The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Finally, a text by Philippe Soupault, an art chronicle by Max Morise, a piece by
Joseph Delteil on love, which Breton will bitterly reproach him for when he breaks
with surrealism, an observation by Francis Gérard on “the state of a surrealist” in
These individuals were expelled surrealists like Artaud and Vitrac, or those
momentarily on distant terms with the movement like Boiffard, Gérard, Leiris,
Limbour, Masson, Souris, Tual; editors of Clarté like Altman, Guitard, Morhange,
French. Socialist philosopher. Freud, Sigmund (1856–1939). Austrian.
Psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Gascoyne, David, (born 1916). English.
Poet and writer, member of the surrealist group from 1926 to 1939. Gérard,
Francis (Gérard ...
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