edition, Corti, 194o) Francis Dumont.
Naissance du romantisme contemporain, (doctoral thesis, 194o) Louis Parrot.
Paul Éluard (Seghers, 1944) Ivan Larrea. Le surréalisme entre l'ancien et le
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