The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... artistic adventure extending from 1885 to 1939 and reaching a paroxysm of
public demonstration in the Twenties. ... been proposed for the years between
wars, and there is some basis for picking surrealism as the epitome of the artistic
To say as some have that on the level of art it is only a manifestation of the period
is oversimplified materialism: surrealism is also the heir and extender of the
artistic movements which preceded it and without which it would not have existed
The scientific, experimental side yielded, deplorably, to the artistic aspect of the
venture. They passively noted the flow of the unconscious, and neglected to note
what was happening within themselves at the same time. How to perfect, how to ...
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