The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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This extravagance is not merely formal; it derives from a fundamental conception
which makes Revolution into a transcendent value which Éluard counters once
again, apropos of an article in Philosophies,” to revolutionary pragmatism: There
The agreement between the surrealists, Clarté, Philosophies, and
Correspondence (a Belgian surrealist periodical edited by Camille Goemans and
Paul Nougé), found its concrete expression in a Manifesto, La Révolution d'abord
et toujours, ...
never believed in a “surrealist revolution.” Let us regard these statements as the
manifestation of their state of mind in 1925 rather than as a specific expression of
the truth. What matters is that the surrealists said they no longer wanted to ...
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